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Glossary of Botanical Terms
beginning with letter G
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gametophyte Tweet Definition of gametophyte Like Definition of gametophyte on Facebook
  1. (botany) The plant (or the haploid phase in its life cycle) which produces gametes by mitosis in order to produce a zygote.
gamosepalous Tweet Definition of gamosepalous Like Definition of gamosepalous on Facebook
  1. (botany) (of a calyx) having united sepals
Gemma Tweet Definition of Gemma Like Definition of Gemma on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Gemma)
  1. A feminine given name of Italian origin.
  2. (star): A bright binary star in the constellation Corona Borealis; Alpha (~+mn~) Coronae Borealis.
geophyte Tweet Definition of geophyte Like Definition of geophyte on Facebook
  1. (botany) A perennial plant, for example the potato or daffodil, which in spring propagates from an underground organ such as a bulb, tuber, corm or rhizome.
germ Tweet Definition of germ Like Definition of germ on Facebook
  1. (biology) The small mass of cells from which a new organism develops; a seed, bud or spore.
  2. A pathogenic microorganism.
  3. An idea that forms the basis of some project.
  4. The embryo of a seed, especially of a seed used as a cereal or grain. See w:Cereal germ, Wikipedia article on cereal germ.
gland Tweet Definition of gland Like Definition of gland on Facebook
  1. (zoology) an organ which secretes something
  2. (botany) a secretory structure on the surface of an organ.
glaucous Tweet Definition of glaucous Like Definition of glaucous on Facebook
  1. (colour) a pale green colour with a bluish-grey tinge.
  1. (colour) of a pale green colour with a bluish-grey tinge, especially when covered with a powdery residue
  • 1955, I realised I was the only shopper in that rather eerie place where I moved about fishlike, in a glaucous aquarium. " Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita
  • 1994, inside you could see the wires and cables that ran aft to the rudder and elevators and the cracked and curled and sunblacked leather of the seats and in their tarnished nickel bezels the glass of instrument dials and clouded from the pumicing of the desert sands. " Cormac McCarthy?, The Crossing
  • glume Tweet Definition of glume Like Definition of glume on Facebook
    1. (botany) a basal, mambranous, outer sterile husk or bract in the flowers of grasses (Poaceae) and sedges (Cyperaceae)
    gnarl Tweet Definition of gnarl Like Definition of gnarl on Facebook
    1. a knot in wood; a large or hard knot, or a protuberance with twisted grain, on a tree.
    2. something resembling a knot in wood, such as in stone or limbs.
      1. (mathematics) The average value of the magnitude squared of the curl of a vector field over a continuous path that is tangent to the vector field at every point. In mathematical notation, gnarl is represented by the lowercase Greek letter ξ.
    1. (transitive) to knot or twist something
    2. (intransitive) to snarl or growl; to gnar
    gnarled Tweet Definition of gnarled Like Definition of gnarled on Facebook
    1. knotty and misshapen
    2. made rough by age or hard work
    graft Tweet Definition of graft Like Definition of graft on Facebook
    noun (plural:grafts)
    1. A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.
    2. A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.
    3. (surgery) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.
    4. Hard work (colloq)
    5. (slang) A criminal's special branch of practice
    6. Illicit profit by corrupt means, public life.
    7. Corruption in official life.
    8. A con job.
    9. (slang): A cut of the take (money).
    10. , (context, Politics): A bribe, especially on an ongoing basis. (uncountable)
    1. To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.
    2. (surgery) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.
    3. To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.
    • And my love immortal on thy fame! " Pope
      1. (nautical) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
      2. (intransitive) To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.
    gregarious Tweet Definition of gregarious Like Definition of gregarious on Facebook
    1. (context, of a person) Describing one who enjoys being in crowds and socializing.
    2. (zoology) Of animals who travel in herds or packs.
    ground cover Tweet Definition of ground cover Like Definition of ground cover on Facebook
    noun (alternate spelling groundcover)
    1. Something, particularly plants, which overlay an area of land. May refer to plants specifically grown to prevent erosion of an area.
    grow Tweet Definition of grow Like Definition of grow on Facebook
    verb (grows, growing, grew, grown)
    1. (intransitive) To become bigger.
    Children quickly.
    1. (intransitive) To appear or sprout.
    The plant began to .
    A long tail began to from his backside.
    1. (transitive) To cause something to become bigger, especially plants.
    He grows peppers and squash each summer in his garden.
    growth ring Tweet Definition of growth ring Like Definition of growth ring on Facebook
    1. Any of the concentric rings formed in the trunk of a tree by the annual growth of wood
    gymnosperm Tweet Definition of gymnosperm Like Definition of gymnosperm on Facebook
    1. (botany) Any plant such as a conifer whose seeds are not enclosed in an ovary.
    1. (botany) Pertaining to the gymnosperms
    gynandrous Tweet Definition of gynandrous Like Definition of gynandrous on Facebook
    1. Botany, having stamens and pistils together in a column.
      Orchids have gynandrous flowers.

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