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Glossary of Music Terms
beginning with letter R
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rackett Tweet Definition of rackett Like Definition of rackett on Facebook
noun
  1. An old wind instrument of the double bassoon kind, having ventages but not keys.
rag Tweet Definition of rag Like Definition of rag on Facebook
noun
  1. A piece of cloth torn off; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred; a tatter; a fragment.
  2. Hence, mean or tattered attire; worn-out dress.
  3. A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.
  4. A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture.
  5. A ragged edge.
  6. A sail, or any piece of canvas.
  7. A piece of ragtime music.
The song mapleleaf has a pleasant, bouncy tune.
  1. (context, slang, pejorative) A newspaper, magazine.
  2. (context, poker slang) A card that appears to help no one.
  3. (context, poker slang) A low card
verb (rag, g, ing)
  1. To scold or rail at; to rate; to tease; to torment; to banter.
raga Tweet Definition of raga Like Definition of raga on Facebook
noun
  1. The very detailed melodic mode used in Indian classical music.
ragtime Tweet Definition of ragtime Like Definition of ragtime on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) A musical form, predating jazz, characterized by a specific type of syncopation in which melodic accents occur between metrical beats.
rallentando Tweet Definition of rallentando Like Definition of rallentando on Facebook
adjective
  1. (music) slackening; becoming slower (used as a musical direction).
R and R Tweet Definition of R and R Like Definition of R and R on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. rest and recreation, or rest and relaxation; especially as a respite from military combat
range Tweet Definition of range Like Definition of range on Facebook
noun
  1. Line or series of mountains.
  2. Large fuel-burning stove.
  3. Selection, array. Eg: A range of cars.
  4. Area used for shooting, artillery, etc.
  5. An area of open, often unfenced, grazing land.
  6. (mathematics) The set of values (points) which a function can obtain.
  7. (statistics) The length of the smallest interval which contains all the data. It is calculated by subtracting the smallest observations from the greatest.
  8. The distance to a target, or to the subject of discussion.
We could see the ship at a range of five miles.
  1. (sports) (baseball) The defensive area that a player can cover.
Jones has good for a big man.
  1. (music) Compass - The scale of all the tones a voice or an instrument can produce.
  2. (ecology) The geographical area or zone where a species is normally naturally found.
verb (ranges, ranging, ranged)
  1. (intransitive) (followed by over) To travel over (an area, etc) with a particular purpose.
  2. (intransitive) (mathematics, computing; followed by over) Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.
The variable x ranges over all real values from 0 to 10.
  1. (transitive) classify
rank Tweet Definition of rank Like Definition of rank on Facebook
noun
  1. position of a person, place, thing, or idea in relation to others based on a shared property such as physical location, population, or quality
Based on your test scores, you have a rank of 23.
  1. a level in an organization such as the military
Private First Class (PFC) is the lowest rank in the Marines.
  1. (context, taxonomy) a level in a scientific taxonomy system
Phylum is the taxonomic rank below kingdom and above class.
  1. (usu. pl) The lines or rows of people in an organization
He rose up through the ranks of the company from mailroom clerk to CEO.
  1. One of the horizontal lines of squares on a chessboard
  2. (music) In a pipe organ, a set of pipes of a certain quality for which each pipe corresponds to one key or pedal.
verb
  1. to give a person, place, thing, or idea a rank
Their defense is ranked third in the league
adjective
  1. Having a very strong and bad odor.
  2. Something which is disgusting.
RE Tweet Definition of RE Like Definition of RE on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. Regarding
initialism
  1. w:Royal Engineers, Royal Engineers, a regiment in the British Army.
  2. Religious Education
realize Tweet Definition of realize Like Definition of realize on Facebook
verb (realiz, ing)
  1. (transitive) To become aware of a fact or situation.
He realized that he had left his umbrella on the train.
  1. (transitive) To make real; to convert from the imaginary or fictitious into the actual; to bring into concrete existence; to accomplish; as, to realize a scheme or project.
    • We what Archimedes had only in hypothesis, weighting a single grain against the globe of earth. — w:Joseph Glanvill, Joseph Glanvill.
      1. (transitive) To cause to seem real; to impress upon the mind as actual; to feel vividly or strongly; to make one's own in apprehension or experience.
    • Many coincidences . . . soon begin to appear in them Greek inscriptions which ancient history to us. — w:Benjamin Jowett, Benjamin Jowett.
