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Glossary of Clothing Terms
beginning with letter S
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sable Tweet Definition of sable Like Definition of sable on Facebook
noun
  1. A small mammal, related to the marten of Eurasia and North Pacific Islands. Taxonomic name: Martes zibellina.
  2. The marten. Taxonomic name: Mustela americana.
  3. A coat made from the fur of the sable.
    • 1928, w:Virginia Woolf, Virginia Woolf, w:Orlando:_A_Biography, Orlando:
    • :Lovers dallied upon divans spread with sables.
      1. An artist's brush made from the fur of the sable.
      2. (tincture): A black colour on a coat of arms.
      3. (colour) a black colour, like that of sable fur.
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adjective
  1. (colour) of a black colour, like that of sable fur.
    • 2002, Christopher Paolini, Eragon, ch 3
    • :They wound between the wagons to a tent removed from the rest of the traders'. It was crimson at the top and at the bottom, with thin triangles of colors stabbing into each other.
      1. (tincture): In blazon, of the colour black.
      2. Made of sable fur.
sabot Tweet Definition of sabot Like Definition of sabot on Facebook
noun
  1. a carrier around projectile(s) in firearms, cannons and artillery (This is the dominant use in modern English, see w:Sabot, Wikipedia)
  2. a wooden shoe worn in various European countries (used little in English)
sachet Tweet Definition of sachet Like Definition of sachet on Facebook
noun
  1. A cheesecloth bag of herbs and/or spices added during cooking and then removed before serving.
  2. A small, sealed packet containing a single-use quantity of any material
saddle Tweet Definition of saddle Like Definition of saddle on Facebook
noun
  1. A seat (tack) for a rider placed on the back of a horse or other animal
  2. A seat on a bicycle, motorcycle etc
  3. A cut of meat that includes both loins and part of the backbone
  4. A ridge, in the shape of a saddle, between two hills
  5. The raised floorboard in a doorway.
verb (saddl, es)
  1. to put a saddle on an animal
  2. to get into a saddle
  3. (idiomatically) to burden or encumber
safari suit Tweet Definition of safari suit Like Definition of safari suit on Facebook
noun
  1. A suit, typically made of khaki cotton, and consisting of a long square-cut safari jacket and long or short trousers.
sailor Tweet Definition of sailor Like Definition of sailor on Facebook
noun
  1. One who follows the business of navigating ships or other vessels; one who understands the practical management of ships; one of the crew of a vessel; a mariner; a common seaman.
sampler Tweet Definition of sampler Like Definition of sampler on Facebook
noun
  1. someone whose job is to take samples
  2. a device that takes samples
  3. a piece of needlework embroidered with a variety of designs
  4. a representative selection of a larger group
(wikipedia, sampler (needlework))      
sandal Tweet Definition of sandal Like Definition of sandal on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of open shoe made up of straps or bands holding a sole to the foot.
sari Tweet Definition of sari Like Definition of sari on Facebook
noun
  1. The traditional dress of women in the Indian Subcontinent; an outer garment consisting of a single length of cotton or silk, most often with one end wrapped around the waist to form a skirt, the other draped over the shoulder or head.
sartorial Tweet Definition of sartorial Like Definition of sartorial on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or relating to the tailoring of clothing.
:
  • "His sartorial rebellions were slight: he wore jeans, for example, when giving tutorials." --Parini, Jay, "By Their Clothes Ye Shall Know Them," in The Chronicle of Higher Education, 21 Dec 2001, B24.
sash Tweet Definition of sash Like Definition of sash on Facebook
noun (sash, es)
  1. A decorative length of cloth worn as a broad belt or over the shoulder, often for ceremonial or other formal occasions.
  2. The opening part of a window usually containing the glass panes, hinged to the jamb, or sliding up and down as in box sash window.
scarf Tweet Definition of scarf Like Definition of scarf on Facebook
noun (scarves, pl2=scarfs)
  1. A long, often knitted, garment worn around the neck.
  2. A headscarf.
  3. A type of joint in woodworking.
verb
  1. To throw on loosely; to put on like a scarf.
    • My sea-gown scarfed about me. -- Shakespeare.
      1. To dress with a scarf, or as with a scarf; to cover with a loose wrapping.
      2. (context, transitive, slang) To eat very quickly.
