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Glossary of Sports Terms
beginning with letter S
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sack Tweet Definition of sack Like Definition of sack on Facebook
noun
  1. A bag for carrying things in.
  2. The plunder and pillage, pillaging of a captured town or city.
The of Rome.
  1. Loot or booty obtained by pillage.
  2. (informal) bed, in the phrase hit the sack. See also (term, sack out)''.
I"m tired. I'm gonna hit the .
  1. (informal) Dismissal from employment, in the phrase get the sack or give (someone) the sack.
She got the for being late all the time.
Her boss gave her the 'sack.
  1. An old English measure of weight, usually of wool, equal to 13 stone (182 pounds).
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 209.
    • :Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the of thirteen stone.
      1. (context, vulgar, slang) The scrotum.
      He got passed the ball, but it hit him in the .
verb
  1. To plunder or pillage, especially after capture; to obtain spoils of war.
The barbarians sacked Rome.
  1. (informal) To fire, or remove someone from employment.
He was sacked last September.
  1. (informal) In the phrase (term, sack out), to go to sleep.
The kids all sacked out before 9:00 on New Year"s Eve.
  1. (slang) To hit a person (usually male) in the groin.
The apple fell on him and he got sacked.
sacker Tweet Definition of sacker Like Definition of sacker on Facebook
noun
  1. someone that plunders a village
sacrifice Tweet Definition of sacrifice Like Definition of sacrifice on Facebook
noun
  1. Something sacrificed.
  2. (baseball) A play in which the batter is intentionally out in order that runners can advance around the bases.
verb (sacrific, ing)
  1. To offer as a gift to a deity.
  2. To give away more or less altruistically something valuable to get at least a possibility to gain something else of value (such as self-respect, trust, love, freedom, prosperity), or to avoid an even greater loss.
    • "If you trade a penny for a dollar, it is not a , if you trade a dollar for a penny, it is." - From the book Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand.
    • "Don't you break my heart / 'Cause I to make you happy." - From the song Baby Don't You Do It by Marvin Gaye
    • "God sacrificed His only-begotten Son, so that all people might have eternal life."
    • (Chess) To intentionally give up a piece in order to improve one's position on the board.
    • (baseball) To advance a runner on base by bat, batting the ball so it can be caught or fielded, placing the batter out, but with insufficient time to put the runner out.
      1. To sell without profit.
sacrifice fly Tweet Definition of sacrifice fly Like Definition of sacrifice fly on Facebook
noun
  1. (baseball) A fly ball that allowed a runner to advance after it was caught
Jones' brought in the tying run.
safety Tweet Definition of safety Like Definition of safety on Facebook
noun (safet, ies, -)
  1. The condition or feeling of being safe; security; certainty.
If you push it to the limit, is not guaranteed.
  1. A mechanism on a weapon or dangerous equipment designed to prevent accidental use
Be sure that the is set before proceeding.
  1. When a player is either tackled in or loses the ball out of his team's own end zone resulting in two points for the opposite team
''He sacked the quarterback in the end zone for a .
  1. The defensive players who are in position furthest from the line of scrimmage and whose responsibility is to defend against passes as well as to be the tacklers of last resort
The free made a game-saving tackle on the runner who had broken past the linebackers.
sailboard Tweet Definition of sailboard Like Definition of sailboard on Facebook
noun
  1. A recreational device consisting of a surfboard with a small sail on a flexible mast. Also called a windsurf board.
verb
  1. The sport of using a sailboard, also called windsurfing.
    We went sailboarding, but it's just as hard as it looks.
save Tweet Definition of save Like Definition of save on Facebook
noun
  1. In various sports, a block that prevents an opponent from scoring
The goaltender made a great .
  1. (baseball) When a relief pitcher comes into a game with a 3 run or less lead, and his team wins while continually being ahead
Jones retired seven to earn the .