    • We can not it in thought, that the object . . . had really no being at any past moment. — w:Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet, Sir William Hamilton.
      1. (transitive) To convert into real property; to make real estate of; as, to realize his fortune.
      2. (transitive) To acquire as an actual possession; to obtain as the result of plans and efforts; to gain; to get; as, to realize large profits from a speculation.
    • Knighthood was not beyond the reach of any man who could by diligent thrift a good estate. — w:Macaulay, Macaulay.
      1. (transitive) To convert into actual money; as, to realize assets.
      2. (transitive) To convert any kind of property into money, especially property representing investments, as shares in stock companies, bonds, etc.
    • Wary men took the alarm, and began to , a word now first brought into use to express the conversion of ideal property into something real. — w:Washington Irving, Washington Irving.
recapitulate Tweet Definition of recapitulate Like Definition of recapitulate on Facebook
verbto recapitulate
  1. to summarize or repeat in concise form
The entire symphony was recapitulated in the last four bars.
  1. to repeat the evolutionary stages of an organism during its embryonic development
''Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.
recapitulation Tweet Definition of recapitulation Like Definition of recapitulation on Facebook
noun
  1. The brief recitement of the major points in a narrative, article, or book. Summary.
  2. (music) The third major section of a musical movement written in sonata form, representing thematic material that originally appeared in the exposition section.
  3. (biology) The reenactment of the embryonic development in evolution of the species.
recitative Tweet Definition of recitative Like Definition of recitative on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) dialogue, in an opera etc, that, rather than being sung as an aria, is reproduced with the rhythms of normal speech, often with simple musical accompaniment or harpsichord continuo; serves to expound the plot
adjective
  1. Of a recital
recorder Tweet Definition of recorder Like Definition of recorder on Facebook
noun
  1. an apparatus for recording; a device which records
  2. someone who records
  3. A judge in a municipal court
  4. A woodwind musical instrument
reedy Tweet Definition of reedy Like Definition of reedy on Facebook
adjective
  1. (of a sound or voice)high and thin in tone.
  2. full of or edged with reeds.
  3. (of a person)tall and thin.
regal Tweet Definition of regal Like Definition of regal on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or having to do with royalty
  2. befitting a king
related Tweet Definition of related Like Definition of related on Facebook
adjective
  1. Standing in relation or connection
Electric and magnetic forces are closely related.
  1. Being a relative of
Everyone is related to their parents.
  1. Narrated; told.
  2. (music) Same as the adjective relative
  3. (math) Fulfilling a relation
release Tweet Definition of release Like Definition of release on Facebook
noun
  1. (software) A version.
  2. Anything recently released or made available (as for sale).
''The video store advertised that it had all the latest "releases".
  1. That which is released, untied or let go.
They marked the occasion with a of butterflies.
verb (releas, ing)
  1. To lease again; to grant a new lease of; to let back.
  2. To let go (of); to cease to hold or contain.
He released his grasp on the lever.
  1. To make available to the public.
They released the new product later than intended.
  1. To free or liberate; to set free.
He was released after two years in prison.
  1. To discharge; to
They released thousands of gallons of water into the river each month.
repercussion Tweet Definition of repercussion Like Definition of repercussion on Facebook
noun
  1. A consequence or ensuing result of some action.
    You realize this little stunt of yours is going to have some pretty serious repercussions.
repetiteur Tweet Definition of repetiteur Like Definition of repetiteur on Facebook
noun
  1. A tutor or coach of ballet dancers or opera singers.
requiem Tweet Definition of requiem Like Definition of requiem on Facebook
noun
  1. A mass or other ceremony to honor and remember a dead person.
Requiem for a Heavyweight.
  1. A musical composition composed for such a mass.
  2. A piece of music composed to honor a dead person.
retardation Tweet Definition of retardation Like Definition of retardation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of retarding or delaying; hindrance.
  2. The extent to which anything is retarded; the result of any retarding or delay; mental, social, or physical slowness.
  3. That which retards; an obstacle; an obstruction.
retire Tweet Definition of retire Like Definition of retire on Facebook
noun (plural: retires)
  1. (rare) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires.
His is by a lake.
  1. (dated) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
At the , the cavalry fell back.'''
verb (retires, retiring, retired)
  1. (transitive) To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively.
He retired himself from the party.
  1. (transitive) To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note.
The central bank retired those notes five years ago.
  1. (transitive) To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer.
The board retired the old major.