      You sure scarfed that pizza.
scratch Tweet Definition of scratch Like Definition of scratch on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.
I can"t believe there is a in the paint already.
Her skin was covered with tiny scratches.
  1. (slang) money
I need a little .
verb (scratch, es)
  1. To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.
Could you please my back?
  1. To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation.
I don't like that new scarf because it scratches my neck.
  1. To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving; a (noun).
A real diamond can easily a pane of glass.
  1. To remove, ignore or delete.
Scratch what I said earlier; I was wrong.
adjective
  1. for or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work
    This is paper, so go ahead and scribble whatever you want on it.
    1. (computer) from scratchpad), describes a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the combining forms scratch memory, scratch register, scratch disk, scratch tape, scratch volume, scratch space. See also scratch monkey.
scuff Tweet Definition of scuff Like Definition of scuff on Facebook
verb
  1. To mishit (a shot on a ball) due to poor contact with the ball.
  2. To scrape the feet while walking.
adjective
  1. Caused by scraping, usually with ones feet.
Someone left marks in the sand.
seal Tweet Definition of seal Like Definition of seal on Facebook
noun
  1. A pinniped, a large marine fish-eating mammal.
The seals in the harbor looked better than they smelled.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To hunt seals
sealskin Tweet Definition of sealskin Like Definition of sealskin on Facebook
noun
  1. a type of fabric made from the skin of seals
  2. any fabric manufactured to resemble sealskin
  3. an item of clothing made from sealskin (whether real or imitation)
seam Tweet Definition of seam Like Definition of seam on Facebook
noun
  1. A folded back and stitched piece of fabric.
  2. A suture.
  3. A thin stratum, especially of coal or mineral.
  4. (cricket) The stitched equatorial seam of a cricket ball; the sideways movement of a ball when it bounces on the seam.
  5. An old English measure of grain, containing eight bushels.
  6. An old English measure of glass, containing twenty-four weys of five pounds, or 120 pounds.
    • 1952: As white glass was 6s. the 'seam', containing 24 'weys' (pise, or pondera) of 5 lb., and 2 1/2 lb. was reckoned sufficient to make one foot of glazing, the cost of glass would be 1 1/2d. leaving 2 1/2d. for labour. &mdash; L.F. Salzman, Building in England, p. 175.
verb
  1. To put together with a seam.
  2. To mark with a seam.
  3. To crack open along a seam.
  4. (cricket) Of the ball, to move sideways after bouncing on the seam.
  5. (cricket) Of a bowler, to make the ball move thus.
self Tweet Definition of self Like Definition of self on Facebook
noun (selves)
  1. The essential qualities that make a person or a thing distinct from all others.
adjective
  1. (obsolete) same
  • 1605: I am made of that mettle as my sister " William Shakespeare, King Lear I.i
separate Tweet Definition of separate Like Definition of separate on Facebook
noun
  1. (usually, in plural) Anything that is sold by itself, especially an article of clothing.
verb (separat, ing)
  1. (transitive) To divide (a thing) into separate parts.
Separate the articles from the headings.
  1. (transitive) To cause (things or people) to be separate.
If the kids get too noisy, them for a few minutes.
  1. (intransitive) To divide itself into separate pieces or substances.
The sauce will if you don't keep stirring.
adjective
  1. apart, Apart from (the rest); not connected to or attached to (anything else).
This chair can be disassembled into five pieces.
  1. (context, followed by "from") Not together (with); not united (to).
I try to keep my personal life from work.
sequin Tweet Definition of sequin Like Definition of sequin on Facebook
noun
  1. (historical) Any of various small gold coins minted in Italy and Turkey.
    • 1883: w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georges, and Louises, doubloons and double guineas and moidores and sequins, the pictures of all the kings of Europe for the last hundred years, strange Oriental pices stamped with what looked like wisps of string or its of spider's web, round pieces and square pieces, and pieces bored through the middle, as if to ware them round your neck - nearly every variety of money in the world must, I think, have found a place in that collection...
      1. A sparkling spangle used for the decoration of ornate clothing.
serape Tweet Definition of serape Like Definition of serape on Facebook
noun
  1. a blanket as worn as a cloak by Spanish-Americans
  • 1992: Could be, said John Grady. He took off his hat and lay back and pulled the over him. " Cormac McCarthy?, All the Pretty Horses
Serge Tweet Definition of Serge Like Definition of Serge on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male), the French form of Sergius.