  1. (professional wrestling slang) A point in a professional wrestling match when one or more wrestlers run to the ring to aid a fellow wrestler who is being beaten.
The giant wrestler continued to beat down his smaller opponent, until several wrestlers ran in for the . (trans-top, block that prevents an opponent from scoring)
  • Norwegian: redning
    (trans-mid)
    (trans-bottom)
verb (sav, ing)
  1. (transitive) To help (somebody) to survive, or keep (somebody) from harm.
  2. (transitive) To keep (something) safe; to safeguard.
  3. (transitive) To store for future use.
  4. (transitive) To conserve or prevent the waste, wasting of.
  5. (transitive) To obviate or make unnecessary.
  6. (context, transitive, computing) To copy (a file) to disk.
  7. (context, transitive, theology) To redeem or protect someone from eternal damnation.
  8. (intransitive) To economize or avoid waste.
  9. (context, transitive, and, intransitive) To accumulate money or valuables.
scissors Tweet Definition of scissors Like Definition of scissors on Facebook
noun (infl, en, noun) (pluralonly)
  1. A type of tool used for cutting thin material, consisting of two crossing blades attached at a pivot point in such a way that the blades slide across each other when the handles are closed; the tool is operated by one hand by putting the thumb and a finger or fingers through holes at the ends of the blades that are opposite to the cutting edges.
verb
  1. (third-person singular of, scissor)
scorecard Tweet Definition of scorecard Like Definition of scorecard on Facebook
noun
  1. a printed card allowing spectators of a game to identify players and record progress
  2. (golf) a card used to record one's scores
  3. (cricket) a tabular representation of the most important statistics of an innings or match
scorekeeper Tweet Definition of scorekeeper Like Definition of scorekeeper on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone who keeps track of the score at a sporting event or other contest.
scratch Tweet Definition of scratch Like Definition of scratch on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.
I can"t believe there is a in the paint already.
Her skin was covered with tiny scratches.
  1. (slang) money
I need a little .
verb (scratch, es)
  1. To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.
Could you please my back?
  1. To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation.
I don't like that new scarf because it scratches my neck.
  1. To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving; a (noun).
A real diamond can easily a pane of glass.
  1. To remove, ignore or delete.
Scratch what I said earlier; I was wrong.
adjective
  1. for or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work
    This is paper, so go ahead and scribble whatever you want on it.
    1. (computer) from scratchpad), describes a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the combining forms scratch memory, scratch register, scratch disk, scratch tape, scratch volume, scratch space. See also scratch monkey.
scratch sheet Tweet Definition of scratch sheet Like Definition of scratch sheet on Facebook
noun
  1. A publication that lists the horses withdrawn from a day's horse races, along with the betting odds and statistics for the horses that are running.
screamer Tweet Definition of screamer Like Definition of screamer on Facebook
noun
  1. One who screams.
  2. A member of the Anhimidaea, a small family of large, bulky birds with a small downy head, long legs and large feet, occurring only in South America.
screwball Tweet Definition of screwball Like Definition of screwball on Facebook
noun
  1. (baseball) A pitch thrown with added pressure by the index finger and a twisting wrist motion resulting in a motion to the right when thrown by a right-handed pitcher.
The is not thrown much because it tends to damage pitcher's arms.
  1. One who behaves in a crazy or screwball manner.
I will not listen to this any longer.
adjective (no comparative or superlative)
  1. Crazy, offbeat, bizarre, zany, or just plain weird.
scud Tweet Definition of scud Like Definition of scud on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of scudding.
  2. Clouds or rain driven by the wind.
  3. A gust of wind.
  4. (Bristolian dialect) A scab on a wound.
  5. (context, slang, Scotland) naked, Naked; pornography.
  6. (context, slang, Scotland) Irn-Bru.
A bottle of Scud
  1. A Soviet-developed ballistic missile.
verb (scud, d, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To race along swiftly (especially used of clouds).
  2. (context, intransitive, nautical) To run before a high wind with no sails set.
