All Words Glossary

Glossary of Grammar Terms
beginning with letter A
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abessive Tweet Definition of abessive Like Definition of abessive on Facebook
noun
  1. the abessive case, or a word in this case
adjective
  1. (grammar) of, or relating to that grammatical case used in some languages to indicate absence
ablative Tweet Definition of ablative Like Definition of ablative on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) The ablative case.
adjective
  1. (obsolete) Taking away or removing
Quotation
  • Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth - Bp. Hall
    1. (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, such as German, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
ablaut Tweet Definition of ablaut Like Definition of ablaut on Facebook
noun
  1. (Philology): The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, and got; sing and song; hang and hung, distinct from the phonetic influence of a succeeding vowel; also called gradation.
absolutely Tweet Definition of absolutely Like Definition of absolutely on Facebook
adverb
  1. In an absolute, independent, or unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
  2. With absolution.
accusatival Tweet Definition of accusatival Like Definition of accusatival on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to the accusative case.
accusative Tweet Definition of accusative Like Definition of accusative on Facebook
noun
  1. (Grammar): The accusative case.
adjective
  1. Producing accusations; accusatory; a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
Quotations
  • This hath been a very age — w:Sir E. Dering, Sir E. Dering
    1. (Grammar): Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate direct object, object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence"s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.
active Tweet Definition of active Like Definition of active on Facebook
noun
  1. A person or thing that is acting or capable of acting.
adjective (WikiSaurus?-link, active)
  1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; — opposed to passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind.
  2. Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as, an active child or animal.
  3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; — opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct.
active laws
active hostilities
an active volcano
  1. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; — opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active zeal.
  2. Requiring or implying action or exertion; — opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes.
  3. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; — opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an active rather than a speculative statesman.
  4. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn.
  5. Implying or producing rapid action.
an active disease
an active remedy
  1. (grammar)
  1. Applied to a form of the verb; — opposed to passive. See active voice.
  2. Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive.
  3. Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
  4. (italbrac, gay sexual slang)
  5. (italbrac, of a homosexual man) enjoying a role in anal sex in which he penetrates, rather than being penetrated by his partner
  6. such a role in anal sex
adessive Tweet Definition of adessive Like Definition of adessive on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) the adessive case, or a word in that case.
adjective
  1. (grammar) of or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates adjacent location.
adj. Tweet Definition of adj. Like Definition of adj. on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. adjective
  2. adjustment
adjectival Tweet Definition of adjectival Like Definition of adjectival on Facebook
adjective
  1. (grammar) Of or relating to or functioning as an adjective; "adjectival syntax"; "an adjective clause" <ref>adjectival. Dictionary.com. WordNet?® 3.0. Princeton University. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/adjectival </ref>.
  2. Of or relating to procedure, especially to technicalities thereof.
adjective Tweet Definition of adjective Like Definition of adjective on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A category of words, such as big or heavy, that modify or describe a noun and which can usually be used both attributively and predicatively, be graded, and be modified by an adverb.
adjective
  1. Additional or adjunct.
    • 1899, w:John Jay Chapman, John Jay Chapman, Emerson and Other Essays, AMS Press (1969) (as http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/13088 reproduced in Project Gutenberg)
    • : In fact, God is of not so much importance in Himself, but as the end towards which man tends. That irreverent person who said that Browning uses "God" as a pigment made an accurate criticism of his theology. In Browning, God is to man.
      1. Applying to methods of enforcement and rules of procedure.
      law
adverb Tweet Definition of adverb Like Definition of adverb on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A category of words that modify various types of words, phrases, and clauses, chiefly verbs and never nouns; typically formed from adjectives by adding -ly in English.
affix Tweet Definition of affix Like Definition of affix on Facebook
noun
  1. That which is affixed; an appendage.
  2. (linguistics) A bound morpheme added to a word"s stem; formerly applied only to suffixes (also called postfixes), the term as now used comprises prefixes, suffixes, infixes, circumfixes, and suprafixes.
  3. (mathematics) The complex number <math>a+bi</math> associated to the point in the Gauss Plane with coordinates <math>(a,b)</math>.
verb (affix, es)
  1. To attach.
agential Tweet Definition of agential Like Definition of agential on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency.
agree Tweet Definition of agree Like Definition of agree on Facebook
verb (agrees, agreeing, agreed)
  1. (intransitive) To harmonize in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or concord; to be or become united or consistent; to concur; as, all parties agree in the expediency of the law.
    If music and sweet poetry . --Shak.
    Their witness agreed not together. --Mark xiv. 56.
    The more you together, the less hurt can your enemies do you. --Sir T. Browne.
  2. (intransitive) To yield assent; to accede;&mdash;followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to opinion.
  3. (intransitive) To make a stipulation by way of settling differences or determining a price; to exchange promises; to come to terms or to a common resolve; to promise.
    Agree with thine adversary quickly. --Matt. v. 25.
    Didst not thou with me for a penny ? --Matt. xx. 13.
  4. (intransitive) To be conformable; to resemble; to coincide; to correspond; as, the picture does not agree with the original; the two scales agree exactly.
  5. (intransitive) To suit or be adapted in its effects; to do well; as, the same food does not agree with every constitution.