Set Tweet Definition of Set Like Definition of Set on Facebook
proper noun (also Seth)
  1. An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
sew Tweet Definition of sew Like Definition of sew on Facebook
verb (sews, sewing, sewed, sewn or sewed)
  1. (transitive) To use a needle to pass thread repeatedly through (pieces of fabric) in order to join them together.
  2. (intransitive) To use a needle to pass thread repeatedly through pieces of fabric in order to join them together.
sewing Tweet Definition of sewing Like Definition of sewing on Facebook
noun
  1. The action of the verb to sew.
  2. Something that is being or has been sewn.
She put down her sewing and went to answer the door.
The sewing has come undone on this seam.
sewing machine Tweet Definition of sewing machine Like Definition of sewing machine on Facebook
noun
  1. Any mechanical or electromechanical device used to stitch cloth or other material; normally uses two threads to form lock stitches
shako Tweet Definition of shako Like Definition of shako on Facebook
noun (pl2=shakoes)
  1. A stiff, cylindrical military dress hat with a metal plate in front, a short visor, and a plume.
  2. A bearskin or busby.
  3. The squilla or mantis shrimp.
shalwar Tweet Definition of shalwar Like Definition of shalwar on Facebook
noun
  1. (i, in singular or plural) loose trousers worn in some South Asian or Islamic countries, especially by women
  • 1962: How I longed to have him (my gardener, not my landlord) wear a great big turban, and shalwars, and an ankle bracelet. " Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire
shampoo Tweet Definition of shampoo Like Definition of shampoo on Facebook
noun
  1. A traditional Indian and Persian body massage given after pouring warm water over the body and rubbing it with extracts from herbs.
  2. A commercial liquid soap product for washing hair or other fibres/fibers, such as carpets.
  3. An instance of washing the hair or other fibres with shampoo.
I"m going to give the carpet a .
  1. (italbrac, humorous slang) Champagne (italbrac, wine).
verbto shampoo (shampooing, shampooed, shampooed)
  1. (transitive) To wash (hair) with shampoo.
shank Tweet Definition of shank Like Definition of shank on Facebook
noun
  1. The lower part of the leg; shin.
  2. meat, Meat from that part of an animal.
  3. A straight, narrow part of an object; shaft; stem
  4. A protruding part of an object, by which it is or can be attached.
  5. The metal part on a curb bit that falls below the mouthpiece of the bit, which length controls the severity of the leverage action of the bit, and to which the reins of the bridle are attached
  6. (sports) A poorly played golf shot in which the ball is struck by the part of the club head that connects to the shaft. See thin,fat,toe
  7. (slang) An improvised stabbing weapon
  8. (slang) Bad.
verb
  1. (archaic) To travel on foot
  2. (slang) To stab
adjective
  1. bad, Bad.
sharp Tweet Definition of sharp Like Definition of sharp on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) The symbol ™, placed after the name of a note, in the key signature, or before a note on the staff to indicate that the note is to be played a semitone higher.
''Frequently, transposition is harder to read because of all the sharps and flats on the staff.
  1. (music) A note that is sharp in a particular key.
The piece was difficult to read after it had been transposed, since in the new key many of the notes were sharps.
  1. Something which is sharp; usually used in the plural.
Place sharps in a specially marked container for safe disposal.
  1. A dishonest person; a cheater.
The casino kept a set of pictures of known sharps in the break room for the bouncers to see.
adjective (er, est)
  1. Able to cut easily.
I keep my knives so that they don't slip unexpectedly while carving.
  1. (colloquial) intelligent, Intelligent.
''My nephew is a lad; he can count to 100 in six languages, and he's only five years old.
  1. Able to pierce easily.
Ernest had made the pencil too , and accidentally stabbed himself with it.
  1. (music) A note that is played a semitone higher than usual (denoted by the name of the note followed by the symbol ™).
The pitch pipe rang out with a perfect F™ (F sharp).
  1. (music) The scale having a particular sharp note as its tonic.
The Moonlight Sonata is written in C™ minor (C sharp minor.)
  1. (music) Higher-pitched than desired.
