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Glossary of People Terms
beginning with letter S
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Sabir Tweet Definition of Sabir Like Definition of Sabir on Facebook
noun
  1. a pidgin language based on French and used in parts of North Africa and the Mediterranean
Salish Tweet Definition of Salish Like Definition of Salish on Facebook
noun
  1. a group of Native American peoples of the north-western United States and British Columbia
  2. a member of this group
  3. the family of languages of these people
Samaritan Tweet Definition of Samaritan Like Definition of Samaritan on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A native, or inhabitant of Samaria.
  2. (context, UK, plural only) A telephone helpline providing support to those at risk of suicide.
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to Samaria or Samaritans.
Sami Tweet Definition of Sami Like Definition of Sami on Facebook
noun (plural: or Samis)
  1. A member of the nomadic people of Lapland.
proper noun
  1. Any of the languages of the Sami.
Samoan Tweet Definition of Samoan Like Definition of Samoan on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from Samoa or of Samoan descent.
  2. The Samoan language.
adjective (no (compar) or (superl))
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Samoa, the Samoan people or the Samoan language.
Samoyed Tweet Definition of Samoyed Like Definition of Samoyed on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a member of the Nenets people of the Siberian Urals; they speak Samoyedic languages
  2. a hardy breed of dog from Siberia
Samoyedic Tweet Definition of Samoyedic Like Definition of Samoyedic on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Samoyedic languages)
  1. any of a group of languages spoken in the Urals, that, along with Finno-Ugric, make up the Uralic language group.
Sango Tweet Definition of Sango Like Definition of Sango on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Sango_(language))
  1. The primary language spoken in the Central African Republic: it has 5 million second-language speakers, but only 400,000 native speakers, mainly in the towns.
Sanskrit Tweet Definition of Sanskrit Like Definition of Sanskrit on Facebook
proper noun
  1. Any of the Old Indic languages, especially Classical Sanskrit, a language of ancient India still important to Hinduism and Buddhism.
Saxon Tweet Definition of Saxon Like Definition of Saxon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A member of an ancient northern Germanic tribe, that invaded England, together with Angles and Frisians about the year 600
  2. A native of Saxony
  3. The language of the ancient Saxons
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to the Saxons, Saxony, or the Saxon language
Scandinavian Tweet Definition of Scandinavian Like Definition of Scandinavian on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone from Scandinavia.
adjective
  1. Of Scandinavia.
  2. (Of a language) Of the North Germanic family to which Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, and Faeroese belong.
Scot Tweet Definition of Scot Like Definition of Scot on Facebook
proper noun (Scots)
  1. A person born in or native to Scotland.
Scotch Tweet Definition of Scotch Like Definition of Scotch on Facebook
proper noun (es, -)
  1. (as a plural noun) The people of Scotland (less correct than Scots or Scottish).
  2. The Scottish dialect of English.
  3. (uncountable) Whisky made in Scotland
  4. (countable) Any variety of Scotch.
  5. (countable) A glass of Scotch.
adjective
  1. Of or from Scotland.
Scots Tweet Definition of Scots Like Definition of Scots on Facebook
noun
  1. (plural of, Scot)
proper noun
  1. A Germanic language closely related to English and descended from northern dialects of Old English, spoken in parts of w:Scotland, Scotland, now especially in the central, northeastern and southern regions of the country.
adjective
  1. Scottish
Scots Gaelic Tweet Definition of Scots Gaelic Like Definition of Scots Gaelic on Facebook
noun
  1. The Gaelic language spoken in Scotland.
Scottish Tweet Definition of Scottish Like Definition of Scottish on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The people of Scotland.
adjective
  1. Of a person, native to or born in Scotland.
  2. Of a thing or concept, of or pertaining to Scotland.
Scottish Gaelic Tweet Definition of Scottish Gaelic Like Definition of Scottish Gaelic on Facebook
noun
  1. The Gaelic language of Scotland, spoken primarily in the northern and western parts of the country.
Semite Tweet Definition of Semite Like Definition of Semite on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a member of any of a number of peoples of ancient southwestern Asia including the Akkadian, Akkadians, Phoenician, Phoenicians, Hebrew, Hebrews, and Arab, Arabs.
  2. descendant of these peoples.
  3. a member of a modern people speaking a Semitic language.
  4. a descendant of the biblical Patriarch Shem.
