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Glossary of Statisitics Terms
beginning with letter S
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sample Tweet Definition of sample Like Definition of sample on Facebook
noun 
  1. A part of anything presented for inspection, or shown as evidence of the quality of the whole; a specimen; as, goods are often purchased by samples.
"I design this but for a sample of what I hope more fully to discuss." -Woodward.
  1. (music production): gratuitous borrowing of easily recognised phases (or moments) from other music (or movies) in a recording, used to emphasize a particular point by implying a certain context.
  2. Example; pattern. Obs.
"Thus he concludes, and every hardy knight His followed." -Fairfax.
verb (samples, sampling, sampled)
  1. To make or show something similar to; to match.
  2. To take or to test a sample or samples of; as, to sample sugar, teas, wools, cloth.
     
SD Tweet Definition of SD Like Definition of SD on Facebook
abbreviation 
  1. South Dakota, a state of the United States of America.
  2. standard deviation, Standard deviation, a mathematical measure of the spread of a list of numbers
  3. Sheriff's Department
     
significant Tweet Definition of significant Like Definition of significant on Facebook
adjective 
  1. signify, Signifying something; carrying meaning.
  2. Having noticeable effect; notable
That was a very step in the right direction.
     
skew Tweet Definition of skew Like Definition of skew on Facebook
verb 
  1. (transitive) To change or alter in a particular direction.
A disproportionate number of female subjects in the study group skewed the results.
adjective 
  1. (mathematics) Neither perpendicular nor parallel (usually said of two lines).
     
spike Tweet Definition of spike Like Definition of spike on Facebook
noun 
  1. A sort of very large nail; also, a piece of pointed iron set with points upward or outward.
  2. Anything resembling such a nail in shape.
  3. An ear of grain.
  4. (context, botany) A kind of inflorescence in which sessile flowers are arranged on an unbranched elongated axis.
  5. (in plural spikes; informal) Running shoes with spikes in the soles.
  6. A sharp peak in a graph.
  7. (volleyball) An attack from, usually, above the height of the net performed with the intent to send the ball straight to the floor of the opponent or off the hands of the opposing block.
  8. (context, zoology) An adolescent male deer.
verb (spik, ing)
  1. To put alcohol or another intoxicating substance in a drink that previously did not contain such substances.
  2. (volleyball) To attack from, usually, above the height of the net with the intent to send the ball straight to the floor of the opponent or off the hands of the opposing block.
  3. (military) To hammer an iron spike into the touch hole so as to render a gun unusable.
He jumped down, wrenched the hammer from the armourer"s hand, and seizing a nail from the bag, in a few moments he had spiked the gun. " w:Frederick Marryat, Frederick Marryat, "Peter Simple", 1834
  1. (journalism) To decide not to publish or make public.
    • October 14, 2002, Jonathan Sale, The Guardian, Edward VIII news blackout.
    • :Instead, the "Beaver" declared he would the story about Wallis Simpson and make sure his fellow media moguls sat on it too.
     
standard deviation Tweet Definition of standard deviation Like Definition of standard deviation on Facebook
noun 
  1. (statistics) a measure of how spread out data values are around the mean, defined as the square root of the variance
     
statist Tweet Definition of statist Like Definition of statist on Facebook
noun 
  1. A supporter of statism
  2. A statistician. (not common)
  3. A skilled politician or one with political power, knowledge or influence. (outdated, common in 17th century)
adjective Relating to statism.      
statistic Tweet Definition of statistic Like Definition of statistic on Facebook
noun 
  1. A single item in a statistical study.
  2. A quantity calculated from the data in a sample, which chracterises an important aspect in the sample (such as mean or standard deviation).
adjective 
  1. Alternative spelling of statistical.
     
statistical Tweet Definition of statistical Like Definition of statistical on Facebook
adjective 
  1. of or pertaining to statistics
     
statistician Tweet Definition of statistician Like Definition of statistician on Facebook
noun 
  1. A person who compiles, interprets, or study, studies statistics
  1. (mathematics) a mathematician with a specialty of statistics
     
statistics Tweet Definition of statistics Like Definition of statistics on Facebook
noun (plural of, statistic)
  1. (singular) A mathematical science concerned with data collection, presentation, analysis, and interpretation.
  2. (collective noun) A systematic collection of data on measurements or observations, often related to demographic information such as population counts, incomes, population counts at different ages, etc. Some local governments have (or had) a Department of Vital Statistics.
  3. (plural of, statistic)
     
stochastic Tweet Definition of stochastic Like Definition of stochastic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. random, Random, randomly-determined.
    • 1970, w:J. G. Ballard, J. G. Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition:
    • :In the evening, while she bathed, waiting for him to enter the bathroom as she powdered her body, he crouched over the blueprints spread between the sofas in the lounge, calculating a analysis of the Pentagon car park.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 854:
    • :Self-slaughter, as Hamlet always says, was certainly in the cards, unless one had been out here long enough to have contemplated the will of God, observed the whimsy of the day, learned when and when not to whisper "Insh'allah," and understood how, as one perhaps might never have in England, to await, to depend upon, the ineluctable departure of what was most dear.
     
Student's t-test Tweet Definition of Student Like Definition of Student
noun 
  1. (statistics) any statistical hypothesis test in which the test statistic has a Student's t-distribution if the null hypothesis is true
     

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