All Words Glossary

Glossary of Sociology Terms
beginning with letter M
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marginal Tweet Definition of marginal Like Definition of marginal on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or located at a margin or an edge
    • The area at the edge of the salt-marsh has its own plants
      1. geographically adjacent
    • Monmouthshire is a Welsh county to England
      1. written in the margin of a book
    • There were more notes than text
      1. at the lower extent of a standard
    • His writing ability was at best
      1. of land that is barely productive
    • He farmed his land with difficulty
      1. (context, mostly, UK) of a parliamentary constituency that needs few people to change their previous voting behaviour to change the previous result
    • In Bristol West, Labour had a majority of only 1,000 so is highly this time
meritocracy Tweet Definition of meritocracy Like Definition of meritocracy on Facebook
noun (meritocracies)
  1. Rule by merit, and talent. By extension, now often used to describe a type of society where wealth, income, and social status are assigned through competition.
middle class Tweet Definition of middle class Like Definition of middle class on Facebook
noun
  1. a social and economic class lying above the working class and below the upper class
  2. (plural) the groups in society composed of professionals, semi-professionals, and lower-to-middle managerial level workers.
middle-class Tweet Definition of middle-class Like Definition of middle-class on Facebook
adjective
  1. occupying a position between the upper class and the working class
  2. characteristic of the middle class(es); reflective of that class's values and aspirations. Commonly associated with a desire for social respectability and an emphasis on family values and education.
minority Tweet Definition of minority Like Definition of minority on Facebook
noun (minorities)
  1. Any subgroup that does not form a numerical majority.
Most people agreed, but a sizable minority were upset by the decision.
  1. A member of an ethnic minority.
The company claims it has hired several minorities since the complaint was lodged.
mob Tweet Definition of mob Like Definition of mob on Facebook
noun
  1. An unruly group of people.
  2. A commonly used collective noun for animals such as horses or cattle.
verb (mobs, mobbing, mobbed)
  1. to crowd around someone or something
mobility Tweet Definition of mobility Like Definition of mobility on Facebook
noun
  1. ability to move
Mobility is the ability and willingness to move or change; this can depend on motor skills, special tools such as a walking stick, walker, mobile standing frame or wheelchair, vehicles, uncongested roads, public transport; mobility with regard to one's home depends on availability of houses and being bound to an area because of a job or school, etc. Mobility with regard to one's job depends on availability of jobs (depending on the general job market and on one's versatility, quality, etc. ), mobility with regard to one's home, etc. In solid state physics, mobility generally refers to electron mobility or hole mobility.
In chemistry, mobility refers to the electrophoretic mobility of charged species.
In mobile computing, mobility refers to characteristics of device to handle information access, communication and business transactions while in state of motion.
Academic mobility refers to the possibility for students and teachers to move between different institutions inside and outside their own country.
Apprentices mobility refers to students and teachers in VET moving to another institution inside or outside their own country to study or teach for a limited time. Apprentices mobility suffers from cultural, socio-economical and academic barriers. Under the Lisbon agenda attempts are made to lower these obstacles within the European VET arena.
Social mobility refers to the ability of individuals within a society to move between different social levels
Mobility is also a computer game.
In demography the mobility of a population measures migration within a population.      
mores Tweet Definition of mores Like Definition of mores on Facebook
noun
  1. (plurale tantum) A set of generally accepted moral governances that are not necessarily formalized.
mutualism Tweet Definition of mutualism Like Definition of mutualism on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) any interaction between two species that benefits both; typically involves the exchange of substances or services

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