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Glossary of Biological Terms
beginning with letter C
Browse the Biological Glossary
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canal Tweet Definition of canal Like Definition of canal on Facebook
noun
  1. A channel which connects one body of water to another.
  2. A waterway used for transportation of vessels, especially a manmade one.
  3. A tubular channel within the body.
capitate Tweet Definition of capitate Like Definition of capitate on Facebook
noun
  1. (anatomy) The capitate bone of the wrist.
adjective
  1. (anatomy) Having a large and globular tip.
  2. (botany) Forming a dense cluster.
cellular Tweet Definition of cellular Like Definition of cellular on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, US, informal) A cellular phone (mobile phone).
adjective
  1. Of, relating to, consisting of, or resembling a cell or cells.
chemotropism Tweet Definition of chemotropism Like Definition of chemotropism on Facebook
noun
  1. the movement or growth of an organism in response to a chemical stimulus
cladistics Tweet Definition of cladistics Like Definition of cladistics on Facebook
noun
  1. (systematics): An approach to biological systematics in which organisms are grouped based upon synapomorphy, synapomorphies (shared derived characteristics) only, and not upon symplesiomorhy, symplesiomorphies (shared ancestral characteristics).
class Tweet Definition of class Like Definition of class on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (countable) A group, collection, category or set sharing characteristics or attributes.
The new Ford Fiesta is set to be best in the 'small family' .
: Often used to imply membership of a large class.
:: This word has a whole of metaphoric extensions.
  1. (countable) A social grouping, based on job, wealth, etc. In Britain, society is commonly split into three main classes; upper class, middle class and working class.
  2. (uncountable) The division of society into classes.
Jane Austen's works deal with in 18th-century England.
  1. (uncountable) Admirable behavior; elegance.
Apologizing for losing your temper, even though you were badly provoked, showed real .
  1. (context, countable, and, uncountable) A group of students in a regularly scheduled meeting with a teacher.
The was noisy, but the teacher was able to get their attention with a story.
  1. A series of classes covering a single subject.
I took the cooking for enjoyment, but I also learned a lot.
  1. (countable) A group of students who commenced or completed their education during a particular year. A school class.
The of 1982 was particularly noteworthy.
  1. (countable) A category of seats in an airplane, train or other means of mass transportation.
I used to fly business , but now my company can only afford economy.
  1. (context, biology, taxonomy, countable) A rank in the classification of organisms, below phylum and above order; a taxon of that rank
Magnolias belong to the Magnoliopsida.
  1. (computing) A set of objects possibly differing in state but not behavior.
  2. (math) A collection of sets definable by a shared property.
The of all sets is not a set.
verb (classes, classing, classed)
  1. (transitive) To assign to a class.
I would this with most of the other mediocre works of the period.
adjective
  1. (context, UK, slang) great; fabulous
classification Tweet Definition of classification Like Definition of classification on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of forming into a class or classes; a distribution into groups, as classes, orders, families, etc., according to some common relations or affinities.
clastic Tweet Definition of clastic Like Definition of clastic on Facebook
adjective
  1. made up from parts that are easily removable
  1. (geology) (of rock) made from fragments of pre-existing rocks
clathrate Tweet Definition of clathrate Like Definition of clathrate on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) a clathrate compound
adjective
  1. (biology) having a lattice-like structure
  2. (chemistry) of an inclusion complex in which molecules of one compound are enclosed within the crystal structure of another
cline Tweet Definition of cline Like Definition of cline on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) A gradation in a character or phenotype within a species or other group.
  2. Any graduated continuum.
    • 2005, Ronnie Cann, Ruth Kempson and Lutz Marten, The Dynamics of Language, an Introduction, p. 412
    • : This account effectively reconstructs the well-known grammaticalisation from anaphora to agreement, …
clock Tweet Definition of clock Like Definition of clock on Facebook
noun
  1. An instrument used to measure or keep track of time; a non-portable timepiece.
  2. The odometer of a motor vehicle.
This car has over 300,000 miles on the .
  1. (electronics) An electrical signal that synchronizes timing among digital circuit, digital circuits of semiconductor chips or modules.
verb
  1. (transitive) To measure the duration of.
  2. (transitive) To measure the speed of.
He was clocked at 155 miles per hour.
  1. (context, transitive, slang) To hit (someone)
When the boxer let down his guard, his opponent clocked him.
  1. (slang) To take notice of.
Clock the wheels on that car!
  1. (context, UK, slang) To falsify the reading of the odometer of a vehicle.
I don't believe that car has done only 40,000 miles. It's been clocked.
coat Tweet Definition of coat Like Definition of coat on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) An outer garment covering the upper torso and arms.
  2. (countable) A covering of material, such as paint.
  3. (countable) The fur or feathers of animal.
  4. (context, uncountable, nautical) canvas painted with thick tar and secured round a mast or bowsprit to prevent water running down the sides into the hold (now made of rubber or leather)
verb
  1. To cover with a coat of some material
One can buy coated frying pans, which are much easier to wash up than normal ones.
  1. To cover as a coat.
cohort Tweet Definition of cohort Like Definition of cohort on Facebook
noun
  1. a group of people
  2. a demographic grouping of people, especially those in a defined age group
  3. any division of a Roman legion; normally of about 500 men
congener Tweet Definition of congener Like Definition of congener on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant or animal of the same taxonomic genus as another
  2. A person or thing similar in behavior or nature to another
  1. (chemistry) Any of several alcohols, other than ethanol, that are found in fermented and distilled alcoholic drinks, and are partially responsible for their flavour and character.
conspecific Tweet Definition of conspecific Like Definition of conspecific on Facebook
noun
  1. An organism belonging to the same species as another
adjective
  1. (systematics): Of, or belonging to the same species
convergence Tweet Definition of convergence Like Definition of convergence on Facebook
noun
  1. the act of moving toward union or uniformity.
  2. a meeting place
We built a homestead at the of two rivers
  1. the intersection of three electron beams for red, green and blue onto a single pixel in a CRT
  2. (mathematics) the process of approaching some limiting value
  3. (physiology) the coordinated focusing of the eyes, especially at short range
  4. (biology) the evolution of similar structures or traits in unrelated species in similar environments; convergent evolution
  5. the merging of distinct technologies, industries, or devices into a unified whole (ex AT&T buying out every other company to have a monopole as they did in the 1980's and have succeeded into doing once more after the recent purchase of cingular.)
correlative Tweet Definition of correlative Like Definition of correlative on Facebook
noun
  1. Either of two correlative things.
  2. (grammar) A pro-form; a non-personal pronominal, proadjectival, or proadverbal form, in Esperanto regularly formed, indicating which?, that, some, none, and every, as applied to people, things, type, place, manner, reason, time, or quantity, as: kiu "who" (which person?), iu "someone" (some person), tie "there" (that place), ĉie "everywhere" (all places), etc.
adjective
  1. mutually related; corresponding
corticate Tweet Definition of corticate Like Definition of corticate on Facebook
adjective
  1. sheathed in bark or in a cortex.

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