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Glossary of Phonetics Terms
beginning with letter A
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accentual Tweet Definition of accentual Like Definition of accentual on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to accent; characterized or formed by accent.
accentuate Tweet Definition of accentuate Like Definition of accentuate on Facebook
verb (accentuat, ing)
  1. (transitive) To pronounce with an accent or with accents.
  2. (transitive) To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.
    • In Bosnia, the struggle between East and West was even more accentuated. - London Times
      1. (transitive) To mark with a written accent.
affricate Tweet Definition of affricate Like Definition of affricate on Facebook
noun
  1. (phonetics) A sound produced using a combination of a plosive and a fricative. English sounds /tʃ/ (catch) and /dʒ/ (jury) are the best examples.
affricative Tweet Definition of affricative Like Definition of affricative on Facebook
noun
  1. an affricate
adjective
  1. of, or relating to an affricate
allophone Tweet Definition of allophone Like Definition of allophone on Facebook
noun
  1. (linguistics) Any of two or more alternative pronunciations for a phoneme.
  2. (Canada) A person whose mother tongue is neither English nor French.
alveolar Tweet Definition of alveolar Like Definition of alveolar on Facebook
noun
  1. (linguistics) An alveolar consonant
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to an alveolus
  2. (anatomy) Relating to the jaw ridge containing the tooth sockets
  3. (anatomy) Relating to the alveoli (small air sacs) of the lungs
  4. (phonetics) Formed with the tip of the tongue touching the inner ridge of the gums of the upper front teeth
apical Tweet Definition of apical Like Definition of apical on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or connected with the apex
  2. (botany) of a meristem: situated at the growing tip of the plant or its roots, in comparison with intercalary growth situated between zones of permanent tissue.
apocope Tweet Definition of apocope Like Definition of apocope on Facebook
noun
  1. The loss or omission of a sound or syllable from the end of a word.
approximant Tweet Definition of approximant Like Definition of approximant on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Approximant consonant)
  1. (phonetics) a consonant sound made by slightly narrowing the vocal tract, while still allowing a smooth flow of air. Liquids and glides are approximants.
articulate Tweet Definition of articulate Like Definition of articulate on Facebook
verb (articulat, ing)
  1. To make clear or effective.
  2. To speak clearly; to enunciate.
I wish he"d his words more clearly.
  1. To explain; to put into words; to make something specific.
I like this painting, but I can"t why.
  1. To bend or hinge something at intervals, or to allow or build something so that it can bend.
an articulated bus
  1. (music) to attack a note, as by tonguing, slurring, bowing, etc.
Articulate that passage heavily.
  1. (anatomy) to form a joint or connect by joints
The lower jaw articulates with the skull at the temporomandibular joint.
adjective
  1. clear, effective
  2. especially, speaking in a clear or effective manner
She"s a bright, young woman.
  1. able to bend or hinge at certain points or intervals
The robot arm was in two directions.
aspirate Tweet Definition of aspirate Like Definition of aspirate on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 Ety section)
  1. (linguistics) The puff of air accompany, accompanying the release of a plosive consonant.
  2. (linguistics) A sound produced by such a puff of air.
verb (aspirat, es)
  1. (context, transitive, linguistics) To follow a consonant with an audible puff of breath.
  2. (transitive) To remove gas by means of suction.
  3. (intransitive) To inhale; to draw into one's lungs.
assimilate Tweet Definition of assimilate Like Definition of assimilate on Facebook
verb (assimilat, ing)
  1. To incorporate nutrients into the body after digestion.
  2. To incorporate or absorb knowledge into the mind.
  3. To absorb a group of people into a community.
  4. To compare something to another similar one.
assimilation Tweet Definition of assimilation Like Definition of assimilation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of assimilating or the state of being assimilated.
  2. The metabolic conversion of nutriments into tissue.
  3. (context, by extension) The absorption of new ideas into an existing cognitive structure.
  4. (linguistics) The modification of a sound such that it becomes similar to an adjacent sound.
  5. The adoption, by a minority group, of the customs and attitudes of the dominant culture.
atonic Tweet Definition of atonic Like Definition of atonic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Referring to a syllable or sound that is spoken without accent or stress.
  2. (pathology) Lacking muscle tone.

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