All Words Glossary

Glossary of Grammar Terms
beginning with letter S
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S Tweet Definition of S Like Definition of S on Facebook
noun
  1. The nineteenth letter of the Appendix:Roman script, English alphabet, preceded by R and followed by T.
second Tweet Definition of second Like Definition of second on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 Ety section)
  1. The SI unit of time, defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine levels of caesium-133 in a ground state at a temperature of absolute zero and at rest; one-sixtieth of a minute.
  2. A unit of angle equal to one-sixtieth of a minute of arc or one part in 3600 of a degree.
  3. A short, indeterminate amount of time.
I'll be there in a .
  1. (context, usually in the plural) A manufactured item that, though still usable, fails to meet quality control standards.
They were discounted because they contained blemishes, nicks or were otherwise factory seconds.
  1. The attendant of a contestant in a duel or box, boxing match, who must be ready to take over if the contestant drops out. In the case of a duel, the seconds may also fight each other at 90° to the other contestants.
  2. One who agrees in addition, or such a motion, as required in certain meetings to pass judgement etc.
If we want the motion to pass, we will need a .
  1. Another chance to achieve what should have been done the first time, usually indicating success this time around. (See second-guess.)
  2. The second gear of an engine.
  3. (baseball) second base, Second base.
verb
  1. (transitive) To agree as a second person to (a proposal), usually to reach a necessary quorum of two.
I the motion.
second person Tweet Definition of second person Like Definition of second person on Facebook
noun
  1. In grammar, the form of a verb used when the subject of a sentence is the audience. In English, the second person is used with the pronouns thou and you. In many languages the singular, applying to one person, and plural, applying to several people, are distinct.
    "Are" is the second person of "to be"
    "amas" is the second person singular of the Spanish verb "amar"
    "amais" is the second person plural of the Spanish verb "amar"
  2. A form of narrative writing using verbs in the second person in order to give the impression that the action is happening to the reader.
sentence Tweet Definition of sentence Like Definition of sentence on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop.
The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
  1. The decision of a jury; a verdict.
The jury returned a of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
  1. An unfavorable sentence(2): a conviction.
The prisoner was scheduled for execution as all appeals of his had been denied.
  1. The punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
The judge declared a of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.
verb (sentences, sentencing, sentenced)
  1. To declare a sentence on a convicted person.
The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
sg Tweet Definition of sg Like Definition of sg on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. singular
singular Tweet Definition of singular Like Definition of singular on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A form of a word that refers to only one person or thing.
adjective
  1. Being only one of a larger population.
A experiment cannot be regarded as scientific proof of the existence of a phenomenon.
  1. Being the only one of the kind; unique.
  2. Distinguished by superiority.
  3. Being out of the ordinary.
  4. (grammar) Referring to only one thing or person.
  5. (context, linearalg, of matrix) Having no inverse.
  6. (context, linearalg, of transformation) Having the property that the matrix of coefficients of the new variables has a determinant equal to zero.
subject Tweet Definition of subject Like Definition of subject on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the and the actor are usually the same.
"In the sentence "The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.", "The mouse" is the , "the cat" being the agent."
  1. The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, etc.
  2. A particular area of study.
Her favorite is physics.
  1. A citizen in a monarchy.
I am a British .
  1. A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority
verb
  1. (followed by to) To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.
adjective
  1. Pertaining to a person or people who are ruled by another.
The Roman Empire ruled many territories.
subjunctive Tweet Definition of subjunctive Like Definition of subjunctive on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar): The subjunctive mood.
adjective
  1. (context, grammar, of a verb) inflected to indicate that an act or state of being is possible, contingent or hypothetical, and not a fact. English examples include so be it; I wouldn"t if I were you; were I a younger man, I would fight back; I asked that he leave.
subordinating conjunction Tweet Definition of subordinating conjunction Like Definition of subordinating conjunction on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) a word that appears at the beginning of a subordinate clause and establishes its nature
    • Example: "because" in "I'm staying in because it's raining."
substantive Tweet Definition of substantive Like Definition of substantive on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A word that names or refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. noun, Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, present participles, determiners, and numerals may all function as substantives in English and many other languages.
adjective
  1. Of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, "substantive information".
  2. Having substance and prompting thought.
  3. Applying to essential legal principles and rules of right; as, "substantive law".
substitute Tweet Definition of substitute Like Definition of substitute on Facebook
nouna substitute (plural: substitutes)
  1. a replacement or stand-in for something that achieves a similar result or purpose.
verb (substitut, ing)
  1. (transitive) to replace with something that should function the same way
    • substitute X for Y
suffix Tweet Definition of suffix Like Definition of suffix on Facebook
verb (suffix, es)
  1. (transitive) to append (something) to the end of something else
superlative Tweet Definition of superlative Like Definition of superlative on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) The form of an adjective that expresses which of more than two items has the highest degree of the quality expressed by the adjective; in English, formed by appending "-est" to the end of the adjective (for some short adjectives only) or putting "most" before it.
    The superlative of "big" is "biggest"
    1. (informal) An adjective in its absolute form used to describe something exceptional.
    Lincoln is amazing, wonderful, fantastic, and many other superlatives I can"t think of right now!
adjective
  1. exceptionally good; of the highest quality; superb.
  2. of or relating to a superlative.
describing something exceptional (adjective)
  • French: suprme
  • German: hchst, hervorragend
  • Novial: superlativi
  • Portuguese: supremo
  • Russian: выочайший (vysojšij), величайший (velijšij)
  • Spanish: supremo
suppletion Tweet Definition of suppletion Like Definition of suppletion on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. The supplying of something lacking.
  2. (grammar) The use of an unrelated word or phrase to supply inflected forms otherwise lacking, e.g. using "to be able" as the infinitive of "can", or "better" as the comparative of "good".
syllepsis Tweet Definition of syllepsis Like Definition of syllepsis on Facebook
noun
  1. a figure of speech in which one word simultaneously modifies two or more other words such that the modification must be understood differently with respect to each modified word; often causing humorous incongruity
Example: She lowered her standards and her neckline.
syntactic Tweet Definition of syntactic Like Definition of syntactic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, related to or connected with syntax
    The sentence "I saw he" contains a mistake.
    • 2001, Martin Haspelmath, Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook, page 674:
    • : the rules specifying how agglutinative morphemes are combined with each other are more syntactic than morphological by their nature and thus are closer to rules specifying how word-forms are combined with each other.

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