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Glossary of Grammar Terms
beginning with letter I
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IC Tweet Definition of IC Like Definition of IC on Facebook
initialism 
  1. Integrated Circuit (electronics)
  2. Ion Chromatrography
  3. icy
  4. Irreducible Complexity
     
illative Tweet Definition of illative Like Definition of illative on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) a word or phrase that expresses an inference (such as therefore)
  2. an illation
  3. (grammar) the illative case, or a word in that case
adjective 
  1. of, or relating to an illation
  2. (grammar) of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates motion towards or into something
     
imperative Tweet Definition of imperative Like Definition of imperative on Facebook
noun 
  1. (uncountable) (grammar) The verbal mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same form as that of its second person ("you") present tense.
The verbs in sentences like "Do it!" and "Say what you like!" are in the .
  1. (countable) An essential action, a must: something which is imperative.
Visiting Berlin is an .
adjective 
  1. essential
It is imperative that you come here right now.
  1. (comptheory) Having a semantics that incorporates mutable variables.
     
imperfect Tweet Definition of imperfect Like Definition of imperfect on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something having a minor flaw
  2. (grammar) A tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous.
adjective 
  1. Not perfect
  2. (botany) A flower that is unisexual: either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil), but not with both (the latter condition is termed "perfect").
     
imperfective Tweet Definition of imperfective Like Definition of imperfective on Facebook
noun 
  1. the imperfective aspect, or a verb having this aspect
adjective 
  1. of, or related to the imperfective aspect
     
impersonal Tweet Definition of impersonal Like Definition of impersonal on Facebook
adjective 
  1. not personal; not representing a person; not having personality
An almighty but power, called Fate. –Sir J. Stephen.
  1. Lacking warmth or emotion; cold.
She sounded as she gave her report of the Nazi death camps.
  1. (grammar) that which desires personality; specifically, an impersonal verb.
     
inceptive Tweet Definition of inceptive Like Definition of inceptive on Facebook
adjective 
  1. beginning; of or related to inception
  2. (grammar) aspectually inflected to show that the action is beginning
Few languages have an aspect. In some that do, it is identical to the inchoative aspect. The aspect is often translated into English as "to start doing something".
     
inchoative Tweet Definition of inchoative Like Definition of inchoative on Facebook
adjective 
  1. at the beginning, still in an unformed state
    • 1858: Thomas Carlyle, History Of Friedrich II Of Prussia - Our first Piece is of Winter, or late Autumn, 1771,--while the solution of the Polish Business is still in its inchoative stages;...
      1. (grammar) aspectually indicating that an action is soon to begin
      Some languages with the aspect use the same inflection for the inceptive aspect. The aspect is often translated into English by "to be about to do something". See the w:Inchoative, Wikipedia article on inchoative aspect.
      1. (grammar) inflected in or relating to the aspect
     
Ind. Tweet Definition of Ind. Like Definition of Ind. on Facebook
abbreviation 
  1. Indiana
  2. India
  3. Indian
     
indeclinable Tweet Definition of indeclinable Like Definition of indeclinable on Facebook
adjective 
  1. (context, grammar, of a word) not grammatically inflected, especially if others of its class are usually inflected
     
indefinite article Tweet Definition of indefinite article Like Definition of indefinite article on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) A word preceding a noun to indicate that the noun is new or unknown. In English it can be: a or an in the singular, or some in the plural.
     
indefinite pronoun Tweet Definition of indefinite pronoun Like Definition of indefinite pronoun on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar, lang=en) A pronoun that does not specify the identity of its referent.
     
indicative Tweet Definition of indicative Like Definition of indicative on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) the indicative mood
adjective 
  1. serving as a sign, indication or suggestion of something
He had pains of a heart attack.
  1. (grammar) of, or relating to the indicative mood
     
indirect Tweet Definition of indirect Like Definition of indirect on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Not direct; roundabout; deceiving; setting a trap; confusion, confusing.
     
inessive Tweet Definition of inessive Like Definition of inessive on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) the inessive case, or a word in that case
adjective 
  1. (grammar) of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates placement in a location
     
infection Tweet Definition of infection Like Definition of infection on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) The act or process of infecting.
  2. An uncontrolled growth of harmful microorganisms in a host.
     
infinitive Tweet Definition of infinitive Like Definition of infinitive on Facebook
noun (plural infinitives)
  1. (grammar) The uninflected form of a verb. In English, this is usually formed with the verb stem preceded by 'to'.
  2. (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb
adjective (uncomparable)
  1. (grammar) Formed with the infinitive
     
infix Tweet Definition of infix Like Definition of infix on Facebook
noun 
  1. (linguistics) A morpheme inserted inside a word.
verb (infix, es)
  1. (transitive) To instill.
  2. (transitive, linguistics) To insert a morpheme inside a word.
     
