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Glossary of Zoology Terms
beginning with letter P
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pad Tweet Definition of pad Like Definition of pad on Facebook
noun
  1. A flattened mass of anything soft, to sit or lie on.
  2. (context, US, slang) A bed.
  3. (colloquial) A place of residence.
  4. A cushion used as a saddle without a tree or frame.
  5. A soft, or small, cushion.
  6. A cushion-like thickening of the skin on the under side of the toes of animals; an animal's foot or paw.
  7. Any cushion-like part of the human body, especially the ends of the fingers.
  8. A stuffed guard or protection, especially one worn on the legs of horses to prevent bruising.
  9. A soft bag or cushion to relieve pressure, support a part, etc.
  10. A floating leaf of a water lily or similar plant.
  11. (cricket) a batsman's leg pad that protects it from damage when hit by the ball
  12. A kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting, especially one formed of many flat sheets of writing paper; now especially such a block of paper sheets as used to write on.
  13. A panel or strip of material designed to be sensitive to pressure or touch.
  14. A keypad.
  15. A flat surface or area from which a helicopter or other aircraft may land or be launched.
  16. An electrical extension cord with a multi-port socket one end: "trip cord"
  17. the effect produced by sustained lower reeds, reed notes in a musical piece, most common in blues music.
verb (padd, ing)
  1. (transitive) To stuff.
  2. (transitive) To furnish with a pad or padding.
  3. (transitive) To fill or lengthen (a story, one's importance, etc.).
  4. (transitive) To imbue uniformly with a mordant.
to pad cloth
  1. (context, transitive, cricket) to deliberately play the ball with the leg pad instead of the bat.
paddle Tweet Definition of paddle Like Definition of paddle on Facebook
noun
  1. A two-handed, single-bladed oar used to propel a canoe or a small boat.
  2. A double-bladed oar used for kayaking.
  3. Time spent on paddling.
    We had a nice this morning.
  4. A slat of a paddleboat's wheel.
  5. A paddlewheel.
  6. A blade of a waterwheel.
    1. a meandering walk through shallow water, especially at the seaside.
  7. A kitchen utensil shaped like a and used for mixing, beating etc.
  8. A ping-pong bat.
  9. A flat limb of turtle or other sea animal, adapted for swimming.
  10. In a sluice, a panel that controls the flow of water.
verb (paddles, paddling, paddled)
  1. (transitive) To propel something through water with a , oar or hands.
  1. To row a boat with less than one's full capacity.
    1. (transitive) To spank.
    2. (intransitive) To walk or dabble playfully in shallow water, especially at the seaside.
pair Tweet Definition of pair Like Definition of pair on Facebook
noun
  1. Two similar or identical things taken together.
I couldn't decide which of the two dresses I preferred, so I bought the pair.
  1. (followed by of) Two; a couple of.
  2. Two people in a relationship, partnership or friendship.
My wife and I make a great pair.
  1. Used in the names of some objects and garments that have two similar parts or halves.
a pair of scissors
a pair of jeans
but not a pair of cymbals
  1. (cricket) A score of zero runs (a duck) in both innings of a two-innings match
  2. (baseball) A double play, two outs recorded in one play
They turned a to end the fifth.
  1. (baseball) A doubleheader, two games played on the same day between the same teams
The Pirates took a from the Phillies.
  1. (poker) A poker hand that contains of two cards of identical rank which cannot also count as a better hand.
  2. (slang) - pair (of breasts) - she's got a gorgeous pair.
verb
  1. (transitive) To put (two people or things) together.
pallium Tweet Definition of pallium Like Definition of pallium on Facebook
noun (pl=pallia, pl2=palliums)
  1. A woollen vestment conferred on archbishops by the Pope.
  2. (historic) A large cloak worn by Greek philosophers and teachers.
  3. (zoology) The mantle of a mollusc.
  4. (meteorology) A sheet of cloud covering the whole sky, especially nimbostratus.
  5. (anatomy) The cerebral cortex.
palm Tweet Definition of palm Like Definition of palm on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various evergreen trees from the family Palmae or Arecaceae, which are mainly found in the tropics.
  2. The inner and somewhat concave part of the human hand that extends from the wrist to the bases of the fingers.
    • 1990 October 28, w:Paul Simon, Paul Simon, "Further to Fly", w:The Rhythm of the Saints, The Rhythm of the Saints, Warner Bros.
    • : The open of desire wants everything.