  3. (Northumbrian) To hit.
  4. (Northumbrian) To speed.
  5. (Northumbrian) To skim.
second Tweet Definition of second Like Definition of second on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 Ety section)
  1. The SI unit of time, defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine levels of caesium-133 in a ground state at a temperature of absolute zero and at rest; one-sixtieth of a minute.
  2. A unit of angle equal to one-sixtieth of a minute of arc or one part in 3600 of a degree.
  3. A short, indeterminate amount of time.
I'll be there in a .
  1. (context, usually in the plural) A manufactured item that, though still usable, fails to meet quality control standards.
They were discounted because they contained blemishes, nicks or were otherwise factory seconds.
  1. The attendant of a contestant in a duel or box, boxing match, who must be ready to take over if the contestant drops out. In the case of a duel, the seconds may also fight each other at 90° to the other contestants.
  2. One who agrees in addition, or such a motion, as required in certain meetings to pass judgement etc.
If we want the motion to pass, we will need a .
  1. Another chance to achieve what should have been done the first time, usually indicating success this time around. (See second-guess.)
  2. The second gear of an engine.
  3. (baseball) second base, Second base.
verb
  1. (transitive) To agree as a second person to (a proposal), usually to reach a necessary quorum of two.
I the motion.
secondary Tweet Definition of secondary Like Definition of secondary on Facebook
adjective
  1. Succeeding next in order to the first; of second place, origin, rank, rank, etc.; not primary; subordinate; not of the first order or rate.
  2. Acting by deputation or delegated authority; as, the work of secondary hands.
  3. Possessing some quality, or having been subject to some operation (as substitution), in the second degree; as, a secondary salt, a secondary amine, etc. Cf. primary.
  4. (geology) Subsequent in origin; -- said of minerals produced by alteertion or deposition subsequent to the formation of the original rocks mass; also of characters of minerals (as secondary cleavage, etc.) developed by pressure or other causes.
  5. (zootomy) Pertaining to the second joint of the wing of a bird.
  6. (medicine) Dependent or consequent upon another disease; as, Bright's disease is often secondary to scarlet fever. (b) Occuring in the second stage of a disease; as, the secondary symptoms of syphilis.
second baseman Tweet Definition of second baseman Like Definition of second baseman on Facebook
noun
  1. (baseball) The infield defensive player that stands between the first baseman and the shortstop, normally on the right field side of second base.
The started the 4-6-3 double play.
seconde Tweet Definition of seconde Like Definition of seconde on Facebook
noun
  1. (fencing) The second defensive position, with the sword hand held at waist height, and the tip of the sword at ankle level.
septime Tweet Definition of septime Like Definition of septime on Facebook
noun
  1. (fencing) The seventh defensive position, with the sword hand held at waist height, and the tip of the sword at knee level.
serve Tweet Definition of serve Like Definition of serve on Facebook
noun
  1. (sports) the act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play in various games
Whose is it?
  1. A portion of food, a serving
verb (serv, ing)
  1. To work for; to labor in behalf of; to exert one's self continuously or statedly for the benefit of; to do service for; to be in the employment of, as an inferior, domestic, serf, slave, hired assistant, official helper, etc.; specifically, in a religious sense, to obey and worship.
  2. To be subordinate to; to act a secondary part under; to appear as the inferior of; to minister to.
  3. To be suitor to; to profess love to.
  4. To wait upon; to supply the wants of; to attend; specifically, to wait upon at table; to attend at meals; to supply with food; as, to serve customers in a shop.
  5. Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.
  6. To perform the duties belonging to, or required in or for; hence, to be of use to; as, a curate may serve two churches; to serve one's country.
  7. To contribute or conduce to; to promote; to be sufficient for; to satisfy; as, to serve one's turn.
  8. To answer or be (in the place of something) to; as, a sofa serves one for a seat and a couch.
  9. To treat; to behave one's self to; to requite; to act toward; as, he served me very ill.
  10. To work; to operate; as, to serve the guns.
  11. To bring to notice, deliver, or execute, either actually or constructively, in such manner as the law requires; as, to serve a summons.
