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Glossary of Religion Terms
beginning with letter S
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Sabbath Tweet Definition of Sabbath Like Definition of Sabbath on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The Biblical seventh day of the week, observed as a day of rest in Judaism, Advent, Seventh-day Adventism, or Baptism, Seventh Day Baptism, starting at sundown on Friday till sundown on Saturday.
  2. Sunday, observed in Christianity as a day of rest.
  3. Friday, observed in Islam as a day of rest.
  4. A meeting of witches at midnight.
sacerdotal Tweet Definition of sacerdotal Like Definition of sacerdotal on Facebook
adjective
  1. priestly; of or relating to priests or a high religious order
sacerdotalism Tweet Definition of sacerdotalism Like Definition of sacerdotalism on Facebook
noun
  1. The belief that priests can act as mediators between God and mankind
sacral Tweet Definition of sacral Like Definition of sacral on Facebook
adjective
  1. (anatomy) Of the sacrum.
  2. Relating to sacred rites. (Synonym for sacred.)
sacrament Tweet Definition of sacrament Like Definition of sacrament on Facebook
noun
  1. (Christianity) A sacred act or ceremony in Christianity. In Roman Catholic theology, a is defined as "an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace."
sacramental Tweet Definition of sacramental Like Definition of sacramental on Facebook
adjective
  1. Used in, or relating to, a sacrament.
    The alther boys were sacked after they were caught sampling the wine instead of just passing it to the priest before communion.
sacrarium Tweet Definition of sacrarium Like Definition of sacrarium on Facebook
noun (sacraria)
  1. (in Ancient Rome) A place where sacred objects were kept, either in a temple (the adytum) or in a house (holding the penates)
    1. The area surrounding the altar of a Christian church; the sanctuary or piscina
sacred Tweet Definition of sacred Like Definition of sacred on Facebook
verb
  1. (obsolete) (past of, sacre)
adjective
  1. Set apart by solemn religious ceremony; especially, in a good sense, made holy; set apart to religious use; consecrated; not profane or common; as, a place; a day; service.
  2. Relating to religion, or to the services of religion; not secular; religious; as, history.
Smit with the love of song. -Milton.
  1. Designated or exalted by a divine sanction; possessing the highest title to obedience, honor, reverence, or veneration; entitled to extreme reverence; venerable.
Such neighbor nearness to our royal blood Should nothing privilege him. (Shak.)
Poet and saint to thee alone were given, The two most names of earth and heaven. -Cowley.
  1. Hence, not to be profaned or violated; inviolable.
Secrets of marriage still are held. -:w:John Dryden, Dryden.
  1. Consecrated; dedicated; devoted; -- with to.
A temple, to the queen of love. -:w:John Dryden, Dryden.
  1. (archaic) Solemnly devoted, in a bad sense, as to evil, vengeance, curse, or the like; accursed; baleful.
But, to destruction and devote. -:w:John Milton, Milton.
sacrilege Tweet Definition of sacrilege Like Definition of sacrilege on Facebook
noun
  1. desecration, profanation, misuse or violation of something regarded as sacred
sacrilegious Tweet Definition of sacrilegious Like Definition of sacrilegious on Facebook
adjective
  1. committing sacrilege
  2. acting or speaking very disrespectfully toward what is held to be sacred
sacristan Tweet Definition of sacristan Like Definition of sacristan on Facebook
noun
  1. The person who maintains the sacristy and the sacred objects it contains.
sacristy Tweet Definition of sacristy Like Definition of sacristy on Facebook
noun (sacrist, ies)
  1. A room in a church where sacred vessels, books, vestments, etc. are kept. Sometimes also used by clergy to prepare for worship or for meetings.
saint Tweet Definition of saint Like Definition of saint on Facebook
noun
  1. A holy person, especially one who has shown heroic virtue.
"Dorothy Day was a living ."
  1. A person whom a church or other religious group has officially proclaimed to show heroic virtue and holiness.
"Kateri Tekawitha was proclaimed a ."
  1. Capitalized: Title given to (2), often prefixed to the person's name
"Saint Stephen was the first martyr."
