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Glossary of Genetics Terms
beginning with letter T
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taster Tweet Definition of taster Like Definition of taster on Facebook
noun
  1. That in which, or by which, anything is tasted, as, a dram cup, a cheese taster, or the like.
  2. Person who tastes wine etc., for quality.
telomere Tweet Definition of telomere Like Definition of telomere on Facebook
noun
  1. (genetics) either of the sequences of DNA at each end of a eukaryotic chromosome
template Tweet Definition of template Like Definition of template on Facebook
noun
  1. a model or pattern used for making multiple copies of a single object
tetraploid Tweet Definition of tetraploid Like Definition of tetraploid on Facebook
noun
  1. a tetraploid organism
adjective
  1. (genetics) having four times the haploid numner of chromosomes in a cell nucleus
transcribe Tweet Definition of transcribe Like Definition of transcribe on Facebook
verb (transcrib, ing)
  1. To make a full written or typewritten copy of something
  2. (computing) To transfer data from one recording media to another
  3. (music) To adapt a composition for a voice or instrument other than the original; to notate live or recorded music
  4. (biology) To cause DNA to undergo transcription
  5. (linguistics) To represent speech by phonetic symbols
transcription Tweet Definition of transcription Like Definition of transcription on Facebook
noun
  1. the act or process of transcribing
  2. something that has been transcribed, especially . .
  1. (music) an adaptation of a composition
  2. a recorded radio or television programme
  3. (linguistics) a representation of speech sounds as phonetic symbols
    1. (biology) the process by which messenger RNA is synthesized from DNA (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_transcription Gene Transcription)
    2. a job as medical transcriptionist or court reporter
    3. a computer program converting voice to action as in robotics or to text as in AI artificial intelligence
translation Tweet Definition of translation Like Definition of translation on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) The act of converting or translate, translating (text from one language to another).
  2. (countable) The end result of translating text.
  3. (physics) Translation of forces in a gearbox.
  4. (countable) (context, mathematics, physics) Motion of a body on a linear path, without deformation or rotation, i.e. such that every part of the body moves at the same speed and in the same direction.
  5. (genetics) A process occurring in the ribosome, in which a strand of messenger RNA (mRNA) guides assembly of a sequence of amino acids to make a protein.
transposon Tweet Definition of transposon Like Definition of transposon on Facebook
noun
  1. (genetics) a segment of DNA that can move to a different position within a genome
trisomic Tweet Definition of trisomic Like Definition of trisomic on Facebook
adjective
  1. (genetics) Having three copies of a given chromosome in each somatic cell instead of the usual number of two

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