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Glossary of Math Terms
beginning with letter V
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 v.
abbreviation
1. versus

 vanish
verb (vanish, es)
1. To become invisible or move out of view unnoticed.
2. (Mathematics) To become equal to zero.
The function f(x)=x^2 vanishes at x=0.

 variable
noun
1. something that is
2. something whose value may be dictated or discovered
There are several variables to consider here.
1. (mathematics) a quantity that may assume any one of a set of values
2. (mathematics) a symbol representing a variable
3. (complang) a named memory location in which a program can store intermediate results and from which it can read it them
4. (astronomy) a variable star
1. able to vary
2. likely to vary
3. marked by diversity or difference
4. (math) having no fixed quantitative value
5. (biology) tending to deviate from a normal or recognized type

 vector function
noun
1. (mathematics) Any function whose range is n-dimensional

 vector product
noun
1. (vector) a vector with the size given by the product of two vectors computed as the product of the magnitudes of the vectors and the sine of the angle between their directions, and directed perpendicular to the given two vectors, with positive orientation.

 vector space
noun
1. (maths) A type of set of vectors that satisfies a specific group of constraints.
A vector space is a set of vectors which can be linear combination, linearly combined. vector space over the field F
1. (linear algebra) A set V, whose elements are called "vectors", together with a binary operation + forming a module (V,+), and a set F
• of bilinear unary functions f
• :V&rarr;V, each of which corresponds to a "scalar" element f of a field F, such that the composition of elements of F
• corresponds isomorphically to multiplication of elements of F, and such that for any vector v, 1
• (v) = v.
1. Any field $\mathbb{F}$ is a one-dimensional vector space over itself.
2. If $\mathbb{V}$ is a vector space over $\mathbb{F}$ and S is any set, then $\mathbb{V}^S={f, f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{V} \}$ is a vector space over $\mathbb{F}$, and $\mbox{dim} ( \mathbb{V}^S ) = \mbox{card}(S) \, \mbox{dim} (\mathbb{V})$.
3. If $\mathbb{V}$ is a vector space over $\mathbb{F}$ then any closed subset of $\mathbb{V}$ is also a vector space over $\mathbb{F}$.
4. The above three rules suffice to construct all vector spaces.

 versed sine
noun (plural versed sines)
1. (trigonometry) The trigonometric function 1 &minus; cos(x). Abbreviations: versin, vers

 versine
noun
1. (trigonometry) The versed sine.

 vinculum
noun
(plural vinculums or vincula)
1. (arithmetic) A horizontal line used to separate the numerator from the denominator in a fraction, or over the top of part of a calculation and serving the same purpose as parentheses (ie, indicating that this part of the calculation is to be done before other parts).

 void
noun
1. An empty space; a vacuum.
Nobody had crossed the since one man died trying three hundred years ago; it's high time we had another go.
verb (transitive)
1. To make invalid or worthless.
He voided the check and returned it.
1. (medicine) To empty.
one"s bowels
1. Having lost all legal validity
null and void

 vulgar fraction
noun (plural vulgar fractions)
1. (arithmetic) A fraction in the form of one integer divided by another, non-zero, integer.

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