      1. The corresponding part of the forefoot of a lower mammal.
      2. A handheld computing device used to store personal data such as calendars and phone numbers.
verb
  1. to hold or conceal something in the palm of the hand
  2. to hold something without bending the fingers significantly
  3. to move something laterally by static friction against the palm of the hand
palmate Tweet Definition of palmate Like Definition of palmate on Facebook
adjective
  1. Hand-like; shaped like a hand with extended fingers
  2. (botany) Having three or more lobes or veins arising from a common point.
The maple tree has palmate leaves.
  1. (botany) (qualifier, leaves) Having more than three leaflets arising from a common point.
palp Tweet Definition of palp Like Definition of palp on Facebook
noun
  1. (zoology) an appendage found near the mouth in invertebrates
  2. The fleshy part of a fingertip
    • 1922: He folded his razor neatly and with stroking palps of fingers felt the smooth skin. " James Joyce, Ulysses
verb
  1. To feel, to explore by touch
    • 1957: his skull looks palped and sucked down " Lawrence Durrell, Justine
parenchyma Tweet Definition of parenchyma Like Definition of parenchyma on Facebook
noun
  1. the functional part of an organ, as opposed to supporting tissue
  2. the tissue making up most of the non-woody parts of a plant
pastern Tweet Definition of pastern Like Definition of pastern on Facebook
noun
  1. The area on a horse's leg between the fetlock joint and the hoof.
    • 1918: It was quite impossible to ride over the deeply-ploughed field; the earth bore only where there was still a little ice, in the thawed furrows the horse's legs sank in above its pasterns. " Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, tr. Louise & Aylmer Maude (Oxford 1998, p. 158)
patella Tweet Definition of patella Like Definition of patella on Facebook
noun (pl=patellae or patellas)
  1. The sesamoid bone of the knee; the kneecap.
paunch Tweet Definition of paunch Like Definition of paunch on Facebook
noun
  1. The stomach or abdomen of a human or animal, especially a large, protruding one.
paw Tweet Definition of paw Like Definition of paw on Facebook
noun
  1. (nonstandard, or, rural) father, Father; pa.
verb
  1. (context, of an animal) To go through something (such as a garbage can) with paws
  2. (context, of an animal) To gently push on something with a paw.
  3. (context, by extension, of a human) To clumsily dig through something.
pedicel Tweet Definition of pedicel Like Definition of pedicel on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A stalk of individual flower; a stalk bearing a single flower or spore-producing body within a cluster.
  2. (anatomy) A stalk-shaped body part; an anatomical part that resembles a stem or stalk.
  3. (zoology) A narrow stalk-like body part in insects and other arthropods, used in various specific senses.
    • 1996: Spiders have the body clearly divided into two pieces which are joined by a narrow stalk, the . " Michael J. Roberts, Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe (Collins 1996, p. 10)
pen Tweet Definition of pen Like Definition of pen on Facebook
noun
  1. An enclosed area used to contain domesticated animals, especially sheep or cattle.
There are two steers in the third .
  1. A place to confine a person; a prison cell.
They caught him with a stolen horse, and he wound up in the again.
  1. (baseball) The bullpen.
Two righties are up in the .
verb (pens, penning, penned or pent)
  1. (transitive) To enclose in a pen.
petiole Tweet Definition of petiole Like Definition of petiole on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) The stalk of a leaf, attaching the blade to the stem.
  2. (entomology) A narrow or constricted segment of the body of an insect. Used especially to refer to the metasomal segment of Hymenoptera such as wasps. Alternate form: pedicel.
  3. (entomology) The stalk at the base of the nest of the paper wasp.
phase Tweet Definition of phase Like Definition of phase on Facebook
noun
  1. That which is exhibited to the eye; the appearance which anything manifests, especially any one among different and varying appearances of the same object.
  2. Any appearance or aspect of an object of mental apprehension or view
The problem has many phases.
  1. (astronomy) A particular appearance or state in a regularly recurring cycle of changes with respect to quantity of illumination or form, or the absence, of its enlightened disk; as, the phases of the moon or planets. Illustrated in W:Lunar phase, Wikipedia's article Lunar phase.
  2. Any one point or portion in a recurring series of changes, as in the changes of motion of one of the particles constituting a wave or vibration; one portion of a series of such changes, in distinction from a contrasted portion, as the portion on one side of a position of equilibrium, in contrast with that on the opposite side.
verb (phas, ing)
  1. (to phase out) To discontinue (doing) something over a period of time (i.e., in phases).
  2. (transitive) To stun or shock someone.
