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Glossary of Grammar Terms
beginning with letter C
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category Tweet Definition of category Like Definition of category on Facebook
noun (categories)
  1. A group, often named or numbered, to which items are assigned based on similarity or defined criteria.
This steep and dangerous climb belongs to the most difficult .
I wouldn't put this book in the same as the author's first novel.
  1. (mathematics) A collection of objects, together with a transitively closed collection of composable arrows between them, such that every object has an identity arrow.
One well-known has sets as objects and functions as arrows.
causative Tweet Definition of causative Like Definition of causative on Facebook
adjective
  1. Acting as a cause.
class Tweet Definition of class Like Definition of class on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (countable) A group, collection, category or set sharing characteristics or attributes.
The new Ford Fiesta is set to be best in the 'small family' .
: Often used to imply membership of a large class.
:: This word has a whole of metaphoric extensions.
  1. (countable) A social grouping, based on job, wealth, etc. In Britain, society is commonly split into three main classes; upper class, middle class and working class.
  2. (uncountable) The division of society into classes.
Jane Austen's works deal with in 18th-century England.
  1. (uncountable) Admirable behavior; elegance.
Apologizing for losing your temper, even though you were badly provoked, showed real .
  1. (context, countable, and, uncountable) A group of students in a regularly scheduled meeting with a teacher.
The was noisy, but the teacher was able to get their attention with a story.
  1. A series of classes covering a single subject.
I took the cooking for enjoyment, but I also learned a lot.
  1. (countable) A group of students who commenced or completed their education during a particular year. A school class.
The of 1982 was particularly noteworthy.
  1. (countable) A category of seats in an airplane, train or other means of mass transportation.
I used to fly business , but now my company can only afford economy.
  1. (context, biology, taxonomy, countable) A rank in the classification of organisms, below phylum and above order; a taxon of that rank
Magnolias belong to the Magnoliopsida.
  1. (computing) A set of objects possibly differing in state but not behavior.
  2. (math) A collection of sets definable by a shared property.
The of all sets is not a set.
verb (classes, classing, classed)
  1. (transitive) To assign to a class.
I would this with most of the other mediocre works of the period.
adjective
  1. (context, UK, slang) great; fabulous
clause Tweet Definition of clause Like Definition of clause on Facebook
noun
  1. (colloquial) A group of two or more words which include a subject and any necessary predicate (the predicate also includes a verb, conjunction, or a preposition to begin the clause; however, this clause is not considered a sentence for colloquial purposes.
  2. (grammar) A word or group of words ordinarily consisting of a subject and a predicate. In some languages and types of clauses, the subject may not appear explicitly. One clause may be coordinated with or embedded in another within a single sentence.
  3. A separate part of a contract, a will or another legal document.
cohortative Tweet Definition of cohortative Like Definition of cohortative on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (grammar): The cohortative mood.
adjective
  1. (grammar, of a verb): inflected to express plea, insistence, imploring, self-encouragement, wish, desire, intent, command, purpose, or consequence.
The w:Cohortative mood, cohortative mood is similar to the jussive mood, except that it only applies to verbs in the first person. Although the cohortative mood is absent from English, it is present in Hebrew.
collective Tweet Definition of collective Like Definition of collective on Facebook
noun
  1. A farm owned by a collection of people.
  2. (grammar) A collective noun or name.
adjective
  1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation.
  2. (obsolete): Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.
  3. (grammar): Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly, army, juri, etc.
  4. Tending to collect; forming a collection.
Local is his throne . . . to fix a point, A central point, of his sons. -Young.
  1. Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note.
combining form Tweet Definition of combining form Like Definition of combining form on Facebook
noun
  1. a form of a word used for combining with other words or other combining forms to make new words. A combining form may conjoin with an independent word (e.g., mini- + skirt), another combining form (e.g., photo- + -graphy) or an affix (e.g., cephal + -ic); it is thus distinguished from an affix, which can be added to either a free word or a combinging form but not solely to another affix (e.g., Iceland + -ic but not pro- + -ic). It can also be distinguished historically from an affix when it is borrowed from another language in which it is descriptively a word (e.g., the French mal gave the English mal- in malodorous) or a combining form (e.g., the Greek kako-, a combining form of kakos, gave the English caco- in cacography).
comitative Tweet Definition of comitative Like Definition of comitative on Facebook
noun
  1. the comitative case, or a word in this case
adjective
  1. (grammar) of, or relating to the grammatical case that is used in some languages to indicate accompaniment
common noun Tweet Definition of common noun Like Definition of common noun on Facebook
noun
  1. A noun that can be preceded by a definite article, and denotes any member, or all members of a class; an ordinary noun such as "dog" or "city"
  2. An uncapitalized noun.
comparative Tweet Definition of comparative Like Definition of comparative on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A word in the comparative form.
adjective
  1. Of or related to comparison.
  2. Using comparison as a method of study, or founded on something using it.
  3. approximated by comparison; relative.
  4. (grammar) A construction showing a relative quality, in English usually formed by adding more or appending -er. For example, the comparative of green is greener; of evil, more evil.
compare Tweet Definition of compare Like Definition of compare on Facebook
verb (compar, ing)
  1. (transitive) To assess the similarities (between two things "to compare X and Y" or between one thing and another "to compare X with Y". Having made the comparison with X, one might have found it similar to X or different from X.
Astronomers have compared comets to dirty snowballs
Compare the tiger's coloration with that of the zebra
You can't compare my problems and yours
  1. (transitive)(grammar) To form the three degrees of comparison of (an adjective).
We compare good as good, better, best
  1. (intransitive) To be similar (often used in the negative)
A sapling and a fully-grown oak tree do not compare
complete Tweet Definition of complete Like Definition of complete on Facebook
verb (complet, ing)
  1. (transitive) To finish; to make done; to reach the end.
