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Glossary of Business Terms
beginning with letter C
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call Tweet Definition of call Like Definition of call on Facebook
noun
  1. A telephone conversation.
I received several phone calls today.
I received several calls today.
  1. A social visit.
I paid a to a dear friend of mine.
  1. A cry or shout.
He heard a from the other side of the room.
  1. The characteristic cry of a bird.
That sound is the distinctive of the cuckoo bird.
  1. A beckoning or summoning.
I had to yield to the of the wild.
  1. (finance): A contract to buy stock (See w:stock_option for further reading); compare put.
  2. (Cricket) The act of calling to the other batsman.
  3. (Cricket) The state of being the batsman whose role it is to call (depends on where the ball goes.)
  4. (Medicine) An overnight duty in the hospital.
  5. (computing) The act of jumping to a subprogram, saving the means to return to the point.
  6. A statement of a particular state, or rule, made in many games such as bridge, craps, jacks, and so on.
There was a 20 dollar bet on the table, and my was 9.
verb
  1. To request, summon, or beckon.
That person is hurt, for help!
  1. To cry or shout.
I can't see you. Call out to me so I can find you.
  1. To contact by telephone.
Why don't you me in the morning.
  1. To pay a social visit.
We could always on a friend.
  1. To name or refer to.
Why don't we dispense with the formalities. Please me Al.
  1. (reflexively: to be called) Of a person, to have as one's name; of a thing, to have as its name.
I'm called John.
A very tall building is called a skyscraper.
  1. (Cricket) (of a batsman): To shout directions to the other batsman on whether or not they shoud take a run.
  2. (Cricket) (of a fielder): To shout to other fielders that he intends to take a catch (thus avoiding collisions.)
  3. (poker): To match or equal the amount of poker chips in the pot as the player that bet.
  4. (with an object preceded by the preposition for) To require, demand
  1. Verb, demand.
This job calls for patience.
  1. To state, or invoke a rule, in many games such as bridge, craps, jacks, and so on.
My partner called 2 spades.
cannibalism Tweet Definition of cannibalism Like Definition of cannibalism on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of eating another of one's own species.
capital Tweet Definition of capital Like Definition of capital on Facebook
noun
  1. A city designated as a legislative seat by the government or some other authority, often the city in which the government is located; otherwise the most important city within a country or a subdivision of it.
Washington D.C. is the of the United States of America.
The Welsh government claims that Cardiff is Europe"s youngest .
  1. (economics) money, Money and wealth. The means to acquire goods and services, especially in a non-barter system.
  2. An uppercase letter.
  3. (architecture) The uppermost part of a column.
adjective
  1. of prime importance
  2. (context, British) excellent
That is a idea!
  1. involving punishment by death
Not all felonies are crimes.
  1. uppercase
One begins a sentence with a letter.
capital expenditure Tweet Definition of capital expenditure Like Definition of capital expenditure on Facebook
noun
  1. funds spent by a company to acquire or upgrade a long-term asset
capitalization Tweet Definition of capitalization Like Definition of capitalization on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of capitalizing.
  2. The state of being capitalized.
capitalize Tweet Definition of capitalize Like Definition of capitalize on Facebook
verb (capitaliz, ing)
  1. (followed by on) To seize, as an opportunity; to obtain a benefit.
    The home team appeared to have the advantage throughout the game, and finally capitalized on their opponents' weakness with just two minutes remaining, scoring several points in quick succession.
    1. In writing or editing, to write in capital letters (a.k.a. upper case) either the entire word or text, or just the initial letter(s) thereof.
    In English, proper nouns should always be capitalized.
    • Usage note: This usage is ambiguous and should not be used when prescribing written or typesetting style.
      1. In business, to have, contribute or acquire capital (money or other resources) for a business.
      Some states require proof that a new venture is properly capitalized before the state will issue a certificate of incorporation.
      1. In finance, to convert into capital, ie to get cash or similar immediately fungible resources for some less fungible property or source of future income.
      If we obtain a loan using the business as collateral, the effect will be to our next ten years of income, giving us cash today that we can use to buy out our competitor.
      1. In accounting and taxation, to treat as capital, not as an expense. (This has implications for when deductions may be taken, at least under US law.)
      2. (intransitive): To profit or to obtain an advantage.
