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Glossary of Zoology Terms
beginning with letter G
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gaggle Tweet Definition of gaggle Like Definition of gaggle on Facebook
noun ((uncountable) and (countable))
  1. A group of goose, geese when they are on the ground or on the water.
  2. Any group or gathering of related things; bunch.
gall Tweet Definition of gall Like Definition of gall on Facebook
noun (countable galls and uncountable)
  1. (anatomy) (obsolete) (uncountable) bile, Bile, especially that of an animal; the greenish, profoundly bitter-tasting fluid found in bile ducts and gallbladders, structures associated with the liver.
  2. (anatomy) The gallbladder.
    1611 He shall flee from the iron weapon and the bow of steel shall strike him through. It is drawn and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall. Job 20:24 & 25 KJV
    1. (uncountable) Great misery or physical suffering, likened to the bitterest-tasting of substances.
    1611 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth and wormwood " Deuteronomy 29:18 KJV
    1. (countable) A blister or tumor-like growth found on the surface of plants, caused by burrowing of insect larvae into the living tissues, especially that of the common oak gall wasp (Cynips quercusfolii).
    1974 Even so, Redi retained a belief that in certain other cases--the origin of parasites inside the human or animal body or of grubs inside of oak galls--there must be spontaneous generation. Bit by bit the evidence grew against such views. In 1670 Jan Swammerdam, painstaking student of the insect's life cycle, suggested that the grubs in galls were enclosed in them for the sake of nourishment and must come from insects that had inserted their semen or their eggs into the plants. " http://etext.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv2-34 Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
    1. (countable) A bump-like imperfection resembling a gall.
    1653 But first for your Line. First note, that you are to take care that your hair be round and clear, and free from galls, or scabs, or frets: for a well- chosen, even, clear, round hair, of a kind of glass-colour, will prove as strong as three uneven scabby hairs that are ill-chosen, and full of galls or unevenness. You shall seldom find a black hair but it is round, but many white are flat and uneven; therefore, if you get a lock of right, round, clear, glass-colour hair, make much of it. " Izaak Walton, The Compleat Angler, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=659275809&tag=Walton,+Izaak:+The+Compleat+Angler:+or,+The+Contemplative+Man`s+Recreation,+1653+(1927)&query=+gall&id=WalAngl Chapter 21.
    1. (uncountable) A feeling of exasperation.
    1792 It moves my to hear a preacher descanting on dress and needle-work; and still more, to hear him address the British fair, the fairest of the fair, as if they had only feelings. " Mary Wollstonecraft, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=748183189&tag=Wollstonecraft,+Mary,+1759-1797:+A+vindication+of+the+rights+of+woman,+1892&query=gall+to&id=WolVind A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
    1. (uncountable) An action demonstrating impudence or brazenness; temerity, chutzpah.
    1918 "Durn ye!" he cried. "I'll lam ye! Get offen here. I knows ye. Yer one o' that gang o' bums that come here last night, an' now you got the to come back beggin' for food, eh? I'll lam ye!" and he raised the gun to his shoulder. " Arthur Conan Doyle, The Oakdale Affair, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=124017217&tag=Burroughs,+Edgar+Rice,+1875-1950:+The+Oakdale+Affair,+1918&query=the+gall&id=BurOakd Chapter 6.
    1. (medicine) (obsolete) (countable) A sore or open wound caused by chafing, which may become infected, as with a blister.
    1892 The runaway slave came to my house and stopt outside,
    I heard his motions crackling the twigs of the woodpile,
    Through the swung half-door of the kitchen I saw him limpsy and weak,
    And went where he sat on a log and led him in and assured him,
    And brought water and fill'd a tub for his sweated body and bruis'd feet,
    And gave him a room that enter'd from my own, and gave him some coarse clean clothes,
    And remember perfectly well his revolving eyes and his awkwardness,
    And remember putting plasters on the galls of his neck and ankles;
    He staid with me a week before he was recuperated and pass'd north,
    I had him sit next me at table, my fire-lock lean'd in the corner. " Walt Whitman, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&grouping=match&docs=TEI2&query=galls&sample=1-100&id=Whi1855 "Song of Myself", Leaves of Grass''.
    1. (countable) A sore on a horse caused by an ill-fitted or ill-adjusted saddle; a saddle sore.
    Riding a horse with bruised or broken skin can cause a , which frequently results in the white saddle marks seen on the withers and backs of some horses. " http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d000001-d000100/d000027/d000027.html National Ag Safety Database (Centers for Disease Control).
    1. (countable) A pit caused on a surface being cut caused by the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
verb
  1. To be troubled or bothered by.
1883I went below, and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal, and still bled freely; but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly me when I used my arm. " w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, ''w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=595860674&tag=Stevenson,+Robert+Louis,+1850-1894:+Treasure+Island,+1883&query=+gall&id=SteTrea Chapter 27.
  1. To harass, to harry, often with the intent to cause injury.
June 24, 1778The disposition for these detachments is as follows -- Morgans corps, to gain the enemy's right flank; Maxwells brigade to hang on their left. Brigadier Genl. Scott is now marching with a very respectable detachment destined to the enemys left flank and rear. " George Washington, The Writings of George Washington From the Original Manuscript Sources: http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=675205858&tag=Washington,+George,+1732-1799:+The+writings+of+George+Washington+from+the+original+manuscript+sources:+Volume+12,+1745-1799&query=+gall&id=WasFi12 Volume 12, 1745-1799.
