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Glossary of Electricity Terms
beginning with letter S
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S Tweet Definition of S Like Definition of S on Facebook
  1. The nineteenth letter of the Appendix:Roman script, English alphabet, preceded by R and followed by T.
saturate Tweet Definition of saturate Like Definition of saturate on Facebook
verb (saturat, ing)
  1. To cause to become completely penetrated, impregnated, or soaked; imbue.
After walking home in the driving rain, his clothes were saturated.
  1. To satisfy the affinity of; to cause a substance to become inert by chemical combination with all that it can hold.
One can phosphorus with chlorine.
saturation Tweet Definition of saturation Like Definition of saturation on Facebook
  1. the act of saturating or the process of being saturated
  2. (physics) the condition in which, after a sufficient increase in a causal force, no further increase in the resultant effect is possible; e.g. the state of a ferromagnetic material that cannot be further magnetized
  3. (chemistry) the state of a saturated solution
  4. (chemistry) the state of an organic compound that has no double bond, double or triple bonds
  5. (meteorology) the state of the atmosphere when it is saturated with water vapour; 100% humidity
    1. the intensity or vividness of a colour
    2. intense bombing of a military target with the aim of destroying it
    3. the flooding of a market with all of a product that can be sold
  6. (music) an effect on the sound of an electric guitar, used primarily in heavy metal music
seal Tweet Definition of seal Like Definition of seal on Facebook
  1. A pinniped, a large marine fish-eating mammal.
The seals in the harbor looked better than they smelled.
  1. (intransitive) To hunt seals
secondary Tweet Definition of secondary Like Definition of secondary on Facebook
  1. Succeeding next in order to the first; of second place, origin, rank, rank, etc.; not primary; subordinate; not of the first order or rate.
  2. Acting by deputation or delegated authority; as, the work of secondary hands.
  3. Possessing some quality, or having been subject to some operation (as substitution), in the second degree; as, a secondary salt, a secondary amine, etc. Cf. primary.
  4. (geology) Subsequent in origin; -- said of minerals produced by alteertion or deposition subsequent to the formation of the original rocks mass; also of characters of minerals (as secondary cleavage, etc.) developed by pressure or other causes.
  5. (zootomy) Pertaining to the second joint of the wing of a bird.
  6. (medicine) Dependent or consequent upon another disease; as, Bright's disease is often secondary to scarlet fever. (b) Occuring in the second stage of a disease; as, the secondary symptoms of syphilis.
selenium cell Tweet Definition of selenium cell Like Definition of selenium cell on Facebook
  1. a photoelectric cell that uses a strip of selenium as the electron source
self-induction Tweet Definition of self-induction Like Definition of self-induction on Facebook
  1. induction in a circuit caused by changes in the circuit itself
send Tweet Definition of send Like Definition of send on Facebook
verb (sends, sending, sent) (transitive)
  1. To make something (such as an object or message) go from one place to another.
To a message.
To a letter.
  1. (slang, dated) To excite, delight, or thrill (someone).
    • 1947, w:Robertson Davies, Robertson Davies, w:The Diary of Samuel Marchbanks, The Diary of Samuel Marchbanks, Clarke, Irwin & Co., page 183,
    • :The train had an excellent whistle which sent me, just as Sinatra sends the bobby-sockers.
    • 1957, w:Sam Cooke, Sam Cooke, w:You Send Me, "You Send Me",
    • :Darling you me / I know you me
    • 1991, w:P.M. Dawn, P.M. Dawn, w:Set Adrift on Memory Bliss, "Set Adrift on Memory Bliss",
    • :Baby you me
    • 1998 November 2, Rabid Dog's Saliva <[email protected]>, "Re: BiWoman? wants hot girl-girl sex!", torfree.personals, Usenet,
    • :I just can't help it. you me babe!
series Tweet Definition of series Like Definition of series on Facebook
noun (series)
  1. A number of things that follow on one after the other or are connected one after the other.
  2. A television or radio program which consists of several episodes that are broadcast in regular intervals
Friends was one of the most successful television series in recent years.
  1. (analysis) The sum of the terms of a sequence.