The oboe was an eighth of a tone .
  1. Having an intense, acrid flavour, as cheddar.
Milly couldn't stand cheeses when she was pregnant, as they made her nauseous.
  1. Intense and sudden, as a pain.
During labor, pregnant women will experience contractions.
  1. (colloquial) Illegal or dishonest, as a practice.
Michael had a number of ventures on the side that he kept off the books.
  1. exact, Exact, precise, accurate; keen.
You'll need aim to make that shot.
  1. offensive, Offensive, critical, or acrimonious, as criticism.
''When the two rivals met, first there were words, and then a fight broke out.
  1. (colloquial) stylish, Stylish or attractive.
You look so in that tuxedo!
  1. observant, Observant; alert; acute.
Keep a watch on the prisoners. I don't want them to escape!
adverb
  1. exactly, Exactly.
I'll see you at twelve o'clock, .
  1. (music) In a higher pitch than is correct or desirable.
I didn't enjoy the concert much because the tenor kept going on the high notes.
shawl Tweet Definition of shawl Like Definition of shawl on Facebook
noun
  1. A square or rectangular piece of cloth worn as a covering for the head, neck, and shoulders
sheep Tweet Definition of sheep Like Definition of sheep on Facebook
noun (sheep)
  1. A woolly ruminant of the genus Ovis. Male: ram (intact), wether (castrated). Female: ewe. Young: lamb. Carnal: lamb, mutton.
  2. A timid, shy person who is easily led by others.
sheepskin Tweet Definition of sheepskin Like Definition of sheepskin on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) The skin of a sheep, especially when used to make parchment or in bookbinding
  2. ,(countable) A diploma
  3. (countable) The tanned skin of a sheep with the fleece left on, especially when used for clothing, rugs etc
shell Tweet Definition of shell Like Definition of shell on Facebook
noun
  1. A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal:
    • The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.
    • A pod.
    • The hard covering of an egg.
    • The hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. In some mollusks, as the cuttlefishes, it is internal, or concealed by the mantle. Also, the hard covering of some vertebrates, as the armadillo, the tortoise, and the like.
    • The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.
      1. Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.
      2. (plural: ) An artillery projectile or charge case:
    • A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuze or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See Bomb.
    • The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.
      1. Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.
      2. (garment) A top, usually worn by women, with short or no sleeves that fastens, if it does, in the rear.
      3. A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one.
      4. (music) An instrument of music, as a lyre, -- the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell.
      5. An engraved copper roller used in print works.
      6. The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.
      7. (nautical) A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell.
      8. A drum shell; the usually wooden, cylindrical acoustic chamber, with or without rims added for tuning and attaching drum heads.
      9. (computing) A general-purpose environment, usually CLI, command-line-oriented, within which other commands are invoked and their interactions controlled.
      10. (context, chemistry) A set of atomic orbitals that have the same principal quantum number.
verb
  1. To remove the outer covering or shell of something. See sheller.
  2. To bombard, to fire projectiles at.
  3. (informal) To disburse or give up money, to pay. (Often used with out).
shield Tweet Definition of shield Like Definition of shield on Facebook
noun
  1. (Armor) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
Quotations
  • 1599: Knocks go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame. &mdash; William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act III, Scene II, line 8.
1786: The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22.
  1. Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
Quotations
1592: Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field. &mdash; William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act 4, Scene 3, line 56.
  1. Figuratively, one who protects or defends.
Quotations
1611: Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. The Holy Bible, King James Version, Genesis 15:1.
  1. (botany) In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
  2. (heraldry) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
  3. (geology) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
  4. (mining) (Mining) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
  5. A spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
Bespotted as with shields of red and black. Spenser.
  1. (obsolete) A coin, the old French crown, or cu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
  2. (scifi) A field of energy which protects or defends.
  3. (colloquial) A police badge
Quotations
The chief put something in his hand and Bosch looked down to see the gold detective's . http://www.michaelconnelly.com/Book_Collection/Closers/ClosersExcerpt/closersexcerpt.html
  1. (transport) A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
verb
  1. To protect, to defend.
    • 2004: w: Chris Wallace (journalist), Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
    • :Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.
