All Words Glossary

Glossary of Sociology Terms
beginning with letter C
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capo Tweet Definition of capo Like Definition of capo on Facebook
noun
  1. A movable bar placed across the fingerboard of a guitar used to raise the pitch of all strings.
  2. A leader in the Mafia.
caseload Tweet Definition of caseload Like Definition of caseload on Facebook
noun
  1. The workload of a person or group that handles cases; the relative volume of cases expected to be worked upon.
As a public defender, Jonas had a crushing and never felt that he could prepare his clients' defenses properly.
casework Tweet Definition of casework Like Definition of casework on Facebook
noun
  1. the work of a social worker who deals with a number of individual clients (cases)
caste Tweet Definition of caste Like Definition of caste on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian society, societies.
cause Tweet Definition of cause Like Definition of cause on Facebook
noun
  1. The source or reason of an event or action
  2. The goal, aim, principle
He is fighting for a just .
verb (caus, ing)
  1. To set off an event or action.
centralization Tweet Definition of centralization Like Definition of centralization on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of centralizing, or the state of being centralized; the act or process of combining or reducing several parts into a whole; as, the centralization of power in the general government; the centralization of commerce in a city.
change Tweet Definition of change Like Definition of change on Facebook
noun
  1. the process of becoming different. (Countable)
  2. small denominations of money given in exchange for a larger denomination. (Uncountable)
Can I get for this $100 bill please?
  1. a replacement, e.g. a change of clothes (Countable)
  2. (baseball) a change-up pitch
  3. money given back when a customer hands over more than the exact price of an item. For example, a customer who uses a 10-pound note to pay for a £9 item receives one pound in change.
verb (chang, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To become something different.
The tadpole changed into a frog.
Stock prices are constantly changing.
  1. (rfd-redundant, combine into normal trans/intrans definition line.) (transitive, ergative) To make something into something different.
The fairy changed the frog into a prince.
I had to the wording of the ad so it would fit.
  1. (transitive) To replace.
Ask the janitor to come and the lightbulb.
After a brisk walk, I washed up and changed my shirt.
  1. (intransitive) To replace one's clothing.
You can't go into the dressing room while she's changing.
The clowns changed into their costumes before the circus started.
  1. (rfd-redundant) (figurative) To undergo a significant philosophical adjustment.
class Tweet Definition of class Like Definition of class on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (countable) A group, collection, category or set sharing characteristics or attributes.
The new Ford Fiesta is set to be best in the 'small family' .
: Often used to imply membership of a large class.
:: This word has a whole of metaphoric extensions.
  1. (countable) A social grouping, based on job, wealth, etc. In Britain, society is commonly split into three main classes; upper class, middle class and working class.
  2. (uncountable) The division of society into classes.
Jane Austen's works deal with in 18th-century England.
  1. (uncountable) Admirable behavior; elegance.
Apologizing for losing your temper, even though you were badly provoked, showed real .
  1. (context, countable, and, uncountable) A group of students in a regularly scheduled meeting with a teacher.
The was noisy, but the teacher was able to get their attention with a story.
  1. A series of classes covering a single subject.
I took the cooking for enjoyment, but I also learned a lot.
  1. (countable) A group of students who commenced or completed their education during a particular year. A school class.
The of 1982 was particularly noteworthy.
  1. (countable) A category of seats in an airplane, train or other means of mass transportation.
I used to fly business , but now my company can only afford economy.
  1. (context, biology, taxonomy, countable) A rank in the classification of organisms, below phylum and above order; a taxon of that rank
Magnolias belong to the Magnoliopsida.
  1. (computing) A set of objects possibly differing in state but not behavior.
  2. (math) A collection of sets definable by a shared property.
The of all sets is not a set.
verb (classes, classing, classed)
  1. (transitive) To assign to a class.
I would this with most of the other mediocre works of the period.
adjective
  1. (context, UK, slang) great; fabulous
classism Tweet Definition of classism Like Definition of classism on Facebook
noun
  1. discrimination, Discrimination or prejudice that is based on social class.
classless Tweet Definition of classless Like Definition of classless on Facebook
adjective
  1. Not divided into societal or economic groups.
  2. We lived in a classless state, where all were equal.
  3. without, Without class or classes.
cohort Tweet Definition of cohort Like Definition of cohort on Facebook
noun
  1. a group of people
  2. a demographic grouping of people, especially those in a defined age group
  3. any division of a Roman legion; normally of about 500 men
commensal Tweet Definition of commensal Like Definition of commensal on Facebook
noun
  1. an organism partaking in such a relationship
adjective
  1. (biology) of a form of symbiosis in which one organism derives a benefit while the other is unaffected
community Tweet Definition of community Like Definition of community on Facebook
noun (communit, ies)
  1. Group of people sharing a common understanding who reveal themselves by using the same language, manners, tradition and law. (see civilization).
  2. Commune or residential/religious collective.
  3. The condition of having certain attitudes and interests in common.
  4. (Ecology) A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other.
competition Tweet Definition of competition Like Definition of competition on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) the action of competing
The competition for this job is strong.