  1. To chafe, to rub or subject to friction; to create a sore on the skin.
  2. To exasperate.
1979Metrinko was hungry, but he was galled by how self-congratulatory his captors seemed, how generous and noble and proudly Islamic. " Mark Bowden, "Captivity Pageant", The Atlantic, Volume 296, No. 5, pp. 92-97, http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200512/december-1979/4 December, 1979.
  1. To cause pitting on a surface being cut from the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
Improper cooling and a dull milling blade on titanium can the surface
gaskin Tweet Definition of gaskin Like Definition of gaskin on Facebook
nounGaskin
  1. part of the hind leg of a horse, which is between the stifle and the hock.
gerbil Tweet Definition of gerbil Like Definition of gerbil on Facebook
noun (gerbils)
  1. (Zoí¶l.) One of several species of small, jumping, murine rodents, of the genus Gerbillus. In their leaping powers they resemble the jerboa. They inhabit Africa, India, and Southern Europe.
get Tweet Definition of get Like Definition of get on Facebook
noun
  1. A git.
<!--an idiot, a contemptible person
Although is the original word, the derived word git is more common.-->
verb (gets, getting, got, got, (North American or British archaic) gotten )
  1. (transitive) To obtain, purchase or acquire.
I'm going to a computer tomorrow from the discount store.
You need to permission to leave early.
  1. (transitive) To receive.
I got a computer from my parents for my birthday.
''He got a severe reprimand for that.
  1. (transitive) To fetch.
Can you my bag from the living-room, please?
  1. (intransitive) To become.
I'm getting hungry, how about you?
Don't drunk tonight.
  1. (transitive) To cause to become; to bring about
That song gets me so depressed every time I hear it.
I'll this finished by lunchtime.
I can't these boots off.
  1. (transitive) To cause to do.
Somehow she got him to agree to it.
I can't it to work.
  1. (intransitive) To arrive at or progress towards (a place or outcome).
When are we going to to London?
We're slowly getting there.
Get over here!
  1. (intransitive) (with various prepositions, such as into, over, behind etc.; for specific idiomatic senses see individual entries get into, get over etc.) To adopt or assume (a certain position or state).
The actors are getting into position.
I'm getting into a muddle.
We got behind the wall.
  1. (intransitive) To begin (doing something).
We ought to moving or we'll be late.
After lunch we got chatting.
  1. (transitive) To catch a means of public transport.
I normally the 7.45 train.
  1. (context, transitive, idiom) To answer the phone or the door, etc.
Can you that call, please? I'm busy.
  1. (intransitive) (with infinitive) To be able, permitted; to have the opportunity (to do something).
I'm so jealous that you got to see them perform live!
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To understand.
Yeah, I it, it's just not funny.
He's weird. I don't him.
Do you math class?
I don't what you mean by "fun". This place sucks!
  1. (context, transitive) To be; used to form a passive voice.
He got bitten by a dog.
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To catch (a disease).
I went on holiday and got malaria.
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To catch out, trick.
He keeps calling pretending to be my boss &ndash; it gets me every time.
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To perplex, stump.
That question's really got me.
  1. (transitive) To find as an answer.
What did you for question four?
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To bring to reckoning; to catch (as a criminal); to physically assault.
The cops finally got me.
I'm gonna him for that.
  1. (context, transitive, colloquial) To hear.
Sorry, I didn't that. Could you repeat it?
gill Tweet Definition of gill Like Definition of gill on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
  1. The breathing organ of fish and other aquatic animals.
  2. One of the radial folds on the underside of the cap of a mushroom, on the surface of which the spore-producing organs are borne.
gizzard Tweet Definition of gizzard Like Definition of gizzard on Facebook
noun
  1. A portion of the esophagus of either a bird or an annelid that contains ingested grit and is used to grind up ingested food before it is transferred to the stomach.
gonotheca Tweet Definition of gonotheca Like Definition of gonotheca on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) the protective covering of a gonangium
graminivorous Tweet Definition of graminivorous Like Definition of graminivorous on Facebook
adjective
  1. grass-eating
growl Tweet Definition of growl Like Definition of growl on Facebook
noun
  1. The deep, threatening sound made in the throat by an animal; a grumbling sound.
  2. The sound made by a hungry stomach.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To utter a deep guttural sound, as an angry animal; to give forth an angry, grumbling sound.
  2. (transitive) To express (something) by growling.
guest Tweet Definition of guest Like Definition of guest on Facebook
noun
  1. a recipient of hospitality, specifically someone staying by invitation at the house of another
  2. a patron or customer in a hotel etc.
  3. an invited visitor or performer to an institution or to a broadcast
verb
  1. (intransitive) to appear as a guest, especially on a broadcast
gyrate Tweet Definition of gyrate Like Definition of gyrate on Facebook
verb (gyrat, ing)
  1. To revolve round a central point; to move spirally about an axis, as a tornado; to revolve.
adjective
  1. (biology) Having coils or convolutions

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