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Glossary of Geology Terms
beginning with letter C
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calcification Tweet Definition of calcification Like Definition of calcification on Facebook
noun
  1. The process of change into a stony or calcareous substance by the deposition of lime salt; -- normally, as in the formation of bone and of teeth; abnormally, as in calcareous degeneration of tissue.
calcify Tweet Definition of calcify Like Definition of calcify on Facebook
verb (calcif, i, ed)
  1. (transitive) to make something hard and stony by impregnating with calcium salts
  2. (intransitive) to become hard and stony by impregnation with calcium salts
caldera Tweet Definition of caldera Like Definition of caldera on Facebook
noun
  1. A large crater formed by volcanic explosion or by collapse of the cone of a volcano
Cambrian Tweet Definition of Cambrian Like Definition of Cambrian on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) the Cambrian period
    1. a Welsh person
adjective
  1. (geology) of a geologic period within the Paleozoic era; comprises lower, middle and Furongian epochs from about 542 to 490 million years ago
    1. of, or relating to Wales
Canada Tweet Definition of Canada Like Definition of Canada on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A country in North America; official name : Canada.
canon Tweet Definition of canon Like Definition of canon on Facebook
noun (plural: canons)
  1. a generally accepted principle.
The trial must proceed according to the canons of law.
  1. A group of literary works that are generally accepted as representing a field.
"the durable canon of American short fiction" William Styron.
  1. The works of a writer that have been accepted as authentic.
the entire Shakespeare canon
  1. A Eucharistic Prayer, particularly, the Roman Canon.
  2. A religious law or body of law decreed by the church.
We must proceed according to law.
  1. An ecclesiastical title.
  2. A piece of music in which the same melody is played by different voices, but beginning at different times.
Pachelbel"s Canon has become very popular.
Carboniferous Tweet Definition of Carboniferous Like Definition of Carboniferous on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) the Carboniferous period
adjective
  1. (geology) of a geologic period within the Paleozoic era; comprises the lower, middle and upper Mississippian and lower, middle and upper Pennsylvanian epochs from about 345 to 280 million years ago, when coal was laid down
  2. of, or relating to carbon or coal
catastrophe Tweet Definition of catastrophe Like Definition of catastrophe on Facebook
noun
  1. Any enormous and disastrous event of great significance.
  2. A disaster beyond expectations (insurance industry)
  3. In ancient Greek tragedies, the solution of the plot.
  4. A social change of an outstanding radical and rapid character, with highly magical explanations by victims and others (sociology)
Cenozoic Tweet Definition of Cenozoic Like Definition of Cenozoic on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) the Cenozoic era
adjective
  1. (geology) of a geologic era within the Phanerozoic eon and comprises the Paleogene and Neogene periods from about 65 million years ago to the present, when the continents moved to their current position and modern plants and animals evolved
chine Tweet Definition of chine Like Definition of chine on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Chine (boating))
  1. The top of a ridge.
  2. The spine of an animal.
  3. (nautical) a sharp angle in the cross section of a hull
  4. (Southern England) a steep-sided ravine leading from the top of a cliff down to the sea
cirque Tweet Definition of cirque Like Definition of cirque on Facebook
noun
  1. A curved depression in a mountainside with steep walls, forming the end of a valley; cwm
clastic Tweet Definition of clastic Like Definition of clastic on Facebook
adjective
  1. made up from parts that are easily removable
  1. (geology) (of rock) made from fragments of pre-existing rocks
clay Tweet Definition of clay Like Definition of clay on Facebook
noun
  1. A mineral substance made up of small crystals of silica and alumina, that is ductile when moist; the material of pre-fired ceramics.
  2. An earth material with ductile qualities.
  3. (idiom) (Biblical) The material of the human body.
    • 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Job 10:8-9:
    • : Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about...thou hast made me as the .
    • 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Isaiah 64:8:
    • : But now, O Lord, thou art our Father; we are the , and thou art our potter; and we are the work of thy hand.