  1. One who is sanctified or made holy; a person who is separated unto God"s service.
"to the assembly of God which is at Corinth; those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, both theirs and ours. (1Cor. 1:2)"
verb
  1. (nonstandard) To canonize, to formally recognize someone as a saint.
Many wish to see Pope John Paul II sainted immediately.
sainted Tweet Definition of sainted Like Definition of sainted on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, saint)
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to a saint; saint-like, reverenced.
Pope John Paul II, of sainted memory, is a candidate for beatification.
sainthood Tweet Definition of sainthood Like Definition of sainthood on Facebook
noun
  1. the state of being a saint
  2. saints collectively
saintly Tweet Definition of saintly Like Definition of saintly on Facebook
adjective
  1. holy, characteristic of a saint
"Sophie led a saintly life."
salvation Tweet Definition of salvation Like Definition of salvation on Facebook
noun
  1. (religion) the process of being saved, the state of having been saved (from hell)
  2. The process of being restored or made new for the purpose of becoming saved; the process of being rid of the old poor quality conditions and becoming improved.
sanctified Tweet Definition of sanctified Like Definition of sanctified on Facebook
adjective
  1. Made holy. Set aside for sacred or ceremonial use.
sanctify Tweet Definition of sanctify Like Definition of sanctify on Facebook
verb (sanctif, i, ed)
  1. (transitive) To make holy; to consecrate. Set aside for sacred or ceremonial use.
  2. (transitive) To free from sin; to purify.
  3. (transitive) To endorse with religious sanction.
sanctuary Tweet Definition of sanctuary Like Definition of sanctuary on Facebook
noun (sanctuar, ies)
  1. A place of safety, refuge or protection.
My car is a , where none can disturb me except for people who cut me off.
  1. An area set aside for protection.
The bird has strict restrictions on visitors so the birds aren't disturbed.
  1. A state of being protected, asylum.
The government granted to the defector, protecting him from his former government.
  1. The consecrated (or sacred) area of a church or temple around its tabernacle or altar.
sanctum Tweet Definition of sanctum Like Definition of sanctum on Facebook
noun
  1. A place set apart, as with a sanctum sanctorum; a private retreat or workroom.
1848 For myself, I had no need to make any change; I should not be called upon to quit my of the schoolroom; for a it was now become to me, -- "a very pleasant refuge in time of trouble." Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre'', http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=111118993&tag=Bronte,+Charlotte,+1816-1855.:+Jane+Eyre:+an+autobiography,+Vol.+I,+1848&query=sanctum&id=BroJanI Chapter 17.
satisfactory Tweet Definition of satisfactory Like Definition of satisfactory on Facebook
adjective
  1. Done to satisfaction; adequate or sufficient
    The results of the survey led to his promotion.
save Tweet Definition of save Like Definition of save on Facebook
noun
  1. In various sports, a block that prevents an opponent from scoring
The goaltender made a great .
  1. (baseball) When a relief pitcher comes into a game with a 3 run or less lead, and his team wins while continually being ahead
Jones retired seven to earn the .
  1. (professional wrestling slang) A point in a professional wrestling match when one or more wrestlers run to the ring to aid a fellow wrestler who is being beaten.
The giant wrestler continued to beat down his smaller opponent, until several wrestlers ran in for the . (trans-top, block that prevents an opponent from scoring)
  • Norwegian: redning
    (trans-mid)
    (trans-bottom)
verb (sav, ing)
  1. (transitive) To help (somebody) to survive, or keep (somebody) from harm.
  2. (transitive) To keep (something) safe; to safeguard.
  3. (transitive) To store for future use.
  4. (transitive) To conserve or prevent the waste, wasting of.
  5. (transitive) To obviate or make unnecessary.
  6. (context, transitive, computing) To copy (a file) to disk.
  7. (context, transitive, theology) To redeem or protect someone from eternal damnation.
  8. (intransitive) To economize or avoid waste.
  9. (context, transitive, and, intransitive) To accumulate money or valuables.
Savior Tweet Definition of Savior Like Definition of Savior on Facebook
proper nounthe Savior
  1. Jesus Christ
scapular Tweet Definition of scapular Like Definition of scapular on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the scapula
scholastic Tweet Definition of scholastic Like Definition of scholastic on Facebook
noun
  1. a philosopher who works within the tradition of scholasticism
adjective
  1. relating to school; academic
    • This award is for the greatest scholastic achievement by a graduating student.