Semitic Tweet Definition of Semitic Like Definition of Semitic on Facebook
noun
  1. The Semitic languages in general.
adjective
  1. Relating to a subdivision of Afro-Asiatic w:Semitic languages, Semitic languages: Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Assyrian (Syriac), Babylonian (Akkadian), Israeli (Hebrew), Maltese, Tigrigna, et al.
  2. Relating to the Semites: Semitic people.
  3. Relating (biblically) to descendants of w:Shem, Shem, the eldest of three w:Sons of Noah, sons of Noah.
  4. Relating (more narrowly) to the Israel, Israeli, Jewish, or Hebrew people.
Serb Tweet Definition of Serb Like Definition of Serb on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A person of Serb descent (not necessarily from Serbia).
adjective
  1. of or pertaining to the culture of the Serbs; Serbian
Serbian Tweet Definition of Serbian Like Definition of Serbian on Facebook
noun
  1. Serb
  2. A person from the Balkan country of Serbia.
proper noun
  1. A South Slavic language spoken in the Balkans.
(trans-top, The Serbian language)
  • Albanian: serbishte
  • Armenian: սերբերեն (serberen)
  • Arabic: (ARchar, الص~+mn~بية) (aʂ-ʂarbīya)
  • Bosnian: srpski
    1. Bosnian, srpski
    2. Bulgarian: ръ~+mn~ки (srŽbski)
    3. Catalan: serbi,
    4. Chinese:
    5. :Simplified: ž"维亚语 (Siěrwiy  y")
    6. :Traditional: ž爾維žž
    7. Croatian: srpski
    8. Croatian, srpski
    9. Czech: srbština
    10. Danish: serbisk
    11. Dutch: Servisch
    12. Esperanto: serba lingvo
    13. Estonian: serbia, serbia keel
    14. Faroese: serbiskt
    15. Filipino: Serbian, Serbyo
    16. Finnish: serbia, serbian kieli
    17. French: serbe
    18. Georgian: ს" ბული (serbuli)
    19. German: Serbisch
    20. Greek: Σεβικά (Servik)
    21. Hebrew: סרבית (servit)
    22. Hindi: सरबी (sarbī), सरबियाई (sarbiyī), सरबियन (sarbiyan)
    23. Hungarian: szerb, szerbl
    24. Icelandic: serbneska
    25. Interlingua: serbo
    26. Italian: serbo
    27. Irish: Seirbs,
    28. Japanese: セルビアž (serubia-go)
    29. Korean: 세르비아어 (sereubia-eo)
    30. Kurdish: serb, (KUchar, س~+mn~بی)
    31. Latvian: serbu
    32. Macedonian: рпки
    33. Macedonian, рпки
    34. Norwegian: serbisk
      (trans-mid)
    35. Nepali: सरबियाली (sarbiylī)
    36. Persian: (FAchar, ص~+mn~بی) (sarbi)
    37. Polish: serbski
    38. Portuguese: srvio
    39. Russian: ер~+mn~кий
    40. Serbian:
    41. :Cyrillic: рпки
    42. Serbian, рпки
    43. :Roman: srpski
    44. Serbian, srpski
    45. Sindhi: (SDchar, س~+mn~بي, سŽ~+mn~بي) (sarbī)
    46. Slovak: srbina
    47. Slovene: srbšina
    48. Swahili: kiserbia
    49. Swedish: serbiska
    50. Tagalog: Serbyo
    51. Thai: (THchar,  าษาเซอร์เบียน) (paasăa serbian)
    52. Turkish: S~+mn~rpa
    53. Turkmen:
    54. :Cyrillic: ер~+mn~че
    55. :Roman: serbe
    56. Urdu: (URchar, ص~+mn~بی) (sarbī)
    57. Uyghur: (FAchar, س~+mn~پچە) (serbe)
    58. Uzbek:
    59. :Cyrillic: ер~+mn~ча
    60. :Roman: serba
    61. Vietnamese: tiếng Xc-bi
    62. Volapk: Srbnapk
    63. Yiddish: סערביש (serbiš)
    64. Xhosa: isi-Serbia
    65. Zulu: isi-Sebhiya
      (trans-bottom)
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to Serbia and Serbians
  2. Of or pertaining to Serbian language
Serbo-Croatian Tweet Definition of Serbo-Croatian Like Definition of Serbo-Croatian on Facebook
noun
  1. the Serbian and Croatian languages considered as a unit during the existence of Yugoslavia. Today it is used as an umbrella term for the languages of Central South Slavic diasystem (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian).
adjective
  1. pertaining to the Serbo-Croatian language
Sesotho Tweet Definition of Sesotho Like Definition of Sesotho on Facebook
proper noun
  1. African ethnic group living mainly in Free State and Gauteng Provinces in central South Africa.
  2. An individual member of this group.
  3. The Bantu language of these people.
adjective
  1. Pertaining to the Basotho people or culture, or language.
  2. In or pertaining to the Sesotho language.
Shan Tweet Definition of Shan Like Definition of Shan on Facebook
noun
  1. A people living primarily in the Shan State of Myanmar (also known as Burma), and in adjacent areas of China, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam, with about 6 million people.