  3. (intransitive) To become stunned or shocked.
phocine Tweet Definition of phocine Like Definition of phocine on Facebook
adjective
  1. pertaining to a seal; seallike
  • 1955: she had already yanked out of me the coveted section and retreated to her mat near her mamma. " Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita
photophore Tweet Definition of photophore Like Definition of photophore on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) A light-emitting organ, found in some marine fish, that has symbiotic luminescent bacteria
pied Tweet Definition of pied Like Definition of pied on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, pi)
  2. (past of, pie)
adjective
  1. decorate, Decorated or colored in blotches.
pile Tweet Definition of pile Like Definition of pile on Facebook
noun
  1. A hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton, and the like; also, the nap when thick or heavy, as of carpeting and velvet.
Velvet soft, or plush with shaggy pile. —Cowper
  1. A covering of hair or fur.
  2. A large stake, or piece of timber, steel section pointed and driven into the earth or drilled and cast reinforced concrete, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor where the ground is soft, for the support of a building, a pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam, etc.
  3. The head of an arrow or spear.
  4. (heraldry) One of the ordinaries or subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.
  5. A mass of things heaped together; a heap; as, a pile of stones; a pile of wood.
  6. A mass formed in layers; as, a pile of shot.
  7. A funeral pile; a pyre.
  8. A large building, or mass of buildings.
  9. A bundle of pieces of wrought iron to be worked over into bars or other shapes by rolling or hammering at a welding heat; a fagot.
  10. A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; — commonly called Volta"s pile, voltaic pile, or galvanic pile.
  11. The reverse (or tails) of a coin. (Obs)
  12. A hemorrhoid (usually it is in plural)
pincers Tweet Definition of pincers Like Definition of pincers on Facebook
noun (plural of pincer)
  1. A gripping tool, pivoted like a pair of scissors, but with blunt jaws.
  2. The front claws of crustaceans such as lobsters.
pipe Tweet Definition of pipe Like Definition of pipe on Facebook
noun ]]
  1. A hollow tube that transports water, steam, or other liquid; usually made of metal, ceramic, wood, or plastic.
  2. A hollow stem with bowl at one end used for smoking (see also water pipe or bong)
  3. (geology) A vertical conduit through the Earth's crust below a volcano, through which magma has passed; often filled with volcanic breccia
  4. A type of pasta, similar to macaroni
  5. Decorative edging stitched to the hems or seams of an object made of fabric (clothing, hats, pillows, curtains, etc.); often a contrasting color
  6. (music) A hollow tube used to produce sound, such as an organ pipe.
  7. (music) A wind instrument making a whistling sound. (see pan pipes, bagpipe, boatswain's pipe)
  8. (lacrosse) One of the goalposts of the goal.
  9. (computing) The ASCII character at position 124 (decimal), 7C (hex), 01111100 (binary): " , "
  10. (computing) In Unix, the pipe character signifies that the output of one program feeds directly as input to another program.
  11. (context, computing, slang) A data backbone, or broadband Internet access (e.g., a "fat pipe" refers to a high-bandwidth connection).
  12. (obsolete) An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 126 wine gallons; half a ton.
    • 1882: Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
      1. (context, AU, colloquial, obsolete) An anonymous satire or essay, insulting and frequently libelous, written on a piece of paper and left somewhere public where it could be found and thus spread, to embarrass the author's enemies.
      1818: yet, it is much to be hoped, that from his example pipe-making will in future be reposed solely in the hands of Mr. William Cluer of the Brickfield Hill. — w:Sydney Gazette, Sydney Gazette, 26 September 1818, on w:William Bland, William Bland convicted of libelling w:Lachlan Macquarie, Governor Macquarie in a pipe (William Cluer was an earthenware pipe manufacturer). Quoted in More Pig Bites Baby! Stories from Australia's First Newspaper, volume 2, ed. Micahel Connor, Duffy and Snellgrove, 2004, ISBN 1-876631-91-0.
verb (pip, ing)
  1. To convey or transport something by means of pipes.
  2. To install or configure pipes.
  3. To play music on a pipe instrument, such as a bagpipe.
  4. (nautical) To signal or order by a note pattern on a bosun's pipe.
  5. To decorate a cake using a pastry bag a flexible bag from which icing is forced through a small nozzle to make various designs
pith Tweet Definition of pith Like Definition of pith on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. The soft spongy substance in the center of the stems of many plants and trees.
  2. (figuratively) The essential or vital part of an idea or theory or something else.
the of my idea is ...
planarian Tweet Definition of planarian Like Definition of planarian on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various freshwater flatworms, of the class Turbellaria.
plantigrade Tweet Definition of plantigrade Like Definition of plantigrade on Facebook
noun
  1. A plantigrade animal
adjective
  1. (context, of an animal) walking with the entire sole of the foot on the ground.
planula Tweet Definition of planula Like Definition of planula on Facebook
noun (pluralplanulae)
  1. The larva of a hydrozoan, which is free swimming and is covered in cilium, cilia.
plastron Tweet Definition of plastron Like Definition of plastron on Facebook
noun
  1. The nearly flat part of the shell structure of a tortoise or other animal, similar in composition to the carapace
  2. (fencing) A half-jacket worn under the jacket for padding or for safety.