  2. (cricket) A group of matches between two sides; the aim being to win more matches than the opposition
serving Tweet Definition of serving Like Definition of serving on Facebook
noun (servings, -)
  1. (uncountable) The action of the verb to serve.
The tennis match began with her .
  1. (countable) A portion (especially, of a meal) served to someone.
  1. (present participle of, serve)
  1. That or who serves or serve.
serving marines
serving girl
sheath Tweet Definition of sheath Like Definition of sheath on Facebook
noun (sheaths)
  1. A scabbard; a holster for a sword.
  2. Anything that has a similar shape to a scabbard for a sword that is for the purpose of holding an object that is longer than it is wide; a case.
  3. A tight-fitting dress.
  4. A condom
verb (sheathes, sheathing, sheathed)
  1. To put an object (especially a weapon, in particular, a sword) into its sheath.
sheathe Tweet Definition of sheathe Like Definition of sheathe on Facebook
verb (sheathes, sheathing, sheathed, sheathed)
  1. To put something, such as a knife, into a sheath
  2. To encase something with a protective covering
shield Tweet Definition of shield Like Definition of shield on Facebook
  1. (Armor) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
  • 1599: Knocks go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame. &mdash; William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act III, Scene II, line 8.
  • 1786: The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22.
    1. Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
  • Quotations
  • 1592: Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field. &mdash; William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act 4, Scene 3, line 56.
    1. Figuratively, one who protects or defends.
  • Quotations
  • 1611: Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. The Holy Bible, King James Version, Genesis 15:1.
    1. (botany) In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
    2. (heraldry) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
    3. (geology) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
    4. (mining) (Mining) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
    5. A spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
  • Bespotted as with shields of red and black. Spenser.
    1. (obsolete) A coin, the old French crown, or écu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
    2. (scifi) A field of energy which protects or defends.
    3. (colloquial) A police badge
  • The chief put something in his hand and Bosch looked down to see the gold detective's .
    1. (transport) A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
  • verb 
    1. To protect, to defend.
      • 2004: w: Chris Wallace (journalist), Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
      • :Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.
        1. (electricity) to protect from the influence of
    short Tweet Definition of short Like Definition of short on Facebook
    1. A short circuit.
    2. (baseball) shortstop
    Jones smashes a grounder between third and .
    1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit
    1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically dimensions.
    2. A word or phrase that can be said or written in less time to represent another word or phrase.
    "Tater" is for "potato".
    1. (context, of a person) With less height
    2. (cricket, of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman
    3. (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position) relatively close to the batsman
    1. (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
    short circuit Tweet Definition of short circuit Like Definition of short circuit on Facebook
    1. An unintentional connection of low resistance or impedance in a circuit such that excessive and often damaging current flows in it.
    1. (transitive) to cause a short circuit in
    2. (transitive) (context, by extension) to force termination of an ongoing process before its natural conclusion by bypassing one or more intermediary steps
      • 1998: Catherine Nickerson, The Web of Iniquity
      • : His temporarily successful attempt to smear Redfield is an effort to short-circuit the narrative into premature and mistaken resolution.
      • 2002: Jim Kasper, Short Cycle Selling: Beating Your Competitors in the Sales Race,
      • : You do not need to follow your entire sales cycle if the customer wants to short-circuit it for you.
      • 2003: Gina Hens-Piazza, Nameless, Blameless, and Without Shame: Two Cannibal Mothers Before a King
      • : My mother, determined to short-circuit my outcry, would match my objections by pointing out an inherent reward for doing such work.
        1. (transitive) (context, computing) to terminate a loop before the declared termination condition is met or a conditional before all conditions have been tested for
      • 2002: Paul Kimmel, Visual Basic.Net Unleashed
      • : For example, to short-circuit the LoggedIn?() or LogIn?() if conditional, replace the Or with OrElse? and the statement is interpreted to mean if not logged in, then log in.
      • 2002: Jose Mojico, C
      • and VB.NET Conversion Pocket Reference
      • : If you would like to short-circuit, you must replace And with the AndAlso? keyword and Or with the OrElse? keyword, as follows....