      1. (Philosophy:) relating to the philosophical tradition or school of scholasticism
Scripture Tweet Definition of Scripture Like Definition of Scripture on Facebook
noun
  1. the Hebrew Tanakh
  2. the Old Testament, Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible.
  3. the Moslem Koran
  4. the Poetic Edda
  5. the religious text of a given religion
seal Tweet Definition of seal Like Definition of seal on Facebook
noun
  1. A pinniped, a large marine fish-eating mammal.
The seals in the harbor looked better than they smelled.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To hunt seals
secret Tweet Definition of secret Like Definition of secret on Facebook
noun
  1. Knowledge that is hidden and intended to be kept hidden.
Can you keep a ? So can I.
verb
  1. To secrete (to hide away).
adjective
  1. being or kept hidden.
We went down a passage.
sect Tweet Definition of sect Like Definition of sect on Facebook
noun
  1. A cult or religious movement, a group sharing particular (often unorthodox) political and/or religious beliefs.
A religious .
secular Tweet Definition of secular Like Definition of secular on Facebook
adjective
  1. not specifically religious
  2. not bound by the vows of a monastic order
clergy in Catholicism
  1. temporal; something that is worldly or otherwise not based on something timeless
  2. happening from age to age, as the secular games of ancient Rome
  3. (rfd-sense) short-term (term used in finance)
  4. long-term.
The long-term growth in population and income accounts for most trends in economic phenomena.
see Tweet Definition of see Like Definition of see on Facebook
noun
  1. A diocese; a region of a church, generally headed by a bishop
verb (sees, seeing, saw, seen)
  1. To perceive with the eyes.
  2. To perceive or detect as if by sight.
  3. To form a mental picture of.
  4. To understand.
Do you what I mean?
seminary Tweet Definition of seminary Like Definition of seminary on Facebook
noun
  1. a theological school for the training of rabbis, priests, or ministers
  2. a private residential school for girls
Septuagesima Tweet Definition of Septuagesima Like Definition of Septuagesima on Facebook
noun
  1. (Christian) a Sunday in the Christian calendar two weeks before Quinquagesima Sunday.
seraph Tweet Definition of seraph Like Definition of seraph on Facebook
noun (pl=seraphs, pl2=seraphim)
  1. (context, Biblical) A six winged angel; the highest choir or order of angels in Christian angelology, ranked above cherubim, and below God. A fine description is found at the beginning of http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Bible_%28World_English%29/Isaiah
  2. Chapter_6 Isaiah chapter 6
seraphic Tweet Definition of seraphic Like Definition of seraphic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or relating to a seraph or the seraphim
  2. pure and sublime
seraphim Tweet Definition of seraphim Like Definition of seraphim on Facebook
noun
  1. (plural of, seraph)
sermon Tweet Definition of sermon Like Definition of sermon on Facebook
noun
  1. religious discourse; a written or spoken address on a religious or moral matter
  2. a lengthy speech of reproval
serve Tweet Definition of serve Like Definition of serve on Facebook
noun
  1. (sports) the act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play in various games
Whose is it?
  1. A portion of food, a serving
verb (serv, ing)
  1. To work for; to labor in behalf of; to exert one's self continuously or statedly for the benefit of; to do service for; to be in the employment of, as an inferior, domestic, serf, slave, hired assistant, official helper, etc.; specifically, in a religious sense, to obey and worship.
  2. To be subordinate to; to act a secondary part under; to appear as the inferior of; to minister to.
  3. To be suitor to; to profess love to.
  4. To wait upon; to supply the wants of; to attend; specifically, to wait upon at table; to attend at meals; to supply with food; as, to serve customers in a shop.
  5. Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.
  6. To perform the duties belonging to, or required in or for; hence, to be of use to; as, a curate may serve two churches; to serve one's country.
  7. To contribute or conduce to; to promote; to be sufficient for; to satisfy; as, to serve one's turn.
  8. To answer or be (in the place of something) to; as, a sofa serves one for a seat and a couch.
  9. To treat; to behave one's self to; to requite; to act toward; as, he served me very ill.
  10. To work; to operate; as, to serve the guns.
  11. To bring to notice, deliver, or execute, either actually or constructively, in such manner as the law requires; as, to serve a summons.