  1. (countable) a contest for a prize or award
The newspaper is featuring a competition to win a car.
consanguineous Tweet Definition of consanguineous Like Definition of consanguineous on Facebook
adjective
  1. Related by birth; descended from the same parent or ancestor.
    Consanguineous marriage is customary in many societies, but leads to an increased birth prevalence of infants with severe recessive disorders.http://ambassadors.net/selectedstudy2.htm
consanguinity Tweet Definition of consanguinity Like Definition of consanguinity on Facebook
noun
  1. A consanguineous or family relationship through parentage or descent. A blood relationship.
contact Tweet Definition of contact Like Definition of contact on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of touching physically.
  2. The establishment of communication (with).
  3. (colloquial) A contact lens.
  4. (electrical) a device designed for repetitive connections.
Touch the to ground and read the number again.
  1. Someone with whom one is in communication.
The salesperson had a whole binder full of contacts for potential clients.
cooperation Tweet Definition of cooperation Like Definition of cooperation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of cooperate, cooperating or being cooperative.
  2. Active help from a person, organization, et cetera.
  3. (economics) An association for mutual benefit, such as for purposes of production or purchase.
  4. (sociology) An activity shared for mutual benefit.
  5. (context, ecology) A mutually beneficial interaction among organisms living in a limited area.
correction Tweet Definition of correction Like Definition of correction on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of correcting.
  2. A substitution for an error or mistake.
  3. Punishment that is intended to rehabilitate an offender.
  4. An amount or quantity of something added or subtracted so as to correct.
  5. A decline in a stock market price after a large rise.
criminology Tweet Definition of criminology Like Definition of criminology on Facebook
noun
  1. the study of crime and criminals, especially their behaviour
crowd Tweet Definition of crowd Like Definition of crowd on Facebook
noun
  1. A number of things collected or closely pressed together; also, a number of things adjacent to each other.
There was a of toys pushed beneath the couch where the children were playing.
  1. A group of people congregated or collected into a close body without order.
After the movie let out, a of people pushed through the exit doors.
  1. The so-called lower orders of people; the populace; the vulgar; the rabble; the mob.
To fool the with glorious lies. --w:Alfred_Tennyson%2C_1st_Baron_Tennyson, Tennyson.
He went not with the to see a shrine. -- w:John_Dryden, Dryden.
verb
  1. To push, to press, to shove.
  2. To press or drive together; to mass together.
  3. To fill by pressing or thronging together; hence, to encumber by excess of numbers or quantity.
  4. To press by solicitation; to urge; to dun; hence, to treat discourteously or unreasonably.
  5. (nautical) To approach another ship too closely when it has right of way
(Intransitive)
  1. To press together or collect in numbers; to swarm; to throng
  2. To urge or press forward; to force one's self; as, a man crowds into a room
  3. (nautical) (of a square-rigged ship) To carry excessive sail
cult Tweet Definition of cult Like Definition of cult on Facebook
noun
  1. A group or doctrine with religious, philosophical or cultural identity sometimes viewed as a sect, often existent on the margins of society.
  2. devotion, Devotion to a saint.
  3. A group that exploits members psychologically and/or financially, typically by making members comply with leadership's demands through certain types of psychological manipulation, popularly called mind control, and through the inculcation of deep-seated anxious dependency on the group and its leaders.
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to a cult.
  2. Enjoyed by a small, loyal group.
culture Tweet Definition of culture Like Definition of culture on Facebook
noun
  1. The arts, customs, and habits that characterize a particular society or nation.
  2. The beliefs, values, behavior and material objects that constitute a people's way of life.
  3. (microbiology) The process of growing a bacterial or other biological entity in an artificial medium.
  4. (anthropology) Any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with respect to human beings.
  5. The collective noun for a group of bacteria.
verb (cultur, ing)
  1. (transitive) To maintain in an environment suitable for growth (especially of bacteria).
  2. (transitive) To increase the artistic or scientific interest (in something).
custom Tweet Definition of custom Like Definition of custom on Facebook
noun
  1. Frequent repetition of the same act; way of acting common to many; ordinary manner; habitual practice; usage; method of doing or living.
  • And teach customs which are not lawful. Acts xvi. 21.
  • Moved beyond his , Gama said. Tennyson.
  • A More honored in the breach than the observance. Shakespeare
    1. Habitual buying of goods; practice of frequenting, as a shop, manufactory, etc., for making purchases or giving orders; business support.
    1. Let him have your , but not your votes. Addison.
      1. (context, law) Long-established practice, considered as unwritten law, and resting for authority on long consent; usage. See Usage, and Prescription.
    2. Usage is a fact. Custom is a law. There can be no without usage, though there may be usage without . Wharton.
      1. (context, obsolete) Familiar acquaintance; familiarity.
    3. Age can not wither her, nor stale Her infinite variety. Shakespeare
      1. The customary toll, tax, or tribute.
    4. Render, therefore, to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; to whom . Rom. xiii. 7.
      1. (plurale tantum) Duties or tolls imposed by law on commodities, imported or exported.
    verb
    1. (context, obsolete) (transitive) To make familiar; to accustom.
    2. (context, obsolete) (transitive) To supply with customers.
    3. (context, obsolete) (transitive) To pay the customs of.
    4. (context, obsolete) (intransitive) To have a custom.
    • On a bridge he custometh to fight. Spenser.
      (webster)
    adjective
    1. made in a different way from usual, specially to fit one's needs
    My feet are as big as powerboats, so I need shoes.

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