  3. An ornamental front panel on a woman's bodice.
    • 1942: I bought here a wedding dress perhaps twenty or thirty years old ... a sequin to be worn over the womb as a feminine equivalent to a cod-piece, and a gauze veil embroidered in purple and gold. " Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Canongate 2006, p. 784)
plumulose Tweet Definition of plumulose Like Definition of plumulose on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having hairs branching out laterally, like the parts of a feather.
pneumatic Tweet Definition of pneumatic Like Definition of pneumatic on Facebook
noun
  1. (gnosticism) In gnostic theologian Valentinus' triadic grouping of man the highest type; a person focused on spiritual reality (the other two being hylic and psychic).
adjective
  1. Of, or related to air or other gases
  2. Of, or related to pneumatics
  3. Powered by, or filled with compressed air
  4. (zoology) Having cavities filled with air
  5. Spiritual; Of, or related to the pneuma
  6. (context, of a woman) well-rounded; full-breasted; bouncy (especially during sex)
"Every one says I'm awfully pneumatic," said Lenina reflectively, patting her own legs. - Aldous Huxley - Brave New World (chapter 6)
poll Tweet Definition of poll Like Definition of poll on Facebook
noun
  1. An election or a survey of a particular group.
The student council had a to see what people want served in the cafeteria.
The network hub polled the department's computers to determine which ones could still respond.
  1. a place voters cast ballots
The polls close at 8 p.m.
  1. Hair
    • 1883: w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : ...the doctor, as if to hear better, had taken off his powdered wig, and sat there, looking very strange indeed with his own close-cropped black .
verb
  1. (transitive) To solicit mock votes from (a person or group).
Pollard Tweet Definition of Pollard Like Definition of Pollard on Facebook
proper noun
  1. Surname from 14th century Irish. Derivative of Paul.
polled Tweet Definition of polled Like Definition of polled on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, poll)
polliniferous Tweet Definition of polliniferous Like Definition of polliniferous on Facebook
adjective
  1. (botany) Producing pollen; polleniferous.
polydactyl Tweet Definition of polydactyl Like Definition of polydactyl on Facebook
adjective
  1. variant spelling of polydactylous.
polygamy Tweet Definition of polygamy Like Definition of polygamy on Facebook
noun
  1. The having of a plurality of socially bonded sexual partners at the same time; most commonly, the marriage of a man to more than one woman, or the practice of having several wives, at the same time; -- opposed to monogamy; as, the nations of the East practiced . See the Note under bigamy, and compare polyandry and polygyny.
  2. (zoology) The state or habit of having more than one mate.
  3. (botany) The condition or state of a plant which bears both perfect and unisexual flowers.
polygyny Tweet Definition of polygyny Like Definition of polygyny on Facebook
noun (polygynies)
  1. The state or practice of having several wife, wives at the same time; plurality of wives; marriage to several wives - H. Spenser
polyzoarium Tweet Definition of polyzoarium Like Definition of polyzoarium on Facebook
noun (polyzoari, a)
  1. (zoology) A polyzoary
polyzoic Tweet Definition of polyzoic Like Definition of polyzoic on Facebook
noun
  1. ({zoology}} A spore that produces lots of sporozoites.
adjective
  1. (zoology) Pertaining to polyzoa.
predator Tweet Definition of predator Like Definition of predator on Facebook
noun
  1. any animal or other organism that hunts and kills other organisms (their prey), primarily for food
  2. someone who attacks and plunders for gain
preen Tweet Definition of preen Like Definition of preen on Facebook
verbto preen
  1. To groom; to trim or dress with the beak, as the feathers; -- said of birds.
prickle Tweet Definition of prickle Like Definition of prickle on Facebook
noun
  1. A small, sharp pointed object, such as a thorn.
  2. A tingling sensation of mild discomfort.
verb (prickles, prickling, prickled)
  1. (intransitive) To feel a prickle.
  2. (transitive) To cause someone to feel a prickle.
pride Tweet Definition of pride Like Definition of pride on Facebook
noun
  1. A sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one; lofty self-respect; noble self-esteem; elevation of character; dignified bearing; proud delight; -- in a good sense.
