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Glossary of Religion Terms
beginning with letter E
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East Tweet Definition of East Like Definition of East on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (personification) The wind from the east.
    • 1847: Alfred Lord Tennyson, The Princess
    • : and I sat down and wrote, In such a hand as when a field of corn Bows all its ears before the roaring
    • 1859: Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
    • : uneasy rushes of wind went through the hall ... , West, North, and South, through the woods, four heavy-treading, unkempt figures crushed the high grass and cracked the branches
Easter Tweet Definition of Easter Like Definition of Easter on Facebook
noun
  1. A Christian feast commemorating the Resurrection of Christ; the first Sunday following the full moon that occurs on or next after the vernal equinox
  2. Eastertide
Easter Monday Tweet Definition of Easter Monday Like Definition of Easter Monday on Facebook
noun
  1. The Monday after Easter Sunday; a bank holiday in Britain and a holiday in many other places.
eastern Tweet Definition of eastern Like Definition of eastern on Facebook
adjectiveEastern
  1. Of, facing, situated in, or related to the east
  2. (of a wind) blowing from the east; easterly
  3. (loosely) oriental
Eastern Orthodox Tweet Definition of Eastern Orthodox Like Definition of Eastern Orthodox on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to the faith, practices, etc. of the w:Eastern_Orthodox_Church, Eastern Orthodox Church.
Eastern Orthodox Church Tweet Definition of Eastern Orthodox Church Like Definition of Eastern Orthodox Church on Facebook
proper noun
  1. One of the three major divisions of Christianity derived from the Byzantine Church; it comprises the Greek Orthodox Church, the Russian Orthodox Church and others
Easter Sunday Tweet Definition of Easter Sunday Like Definition of Easter Sunday on Facebook
proper noun
  1. Easter Day, a Christian religious moveable holiday commemorating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
Eastertide Tweet Definition of Eastertide Like Definition of Eastertide on Facebook
noun
  1. The season from Easter to Whitsun
ecclesiastic Tweet Definition of ecclesiastic Like Definition of ecclesiastic on Facebook
noun
  1. One who adheres to a church-based philosophy.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the church; ecclesiastical.
ecclesiastical Tweet Definition of ecclesiastical Like Definition of ecclesiastical on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the church; as, ecclesiastical architecture.
ecumenical Tweet Definition of ecumenical Like Definition of ecumenical on Facebook
adjective
  1. general;universal, Universal
  1. (ecclesiastical, Ecclesiastical) Pertaining to the Christian Church in a worldwide sense or of the desire to unite the denomination, denominations of the Christian Church
    1. of or pertaining to a movement (ecumenical movement)
    2. interreligous or interdenominational
    3. including or containing a mixture of diverse elements or styles; mixed
ecumenical movement Tweet Definition of ecumenical movement Like Definition of ecumenical movement on Facebook
noun
  1. a movement among Protestant groups since the 1800's aimed at achieving universal Christian unity through international or interdenominational organizations.
ecumenicism Tweet Definition of ecumenicism Like Definition of ecumenicism on Facebook
noun
  1. ecumenicalism; ecumenism
ecumenicist Tweet Definition of ecumenicist Like Definition of ecumenicist on Facebook
noun
  1. a person who advocates Christian ecumenicity
ecumenism Tweet Definition of ecumenism Like Definition of ecumenism on Facebook
noun
  1. (philosophy) ecumenical doctrines and practices, especially as manifested in the ecumenical movement
eikon Tweet Definition of eikon Like Definition of eikon on Facebook
noun
  1. icon
eisegesis Tweet Definition of eisegesis Like Definition of eisegesis on Facebook
noun (eisegeses)
  1. An interpretation, especially of Scripture, that reflects the personal ideas or viewpoint of the interpreter; reading something into a text that isn't there. Compare exegesis.
elder Tweet Definition of elder Like Definition of elder on Facebook
noun
  1. An older person or an older member, usually a leader, of some community.
We were presented to the village .
  1. An officer of a church, sometimes having teaching responsibilities
  2. (Mormon) The lowest office in the Melchizedek priesthood.