  12. To make legal service opon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.); as, to serve a witness with a subpoena.
  13. To pass or spend, as time, esp. time of punishment; as, to serve a term in prison.
  14. To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.
  15. (tennis): To lead off in delivering (the ball).
  16. To wind spun yarn, or the like, tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather. See under Serving.
  17. To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service.
  18. To perform domestic offices; to be occupied with household affairs; to prepare and dish up food, etc.
  19. To be in service; to do duty; to discharge the requirements of an office or employment. Specifically, to act in the public service, as a soldier, seaman. etc.
  20. To be of use; to answer a purpose; to suffice; to suit; to be convenient or favorable.
server Tweet Definition of server Like Definition of server on Facebook
noun
  1. One who serves.
  2. A tray for dishes; a salver.
  3. (computing) A computer or a program which provides services to other programs or users, either in the same computer or over a computer network.
  4. Preferred unisex term for a waitress or waiter.
service Tweet Definition of service Like Definition of service on Facebook
noun
  1. (economics) That which is produced, then traded, bought or sold, then finally consumed and consists of an action or work.
Hair care is a industry.
  1. (computing) A function that is provided by one program or machine for another.
This machine provides the name for the LAN.
  1. The military.
I did three years in the before coming here.
  1. A set of dishes or utensils.
She brought out the silver tea .
  1. The act of initially starting, or serving, the ball in play in tennis, volleyball, and other games.
The player had four faults in the set.
  1. A religious rite or ritual.
The funeral was touching.
  1. The serving, or delivery, of a summons or writ.
The happened yesterday.
  1. (public service) that which is provided by the Government or its agents
The Job Centre provides a to the unemployed.
  1. (religion) Doing something for someone else without thought of reward or payment.
verb (servic, ing)
  1. to serve
They the customer base.
  1. to perform maintenance
He is going to the car.
session Tweet Definition of session Like Definition of session on Facebook
noun
  1. A period devoted to a particular activity; a training session.
  2. A meeting of a council, court, or legislative body to conduct its buisness.
  1. (computing) Used in reference to web applications, a session is the sequence of interactions between the server and a user. A users session can store persistent data between different web pages. For instance, a person might login to a site on one page, then go on using other pages on the site. The login step begins a session where the server tracks information about that specific user. Sessions typically expire after a set time of non-interaction and are removed from the server's memory.
  2. (cricket) A period of play in which the players only leave the field at a change of innings; the three sessions are between start of play, lunch, tea and close of play
seven deadly sins Tweet Definition of seven deadly sins Like Definition of seven deadly sins on Facebook
noun
  1. The cardinal sins enumerated by w:Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century - pride/vanity, envy, gluttony, greed/avarice, lust, sloth, wrath/anger.
Sexagesima Tweet Definition of Sexagesima Like Definition of Sexagesima on Facebook
noun
  1. (Christian) a Sunday in the Christian calendar one week before Quinquagesima Sunday.
sext Tweet Definition of sext Like Definition of sext on Facebook
noun
  1. the fourth of the canonical hours; usually held at noon
sexton Tweet Definition of sexton Like Definition of sexton on Facebook
noun
  1. A church official who looks after a church and its graveyard and may act as a gravedigger and bell-ringer.
shaker Tweet Definition of shaker Like Definition of shaker on Facebook
noun
  1. A person or thing that shakes, or by means of which something is shaken.
  2. A variety of pigeon.
  3. One who held railroad spikes while they were hammered.
shepherd Tweet Definition of shepherd Like Definition of shepherd on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who tends sheep.
  2. (context, metaphorical) Someone who watch over, watches over, look after, looks after, or guides somebody.
    • Quotations
      The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want; -- The Bible, Psalms 23:1
verb
  1. To watch over; to guide
  2. (aussie-rules) For a player to obstruct an opponent from getting to the ball, either when a teammate has it or is going for it, or if the ball is about to bounce through the goal or out of bounds.
shrine Tweet Definition of shrine Like Definition of shrine on Facebook
noun
  1. A place that is holy.
shrive Tweet Definition of shrive Like Definition of shrive on Facebook
verb (shrives, shriving, shrove, shriven)
  1. (transitive and intransitive) To hear or receive a confession (of sins etc.)
