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Glossary of Genetics Terms
beginning with letter H
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haploid Tweet Definition of haploid Like Definition of haploid on Facebook
noun (pluralhaploids)
  1. A cell which is haploid; an organism, such as a fungus, with haploid cells.
adjective
  1. (cytology) Of a cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes, such as a gamete.
heart Tweet Definition of heart Like Definition of heart on Facebook
noun
  1. (anatomy) A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body.
  2. emotions, Emotions, kindness, or spirit in general (but like above, people only have one heart).
  3. A shape or symbol approximately in the shape of a heart (™).
  4. A playing card of the suit hearts featuring one or more heart-shaped symbols.
  5. The centre, essence, or core.
verb
  1. (context, internet slang, text messaging, emoticon) To be fond of, frequently abbreviated as <3.
hereditarian Tweet Definition of hereditarian Like Definition of hereditarian on Facebook
noun
  1. One who advocates hereditarianism
adjective
  1. of, or relating to hereditarianism
hereditary Tweet Definition of hereditary Like Definition of hereditary on Facebook
adjective
  1. (of a disease or quality) passed from a parent to a child in the genes
Haemophilia is in his family.
  1. (of a title, honour or right) legally granted to somebody's descendant after that person's death.
Duke is a title which was created in Norman times.
  1. (of a person) holding a hereditary (2) title or rank
rulers
heredity Tweet Definition of heredity Like Definition of heredity on Facebook
noun
  1. hereditary, Hereditary transmission of the physical and psychical qualities of parents to their offspring; the biological law by which living beings tend to repeat their characteristics in their descendants.
heterochromatic Tweet Definition of heterochromatic Like Definition of heterochromatic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having more than one colour
  2. Of light, having more than one wavelength
  3. Of, or relating to heterochromatin
heterochromatin Tweet Definition of heterochromatin Like Definition of heterochromatin on Facebook
noun
  1. (cytology) Heterochromatic tightly coiled chromosome material; believed to be genetically inactive
heterogamous Tweet Definition of heterogamous Like Definition of heterogamous on Facebook
adjective
  1. (botany) in which the stamens and pistils are not present in every flower; i.e. there are male and female flowers
  2. (biology) characterixed by alternating generations of a parthenogenetic and sexual nature
  3. (biology) involving heterogametes in the reproductive process
heterosis Tweet Definition of heterosis Like Definition of heterosis on Facebook
noun (heteros, es)
  1. (genetics) The tendency of cross-breeding to produce an animal or plant with a greater hardiness than its parents; hybrid vigour
heterozygosis Tweet Definition of heterozygosis Like Definition of heterozygosis on Facebook
noun (heterozygos, es)
  1. (genetics) The fusion of two genetically different gametes
heterozygote Tweet Definition of heterozygote Like Definition of heterozygote on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, genetics) A diploid individual that has different alleles at one or more genetic loci.
  2. (biology) A bacteriophage that has two different copies of its genetic material and so produces two types of offspring.
hexaploid Tweet Definition of hexaploid Like Definition of hexaploid on Facebook
noun
  1. a cell or organism that has six complete sets of chromosomes.
adjective
  1. having six complete sets of chromosomes in a single cell.
homogamy Tweet Definition of homogamy Like Definition of homogamy on Facebook
noun
  1. A marriage between individuals of a similar culture.
homogeneous Tweet Definition of homogeneous Like Definition of homogeneous on Facebook
adjective
  1. similar, or the same as something else
  2. having the same composition throughout; uniform
  3. (chemistry) in the same state of matter.
  4. (mathematics) see w:homogeneous (mathematics), homogeneous (mathematics)
homogenous Tweet Definition of homogenous Like Definition of homogenous on Facebook
adjective
  1. (biology) Having the same genetic structure; exhibiting homogeny
    1. Having the same consistency and contents throughout; uniform or homogeneous
homologous Tweet Definition of homologous Like Definition of homologous on Facebook
adjective
  1. Showing a degree of correspondence or similarity such that it suggests a common origin.
  1. (biology) corresponding to a similar structure in another life form with a common evolutionary origin e.g. flippers and hands
  2. (chemistry) belonging to a series of aliphatic organic compounds that differ only by the addition of a CH2 group
  3. (genetics) having the same morphology as another chromosome
    1. homologous blood donation
homozygote Tweet Definition of homozygote Like Definition of homozygote on Facebook
noun
  1. (genetics) A diploid individual that has equal alleles at one or more genetic loci.
hot spot Tweet Definition of hot spot Like Definition of hot spot on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, hotspot (geology))
(plural hot spots)
  1. (geology) the surface manifestation of a plume that rises from deep in the Earth"s mantle
  2. a dangerous place of violent political unrest
  3. a lively and entertaining place, such as a nightclub
  4. an area of radioactive contamination
  5. (genetics) the region of a gene in which there is higher than normal rate of mutation
  6. (computing) a location in which WiFi? Internet access is available
(wikipedia, hotspot (wifi))      
hybridism Tweet Definition of hybridism Like Definition of hybridism on Facebook
noun
  1. the state of being hybrid
  2. the production of hybrids by cross-breeding
  1. (linguistics) the formation of a word from elements of different languages
hybridize Tweet Definition of hybridize Like Definition of hybridize on Facebook
verbto hybridize
  1. (transitive) to cross-breed animals or plants to form hybrids
  2. (transitive) to construct a hybrid word from elements of different languages
  3. (physics) to combine atomic orbitals mathematically to form hybrid orbitals
  4. (biochemistry) to combine complementary subunits of multiple biological macromolecules
hypostatic Tweet Definition of hypostatic Like Definition of hypostatic on Facebook
adjective
  1. (theology) Pertaining to hypostasis, especially with reference to w:Hypostatic union, hypostatic union.
  2. (medicine) Pertaining to hypostasis.
  3. (genetics) Of a gene, affected by hypostasis.

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