  2. The language of this people, in the Tai-Kadai language family.
  3. A state in Thailand.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the Shan people or the Shan language.
Shawnee Tweet Definition of Shawnee Like Definition of Shawnee on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a Native American people from Ohio; a member of this tribe; their language
  2. a female given name, derived from the people
Shelta Tweet Definition of Shelta Like Definition of Shelta on Facebook
proper noun
  1. an Irish cant in which the position of consonants are inverted
Shona Tweet Definition of Shona Like Definition of Shona on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A language spoken in Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
  2. The Bantu tribes who speak Shona.
Shoshone Tweet Definition of Shoshone Like Definition of Shoshone on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An amerind ethnic group of North America, especially of Wyoming and Idaho.
  2. The Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Shoshone people.
  3. The w:Shoshone National Forest, Shoshone National Forest in Wyoming.
Siamese Tweet Definition of Siamese Like Definition of Siamese on Facebook
noun
  1. The Siamese cat
proper noun
  1. The Thai language
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to Siam; Thai
  2. Of a connection of tubes or hoses shaped like a letter Y.
Siegfried Tweet Definition of Siegfried Like Definition of Siegfried on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (Germanic mythology) Hero of the Nibelungenlied who defeated the Icelandic queen
    1. A male given name of Germanic origin
Singhalese Tweet Definition of Singhalese Like Definition of Singhalese on Facebook
noun
  1. Indo-Aryan language spoken in Sri Lanka.
Sinhalese Tweet Definition of Sinhalese Like Definition of Sinhalese on Facebook
noun
  1. Indo-Aryan language of about 12,000,000 non-Tamil people of Sri Lanka.
  2. A Sinhalese person.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to Sri Lanka
Siouan Tweet Definition of Siouan Like Definition of Siouan on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or relating to the Sioux people, culture or languages.
Sioux Tweet Definition of Sioux Like Definition of Sioux on Facebook
proper noun
  1. Name applied to various formerly nomadic Native American tribes of the North American Great Plains.
  2. The group of languages spoken by the Sioux.
Slav Tweet Definition of Slav Like Definition of Slav on Facebook
noun
  1. A person of Slavic origins.
Slavic Tweet Definition of Slavic Like Definition of Slavic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of the Slavs, their culture or languages.
  2. Another word for Slavonic or Sclavonic.
Slavonic Tweet Definition of Slavonic Like Definition of Slavonic on Facebook
noun
  1. A branch of the Indo-European family of languages, usually divided into three subbranches:
    • South Slavonic (including Old Church Slavonic, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, etc.)
    • East Slavonic (including Ukrainian, Russian, etc.), and
    • West Slavonic (including Polish, Czech, Slovak, etc.)
      1. The unrecorded ancient language from which all of these languages developed.
adjective
  1. Of, denoting, or relating to the people who speak these languages.
  2. Of, denoting, or relating to Slavonia and its inhabitants.
Slovak Tweet Definition of Slovak Like Definition of Slovak on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from Slovakia or of Slovak descent.
proper noun
  1. The language of Slovakia.
adjective
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Slovakia, the Slovak people or the Slovak language.
Slovene Tweet Definition of Slovene Like Definition of Slovene on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from Slovenia
proper noun
  1. The official language of Slovenia
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to Slovenia, the Slovenian people or the Slovenian language.
Somali Tweet Definition of Somali Like Definition of Somali on Facebook
noun
  1. A language spoken mainly in Somalia.
  2. A person from Somalia or of Somali descent.
adjective
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Somalia, the Somali people or language.
Sorb Tweet Definition of Sorb Like Definition of Sorb on Facebook
noun (pl. Sorbs)
  1. a Slavic people living in parts of East Germany
  2. any person belonging to this people
Sorbian Tweet Definition of Sorbian Like Definition of Sorbian on Facebook
noun
  1. A group of Slavic languages spoken by a minority in eastern Germany.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the Sorbs or to the Sorbian language.