      The home team took several shots on goal but was unable to until late in the game.
capital stock Tweet Definition of capital stock Like Definition of capital stock on Facebook
noun
  1. The total amount of common and preferred stock (shares) that a company can issue.
cartel Tweet Definition of cartel Like Definition of cartel on Facebook
noun
  1. A group of businesses that collude to fix prices within an industry or market.
  2. An official agreement between governments at war, especially one concerning the exchange of prisoners
  3. (nautical) a ship used to negotiate with an enemy in time of war, and to exchange prisoners
cash Tweet Definition of cash Like Definition of cash on Facebook
noun
  1. money, Money in the form of notes/bills and coins, as opposed to cheques/checks or electronic transactions.
verb (cash, es)
  1. To exchange a check for money in the form of notes/bills.
cashier Tweet Definition of cashier Like Definition of cashier on Facebook
noun
  1. One who works at a till or receiving payments.
  2. Person in charge of the cash of a business or bank.
verb
  1. To dismiss from service, for example the military service, especially dismissed with disgrace.
    • 1968, http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Revilo_P._Oliver Revilo P. Oliver, "What We Owe Our Parasites", speech (June 1968) - They found an Army officer who had been a military failure until Bernard Baruch promoted him to General, and who in 1945 should have been able to hope for nothing better than that he could escape a court martial and thus avoid being cashiered, if he could prove that all the atrocities and all the sabotage of American interests of which he had been guilty in Europe had been carried out over his protest and under categorical orders from the President.
cashpoint Tweet Definition of cashpoint Like Definition of cashpoint on Facebook
noun
  1. An automated teller machine.
cash register Tweet Definition of cash register Like Definition of cash register on Facebook
noun (plural:cash registers)
  1. A machine that tabulates the amount of sales transactions, makes a permanent and cumulative record of them, and has a drawer in which cash can be kept.
CCC Tweet Definition of CCC Like Definition of CCC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Copyright Clearance Center
  2. Civilian Conservation Corps
CD Tweet Definition of CD Like Definition of CD on Facebook
initialism (pos_n)
  1. compact disk: A form of digital media that is based on the use of a laser to read from a plastic disc in a reader device known as a CD drive. It comes in several varieties including the CD-ROM (ROM=read-only memory) which cannot be written to except during manufacturing, the CD-R (recordable), which can be written to exactly once, and the CD-RW (re-writable), which can be written to as many times as one wishes (to a limit).
  2. Certificate of deposit: used by financial institutions
  3. Corps diplomatique: a decal found on automobiles to indicate diplomatic status
  4. Creative director: head of the creative department (e.g. advertising agencies)
  5. Corporate design: specific design features of a company, corporate identity CI
  6. Collision detection: used by an Ethernet network to detect when two computers are sending frames at the same time, and also to deal with such collisions when they happen
  7. circular dichroism
ceiling Tweet Definition of ceiling Like Definition of ceiling on Facebook
noun (plural:ceilings)
  1. The upper limit of an object or action.
price ceilings
  1. The plane or planes that bound the upper limit of a room.
the dining room had an ornate ceiling
  1. (aviation) The highest altitude at which an aircraft may fly.
  2. (mathematics) The smallest integer greater than or equal to a given number.
the ceiling of 4.5 is 5
certification Tweet Definition of certification Like Definition of certification on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of certifying.
certify Tweet Definition of certify Like Definition of certify on Facebook
verb (certifies, certifying, certified, certified)
  1. to attest to as the truth or meeting a standard
chain Tweet Definition of chain Like Definition of chain on Facebook
noun
  1. A series of interconnected rings or links usually made of metal.
He wore a gold around the neck.
  1. A series of interconnected things.
This led to an unfortunate of events.
  1. A series of stores or businesses with the same brand name.
That of restaurants is expanding into our town.
  1. A number of atoms in a series, which combine to form a molecule.
When examined, the molecular included oxygen and hydrogen.
  1. (surveying) A series of interconnected links of known length, used as a measuring device.
  2. (surveying) A long measuring tape.
  3. A unit of length equal to 22 yards. The length of a commonly used surveying chain. The length of a cricket pitch. Equal to 17.85 metres. Equal to 4 rods.
verb
  1. (transitive) To fasten something with a chain
  2. (intransitive) To link multiple items together
  3. (transitive) To secure someone with fetters
  4. (transitive) To obstruct the mouth of a river etc with a chain
  5. (computing) To relate data items with a chain of pointers; to be chained to another data item
  6. (transitive) To measure a distance using a 66-foot long chain, as in land surveying
chamberlain Tweet Definition of chamberlain Like Definition of chamberlain on Facebook
noun
  1. An officer in charge of managing the household of a sovereign, especially in the United Kingdom and in Denmark.
  2. A high officer of state, as currently with the papal camerlengo, but normally now a mainly honorary title.
charge Tweet Definition of charge Like Definition of charge on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone or something entrusted to one's care, i.e. a child to a babysitter.