After being a member of the Church for a while, Bill was ordained to the office of .
  1. (Mormonism) One ordained to the office of elder.
Jack had been an for only a few days when he received a new calling.
  1. (Mormonism) Male missionary, title for a male missionary; title for a general authority.
The elders are coming over for dinner tonight.
One of the long-time leaders in the Church is Elder Packer.
  1. A small tree of the genus Sambucus having white flowers in a cluster, and purple berries.
  2. (context, paganism) A priest or priestess in the modern pagan tradition known as Asatru or Heathenry.
adjective
  1. comparative, Comparative of old; greater than another in age or seniority.
    • The of the two was also an -statesman
elect Tweet Definition of elect Like Definition of elect on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) (theology) In Calvinist theology, those foreordained to Heaven.
  • Antonym: reprobate
verb
  1. (transitive) To choose or make a decision (to do something)
  2. (transitive) To choose (a candidate) in an election
adjective
  1. (context, used only after the noun) Who has been elected in a specified post, but has not yet entered office.
He is the President-.
elevation Tweet Definition of elevation Like Definition of elevation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; -- said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.; as, the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation to sainthood; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character.
  2. Condition of being elevated; height; exaltation.
  3. That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station; as, an elevation of the ground; a hill.
  4. The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude; as, the elevation of the pole, or of a star.
  5. The angle which the style makes with the substylar line.
  6. The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the line o/ sight; -- distinguished from direction.
  7. A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography.
  8. The raising of the Host - representing Christ's body - in a mass or Holy Communion service.
embolism Tweet Definition of embolism Like Definition of embolism on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) An obstruction or occlusion of an artery by an embolus, that is by a blood clot, air bubble or other matter that has been transported by the blood stream.
enclosure Tweet Definition of enclosure Like Definition of enclosure on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) Something enclosed, i.e. inserted into a letter or other package.
There was an with the letter " a photo.
<!--future citation for dropbox; move to Quotations section
    • 1992, Douglas N. Walton, The Place of Emotion in Argument, http://books.google.com/books?id=RkgQLhLHEvYC&pg=PA115&dq=enclosure&sig=qFCti6ktWz7MmiSOKVeAyIeh8nc p115
    • :The centerpiece of the appeal is an with the letter featuring the photograph of the face of the little boy with his black eyes...-->
      1. (uncountable) The act of enclosing, i.e. the insertion or inclusion of an item in a letter or package.
      ''The of a photo with your letter is appreciated.
      1. (countable) An area, domain, or amount of something partially or entirely enclosed by barriers.
      He faced punishment for creating the fenced in a public park.
      The glass holds the mercury vapor.
      The winning horse was first into the unsaddling .
      1. (uncountable) The act of separating and surrounding an area, domain, or amount of something with a barrier.
      The of public land is against the law.
      The experiment requires the of mercury vapor in a glass tube.
      At first, untrained horses resist .
      1. (context, uncountable, British History) The post-feudal process of subdivision of common lands for individual ownership.
      Strip-farming disappeared after .
enthusiasm Tweet Definition of enthusiasm Like Definition of enthusiasm on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, obsolete, or, historical) possession, Possession by a god; divine inspiration or frenzy.
    • 1946: The intoxication that they sought was that of "", of union with the god. " Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, ch. 1
      1. Intensity of feeling; excited interest or eagerness.
enthusiast Tweet Definition of enthusiast Like Definition of enthusiast on Facebook
noun
  1. A person filled with or guided by enthusiasm.
  2. (archaic) A person exhibiting over-zealous religious fervour.
Epiphany Tweet Definition of Epiphany Like Definition of Epiphany on Facebook
noun
  1. Christian feast celebrating the appearance of Jesus Christ to the Magi (representing the world), traditionally celebrated on January 6, the day after the twelfth day of Christmas.
episcopacy Tweet Definition of episcopacy Like Definition of episcopacy on Facebook
noun
  1. Government of the church by bishops.
  2. bishops collectively; episcopate
Episcopal Tweet Definition of Episcopal Like Definition of Episcopal on Facebook
noun (plural:Episcopals)
  1. (colloquial) An adherent of an Anglican church, such as the Scottish Episcopal Church or the Episcopal Church in the United States; properly, an Episcopalian.
adjective
  1. Of or relating to the affairs of an Anglican church, such as the Scottish Episcopal Church or the Episcopal Church in the United States.