  1. (transitive) (cricket) of a batsman, to voluntarily stop batting so that the next batsman can bat
Jones retired in favour of Smith.
  1. (transitive) (baseball) of a fielder, to make a defensive play which results in a runner or the batter being put out
Jones retired Smith 6-3.
  1. (intransitive) To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice.
I will to the study.''
  1. (intransitive) To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle.
The regiment retired from the fray after the Major was killed.
  1. (intransitive) To withdraw from a public station, from working, or from business
Having made a large fortune, he retired.
He wants to at 55.
  1. (intransitive) To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs.
Past the point, the shore retires into a sequence of coves.
  1. (intransitive) To go to bed; as, he usually retires early.
I will for the night.
retrograde Tweet Definition of retrograde Like Definition of retrograde on Facebook
noun
  1. A degenerate person.
verb (retrograd, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To move backwards; to recede; to retire; to decline; to revert.
  2. (context, intransitive, astronomy) To show retrogradation.
adjective
  1. Directed backwards, retreating; reverting especially inferior state, declining; inverse, reverse; movement opposite to normal or intended motion, often circular motion.
  2. counterproductive, Counterproductive to a desired outcome.
reverie Tweet Definition of reverie Like Definition of reverie on Facebook
noun or revery
  1. A state of dreaming while awake
"Defago looked up quickly, as from an interrupted reverie, a reverie, however, that had not prevented his seeing all that went on about him."
rhapsody Tweet Definition of rhapsody Like Definition of rhapsody on Facebook
noun (rhapsodies)
  1. An exalted or exaggeratedly enthusiastic expression of feeling in speech or writing.
  2. A literary work written in an impassioned or exalted style.
  3. A state of elated bliss or ecstasy.
  4. (music) An instrumental composition of irregular form often incorporating improvisation.
  5. An ancient Greek epic poem suitable for uninterrupted recitation.
ricercar Tweet Definition of ricercar Like Definition of ricercar on Facebook
noun
  1. An instrumental musical composition, fugal in style but in a more serious character and with longer notes.
ricercare Tweet Definition of ricercare Like Definition of ricercare on Facebook
noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, ricercar)
ritardando Tweet Definition of ritardando Like Definition of ritardando on Facebook
adverb
  1. (music): Gradually decelerating the tempo of a piece of music, especially at the end of the piece. Abbreviation: rit.
ritenuto Tweet Definition of ritenuto Like Definition of ritenuto on Facebook
adjective
  1. (music) (of a passage in a musical score) immediately slower, held back at a slower rate of pace.
ritornello Tweet Definition of ritornello Like Definition of ritornello on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) an orchestral interlude between arias, scenes, or acts in 17th-century opera.
  2. (music) a tutti section in a concerto grosso, aria, etc.
rockabilly Tweet Definition of rockabilly Like Definition of rockabilly on Facebook
noun
  1. A genre of music originating from the South (United States) and mixing elements of rock, blues, country, hillbilly boogie and bluegrass music.
  2. A style of country music that became popular in the 1950s and mixes elements of rock and blues music.
  3. An American country music style which was faster and more tightly rhythmic than traditional jazz styles. The instrumentation of rockabilly was - lead guitar with a good deal of echo, acoustic rhythm guitar, plucked double bass and drums.
adjective
  1. Used to describe a style of music, usually country.
rocker Tweet Definition of rocker Like Definition of rocker on Facebook
noun
  1. A curved piece of wood attached to the bottom of a rocking chair or cradle that enables it to rock back and forth.
  2. Hence, a rocking chair
  3. (surfing) The lengthwise curvature of a surfboard. (More rocker is a more curved board.)
All modern surfboards share a similar rocker design — Bruce Jones http://www.brucejones.com/longboar.htm
  1. Someone passionate about rock music.
  2. One who rocks something.
rococo Tweet Definition of rococo Like Definition of rococo on Facebook
noun
  1. a style of baroque architecture and decorative art, from 18th century France, having elaborate ornamentation
adjective
  1. of, or relating to the rococo style
  2. over-elaborate or complicated
  3. old-fashioned
Romance Tweet Definition of Romance Like Definition of Romance on Facebook
noun
  1. The group of languages and cultures which are derived from Latin.
adjective
  1. Of or dealing with languages or cultures derived from Roman influence and Latin: as in Italian, French, and Spanish.
romantic Tweet Definition of romantic Like Definition of romantic on Facebook
noun
  1. A person with romantic character
  2. A person who is behaving romantically
Oh, flowers! You're such a .
adjective
  1. Concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love.
Their kiss started casually, but it slowly turned .