Cliff Tweet Definition of Cliff Like Definition of Cliff on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A diminutive of the male given name Clifford.
clinker Tweet Definition of clinker Like Definition of clinker on Facebook
noun
  1. slag, Slag or ash produced by intense heat in a furnace, kiln or boiler that forms a hard residue upon cooling.
  2. Hardened volcanic lava.
  3. A scum of oxide of iron formed in forging.
  4. A very hard brick used for paving customarily made in the Netherlands.
  5. A mass of bricks fused together by intense heat.
  6. One who clinks or an item that clinks, hence fetters are also called clinkers.
  7. Clink, derived from clinch, hence one who clinches or that clinches.
competent Tweet Definition of competent Like Definition of competent on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having sufficient skill, knowledge, ability, or qualifications.
He is a skier and an expert snowboarder.
concretion Tweet Definition of concretion Like Definition of concretion on Facebook
noun
  1. the process of coalescing into a mass
  2. any solid, hard mass
  3. (geology) a rounded mass of a mineral, sometimes found in sedimentary rock or on the ocean floor
conformable Tweet Definition of conformable Like Definition of conformable on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having the same shape, very similar.
conformity Tweet Definition of conformity Like Definition of conformity on Facebook
noun
  1. State of things being similar, or identical.
  2. The ideology of adhering to one standard or social uniformity.
How far should one accept the rules of the society in which one lives? To put it another way: at what point does become corruption? Only by answering such questions does the conscience truly define itself. - q:Kenneth Tynan, Kenneth Tynan
conglomerate Tweet Definition of conglomerate Like Definition of conglomerate on Facebook
noun
  1. A cluster of heterogeneous things.
  2. (business) A corporation formed by the combination of several smaller corporations whose activities are unrelated to the corporation's primary activity. <span style="font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase">example:</span> wikipedia:General Electric, General Electric Company.
  3. (geology) A rock consisting of gravel or pebbles embedded in a matrix.
verb (conglomerat, ing)
  1. To combine together into a larger mass.
  2. (business) To combine together into a larger corporation.
adjective
  1. Clustered together into a mass.
consolidation Tweet Definition of consolidation Like Definition of consolidation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of consolidate, consolidating, making firm, or uniting; the state of being consolidated; solidification; combination.
  2. The combination of several actions into one.
contact Tweet Definition of contact Like Definition of contact on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of touching physically.
  2. The establishment of communication (with).
  3. (colloquial) A contact lens.
  4. (electrical) a device designed for repetitive connections.
Touch the to ground and read the number again.
  1. Someone with whom one is in communication.
The salesperson had a whole binder full of contacts for potential clients.
continental drift Tweet Definition of continental drift Like Definition of continental drift on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) the slow movement of continents explained by plate tectonics
corrade Tweet Definition of corrade Like Definition of corrade on Facebook
verb (corrad, ing)
  1. To gnaw into; to wear away; to fret; to consume.
  2. (geology) To erode, as the bed of a stream.
  3. To scrape together, scrape or rake together; to accumulate laboriously.
coseismal Tweet Definition of coseismal Like Definition of coseismal on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or pertaining to a line on a map connecting places simultaneously affected by a seismic event
coulee Tweet Definition of coulee Like Definition of coulee on Facebook
noun
  1. A deep gulch or ravine, frequently dry in summer.
couloir Tweet Definition of couloir Like Definition of couloir on Facebook
noun
  1. A steep gorge along a mountainside.
crater lake Tweet Definition of crater lake Like Definition of crater lake on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) a lake that has formed in the caldera of a volcano
Cretaceous Tweet Definition of Cretaceous Like Definition of Cretaceous on Facebook
nounthe Cretaceous
  1. (geology) the Cretaceous period
adjective
  1. (geology) of a geologic period within the Mesozoic era that comprises lower and upper epochs from about 146 to 65 million years ago
crevasse Tweet Definition of crevasse Like Definition of crevasse on Facebook
noun
  1. a crack or fissure in a glacier or snow field; a chasm
crust Tweet Definition of crust Like Definition of crust on Facebook
noun
  1. a more solid, dense or hard layer on a surface or boundary
verb
  1. To cover with a .
  2. To form a

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