Episcopalian Tweet Definition of Episcopalian Like Definition of Episcopalian on Facebook
noun (plural:Episcopalians)
  1. An adherent of the Episcopal Churches of America or Scotland.
I was raised an Episcopalian but no longer belong to a church.
episcopate Tweet Definition of episcopate Like Definition of episcopate on Facebook
noun
  1. Bishops seen as a group.
The American Roman Catholic episcopate regularly meets together.
  1. The tenure in office of a bishop.
Bishop Smith's episcopate ran for more than 30 years.
  1. (rare) A bishop's jurisdiction, the extent of his diocese.
epitrachelion Tweet Definition of epitrachelion Like Definition of epitrachelion on Facebook
noun
  1. The liturgical vestment worn by priests and bishops of the Eastern Orthodox, Orthodox Church as the symbol of their priesthood, corresponding to the Western stole.
    • The epitrachelion is the Orthodox equivalent of the stole, but it hangs straight instead of being crossed over the chest, as is the case with the stole in Western churches. Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 98 Multimedia Edition
    • 1972 ";a little band of marchers displays Greek Orthodox outfits, the rhason and sticharion, the and the epimanikia, the sakkos, the epigonation, the zone, the omophorion; they brandish icons and enkolpia, dikerotikera and dikanikion. Robert Silverberg:Thomas the Proclaimer: Agberg Ltd. This edition in 'Sailing to Byzantium' September 2000 ibooks inc. P232.
    • Although the~ bishop also wears - an , his distinctive sign of office is the omophorion-a long, broad strip arranged on the shoulders in such a way that one end descends in front and the other behind. http://www.roca.org/OA/32/32f.htm
eschatology Tweet Definition of eschatology Like Definition of eschatology on Facebook
noun
  1. System of doctrines concerning final matters, such as death.
  2. The study of the end times " the end of the world, the Second Coming, or the Last Judgment.
establish Tweet Definition of establish Like Definition of establish on Facebook
verb (establish, es)
  1. (transitive) To make stable or firm; to confirm.
  2. (transitive) To form; to set up in business.
  3. (transitive) To found; to institute.
  4. (transitive) To appoint, as officers, laws, regulations, etc.; to enact; to ordain.
  5. (transitive) To prove and cause to be accepted as true; to establish a fact; to demonstrate.
established church Tweet Definition of established church Like Definition of established church on Facebook
noun
  1. a church that is officially recognized as a national institution by a government; in England it is the Church of England
establishment Tweet Definition of establishment Like Definition of establishment on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation.
Since their of the company in 1984, they have grown into a global business.
  1. The state of being established, founded, etc.; fixed state.
The firm celebrated twenty years since their by updating their look.
  1. That which is established; as a form of government, a permanent organization, business or force, or the place where one is permanently fixed for residence.
Pedro's is a fine serving a variety of delicious food.
Exposing the shabby parts of the .
  1. (slang) The establishment: the ruling class or authority group in a society; especially, an entrenched authority dedicated to preserving the status quo.
It's often necessary to question the establishment to get things done.
eternity Tweet Definition of eternity Like Definition of eternity on Facebook
noun (eternities)
  1. (uncountable) Existence without end, infinite time.
  2. (countable) A period of time which extends infinitely far into the future.
  3. (metaphysical) The period of time that elapses after death.
  4. (context, informal, hyperbolic) A comparatively long time.