      • 2006: Jay Hillard &amp; Stephen Teilhet, C
      • Cookbook
      • : The Demand is done to ensure that you have indeed been granted this permission before using the Assert'' to short-circuit the stackwalk.
    short-circuit Tweet Definition of short-circuit Like Definition of short-circuit on Facebook
    1. short circuit
    shunt Tweet Definition of shunt Like Definition of shunt on Facebook
    1. A switch on a railway
    2. A connection used as an alternative path between parts of an electric circuit
    3. A passage between body channels constructed surgically as a bypass
    1. (informal) A minor collision
    1. To turn away or aside
    2. To move a train from one track to another, or to move carriages etc from one train to another
    3. To divert electric current by providing an alternative path
    4. To divert the flow of a body fluid using surgery
    5. (informal) To have a minor collision, especially in a motor car
    siemens Tweet Definition of siemens Like Definition of siemens on Facebook
    noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
    1. In the International System of Units, the derived unit of electric conductance; the electric conductance in a body that has a resistance of one ohm. Symbol: S
    slip Tweet Definition of slip Like Definition of slip on Facebook
    1. An act or instance of slipping.
    2. A women's undergarment worn under a skirt or dress.
    3. A small piece of paper.
    4. A berth for a boat or ship.
    5. A mistake or error (slip of the tongue.)
    6. (uncountable) In ceramics, a thin, slippery mix of clay and water.
    7. (cricket) Any of several fielding positions to the off side of the wicket keeper, designed to catch the ball after being deflected from the bat; a fielder in that position (See first slip, second slip, third slip, fourth slip and fifth slip.)
    8. The difference between the speed of a rotating magnetic field and the speed of its rotor.
    verb (slip, p, ing)
    1. (intransitive) To lose one's traction on a slippery surface; to slide due to a lack of friction.
    2. (intransitive) To err.
    3. (transitive) To pass (a note, etc.)
      • 1883, w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
      • : We slipped along the hedges, noiseless and swift...
    slip ring Tweet Definition of slip ring Like Definition of slip ring on Facebook
    1. A component of an electromechanical device which, in combination with brushes, provides a continuous electrical connection between stationary and rotating conductors
    sodium lamp Tweet Definition of sodium lamp Like Definition of sodium lamp on Facebook
    1. a sodium vapor lamp
    solenoid Tweet Definition of solenoid Like Definition of solenoid on Facebook
    1. A coil of wire that acts as a magnet when an electric current flows through it
    2. A mechanical switch consisting of such a coil containing a metal core whose movement is controlled by the current
    South Pole Tweet Definition of South Pole Like Definition of South Pole on Facebook
    noun south, South pole, Pole
    1. (geography) The southernmost point on Earth; that point in Antarctica where Earth's axis of rotation passes through Earth's surface.
    2. (geography) Earth's magnetic south pole.
    3. (geography) Earth's geomagnetic south pole.
    space charge Tweet Definition of space charge Like Definition of space charge on Facebook
    1. (physics) The localized excess electric charge in a specific volume; especially such a negative charge
    spaghetti Tweet Definition of spaghetti Like Definition of spaghetti on Facebook
    noun (uncountable; an individual strand is called a piece of spaghetti or a strand of spaghetti, or rarely spaghetto, derived from the Italian form)
    1. A type of pasta made in the shape of long thin strings.
    2. (in singular: strand of spaghetti) an individual piece of spaghetti
    3. A dish that has spaghetti as a main part of it, such as spaghetti bolognese.
    4. Informally, any type of pasta.
    5. Electrical insulating tubing.
    6. Anything tangled or confusing.
    7. A short form of spaghetti code.
    spark gap Tweet Definition of spark gap Like Definition of spark gap on Facebook
    1. a gap, between two electrical terminals, across which sparks are generated
    2. such a gap as a component of an engine's ignition system
    standoff Tweet Definition of standoff Like Definition of standoff on Facebook
    1. A device which maintains a fixed distance between two objects, especially between a surface and electrical wiring.
    2. (colloquial) A social confrontation, or conflict between persons (see above verb).
    I don't want to get involved in the between those two.