  12. To make legal service opon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.); as, to serve a witness with a subpoena.
  13. To pass or spend, as time, esp. time of punishment; as, to serve a term in prison.
  14. To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.
  15. (tennis): To lead off in delivering (the ball).
  16. To wind spun yarn, or the like, tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather. See under Serving.
  17. To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service.
  18. To perform domestic offices; to be occupied with household affairs; to prepare and dish up food, etc.
  19. To be in service; to do duty; to discharge the requirements of an office or employment. Specifically, to act in the public service, as a soldier, seaman. etc.
  20. To be of use; to answer a purpose; to suffice; to suit; to be convenient or favorable.
Set Tweet Definition of Set Like Definition of Set on Facebook
proper noun (also Seth)
  1. An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
setup Tweet Definition of setup Like Definition of setup on Facebook
noun
  1. equipment, Equipment designed for a particular purpose; an apparatus.
The laboratory included an elaborate for measuring the energy.
  1. The fashion in which something is organized or arranged.
The classroom was simple and efficient.
  1. An act to frame someone; an effort or arrangement aimed at placing the blame on somebody.
Trust me, that was a !
  1. A computer software utility designed to install the necessary components and perform configuration necessary for a new software application. Also used as an adjective: e.g. "setup program".
After inserting the disk, run the .
shallow Tweet Definition of shallow Like Definition of shallow on Facebook
noun
  1. A shallow portion of an otherwise deep body of water.
The ship ran aground in an unexpected shallow.
adjective
  1. Concave upward and significantly less deep than wide
This crater is relatively
Saute the onions in a pan
  1. Extending not far downward
The water is here
  1. Concerned mainly with superficial matters
It was a glamorous but lifestyle
  1. Lacking interest or substance.
The acting is good, but the characters are '
shank Tweet Definition of shank Like Definition of shank on Facebook
noun
  1. The lower part of the leg; shin.
  2. meat, Meat from that part of an animal.
  3. A straight, narrow part of an object; shaft; stem
  4. A protruding part of an object, by which it is or can be attached.
  5. The metal part on a curb bit that falls below the mouthpiece of the bit, which length controls the severity of the leverage action of the bit, and to which the reins of the bridle are attached
  6. (sports) A poorly played golf shot in which the ball is struck by the part of the club head that connects to the shaft. See thin,fat,toe
  7. (slang) An improvised stabbing weapon
  8. (slang) Bad.
verb
  1. (archaic) To travel on foot
  2. (slang) To stab
adjective
  1. bad, Bad.
sharpshooter Tweet Definition of sharpshooter Like Definition of sharpshooter on Facebook
noun
  1. A person trained to shoot precisely with a certain type of rifle; a marksman
shelf Tweet Definition of shelf Like Definition of shelf on Facebook
noun (shelves)
  1. A flat, rigid, rectangular structure, fixed at right angles to a wall, and used to support, store or display objects.
  2. The capacity of such an object; as, a shelf of videos.
  3. A projecting ledge that resembles such an object.
  4. A reef, shoal or sandbar.
shift Tweet Definition of shift Like Definition of shift on Facebook
noun
  1. (historical) a type of women's undergarment, a slip
Just last week she bought a new at the market.
  1. a change of workers, now specifically a set group of workers or period of working time
We'll work three shifts a day till the job's done.
  1. an act of shifting; a slight movement or change
There was a in the political atmosphere.
  1. the gear mechanism in a motor vehicle
Does it come with a stick-?
  1. a button on a keyboard, chiefly for switching between upper and lower case
If you press -P, the preview display will change.
verb
  1. (transitive) To change, swap
His political stance shifted daily.