    • The pride of the peacock is the glory of God."William Blake
      1. Proud or disdainful behavior or treatment; insolence or arrogance of demeanor; haughty bearing and conduct; insolent exultation; disdain; hubris.
      2. That of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem, or of arrogant and presumptuous confidence, as beauty, ornament, noble character, children, etc.
      3. A small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis); -- called also prid, and sandpiper.
      4. The quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc., which manifests itself in lofty airs, distance, reserve, and often in contempt of others.
      5. Show; ostentation; glory.
      6. Highest pitch; elevation reached; loftiness; prime; glory,
    • to be in the pride of one's life.
      1. Consciousness of power; fullness of animal spirits; mettle; wantonness.
      2. Lust; sexual desire; esp., an excitement of sexual appetite in a female beast.
      3. A company of lions.
verb (prides, priding, prided, prided)
  1. To experience or pride.
I pride myself on being a good judge of character, but pride goes before the fall and I'm not a good judge of my own character so I'm often wrong without knowing it and fall in with a bad crowd.
proboscis Tweet Definition of proboscis Like Definition of proboscis on Facebook
noun (pluralproboscises or proboscides)
  1. (anatomy) An elongated tube from the head or connected to the mouth, of an animal.
  1. The tubular feeding and sucking organ of certain invertebrates like insects, worms and molluscs.
  2. The trunk of an elephant.
    1. Informally, a large human nose.
pulmonate Tweet Definition of pulmonate Like Definition of pulmonate on Facebook
noun
  1. A gastropod of the order Pulmonata
adjective
  1. (anatomy) having lungs or similar organs
  2. (biology) of, relating to, or belonging to the gastropod order Pulmonata (slugs and snails)
pulp Tweet Definition of pulp Like Definition of pulp on Facebook
noun
  1. A soft moist mass, especially of pressed vegetable matter
  2. The soft center of a fruit
  3. The soft center of a tooth
  4. A mixture of wood, cellulose and/or rags and water ground up to make paper.
  5. Mass of chemically processed wood fibres (cellulose).
  6. A lurid style of writing or publication
verb
  1. To make, or be made into
pump Tweet Definition of pump Like Definition of pump on Facebook
noun
  1. A device for moving or compressing a liquid or gas.
This can deliver 100 gallons of water per minute.
  1. An instance of the action of a pump; one stroke of a pump; any action similar to pumping
It takes thirty pumps to get 10 litres ; he did 50 pumps of the weights.
  1. A device for dispensing liquid or gas to be sold, particularly fuel.
This is out of order, but you can gas up at the next one.
  1. (bodybuilding) A swelling of the muscles caused by increased blood flow following high intensity weightlifting.
  2. (colloquial) A ride on a bicycle given to a passenger, usually on the handlebars or fender.
She gave the other girl a on her new bike.
  1. (Obsolete American slang) The heart.
verb
  1. (transitive) To use a pump to move (liquid or gas).
I've pumped over 1000 gallons of water in the last ten minutes.
  1. (transitive) (often followed by up) To fill with air.
He pumped up the air-bed by hand, but used the service station air to up the tyres.
  1. (transitive) To move rhythmically, as the motion of a pump.
I pumped my fist with joy when I won the race.
  1. (transitive) To shake (a person's hand) vigorously.
  2. (transitive) To gain information from (a person) by persistent questioning.
  3. (intransitive) To use a pump to move liquid or gas.
I've been pumping for over a minute but the water isn't coming through.
  1. (intransitive) (slang) To be going very well.
The waves were really pumping this morning.
Last night's party was really pumping.
puncture Tweet Definition of puncture Like Definition of puncture on Facebook
noun
  1. a hole, cut, or tear created by a sharp object
I got a in my bicycle tire and had to walk home.
verb (punctures, puncturing, punctured)
  1. to pierce; to break through; to tear a hole
The needle punctured the balloon instantly.
pup Tweet Definition of pup Like Definition of pup on Facebook
noun
  1. A young dog, wolf, fox, seal, shark and some other animals
The dog has had that bed since he was just a .
  1. A young, inexperienced person
The new teacher is a mere .
puppy Tweet Definition of puppy Like Definition of puppy on Facebook
noun (pupp, ies)
  1. A young dog.
  2. A young rat.
  3. A young seal.
  4. (slang, usually, in plural) A woman"s breast.
  5. (informal) a (generic) thing; particularly something that is a nuisance; a sucker
I have another two dozen of these puppies to finish before I can go home.
purebred Tweet Definition of purebred Like Definition of purebred on Facebook
noun
  1. an animal which is of pure breed
adjective
  1. that (usually an animal) which has genuine parents of the same breed

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