    1. To operate some distance from the object of the operation
    2. (colloquial) To become involved in a social confrontation, or conflict of interests. (To cause a stand-off is to undertake the action itself.)
    static Tweet Definition of static Like Definition of static on Facebook
    1. interference on a broadcast signal caused by atmospheric disturbances; heard as crackles on radio, or seen as random specks on television
    2. (context, by extension) interference or obstruction from people
    3. Something that is not part of any perceived universe phenomena; having no motion; no particle; no wavelength.
    1. Not able to change
    2. Fixed in place
    3. (complang) Occupying memory allocated when a program is load, loaded.
    4. Having no motion
    static electricity Tweet Definition of static electricity Like Definition of static electricity on Facebook
    1. an electric charge that has built up on an insulated body, often due to friction
    2. the electric discharge from such a body
    3. (physics) electrostatics
    streamer Tweet Definition of streamer Like Definition of streamer on Facebook
    1. a long, narrow flag, or piece of material used as a decoration
    2. a newspaper headline that runs across the entire page
    3. (computing) a data storage system, mainly used to produce backups, in which large quantities of data are transferred to a continuously moving tape
    4. (context, fishing) in fly fishing, a variety of wet fly designed to mimic a minnow
    sulfate Tweet Definition of sulfate Like Definition of sulfate on Facebook
    1. (chemistry) any salt or ester of sulfuric acid
    verb to sulfate
    1. (transitive) to treat something with sulfuric acid, a sulfate, or with sulfur dioxide
    2. (context, of a lead-acid battery) to accumulate a deposit of lead sulfate
    suppress Tweet Definition of suppress Like Definition of suppress on Facebook
    verb (suppresses, suppressing, suppressed)
    1. To hold in place, to keep low.
    suppression Tweet Definition of suppression Like Definition of suppression on Facebook
    1. The act or instance of suppressing.
    2. The state of being suppressed.
    susceptance Tweet Definition of susceptance Like Definition of susceptance on Facebook
    1. (physics) the imaginary component of the admittance of an alternating current circuit
    suspension Tweet Definition of suspension Like Definition of suspension on Facebook
    1. The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended
    2. A temporary delay, interruption, or cessation; Of labor, study, pain, etc.; Of decision, determination, judgment, etc.; Of judgment or opinion in view of evidence to be produced.; Of the payment of what is due; as, the suspension of a mercantile firm or of a bank.; Of punishment, or sentence of punishment.; Of a person in respect of the exercise of his office, powers, prerogative, etc.; as, the suspension of a student or of a clergyman.; Of the action or execution of law, etc.; as, the suspension of the habeas corpus act.
    3. A conditional withholding, interruption, or delay; as, the suspension of a payment on the performance of a condition.
    4. The state of a solid when its particles are mixed with, but not dissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining; also, any substance in this state.
    5. A keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive expectation of what is to follow, or of what is to be the inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations employed.
    6. (Scots Law) A stay or postponement of execution of a sentence condemnatory by means of letters of suspension granted on application to the lord ordinary.
    7. (music) The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects; the discord so produced. Cf. retardation.
    1. (topology) A topological space derived from another by taking the product of the original space with an interval and collapse, collapsing each end of the product to a point.
    2. (topology) A function derived, in a standard way, from another, such that the instant function's domain and codomain are suspensions of the original function's.
    switch Tweet Definition of switch Like Definition of switch on Facebook
    1. A device to turn electric current turn on, on and turn off, off or direct its flow.
    2. (context, railroading, US) A movable section of railroad track which allows the train to be directed down one of two destination tracks; point.
    3. A thin rod used as a whip.
    4. (computer science) A CLI, command line notation allowing specification of optional behavior.
    5. (Telephony) A system of specialized relays, computer hardware, or other equipment which allows the interconnection of a calling party's telephone line with any called party's line.
    verb (switch, es)
    1. (transitive) To exchange.
    I want to this red dress for a green one.
    1. (transitive) To change (something) to the specified state using a switch.
    Switch the light on.
    1. (transitive) To hit with a switch (rod).
    2. (intransitive) To change places, tasks, etc.
    I want to to a different seat.
    1. (slang) (intransitive) To get angry suddenly; to quickly or unreasonably become enraged.
    synchronize Tweet Definition of synchronize Like Definition of synchronize on Facebook
    verb (synchroniz, es)
    1. (transitive) To make two or more events happen at exactly the same time, or at the same rate

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