      1. (electricity) to protect from the influence of
shimmy Tweet Definition of shimmy Like Definition of shimmy on Facebook
noun (shimmies)
  1. An abnormal vibration, especially in the wheels of a vehicle.
  2. (archaic) A dance that was popular in the 1920s.
  3. (rare) A sleeveless chemise.
verb (shimmies, shimmying, shimmied, )
  1. To climb sometime (e.g. a pole) gradually (e.g. using alternately one's arms then one's legs.)
He shimmied up the flagpole.
The static made her dress up her leg.
  1. (intransitive) To vibrate abnormally, as a broken wheel.
  2. (context, intransitive, rare) To shake the body as if dancing the shimmy.
shingle Tweet Definition of shingle Like Definition of shingle on Facebook
noun
  1. A small, thin piece of building material, often with one end thicker than the other, for laying in overlapping rows as a covering for the roof or sides of a building.
  2. A rectangular piece of steel obtained by means of a shingling process involving hammering of puddled steel.
  3. A small signboard designating a professional office; this may be both a physical signboard or a metaphoric term for a small production company (a production shingle).
verb (shingl, ing)
  1. (transitive) To cover with small, thin pieces of building material, with shingles.
shirt Tweet Definition of shirt Like Definition of shirt on Facebook
noun
  1. An article of clothing that is wear, worn on the upper part of the body, and often has sleeves, either long or short, that cover the arms.
  2. In "shirts and skins" games, a member of the shirt-wearing team.
shirtwaist Tweet Definition of shirtwaist Like Definition of shirtwaist on Facebook
noun
  1. a woman's tailored blouse, buttoned down the front
shoe Tweet Definition of shoe Like Definition of shoe on Facebook
noun
  1. A protective covering for the foot, with a bottom part composed of thick leather or plastic sole and often a thicker heel, and a softer upper part made of leather or synthetic material. Shoes generally do not extend above the ankle, as opposed to boot, boots, which do.
    • Get your shoes on now, or you'll be late for school.
      1. A piece of metal designed to be attached to a horse's foot as a means of protection; a horseshoe.
    • Throw the from behind the line, and try to get it to land circling (a ringer) or touching the far stake.
      1. Something resembling a shoe by function, like a brake shoe.
    • Remember to turn the rotors when replacing the brake shoes, or they will wear out unevenly.
verb (shoes, shoeing, shod)
  1. To equip an object with a protection against wear.
    • The billiard cue stick was shod in silver.
      1. To put horseshoes on a horse.
shoehorn Tweet Definition of shoehorn Like Definition of shoehorn on Facebook
noun
  1. A tool used to assist the foot into a shoe by sliding the heel in.
verb
  1. To exert great effort to insert or include something; to insert by force or extreme measures.
    They shoehorned the extra appointment into an already packed schedule.
  2. To use a shoehorn.
shoelace Tweet Definition of shoelace Like Definition of shoelace on Facebook
noun
  1. A lace used for fastening a shoe.
shoemaker Tweet Definition of shoemaker Like Definition of shoemaker on Facebook
noun
  1. a person who makes shoes
shoestring Tweet Definition of shoestring Like Definition of shoestring on Facebook
noun
  1. the string or lace used to secure the shoe to the foot; a shoelace
    Your is untied.
  2. a tight budget; very little money
    He did all that on a budget.
  3. a long narrow cut of a food; a julienne
    French fries
short Tweet Definition of short Like Definition of short on Facebook
noun
  1. A short circuit.
  2. (baseball) shortstop
Jones smashes a grounder between third and .
verb
  1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit
adjective
  1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically dimensions.
  2. A word or phrase that can be said or written in less time to represent another word or phrase.
"Tater" is for "potato".
  1. (context, of a person) With less height
  2. (cricket, of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman
  3. (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position) relatively close to the batsman
adverb
  1. (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
sideburns Tweet Definition of sideburns Like Definition of sideburns on Facebook
noun (plural)
  1. Facial hair reaching from the top of the head down the side of the face to the side of the chin.
silk Tweet Definition of silk Like Definition of silk on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) A fine fiber excreted by the silkworm or other arthropod (such as a spider).
The thread was barely visible.
  1. (uncountable) A fine, soft cloth woven from silk fibers.
I had a small square of , but it wasn't enough to make what I wanted.
  1. The gown worn by a Senior (i.e. Queen's/King's) Counsel
  2. (