Sotho Tweet Definition of Sotho Like Definition of Sotho on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a certain Bantu language spoken in South Africa and Lesotho; another name for Sesotho.
  2. a group of closely related Bantu languages spoken in South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana, and Zambia.
  3. a person who speaks Sesotho or (rarely) a person who speaks any language from this group of Bantu languages.
South African Tweet Definition of South African Like Definition of South African on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from South Africa or of South African descent.
adjective
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to South Africa, or the South African people.
southern Tweet Definition of southern Like Definition of southern on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of, facing, situated in, or related to the south.
  2. Of or pertaining to a southern region, especially Southern Europe.
The southern climate.
  1. Of a wind: blowing from the south; southerly.
Spaniard Tweet Definition of Spaniard Like Definition of Spaniard on Facebook
noun
  1. Somebody born or living in w:Spain, Spain.
Spanish Tweet Definition of Spanish Like Definition of Spanish on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (singular) The official language of Spain.
  2. (the Spanish; collective plural) People native to Spain.
adjective
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Spain.
  2. Of or pertaining to the Spanish language.
Sranan Tweet Definition of Sranan Like Definition of Sranan on Facebook
proper noun
  1. the Sranantongo English-based creole of Suriname.
Sudeten Tweet Definition of Sudeten Like Definition of Sudeten on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a series of mountains in Central Europe (Czechia, Poland, Germany).
Sukuma Tweet Definition of Sukuma Like Definition of Sukuma on Facebook
proper noun
  1. an indigenous people of Tanzania
  2. the Bantu language of this people
sulu Tweet Definition of sulu Like Definition of sulu on Facebook
noun
  1. an all-purpose garment worn by men and women in Fiji that to Westerners resembles a skirt.
Sumerian Tweet Definition of Sumerian Like Definition of Sumerian on Facebook
noun
  1. A person of Sumer.
  2. A native of lower Babylonia, called  umer in Akkadian.
  3. The ancient language spoken in Sumer, a language isolate.
adjective
  1. Of, from or pertaining to Sumer.
  2. Of, from or pertaining lower Babylonia, which was anciently called  umer in Akkadian.
Sundanese Tweet Definition of Sundanese Like Definition of Sundanese on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia, numbering approximately 31 million.
  2. The language of the Sundanese people. The language is also known as Basa Sunda.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the people.
Swahili Tweet Definition of Swahili Like Definition of Swahili on Facebook
noun
  1. an agglutinative language widely spoken in East Africa. Born of the hybridization of the Arabic and Bantu cultures, it was the language of the traders in East Africa, and spread along the routes of trade.
Swazi Tweet Definition of Swazi Like Definition of Swazi on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from Swaziland or of Swazi descent.
Translations
  • French: Swazi
  • German: Swasi
  • Spanish: suazi, suazilands
  • adjective
    1. Of, from, or pertaining to Swaziland, the Swazi people or the Swazi language.
    Translations
    • French: swazi
  • German: swasilndisch
  • Spanish: suazilands
  • Swede Tweet Definition of Swede Like Definition of Swede on Facebook
    proper noun (pluralSwedes)
    1. A person from Sweden or of Swedish descent.
    Swedish Tweet Definition of Swedish Like Definition of Swedish on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. The language of w:Sweden, Sweden and land (an autonomous part of Finland). Swedish is also one of the two official languages of Finland, spoken by 6% of the citizens. A very small minority in Estonia has Swedish as their mother tongue.
    adjective
    1. Of or pertaining to Sweden.
    2. Of or pertaining to the language.
    Swiss Tweet Definition of Swiss Like Definition of Swiss on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. A person from Switzerland or of Swiss descent.
    adjective
    1. Of, from, or pertaining to Switzerland, the Swiss people or the Swiss language.
    Syriac Tweet Definition of Syriac Like Definition of Syriac on Facebook
    proper noun (plural: Syriacs)
    1. An Aramaic language, part of the Semitic language group, specifically:
      • The language of the kingdom of Osrhoene.
      • The liturgical language of various churches with roots in the Middle East.
        1. A person who either speaks Syriac or is a member of the Syriac Orthodox Church, or both.
    adjective
    1. Referring to the Syriac language, for example, Syriac alphabet, Syriac culture, Syriac poetry.

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