All Words Glossary

Glossary of Sociology Terms
beginning with letter P
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patriarch Tweet Definition of patriarch Like Definition of patriarch on Facebook
noun
  1. A male leader of a family, a tribe or an ethnic or religious group.
  2. A founder of a political or religious movement, an organization or an enterprise.
  3. Abraham, his son Isaac or his grandson Jacob. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriarchs_(Bible) see Wikipedia
  4. (Christianity) The highest form of bishop, generally in charge of an ethnic community, but in terms of the pope and the ecumenical patriarch, the former is the Patriarch of the West and the latter is the Patriarch of the East, a divison dating to the Emperor Constantine the Great. The cities of Antioch, Alexandria, and almost as an afterthought, Jerusalem are accorded equal historical if not ecclesial dignity. Any and all other patriarchs, particularly that of the Russian church, are inferior.
  5. (Bible Dictionary) Patriarch is an ordained office in the Melchizedek Priesthood. The fathers from Adam to Jacob were all patriarchs of this kind. The word as used in the Bible seems to denote also a title of honor to early leaders of the Israelites, such as David (Acts 2:29) and the 12 sons of Jacob (Acts 7:8-9). The word is of Greek derivation and means father-ruler; the Hebrew translation simply means father.
peer Tweet Definition of peer Like Definition of peer on Facebook
noun
  1. Somebody or something who/that is at an equal level.
  2. A noble with a hereditary title, i.e., a peerage, and in times past, with certain rights and privileges not enjoyed by commoners.
verb
  1. To look at surreptitiously.
peer pressure Tweet Definition of peer pressure Like Definition of peer pressure on Facebook
noun
  1. encouragement by one's peers.
She vowed to give up drinking during the exam period, but eventually succumbed to and was out drinking with her friends within a week of the resolution.
person Tweet Definition of person Like Definition of person on Facebook
noun (plural:persons, people (by suppletion))
  1. Human being; individual.
  2. Specific human being.
Where is the ?
  1. The physical body of a specified individual.
Meanwhile, the dazed Sullivan, dressed like a bum with no identification on his , is arrested and put to work on a brutal Southern chain gang. " New York Times, 2004
  1. Any individual or formal organization with standing before the courts.
By common law a corporation or a trust is legally a .
  1. (grammar) A linguistic category used to distinguish between the speaker of an utterance and those to whom or about whom he is speaking. See grammatical person.
Phalanx Tweet Definition of Phalanx Like Definition of Phalanx on Facebook
noun
  1. The brand name of a radar-controlled rapid fire 20mm w:Gatling_gun, Gatling-type machine gun, the Phalanx CIWS (pronounced see-wiz), deployed on U.S. Navy ships as a last line of defense against antiship cruise missiles.
pluralism Tweet Definition of pluralism Like Definition of pluralism on Facebook
noun
  1. The quality or state of being plural, or in the plural number.
  2. The state of a pluralist; the holding of more than one ecclesiastical living at a time.
  3. In social sciences, a social system based on mutual respect for each other's cultures among various groups that make up a society, wherein subordinate groups do not have to forsake their lifestyle and traditions but, rather, can express their culture and participate in the larger society free of prejudice.
position Tweet Definition of position Like Definition of position on Facebook
noun
  1. A place, location.
  2. A status or rank: "His in the army."
  3. An opinion or stand: "My on this issue..."
  4. A posture: "Stand in this ."
  5. (In team sports) A place on the playing field, together with a set of duties, assigned to a player: "Play your !"
verb
  1. To put into place.
postindustrial Tweet Definition of postindustrial Like Definition of postindustrial on Facebook
adjective
  1. describing the economy of a nation in which manufacturing industry becomes less important and the service and information industries become more important
primary Tweet Definition of primary Like Definition of primary on Facebook
noun (primar, ies)
  1. A preliminary election to select a political candidate.
  2. The first year of grade school.
  3. A base or fundamental component; something that is irreducible.
  4. The most massive component of a gravitationally bound system.
verb (primaries, primarying, primaried)
  1. To take part in a primary election
adjective
  1. The first in a group or series.
Children attend school, teenagers attend secondary school.
  1. That which is placed ahead of others.
Preferred stock has claim on dividends, ahead of common stock.

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