inflect Tweet Definition of inflect Like Definition of inflect on Facebook
verb 
  1. (transitive) To cause to curve inwards.
  2. (context, transitive, music) To change the tone or pitch of the voice when speaking or singing.
  3. (context, transitive, grammar) To vary the form of a word to express tense, gender, number, mood, etc.
     
informal Tweet Definition of informal Like Definition of informal on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Not formal or ceremonious; casual.
an get-together
  1. Not in accord with the usual regulations; unofficial.
an agreement
  1. suit, Suited for everyday use.
clothes
  1. (context, of language) Reflecting everyday, non-ceremonious usage.
     
inherent Tweet Definition of inherent Like Definition of inherent on Facebook
adjective 
  1. A natural part or consequence of something.
You are a human being. You have rights in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exists prior to law. — (w:Lyn Beth Neylon, Lyn Beth Neylon'').
     
inst. Tweet Definition of inst. Like Definition of inst. on Facebook
abbreviation 
  1. institute, Institute.
  2. instant, Instant: of the current month.
    your letter of the 16th
     
instructive Tweet Definition of instructive Like Definition of instructive on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Instructive case)
  1. A case in the Finnish language. It expresses the means or the instrument used to perform an action.
adjective 
  1. conveying knowledge, information or instruction.
    • Well, that was an lesson.
     
intensive Tweet Definition of intensive Like Definition of intensive on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Thorough, to a great degree, with intensity.
She was moved to the care unit of the hospital.
  1. demanding, Demanding, requiring a great amount.
This job is difficult because it is so labour-.
     
interrogative Tweet Definition of interrogative Like Definition of interrogative on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) A word (pronoun, pronominal adjective, or adverb) implying interrogation, or used for asking a question: why, who, when, etc.
  2. (rare) A question; an interrogation.
adjective 
  1. Asking or denoting a question; pertaining to inquiry; questioning: as, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point; an interrogative look or tone of voice.
     
intransitive Tweet Definition of intransitive Like Definition of intransitive on Facebook
adjective 
  1. (grammar) (of a verb) not taking a direct object. (compare with: transitive.)
In English, "sleep" is an intransitive verb.
     
intransitive verb Tweet Definition of intransitive verb Like Definition of intransitive verb on Facebook
noun 
  1. (grammar) An action verb not taking a direct object.
In English "sleep" is an .
     
inversion Tweet Definition of inversion Like Definition of inversion on Facebook
noun 
  1. (music) The move of one pitch in an interval or chord up or down an octave
  2. (music) The reversal of an interval
  3. (music) The reversal of the pitch contour
  4. (music) The reversal of a pitch class succesion such as a melody or counterpoint, contrapuntal line
  5. (music) Subtraction of pitch classes in a set from twelve which maps intervals onto their complements with respect to 0 and preserves interval classes, symbolized IX where X is the transposition which is inverted (DeLone? et. al. (Eds.), 1975, chap. 6).
  6. (genetics) a segment of DNA in the context of a chromosome that is reversed in orientation relative to a reference karyotype or genome
  7. (Weather). An increase of air temperature with increase in altitude (the ground being colder than the surrounding air). When an inversion exists, there are no convection currents and wind speeds are below 5 knots. The atmosphere is stable and normally is considered the most favorable state for ground release of chemical agents.
  8. (grammar) deviation, Deviation from standard word order by putting the predicate before the subject. It takes place in questions with auxiliary verbs and in normal, affirmative clauses beginning with a negative particle, for the purpose of emphasis.
(with an auxiliary verb) Inversion takes place in the sentence 'Is she here?' — 'is', the predicate, is before 'she', the subject.
(for the purpose of emphasis) Inversion takes place in the sentence 'Never have I done that.' — 'have', the predicate, is before 'I', the subject, due to 'never' being the first word of the sentence.
     
involution Tweet Definition of involution Like Definition of involution on Facebook
noun 
  1. entanglement; a spiralling inwards; intricacy
  • 1968: "Gomez," said the mortician, "is an expert only on the involutions of his own rectum." " Anthony Burgess, Enderby Outside
    1. (mathematics) An endofunction whose square is equal to the identity function; a function equal to its inverse.
     
irregular Tweet Definition of irregular Like Definition of irregular on Facebook
adjective 
  1. something nonstandard; something that breaks the series
     
iterative Tweet Definition of iterative Like Definition of iterative on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Of a procedure that involves repetition of steps (iteration) to achieve the desired outcome.
  2. (grammar) Expressive of an action that is repeated with frequency.
  3. (computing) Using iteration; using a mechanism such as a loop.
     

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