  2. A load or burden.
    • 2005, w:Plato, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. w:Stephanus pagination, 261a.
    • : we'll nail the sophist to it, if we can get him on that ;
      1. The amount of money levy, levied for a service.
      2. An instruction.
      3. An impetuous attack.
      4. An electric charge.
      5. (basketball) An offensive foul in which the player with the ball moves into a stationary defender.
      6. A measured amount of powder and/or shot in a firearm cartridge.
      7. (heraldry) An image displayed on an escutcheon
verb (charg, ing)
  1. To place a burden upon.
  2. To assign a duty to.
I'm charging you with cleaning up the kitchen.
  1. To formally accuse of a crime.
I'm charging you with grand theft auto.
  1. To assign a debit to an account.
Let's charge this to marketing.
  1. To pay using a credit card.
Can I charge this with my corporate card?
  1. To cause to take on an electric charge.
Rubbing amber with wool will charge it quickly.
  1. To move forward quickly and forcefully, particularly in combat, on horseback or both.
  2. (military) To attack by moving forward quickly in a group.
  3. (basketball) To commit a charging foul.
  4. (cricket) (of a batsman) To take a few steps doen the pitch towards the bowler as he delivers the ball, either to disrupt the length of the delivery, or to get into a better position to hit the ball.
  5. To ready a firearm for use
Charge your weapons, we're moving up
chest Tweet Definition of chest Like Definition of chest on Facebook
noun
  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure lid.
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. The portion of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
clearance Tweet Definition of clearance Like Definition of clearance on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of clearing or something (such as a space) cleared
  2. The distance between two moving objects, especially between parts of a machine
  3. The height or width of a tunnel, bridge or other passage, or the distance between a vehicle and the walls or roof of such passage; a gap, headroom
  4. permission for a vehicle to proceed, or for a person to travel
The plane got from air traffic control, and we were off.
He got to travel to America, even though he had previous links to terrorists
  1. permission to have access to sensitive or secret documents or other information
  2. a sale of merchandise at a reduced price
  3. the processing of cheques at a clearing house
  1. (medicine) the removal of substances from the blood; renal clearance
    1. (context, sports, billiards, snooker, pool) The act of potting all the remaining balls on a table at one visit.
coinsurance Tweet Definition of coinsurance Like Definition of coinsurance on Facebook
noun
  1. The joint assumption of risk between the insurer and the insured party.
  2. (International) The joint assumption of risk between multiple insurers.
cold call Tweet Definition of cold call Like Definition of cold call on Facebook
noun
  1. a telephone call made without a referral or without preparing the recipient of the call; especially, a sales call
I got a in the middle of dinner from someone trying to sell encyclopedias.
verb
  1. to call someone without preparation or referral
collateral Tweet Definition of collateral Like Definition of collateral on Facebook
noun
  1. A security or guarantee (usually an asset) pledged for the repayment of a loan if one cannot procure enough funds to repay.
  2. Marketing collateral: printed materials to present business information, e.g. leaflets, folders, brochures, fliers, fact sheets, direct mail pieces.
adjective
  1. (family) Of a family relationship that includes aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces, and nephews, as opposed to lineal.
  2. Parallel, along the same vein
1885:The pure blood all descends from five collateral lines called Al-Khamsah (the Cinque). The book of the thousand nights and a night, Vol. 5 w:Richard Francis Burton, Richard Burton
collection Tweet Definition of collection Like Definition of collection on Facebook
noun
  1. A set of items or objects procured by an individual.
  2. Multiple related objects associated as a group.
  3. The activity of collecting.
Collection of trash will occur every Thursday.
commerce Tweet Definition of commerce Like Definition of commerce on Facebook
noun (business)
  1. The exchange or buying and selling of commodities; esp. the exchange of merchandise, on a large scale, between different places or communities; extended trade or traffic.
  2. Social intercourse; the dealings of one person or class in society with another; familiarity.
"Fifteen years of thought, observation, and with the world had made him Bunyan wiser." -Macaulay.
  1. Sexual intercourse.
  2. A round game at cards, in which the cards are subject to exchange, barter, or trade.
verb (commerc, ing)
  1. (dated) To carry on trade; to traffic. Obs.
Beware you not with bankrupts. -B. Jonson.