  1. (transitive) to move from one place to another; to redistribute
We'll have to these boxes to the downtown office.
  1. (intransitive) to change position
She shifted slightly in her seat.
  1. (intransitive) To change gears (in a car).
I crested the hill and shifted into fifth.
  1. (context, transitive, computing) to remove the first value from an array.
  2. (transitive) to dispose of
How can I a grass stain?
  1. (intransitive) to hurry
If you , you might make the 2:19.
  1. (Ireland, crude slang) to engage in sexual petting.
shoot Tweet Definition of shoot Like Definition of shoot on Facebook
noun
  1. The bud of a plant.
  2. A photography session.
  3. (professional wrestling slang) In professional wrestling, an event that is unscripted or legitimate.
verb (shoots, shooting, shot, shot, or rarely shotten)
  1. To fire one or more shots.
The man, in a desperate bid for freedom, grabbed his gun and started shooting anyone he could.
  1. To hit with a shot.
He was shot by a police officer.
  1. To move very quickly and suddenly.
After an initial lag, the experimental group's scores shot past the control group's scores in the fourth week.
  1. To photograph.
  2. To blame a messenger for the contents of the message.
Please don't the messenger.
  1. (professional wrestling) In professional wrestling, to deviate from kayfabe, either intentionally or accidentally; to actually connect with unchoreographed fighting blows and maneuvers, or speak one's mind (instead of an agreed-to script).
  2. (surveying) To measure the distance and direction to (a point).
  3. (sports) To make the stated score.
In my round of golf yesterday I shot a 76.
shootout Tweet Definition of shootout Like Definition of shootout on Facebook
noun
  1. A decisive battle, especially a gunfight.
  2. (football) penalty shootout
  3. (ice hockey) a series of penalty shots during which a tied game is resolved.
short Tweet Definition of short Like Definition of short on Facebook
noun
  1. A short circuit.
  2. (baseball) shortstop
Jones smashes a grounder between third and .
verb
  1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit
adjective
  1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically dimensions.
  2. A word or phrase that can be said or written in less time to represent another word or phrase.
"Tater" is for "potato".
  1. (context, of a person) With less height
  2. (cricket, of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman
  3. (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position) relatively close to the batsman
adverb
  1. (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
shorten Tweet Definition of shorten Like Definition of shorten on Facebook
verb
  1. (transitive) To make shorter; to abbreviate.
  2. (intransitive) To become shorter.
shot Tweet Definition of shot Like Definition of shot on Facebook
noun
  1. The result of launching a projectile or bullet.
The was wide of the mark.
  1. (sports) The act of launching a ball or similar object toward a goal.
They took the lead on a last-minute .
  1. The heavy iron ball used for the shot put.
  2. (uncountable) Small metal balls used as ammunition.
  3. (military) A solid metal armor-piercing projectile having no bursting charge, that was in use mainly during World War II.
  4. A chance, or an attempt.
I'd like just one more at winning this game.
  1. (finance) A payment (of a bill), a scot or shout.
  2. A measure of alcohol, usually spirits, as taken either from a shot-glass or directly from the bottle. About 44 millilitres; 1.5 ounces. "pony shot"= 30 millilitres; 1 fluid ounce
  3. (rfv-sense) (context, prison) A spoon of coffee.
  4. (context, Filmology) The basic unit of film language.
verb
  1. (past of, shoot)
adjective
  1. (colloquial) Worn out.
The real axle will have to be replaced. It's .
  1. (Of material, especially silk) Woven from warp and weft strands of different colours, resulting in an iridescent appearance.
  2. tired, weary
I have to go to bed now, I'm .
show Tweet Definition of show Like Definition of show on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A play, dance, or other entertainment.
  2. (countable) An exhibition of items.
art show
dog show
  1. (countable) A demonstration.
show of force
  1. (countable) A broadcast program/programme.
radio show
television show
  1. (countable) A movie.
Let's catch a show.
