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Glossary of Psychiatry Terms
beginning with letter S
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sadism Tweet Definition of sadism Like Definition of sadism on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (mainly psychiatric) the enjoyment of inflicting pain
  2. achievement of sexual gratification by inflicting pain on others
  3. gaining sexual excitement and satisfaction by watching pain inflicted by others on their victims
  4. a morbid form of enjoyment achieved by acting cruel to another, or others.
  5. (In general use) deliberate cruelty either mental or physical also applicable to the cruelty inflicted upon animals whether for sexual gratification or not.
sane Tweet Definition of sane Like Definition of sane on Facebook
adjective (san, er)
  1. Being in a healthy condition; not deranged; acting rationally; -- regarding the mind.
  2. Mentally sound; possessing a rational mind; having the mental faculties in such condition as to be able to anticipate and judge the effect of one's actions in an ordinary manner; -- regarding persons.
satyriasis Tweet Definition of satyriasis Like Definition of satyriasis on Facebook
  1. Uncontrollable sexual desire, found in a man (contrast to nymphomania)
  2. The quality of excessive sexual passion in a male
scar Tweet Definition of scar Like Definition of scar on Facebook
  1. A permanent mark on the skin sometimes caused by the healing of a wound.
verb (scarr, ing)
  1. To mark the skin permanently
schizophrenia Tweet Definition of schizophrenia Like Definition of schizophrenia on Facebook
  1. (pathology) A psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion
  2. (informal) Any condition in which disparate or mutually exclusive activities coexist
scopophilia Tweet Definition of scopophilia Like Definition of scopophilia on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. A sexual dependency on openly observing sexual organs and sexual acts, as opposed to voyeurism, which is secret.
seasonal affective disorder Tweet Definition of seasonal affective disorder Like Definition of seasonal affective disorder on Facebook
noun (abbreviated as SAD)
  1. a form of depression caused by the lack of natural light during the winter months
simulation Tweet Definition of simulation Like Definition of simulation on Facebook
  1. Something which simulates a system or environment in order to predict actual behaviour.''
This exercise is a simulation of actual battle conditions.
The most reliable simulation predicts that the hurricane will turn north.
  1. The process of simulating.
Despite extensive simulation in the design phase, the aircraft failed to behave as expected.
sore Tweet Definition of sore Like Definition of sore on Facebook
  1. An injured, infected, inflamed or diseased patch of skin.
They put ointment and a bandage on the .
adjective (sor, er, est)
  1. Causing pain or discomfort; painfully sensitive.
Her feet were from walking so far.
  1. Feeling animosity towards; annoyed or angered.
Joe was at Bob for beating him at checkers.
  1. dire, Dire; distressing.
The school was in sore' need of textbooks, theirs having been ruined in the flood.
  1. (archaic) sorely, Sorely.
stereotypy Tweet Definition of stereotypy Like Definition of stereotypy on Facebook
noun (stereotypies, -)
  1. (countable),(medicine) excessive repetition, especially of meaningless gestures
  2. (uncountable) The process of making stereotype plates and printing from them
Stockholm syndrome Tweet Definition of Stockholm syndrome Like Definition of Stockholm syndrome on Facebook
  1. A psychological condition in which the hostage emotionally bonds to their captor.
    • The is a psychological response sometimes seen in a hostage, in which the hostage exhibits loyalty to the hostage-taker, in spite of the danger (or at least risk) in which the hostage has been placed.... In the most famous case of the Stockholm Syndrome, Patty Hearst, the granddaughter of publishing baron William Randolph Hearst, was kidnapped by the leftist Symbionese Liberation Army in 1974 and robbed a San Francisco bank together with her captors,
    • While the psychological condition in hostage situations became known as "Stockholm Syndrome" due to the publicity " the emotional "bonding" with captors was a familiar story in psychology. It had been recognized many years before and was found in studies of other hostage, prisoner, or abusive situations such as: Abused Children; Battered/Abused Women; Prisoners of War; Cult Members; Incest Victims; Criminal Hostage Situations; Concentration Camp Prisoners; Cont /Intimidating Relationships
stress Tweet Definition of stress Like Definition of stress on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (context, countable, physics) The internal distribution of force per unit area (pressure) within a body reacting to applied forces which causes strain or deformation and is typically symbolised by Ï
  2. (context, countable, physics) externally applied to a body which cause internal stress within the body.
  3. (uncountable) Emotional pressure suffered by a human being or other animal.
  4. (context, uncountable, phonetics) The emphasis placed on a syllable of a word.
Some people put the on the first syllable of "controversy"; others put it on the second.
  1. (uncountable) Emphasis placed on words in speaking.
  2. (uncountable) Emphasis placed on a particular point in an argument or discussion (whether spoken or written).
verb (stresses, stressing, stressed)
  1. To apply force to (a body or structure) causing strain.
  2. To apply emotional pressure to (a person or animal).
  3. To emphasise (a syllable of a word).
"Emphasis" is stressed on the first syllable, but "emphatic" is stressed on the second.
  1. To emphasise (words in speaking).
  2. To emphasise (a point) in an argument or discussion.
I must that this information is given in strict confidence.
stupor Tweet Definition of stupor Like Definition of stupor on Facebook
  1. A state of reduced consciousness or sensibility
  2. a state in which one has difficulty in thinking or using one's senses
sublimate Tweet Definition of sublimate Like Definition of sublimate on Facebook
verb (sublimat, ed)
  1. (physics) To change state from a solid to a gas (or from a gas to a solid) without passing through the liquid state (transitive or intransitive)
  2. To purify or refine a substance through such a change of state.
  3. (transitive), (psychoanalysis) To modify the natural expression of a sexual or primitive instinct in a socially acceptable manner; to divert the energy of such an instinct into some acceptable activity.
  4. (archaic) To raise to a place of honor.
suicidal Tweet Definition of suicidal Like Definition of suicidal on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to suicide.
He is an authority on the precursors of behavior.
  1. (context, of a person) Likely to commit, or to attempt to commit, suicide.
After losing his job, his wife, and his leg in a single week, he became .
  1. (context, informal) Extremely reckless.
    His driving habits are utterly .
sundown Tweet Definition of sundown Like Definition of sundown on Facebook
  1. (context, US) sunset
    We'll meet by the pier at ; don't forget to bring your kazoo.
suppress Tweet Definition of suppress Like Definition of suppress on Facebook
verb (suppresses, suppressing, suppressed)
  1. To hold in place, to keep low.
suppression Tweet Definition of suppression Like Definition of suppression on Facebook
  1. The act or instance of suppressing.
  2. The state of being suppressed.

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