  1. (dated) To hold intercourse; to commune.
Commercing with himself. -Tennyson.
Musicians ... taught the people in angelic harmonies to with heaven. -Prof. Wilson.
commercial Tweet Definition of commercial Like Definition of commercial on Facebook
noun
  1. An advertisement in a common media format, usually television.
adjective ((compar): more commercial, (superl): most commercial)
  1. Of or pertaining to a money-making endeavor that involves a corporation or other formalized group of workers and management working toward the production of goods or services to participate in an economy.
commission Tweet Definition of commission Like Definition of commission on Facebook
noun
  1. A sending or mission (to do or accomplish something).
It was James Bond's to defeat the bad guys.
  1. An official charge or authority to do something, often used of military officers.
David received his after graduating from West Point.
  1. A body or group of people, officially tasked with carrying out a particular function. Eg: The European Commission, The Electoral Commission, The Federal Communications Commission.
The company's sexual harassment made sure that every employee completed the on-line course.
  1. A fee charged by an agent or broker for carrying out a transaction. Eg: Reseller commission, Finder's fee.
The real-estate broker charged a four percent for their knowledge on bidding for commercial properties; for their intellectual perspective on making a formal offer and the strategy to obtain a mutually satisfying deal with the seller in favour of the buyer .
verb
  1. (transitive) To send or officially charge someone or some group to do something.
James Bond was commissioned with recovering the secret documents.
  1. (transitive) To place an order for (often piece of art); as, commission a portrait.
He commissioned a replica of the Mona Lisa for his living room, but the painter gave up after six months.
  1. (transitive) To put into active service; as, commission a ship.
The aircraft carrier was commissioned in 1944, during WWII.
commodity Tweet Definition of commodity Like Definition of commodity on Facebook
noun (commodit, ies)
  1. Anything movable that is bought and sold.
company Tweet Definition of company Like Definition of company on Facebook
noun (compan, ies)
  1. A group of individuals with a common purpose, as in a of actors.
  2. In legal context, an entity that manufactures or sells products (also known as goods), or provides services as a commercial venture. A corporation.
  3. In non-legal context, any business, without respect to incorporation.
  4. Social visitors.
    • Keep the house clean, I have coming.
      1. Companionship.
    • I treasure your .
      1. A military unit, typically consisting of two or three platoons.
    • The Boys in Company C.
      1. A unit of firefighters and their equipment.
    • It took six companies to put out the fire.
      1. (nautical) The entire crew of a ship.
      2. (idiom) Nickname for an intelligence service.
    • As he had worked for the CIA for over 30 years, he would soon take retirement from the company.
compound Tweet Definition of compound Like Definition of compound on Facebook
noun
  1. an enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
verb
  1. (intransitive) to come together
  2. (intransitive) to come to terms of agreement
  3. (transitive) to put together
  4. (transitive) to add to
  5. (context, transitive, law) to settle by agreeing on less than the claim
adjective
  1. composed of elements; not simple
compound interest Tweet Definition of compound interest Like Definition of compound interest on Facebook
noun
  1. interest on a loan etc that is calculated on the total on the original principal plus accumulated unpaid interest
comprador Tweet Definition of comprador Like Definition of comprador on Facebook
noun
  1. An intermediary
  2. a native of a colonised country who acts as the agent of the coloniser
  1. (nautical) A ship's chandler in the Far East
comptroller Tweet Definition of comptroller Like Definition of comptroller on Facebook
noun
  1. the chief accountant of a company or government
concessionaire Tweet Definition of concessionaire Like Definition of concessionaire on Facebook
noun
  1. one who holds a concession or a right granted (for example, by the government) to conduct a certain business
    • 1920, Frederick Spencer Hamilton, The Days Before Yesterday
    • :From 1830 to 1871 there were public gaming-tables in Heligoland, and the Concessionaire paid such a high price for his permit that the colonial finances were in the most flourishing condition.
concessionary Tweet Definition of concessionary Like Definition of concessionary on Facebook
noun (concessionaries)
  1. one who owns a concession or a franchise
    • 1890, Benjamin Harrison, State of the Union Address
    • :That Government seized the Delagoa Bay Railway, which was constructed under a concession granted to an American citizen, and at the same time annulled the charter. The , who had embarked his fortune in the enterprise, having exhausted other means of redress, was compelled to invoke the protection of his Government.
adjective
  1. relating to concessions or franchises
  2. making concessions or compromises
    • 1844, Benjamin Disraeli, Coningsby (The New Generation)
    • :I observe indeed a party in the State whose rule it is to consent to no change, until it is clamorously called for, and then instantly to yield; but those are Concessionary, not Conservative principles.
conglomerate Tweet Definition of conglomerate Like Definition of conglomerate on Facebook
noun
  1. A cluster of heterogeneous things.
  2. (business) A corporation formed by the combination of several smaller corporations whose activities are unrelated to the corporation's primary activity. <span style="font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase">example:</span> wikipedia:General Electric, General Electric Company.
