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Glossary of Math Terms
beginning with letter V
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v. Tweet Definition of v. Like Definition of v. on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. versus
vanish Tweet Definition of vanish Like Definition of vanish on Facebook
verb (vanish, es)
  1. To become invisible or move out of view unnoticed.
  2. (Mathematics) To become equal to zero.
The function f(x)=x^2 vanishes at x=0.
variable Tweet Definition of variable Like Definition of variable on Facebook
noun
  1. something that is
    1. Adjective, variable
    2. something whose value may be dictated or discovered
    There are several variables to consider here.
    1. (mathematics) a quantity that may assume any one of a set of values
    2. (mathematics) a symbol representing a variable
    3. (complang) a named memory location in which a program can store intermediate results and from which it can read it them
    4. (astronomy) a variable star
adjective
  1. able to vary
  2. likely to vary
  3. marked by diversity or difference
  4. (math) having no fixed quantitative value
  5. (biology) tending to deviate from a normal or recognized type
vector function Tweet Definition of vector function Like Definition of vector function on Facebook
noun
  1. (mathematics) Any function whose range is n-dimensional
vector product Tweet Definition of vector product Like Definition of vector product on Facebook
noun
  1. (vector) a vector with the size given by the product of two vectors computed as the product of the magnitudes of the vectors and the sine of the angle between their directions, and directed perpendicular to the given two vectors, with positive orientation.
vector space Tweet Definition of vector space Like Definition of vector space on Facebook
noun
  1. (maths) A type of set of vectors that satisfies a specific group of constraints.
A vector space is a set of vectors which can be linear combination, linearly combined.vector space over the fieldF
  1. (linear algebra) A set V, whose elements are called "vectors", together with a binary operation + forming a module (V,+), and a set F
    • of bilinear unary functions f
    • :V→V, each of which corresponds to a "scalar" element f of a field F, such that the composition of elements of F
    • corresponds isomorphically to multiplication of elements of F, and such that for any vector v, 1
    • (v) = v.
  1. Any field <math>\mathbb{F}</math> is a one-dimensional vector space over itself.
  2. If <math>\mathbb{V}</math> is a vector space over <math>\mathbb{F}</math> and S is any set, then <math>\mathbb{V}^S={f, f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{V} \}</math> is a vector space over <math>\mathbb{F}</math>, and <math> \mbox{dim} ( \mathbb{V}^S ) = \mbox{card}(S) \, \mbox{dim} (\mathbb{V})</math>.
  3. If <math>\mathbb{V}</math> is a vector space over <math>\mathbb{F}</math> then any closed subset of <math>\mathbb{V}</math> is also a vector space over <math>\mathbb{F}</math>.
  4. The above three rules suffice to construct all vector spaces.
versed sine Tweet Definition of versed sine Like Definition of versed sine on Facebook
noun (pluralversed sines)
  1. (trigonometry) The trigonometric function 1 &minus; cos(x). Abbreviations: versin, vers
versine Tweet Definition of versine Like Definition of versine on Facebook
noun
  1. (trigonometry) The versed sine.
vinculum Tweet Definition of vinculum Like Definition of vinculum on Facebook
noun 
(
pluralvinculumsorvincula)
  1. (arithmetic) A horizontal line used to separate the numerator from the denominator in a fraction, or over the top of part of a calculation and serving the same purpose as parentheses (ie, indicating that this part of the calculation is to be done before other parts).
void Tweet Definition of void Like Definition of void on Facebook
noun
  1. An empty space; a vacuum.
Nobody had crossed the since one man died trying three hundred years ago; it's high time we had another go.
verb (transitive)
  1. To make invalid or worthless.
He voided the check and returned it.
  1. (medicine) To empty.
one"s bowels
adjective
  1. Having lost all legal validity
null and void
vulgar fraction Tweet Definition of vulgar fraction Like Definition of vulgar fraction on Facebook
noun (pluralvulgar fractions)
  1. (arithmetic) A fraction in the form of one integer divided by another, non-zero, integer.

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