  1. (uncountable) mere display with no substance
The dog sounds ferocious but it's all .
verb (shows, showing, showed or dialectic shew, shown)
  1. (transitive) To display, to have somebody see something.
  2. (transitive) To indicate (a fact) to be true; to demonstrate.
shuttlecock Tweet Definition of shuttlecock Like Definition of shuttlecock on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, badminton) A lightweight object that is conical in shape with a cork or rubber-covered nose, used in badminton as a ball is used in other racquet games.
    • 1859, Ebenezer Landells, The boy's own toy-maker, page 122,
    • :The practice of the game in this country is to keep the in the air by striking it from one person to another.
verb
  1. to move or be moved rapidly back-and-forth
sidestroke Tweet Definition of sidestroke Like Definition of sidestroke on Facebook
noun
  1. A swimming stroke swam on the swimmer's side
single Tweet Definition of single Like Definition of single on Facebook
noun
  1. A 45rpm vinyl record with one song on side A and one on side B.
  2. A popular song released and sold (on any format) nominally on its own though usually has at least one extra track.
  3. One who is not married.
He went to the party, hoping to meet some friendly singles there.
  1. (cricket) A score of one run.
  2. (baseball) A hit in baseball where the batter advances to first base.
  3. A bill valued at $1.
I don't have any singles, so you'll have to make change.
verb (singl, ing)
  1. To identify or select one member of a group from the others; generally used with out, either to single out or to (something) out.
Eddie singled out his favorite marble from the bag.
Evonne always wondered why Ernest had singled her out of the group of giggling girls she hung around with.
  1. (baseball) To get a hit that advances the batter exactly one base.
Pedro singled in the bottom of the eighth inning, which, if converted to a run, would put the team back into contention.
adjective
  1. Not accompanied by anything else.
Can you give me a reason not to leave right now?
  1. Not divided in parts.
The potatoes left the spoon and landed in a big lump on the plate.
  1. Designed for the use of only one.
a room
  1. Designed for a single use; not reusable.
the anti-aircraft rocket is fired from a single use launch platform.
  1. Not married.
Josh put down that he was a male on the dating website.
  1. (botany) Having only one rank or row of petals.
sinker Tweet Definition of sinker Like Definition of sinker on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, fishing) A weight used in fishing to cause the line or net to sink
Hook the onto this loop.''
  1. (baseball) Any of several high speed pitches which have a downward motion near the plate; a two-seam fastball, a split-finger fastball, or a forkball
His sinkers drew one ground ball after another.
skate Tweet Definition of skate Like Definition of skate on Facebook
noun
  1. A metallic runner with a frame shaped to fit the sole of a shoe, -- made to be fastened under the foot, and used for moving rapidly on ice.
  2. abbreviated form of ice skate or roller skate
  3. The act of skateboarding
There's time for a quick skate before dinner.
  1. The act of roller skating
Let's skate in the park.
  1. The act of ice skating
The boys had a skate every morning when the lake was frozen.
verb (skat, ing)
  1. To move along a surface (ice or ground) using skates.
  2. To skateboard
skeet Tweet Definition of skeet Like Definition of skeet on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) A form of trapshoot, trapshooting using clay targets to simulate birds in flight.
  2. (context, countable, poker) A hand consisting of a 9, a 5, a 2, and two other cards lower than 9.
  3. (context, uncountable, slang, African American Vernacular English) The ejaculation of sperm.
  4. (context, uncountable, Manx English) news, News.
  5. (context, countable, Newfoundland, slang) A loud, disruptive and poorly educated person of low social status.
verb
  1. To shoot or spray (used of fluids).
  2. (African American Vernacular English) To ejaculate.
ski Tweet Definition of ski Like Definition of ski on Facebook
noun
  1. One of a pair of long flat runners designed for gliding over snow.
verb (skis, skiing, skied)
  1. To move on skis.
skied Tweet Definition of skied Like Definition of skied on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, ski)