  3. (geology) A rock consisting of gravel or pebbles embedded in a matrix.
verb (conglomerat, ing)
  1. To combine together into a larger mass.
  2. (business) To combine together into a larger corporation.
adjective
  1. Clustered together into a mass.
consignee Tweet Definition of consignee Like Definition of consignee on Facebook
noun
  1. The person to whom a shipment is to be delivered.
consignment Tweet Definition of consignment Like Definition of consignment on Facebook
noun
  1. A collection of goods to be sent, in transit or having been sent.
consortium Tweet Definition of consortium Like Definition of consortium on Facebook
noun (consortia)
  1. An association or combination of businesses, financial institutions, or investors, for the purpose of engaging in a joint venture
  2. A similar arrangement among non-commercial institutions or organizations
  3. An association or society
  4. The right of a spouse to all the normal relationships with his or her mate
consumer Tweet Definition of consumer Like Definition of consumer on Facebook
noun
  1. (economics) someone who trades money for goods as an individual.
  2. (biology) an organism that uses other organisms for food in order to gain energy.
consumerism Tweet Definition of consumerism Like Definition of consumerism on Facebook
noun
  1. A policy of protecting and informing consumers through honesty in advertising and packaging, improved safety standards etc
  2. A materialistic attachment to possessions
  3. An economic theory that increased consumption is beneficial to a nation's economy in the long run.
consumption Tweet Definition of consumption Like Definition of consumption on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of consume, consuming something.
The fire's consumption of the forest caused ecological changes.
  1. The amount consume, consumed.
gross national consumption
  1. (pathology) (obsolete) tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, specifically pulmonary tuberculosis.
contango Tweet Definition of contango Like Definition of contango on Facebook
noun
  1. the situation in a futures market where prices for future delivery are higher than prices for immediate (or nearer) delivery.
2005: most of these other commodities are generally in contango &mdash; Futures Industry Magazine http://www.futuresindustry.org/fimagazi-1929.asp?a=1037
  1. the amount by which prices for future delivery are higher than prices for near deliver.
2003: Normally new buyers would go after the March silver contract, especially with such a small contango. &mdash; Bill Murphy, Kitco Bullion Dealers http://www.kitco.com/ind/Murphy/nov172003.html
  1. (obsolete, London Stock Exchange) fee paid by a buyer to the seller on settlement day when the buyer wishes to defer settlement until the next settlement day
contraction Tweet Definition of contraction Like Definition of contraction on Facebook
noun
  1. A reduction in size or activity.
''The country's economic was caused by high oil prices.
  1. The shortening of a muscle when it is used.
  2. A strong and often painful shortening of the uterine muscles prior to or during childbirth.
  3. (grammar) a shortened word or phrase, with the missing letters represented by the apostrophe.
"Don't" is a of "do not."
contribution Tweet Definition of contribution Like Definition of contribution on Facebook
noun (plural: contributions)
  1. Something given or offered that adds to a larger whole.
  2. (finance) An amount of money given toward something.
  3. The act of contribute, contributing.
controller Tweet Definition of controller Like Definition of controller on Facebook
noun
  1. a person who controls something
  2. a person who audits, and manages the financial affairs of a company or government; a comptroller
  3. a mechanism that controls or regulates the operation of a machine, especially a peripheral device in a computer
convert Tweet Definition of convert Like Definition of convert on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who has converted his or her religion.
They were all converts to Islam.
  1. A person who is now in favour of something that he or she previously opposed or disliked.
I never really liked broccoli before, but now that I've tasted it the way you cook it, I'm a convert!
verb
  1. To transform or change (something) into another form, substance, state, or product.
A kettle converts water into steam.
  1. To change (something) from one use, function, or purpose to another
He converted his garden into a tennis court.
  1. To induce (someone) to adopt a particular religion, faith, or belief
They converted her to Roman Catholicism on her deathbed.
  1. To exchange for something of equal value.
We converted our pounds into euros.
  1. To express (a quantity) in alternative units.