    It's been an eternity since we last saw each other.
eucharist Tweet Definition of eucharist Like Definition of eucharist on Facebook
nounEucharist
  1. The ceremony of Holy Communion. This meaning is synonymous with service of the Mass or Eastern Divine Liturgy.
  2. The sacrament of Holy Communion.
  3. The substances received in Holy Communion, viz. the bread and wine, seen as Christ"s body and blood.
Evangelical Tweet Definition of Evangelical Like Definition of Evangelical on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to any of several Christian Churches that believe in the sole authority of the gospels
  2. Of, or relating to Protestant (especially Lutheran) Churches in Germany
evangelicalism Tweet Definition of evangelicalism Like Definition of evangelicalism on Facebook
noun
  1. (Christianity) (historical) Lutheranism.
  2. (Christianity) Protestant movement basing its theology almost entirely on Scripture, which is held to be inerrant.
  3. Christian fundamentalism.
evangelism Tweet Definition of evangelism Like Definition of evangelism on Facebook
noun
  1. Sharing news of something in order to convince someone to join or otherwise accept it. The process of evangelize, evangelizing.
Evangelist Tweet Definition of Evangelist Like Definition of Evangelist on Facebook
noun
  1. A writer of a gospel, especially the four New Testament Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), (also evangelist.)
evangelistic Tweet Definition of evangelistic Like Definition of evangelistic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to evangelism or evangelists; spreading the gospel.
  2. Pertaining to the Evangelical school.
  3. (colloquial) Characterised by enthusiasm and a desire to communicate belief.
I was pretty about the merits of working in a small team.
evangelize Tweet Definition of evangelize Like Definition of evangelize on Facebook
verb (evangeliz, ing)
  1. To share news of something in order to convince someone to join or otherwise accept it.
evensong Tweet Definition of evensong Like Definition of evensong on Facebook
noun (plural:evensongs)
  1. A religious service, most commonly seen in the Anglican or Episcopal Church, that takes place in the early hours of the evening.
everlasting Tweet Definition of everlasting Like Definition of everlasting on Facebook
adjective
  1. Lasting or enduring forever; existing or continuing without end; immortal; eternal. "The Everlasting God." Gen. xx1. 33.
  2. Continuing indefinitely, or during a long period; perpetual; sometimes used, colloquially, as a strong intensive; as, "this everlasting nonsense".
I will give to thee, and to thy seed after thee . . . the land of Canaan, for an possession. Gen xvii. 8.
And heard thy yawn confess The pains and penalties of idleness. -Pope.
Excellence Tweet Definition of Excellence Like Definition of Excellence on Facebook
noun
  1. A title of honor or respect; more common in the form Excellency.
Excellency Tweet Definition of Excellency Like Definition of Excellency on Facebook
noun (Excellencies)
  1. (used with His, Her or Your) A form of address for certain high officials or dignitary, dignitaries.
excision Tweet Definition of excision Like Definition of excision on Facebook
noun
  1. The deletion of some text during editing.
  2. (surgery) The removal of a tumor etc. by cutting
  3. (genetics) The removal of a gene from a section of genetic material.
excommunicate Tweet Definition of excommunicate Like Definition of excommunicate on Facebook
noun
  1. a person so excluded
verb (rfc-level, Verb at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
adjective
  1. having been excommunicated
excommunication Tweet Definition of excommunication Like Definition of excommunication on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of excommunicate, excommunicating or eject, ejecting; especially an ecclesiastical censure whereby the person against whom it is pronounced is, for the time, cast out of the communication of the church; exclusion from fellowship in things spiritual.
exeat Tweet Definition of exeat Like Definition of exeat on Facebook
noun
  1. A license or permit for absence from a college or a religious house (such as a monastery)
  2. A permission which a bishop grants to a priest to go out of his diocese
exercise Tweet Definition of exercise Like Definition of exercise on Facebook
noun
  1. Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
The teacher told us the next is to write an essay.
  1. Physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness.
verb (exercis, ing)
  1. To set into action or practicing.
He was going to the horses.
  1. To perform any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
  2. To take action, enforce.
The tenant exercised its option to renew the tenancy.
She is going to her right to vote.
extreme unction Tweet Definition of extreme unction Like Definition of extreme unction on Facebook
noun
  1. The catholic sacrament of Anointing of the Sick

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