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All Words Glossary

Glossary of Ancient History Terms
beginning with letter P
Browse the Ancient History Glossary
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parasite Tweet Definition of parasite Like Definition of parasite on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) A (generally undesirable) living organism that exists by stealing the resources needed by another (generally desirable) living organism. See flea, tick, mite.
  2. (pejorative) A useless person who always relies on other people's work and gives nothing back.
patrician Tweet Definition of patrician Like Definition of patrician on Facebook
noun
  1. Originally, a member of any of the families constituting the populus Romanus, or body of Roman citizens, before the development of the plebeian order; later, one who, by right of birth or by special privilege conferred, belonged to the the senior class of Romans, who, with certain property, had by right a seat in the Roman Senate.
  2. A person of high birth; a nobleman.
  3. One familiar with the works of the Christian Fathers; one versed in patristic lore.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the Roman patres (fathers) or senators, or patricians.
  2. Of, pertaining to, or appropriate to, a person of high birth; noble; not plebeian.
Phalanx Tweet Definition of Phalanx Like Definition of Phalanx on Facebook
noun
  1. The brand name of a radar-controlled rapid fire 20mm w:Gatling_gun, Gatling-type machine gun, the Phalanx CIWS (pronounced see-wiz), deployed on U.S. Navy ships as a last line of defense against antiship cruise missiles.
pharaoh Tweet Definition of pharaoh Like Definition of pharaoh on Facebook
noun
  1. The supreme ruler of Ancient Egypt; a formal address for the sovereign seat of power as personified by the 'king' in an institutional role of Horus son of Osiris; often used by metonymy for Ancient Egyptian sovereignty
philippic Tweet Definition of philippic Like Definition of philippic on Facebook
noun
  1. any of the discourses of w:Demosthenes, Demosthenes against w:Philip of Macedon, Philip of Macedon, defending the liberty of Athens
  2. any tirade or declamation full of bitter condemnation
  • 1922: Skin-the-Goat, assuming he was he, evidently with an axe to grind, was airing his grievances in a forcible-feeble anent the natural resources of Ireland, or something of that sort, which he described in his lengthy dissertation as the richest country bar none on the face of God"s earth, far and away superior to England " James Joyce, Ulysses
philistine Tweet Definition of philistine Like Definition of philistine on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who lacks appreciation of art or culture.
    • 2005, w:Plato, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. w:Stephanus pagination, 259d.
    • : trying to separate everything from everything else is not just poor taste but is the mark of a total and someone with no feeling for philosophy.
      1. A person whose material means exceed his/her cultural and/or spiritual level.
      2. An ignorant person.
      3. A person from ancient Philistia.
polis Tweet Definition of polis Like Definition of polis on Facebook
noun (poleis, pl2=polises)
  1. A city, or a city-state.
pontiff Tweet Definition of pontiff Like Definition of pontiff on Facebook
noun
  1. The Pope
  2. A bishop
  3. A pontifex
pontifices Tweet Definition of pontifices Like Definition of pontifices on Facebook
noun
  1. (plural of, pontifex)
praenomen Tweet Definition of praenomen Like Definition of praenomen on Facebook
noun (pl=praenomina or praenomens)
  1. An ancient Roman first name.
procurator Tweet Definition of procurator Like Definition of procurator on Facebook
noun
  1. A tax collector.
  2. An agent or attorney.
proletarian Tweet Definition of proletarian Like Definition of proletarian on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or related to the proletariat.
proletariat Tweet Definition of proletariat Like Definition of proletariat on Facebook
noun
  1. The working class or lower class
  2. The wage-earners collectively
  3. In ancient Rome, the lowest class of citizens, who had no property.
propraetor Tweet Definition of propraetor Like Definition of propraetor on Facebook
noun
  1. An alternative spelling of proprí¦tor.
province Tweet Definition of province Like Definition of province on Facebook
noun (provinces)
  1. A subdivision of government usually one step below the national level.
the province
  1. Northern Ireland
pschent Tweet Definition of pschent Like Definition of pschent on Facebook
noun
  1. the double crown of ancient Egypt, combining the white crown of Upper Egypt with the red crown of Lower Egypt, worn by pharaohs after the union of the two kingdoms in around 3000 BC
  • 1922: In his left eye flashes the monocle of Cashel Boyle O"Conner Fitzmaurice Tisdall Farrell. On his head is perched an Egyptian pshent. Two quills project over his ears. " James Joyce, Ulysses
Ptolemaic Tweet Definition of Ptolemaic Like Definition of Ptolemaic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the Ptolemy, Ptolemies, rulers of Hellenistic Egypt.
publican Tweet Definition of publican Like Definition of publican on Facebook
noun
  1. (British) the landlord of a public house
  2. a tax collector in ancient Rome
pyrrhic Tweet Definition of pyrrhic Like Definition of pyrrhic on Facebook
noun
  1. An Ancient Greek war dance.
  2. (prosody) A metric foot with two short or unaccented syllables.
adjective
  1. (prosody) Of or characterized by pyrrhics.

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