  1. ideal, Idealistic yet impractical.
Marry sighed, knowing her ideals were far too to work in reality.
  1. (Of art:) Passionate and imagine, imaginative rather than structured.
rondo Tweet Definition of rondo Like Definition of rondo on Facebook
noun
  1. A musical composition, commonly of a lively, cheerful character, in which the first strain recurs after each of the other strains.
rota Tweet Definition of rota Like Definition of rota on Facebook
noun
  1. A schedule that allocates some task, responsibility or (rarely) privilege between a set of people according to a (possibly periodic) calendar.
rote Tweet Definition of rote Like Definition of rote on Facebook
noun
  1. The process of committing to memory without logical aid.
Students were forced to learn by without really understanding the content.
roulade Tweet Definition of roulade Like Definition of roulade on Facebook
noun
  1. a slice of meat that is rolled up, stuffed, and cooked
  1. (music) An elaborate embellishment of several notes sung to one syllable
round Tweet Definition of round Like Definition of round on Facebook
noun
  1. A circular object.
  2. A circular or repetitious route; hospital rounds.
The guards have started their rounds; the prisoner should be caught soon.
  1. An outburst of a certain event. For example, a round of applause.
  2. A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time.
  3. A serving of something; a dishing out of one of something to everybody, as in a round of drinks.
  4. A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting.
  5. A bullet, or any individual ammunition shell.
  6. A period of time in a boxing match in which boxers are permitted to fight before being signaled to returned to their designated corner.
  7. (context, engineering, drafting, CAD) A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to break sharp edges.
verb (rounds, rounding, rounded)
  1. To shape something into a curve.
The carpenter rounded the edges of the table.
  1. (italbrac, with "out") To finish; to complete; to fill out.
She rounded out her education with only a single mathematics class.
  1. To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number.
Ninety-five rounds up to one hundred.
  1. To turn past a boundary.
Helen watched him until he rounded the corner.
  1. To turn and attack someone or thing.
As a group of policemen went past him, one of them rounded on him, grabbing him by the arm.
adjective (er, more)
  1. circular, Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction.
We sat at a table to make conversation easier.
  1. spherical, Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction.
The ancient Egyptian demonstrated that the Earth is , not flat.
  1. Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves.
Our child's bed has corners for safety.
  1. plump, Plump
  2. complete, Complete, whole, not lacking.
The baker sold us a dozen.
  1. (mathematics) Of a number that has been rounded off or approximated.
One hundred is a nice number.
  1. (linguistics) pronounce, Pronounced with the mouth open in the shape of an "O".
adverb
  1. around, Around.
=      
roundel Tweet Definition of roundel Like Definition of roundel on Facebook
noun
  1. Anything having a round form; a round figure; a circle.
  2. (music) A rondelay.
Quotations
  • 1595: Come, now a roundel and a fairy song ... Fairies sing. — William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act II, Scene II, line 1.
????: Sung all the roundel lustily. — Chaucer?
  1. (Armor) A small circular shield, sometimes not more than a foot in diameter, used by soldiers in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
Quotations
1786: The roundel or rondache derived its name from its circular figure, it was made of oziers boards of light wood, sinews or ropes, covered with leather, plates of metal, or stuck full of nails in concentric circles or other figures. — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 26.
  1. (heraldry): A circular spot; a charge in the form of a small coloured circle.
  2. (Fortification) A bastion of a circular form.
  3. (aircraft) a circular insignia painted on an aircraft to identify its nationality or service.
row Tweet Definition of row Like Definition of row on Facebook
noun
  1. A line of objects, often regularly spaced, such as seats in a theatre, vegetable plants in a garden etc.
  2. A line of entry, entries in a table, etc., going from left to right; as opposed to a column going from top to bottom.
verb
  1. (context, transitive, nautical) To propel (a boat or other craft) over water using oars.
  2. (context, intransitive, nautical) To propel a boat or other craft over water using oars.
rubato Tweet Definition of rubato Like Definition of rubato on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) A tempo in which strict timing is relaxed, the music being played near, but not on the beat
rumba Tweet Definition of rumba Like Definition of rumba on Facebook
noun
  1. a slow-paced Cuban partner dance in 4:4 time

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