  6. (intransitive) (grammar) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person.
agreement Tweet Definition of agreement Like Definition of agreement on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, countable) An understanding between individuals to follow a specific course of conduct, such as an agreement to commit a crime (a conspiracy).
  2. (context, uncountable) A state whereby two parties share a view or opinion.
The UK and US negotiators nearing agreement.
  1. (context, countable) An expression or indication that an agreement has been reached.
He nodded his agreement
  1. (context, law, countable) A legally binding contract enforceable in a court of law.
  2. (context, linguistics, uncountable) Rules that exist in many languages that force some parts of a sentence to be used or inflected differently depending on certain attributes of other parts.
  3. (context, uncountable) The state of not contradicting one another.
The results of my experiment are in with those of Michelson and with the law of General Relativity.
allative Tweet Definition of allative Like Definition of allative on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) the allative case, or a word in that case.
adjective
  1. (grammar) of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates motion towards a place
anomalous Tweet Definition of anomalous Like Definition of anomalous on Facebook
adjective
  1. deviating from the normal; aberrant or abnormal
  2. equivocal
anomaly Tweet Definition of anomaly Like Definition of anomaly on Facebook
noun (anomal, ies)
  1. An irregularity or misproportion.
  2. Something that is strange or unusual.
  3. (context, NASAspeak) Any event, big or small, out of the ordinary, like a shuttle explosion or a broken instrument.
aorist Tweet Definition of aorist Like Definition of aorist on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A verb in the aorist past, that is, in the past tense and the aorist aspect (the event described by the verb viewed as a completed whole). Also called the perfective past. The nearest equivalent in English is the simple past. The term aorist is used particularly often for verbs in Ancient and Modern Greek.
adjective
  1. (grammar) Of or pertaining to a verb in the aorist aspect.
the stem of a verb
aoristic Tweet Definition of aoristic Like Definition of aoristic on Facebook
adjective
  1. (grammar) Of, or relating to the aorist aspect.
apposition Tweet Definition of apposition Like Definition of apposition on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) a construction in which one noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explain, explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic function in the sentence.
  2. The relationship between such nouns or noun phrases.
  3. The quality of being side-by-side, apposed instead of being opposed, not being front-to-front but next to each other.
  4. A placing of two things side by side, or the fitting together of two things.
  5. In biology, the growth of successive layers of a cell wall.
appositive Tweet Definition of appositive Like Definition of appositive on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar): a word or phrase that is in apposition.
adjective
  1. of or being in apposition.
article Tweet Definition of article Like Definition of article on Facebook
noun
  1. A story, report, or opinion piece in a newspaper, magazine, journal, internet etc.
See: Wikipedia article on in publishing (w, article (publishing))
  1. A member of a group or class
an of clothing
  1. An object.
a sales
  1. (context, grammar) A part of speech that indicates, specifies and limits a noun (a, an, or the in English). In some languages the may appear as en ending (e.g. definite in Swedish) or there may be none (e.g. Finnish, Estonian).
See: Wikipedia article on in grammar (w, article (grammar))
  1. A section of a legal document, bylaws, etc.
  2. (context, derogatory) A person.
  3. (1811) A wench. A prime . A handsome girl.
She's a prime (whip slang), she's a devilish good piece, a hell of a goer.
attribute Tweet Definition of attribute Like Definition of attribute on Facebook
noun
  1. A characteristic or quality of a thing.
His finest is his kindness.
  1. (computing) The applicable option selection; a variable or a value.
This packet has its coherency set to zero.
verb (attribut, ing)
  1. (used with to before the object) To associate ownership or authorship with.
This poem is attributed to Browning.
attributive Tweet Definition of attributive Like Definition of attributive on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) A word or phrase, such as an adjective or noun, that modify, modifies a noun and is part of the noun's noun phrase; contrasted with predicative.
In "this big house," "big" is an , while in "this house is big," it is a predicative.
In "this tiger is a man-eater," "man" is an noun.
adjective
  1. (grammar) Of, or being an attributive (see above).
In "this big house", "big" is , while in "this house is big", it is predicative.
  1. Having the nature of an attribute.
augment Tweet Definition of augment Like Definition of augment on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) In some Indo-European languages, a prefix e- (a- in Sanskrit) indicating a past tense of a verb.
verb
  1. To increase, make larger or supplement.
The money from renting out a spare room can a salary.
  1. (music) To slow the tempo or meter, e.g. for a dramatic or stately passage.
  2. (music) To increase an interval by a half step (chromatic semitone).
  3. (music) To increase the largest interval in a triad, especially a fifth or a sixth, by a half-step (chromatic semitone).
augmentative Tweet Definition of augmentative Like Definition of augmentative on Facebook
noun
  1. (grammar) Expressing large size, intensity, or seniority, e.g. Italian -issimo or -one
generalissimo
patrone
adjective
  1. Growing, enlarging, increasing.
auxiliary Tweet Definition of auxiliary Like Definition of auxiliary on Facebook
noun (auxiliar, ies)
  1. A person or group that acts in an auxiliary manner.
  2. A sailing vessel equiped with an engine.
  3. (grammar) An auxiliary verb.
adjective
  1. helping, Helping; giving assistance or support.
  2. supplementary, Supplementary or subsidiary.
  3. held, Held in reserve for exceptional circumstances.
  4. Of a ship, having both sails and an engine.
  5. (grammar) Relating to an auxiliary verb.

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