He completed the assignment on time.
  1. (transitive) To make whole or entire.
The last chapter completes the book nicely.
adjective
  1. With everything included.
It was a shock when he turned up on my doorstep.
  1. (analysis) In which every Cauchy sequence converges; equivalently (in certain cases), in which every set with a lower bound has a greatest lower bound
complex sentence Tweet Definition of complex sentence Like Definition of complex sentence on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) a sentence that contains an independent clause as well as one or more dependent clauses, joined by a sub-ordinating conjunction such as 'however'.
compound Tweet Definition of compound Like Definition of compound on Facebook
noun
  1. an enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
verb
  1. (intransitive) to come together
  2. (intransitive) to come to terms of agreement
  3. (transitive) to put together
  4. (transitive) to add to
  5. (context, transitive, law) to settle by agreeing on less than the claim
adjective
  1. composed of elements; not simple
compound sentence Tweet Definition of compound sentence Like Definition of compound sentence on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) a sentence that has two or more independent clauses, joined by a conjunction (such as 'but' 'and') and/or punctuation (such as ','.
    • Example: "The alarm went off and I got out of bed."
    • Example: "I got to work but my computer wouldn't work",
conative Tweet Definition of conative Like Definition of conative on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to a striving action.
an aggressive and conative entity
conclusion Tweet Definition of conclusion Like Definition of conclusion on Facebook
noun
  1. The end, finish, close or last part of something.
  2. The outcome or result of a process or act.
  3. A decision reached after careful thought.
  4. (logic) In a syllogism, the proposition that follows as a necessary consequence of the premises.
Concord Tweet Definition of Concord Like Definition of Concord on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The state capital of New Hampshire
condition Tweet Definition of condition Like Definition of condition on Facebook
noun
  1. A logical clause or phrase that a conditional statement uses. The phrase can either be true or false.
  2. The health status of a medical patient.
  3. The state of any object, referring to the amount of its wear.
verb
  1. To undergo the process of acclimation.
"I became conditioned to the absence of seasons in San Diego."
  1. To subject to different conditions, especially as an exercise.
"They were conditioning their shins in their karate class."
  1. To shape the behaviour of someone to do something.
conditional Tweet Definition of conditional Like Definition of conditional on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A statement that depends on a condition being true or false.
  2. (grammar) The conditional mood.
  3. (logic) A statement that one sentence is true if another is.
A implies B is a .
adjective
  1. Depending on a condition.
  2. (logic) Stating that one sentence is true if another is.
A implies B is a statement.
conjugate Tweet Definition of conjugate Like Definition of conjugate on Facebook
noun (plural conjugates)
  1. (mathematics) (of a complex number) A complex conjugate.
verb (conjugat, es)
  1. (transitive) To list the inflected forms of a verb for each person, in order, for one or more tenses.
In English, the verb 'to be' is conjugated as follows: 'I am', 'you are' (or 'thou art'), 'he/she/it is', 'we are', 'you are', 'they are'.
conjunctive Tweet Definition of conjunctive Like Definition of conjunctive on Facebook
adjective
  1. (grammar) relating to a conjunction
  2. (grammar) of a personal pronoun, used only in immediate conjunction with the verb of which the pronoun is the subject, such as French je or Irish
    1. Irish, sť
    2. (logic) of or relating to logical conjunction
connective Tweet Definition of connective Like Definition of connective on Facebook
noun (pluralconnectives)
  1. (logic) A function that operates on truth values to give another truth value.
consecutive Tweet Definition of consecutive Like Definition of consecutive on Facebook
adjective
  1. Following, in succession, without interruption
  2. Having some logical sequence
constituent Tweet Definition of constituent Like Definition of constituent on Facebook
noun
  1. a part, or component of a whole
  2. a resident of a place represented by an elected official
  1. (grammar) a functional element of a phrase or clause
adjective
  1. being a part, or component of a whole
  2. authorized to make a constitution
construe Tweet Definition of construe Like Definition of construe on Facebook
noun
  1. A translation or interpretation.
verb (constru, ing)
  1. To interpret or explain the meaning of something.
The world must according to it's wits; this court must according to the law.
w:Robert Bolt, Robert Bolt, ''w:A Man for All Seasons, A Man for All Seasons, 1954
  1. (grammar) To analyze the grammatical structure of a clause or sentence.
  2. To translate.
contraction Tweet Definition of contraction Like Definition of contraction on Facebook
noun
  1. A reduction in size or activity.
''The country's economic was caused by high oil prices.
  1. The shortening of a muscle when it is used.
  2. A strong and often painful shortening of the uterine muscles prior to or during childbirth.
  3. (grammar) a shortened word or phrase, with the missing letters represented by the apostrophe.
"Don't" is a of "do not."
coordinate Tweet Definition of coordinate Like Definition of coordinate on Facebook
noun (pluralcoordinates)
  1. In mathematics or cartography, a number representing the position of a point along a line, arc, or similar one-dimensional figure. A set of coordinates specifies position in a multi-dimensional system, with one number corresponding to the position along each of a set of independent (usually mutually perpendicular) lines, arcs, etc. In two dimensions, Cartesian coordinates specify a distance to the right (x) and a distance up (y), so "(2,3)" means 2 to the right and 3 up from a given origin. In three dimensions, three coordinates are needed to specify a unique position in space.
verb (coordinat, ing)
  1. (transitive) To synchronize (activities).
  2. (transitive) To match (objects, especially clothes).
count noun Tweet Definition of count noun Like Definition of count noun on Facebook
noun
  1. (OED 1952) a noun which is used to refer to things that can be counted. Examples: woman, stone, tree, dollar.

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