  2. (transitive) To prescribe penance or absolution
  3. (intransitive or reflexive) To confess, and receive absolution
"Twas a good thought, boy, to come here and ", - The Croppy Boy, trad Irish song.
shrove Tweet Definition of shrove Like Definition of shrove on Facebook
verb
  1. past tense of to shrive
Shrove Tuesday Tweet Definition of Shrove Tuesday Like Definition of Shrove Tuesday on Facebook
noun
  1. The day before the beginning of Lent, when pancakes are traditionally eaten, originally to use up milk and eggs that would otherwise spoil because of not being eaten during Lent.
simar Tweet Definition of simar Like Definition of simar on Facebook
noun
  1. A woman's long dress or robe; also light covering; a scarf.
Simon Tweet Definition of Simon Like Definition of Simon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical character) Several persons in the New Testament, notably the original name of Apostle Peter.
  2. (given name, male, )
sin Tweet Definition of sin Like Definition of sin on Facebook
noun
  1. (theology) A violation of a moral or religious law; an error.
  2. A misdeed.
verb (sin, n, ing)
  1. (theology) To commit a sin.
sinecure Tweet Definition of sinecure Like Definition of sinecure on Facebook
noun
  1. A position that requires no work but still gives a payment.
sister Tweet Definition of sister Like Definition of sister on Facebook
noun
  1. a woman or girl who has the same parents as another person; a female sibling.
My little is an annoying pest.
  1. a female member of a religious community; a nun.
  2. a senior or supervisory nurse, often in a hospital.
  3. any woman or girl with whom a bond is felt through common membership of a race, profession, religion or organization, such as feminism.
Connie was very close to her friend Judy and considered her to be her .
    • 1985, w:Eurythmics, Eurythmics and w:Aretha Franklin, Aretha Franklin, Who"s Zoomin' Who?:
    • :song title Sisters Are Doin" It for Themselves
      1. (slang) a black woman
      2. (informal) a form of address to a woman
    • What"s up, ?
      1. (context, attributively) Of or relating to an entity that has a special or affectionate relationship with another
      publication
      city
verb
  1. (context, transitive, construction) To strengthen (a supporting beam) by fastening a second beam alongside it.
I"m trying to correct my sagging floor by sistering the joists.
skeptic Tweet Definition of skeptic Like Definition of skeptic on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs and claims presented by others, requiring strong evidence before accepting any belief or claim.
  2. Someone undecided as to what is true.
  3. A type of agnostic
skepticism Tweet Definition of skepticism Like Definition of skepticism on Facebook
noun (US)
  1. The practice or philosophy of being a skeptic.
  2. A study, studied attitude of questioning and doubt
  3. The doctrine that absolute knowledge is not possible
  4. A methodology that starts from doubt and aims to acquire certainty
  5. Doubt or disbelief of religious doctrines
society Tweet Definition of society Like Definition of society on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A long-standing group of people sharing cultural aspects such as language, dress, norms of behavior and artistic forms.
This society has been known for centuries for its colorful clothing and tight-knit family structure.
  1. (countable) A group of people who meet from time to time to engage in a common interest.
It was then that they decided to found a society of didgeridoo-playing unicyclists.
  1. (countable) The sum total of all voluntary interrelations between individuals.
  2. (uncountable) The people of one"s country or community taken as a whole.
It"s not for society to decide whether I can play the didgeridoo in my own home.
He thinks that the fact that this child grew up to be a murderer is the fault of society.
  1. (uncountable) high society.
Smith was first introduced into society at the Duchess of Grand Fenwick's annual rose garden party.
  1. (legalese) A number of people joined by mutual consent to deliberate, determine and act a common goal.
Society of Jesus Tweet Definition of Society of Jesus Like Definition of Society of Jesus on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An order of Roman Catholic clergy, the Jesuits, having a tradition of education, theological scholarship, and missionary work
sodality Tweet Definition of sodality Like Definition of sodality on Facebook