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Glossary of Construction Terms
beginning with letter R
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rabbet Tweet Definition of rabbet Like Definition of rabbet on Facebook
noun
  1. A longitudinal channel, groove, or recess cut out of the edge or face of a plank of wood or other material; especially, one intended to fit another member to form a joint.
verb
  1. (transitive) To cut a
    1. Noun, rabbet in a piece of material.
rabbet plane Tweet Definition of rabbet plane Like Definition of rabbet plane on Facebook
noun
  1. A rebate plane.
radial saw Tweet Definition of radial saw Like Definition of radial saw on Facebook
noun
  1. a circular saw in which the saw wheel cuts downward from a suspended arm
raft Tweet Definition of raft Like Definition of raft on Facebook
noun
  1. A flat structure made of planks, barrels etc., that floats on water, and is used for transport, emergency, emergencies or a platform for swimmers.
  2. A flat-bottomed inflatable craft for floating or drifting on water.
  3. A large (but unspecified) number, a lot.
All we've ever got from you is a of promises.
verb
  1. (transitive) to convey on a raft
  2. (transitive) to make into a raft
  3. (intransitive) to travel by raft
rafter Tweet Definition of rafter Like Definition of rafter on Facebook
noun
  1. one of the sloping beams that support a pitched roof
rag Tweet Definition of rag Like Definition of rag on Facebook
noun
  1. A piece of cloth torn off; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred; a tatter; a fragment.
  2. Hence, mean or tattered attire; worn-out dress.
  3. A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.
  4. A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture.
  5. A ragged edge.
  6. A sail, or any piece of canvas.
  7. A piece of ragtime music.
The song mapleleaf has a pleasant, bouncy tune.
  1. (context, slang, pejorative) A newspaper, magazine.
  2. (context, poker slang) A card that appears to help no one.
  3. (context, poker slang) A low card
verb (rag, g, ing)
  1. To scold or rail at; to rate; to tease; to torment; to banter.
rail Tweet Definition of rail Like Definition of rail on Facebook
noun
  1. a horizontal bar extending between supports and used for support or as a barrier; a railing.
  2. the metal bar that makes the track for a railroad.
  3. a railroad; a railway
  4. a horizontal piece of wood that serves to separate sections of a door or window.
  5. (surfing) lengthwise edges of a surfboard
Rails alone can only ever have a marginal effect on a board's general turning ability — Nick Carroll at surfline.com http://www.surfline.com/community/whoknows/10_21_rails.cfm
verb
  1. to complain violently; to abuse
railing Tweet Definition of railing Like Definition of railing on Facebook
noun
  1. A fence or barrier consisting of one or more horizontal rails and vertical supports.
During the war, everyone's railings were taken away to make bombers.
rake Tweet Definition of rake Like Definition of rake on Facebook
noun
  1. A garden tool with a row of pointed teeth fixed to a long handle, used for collecting grass or debris, or for loosening soil.
  2. (Ireland / idiomatic) a lot, plenty.
Jim has had a rake of trouble with his new car.
verb (rak, ing)
  1. jut out (ship"s bow or stern above keel)
ramp Tweet Definition of ramp Like Definition of ramp on Facebook
noun
  1. an inclined surface that connects two levels; an incline
  2. a mobile staircase that is attached to the doors of an airliner at an airport
  3. an American plant, Allium tricoccum, related to the onion
  4. (Appalachia) a promiscuous man or woman; a general insult for a worthless person
verb
  1. to behave violently; to rage
  2. to stand in a rampant position
random Tweet Definition of random Like Definition of random on Facebook
noun
  1. (colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence.
The party was boring. It was full of randoms.
adjective
  1. All outcomes being equally probable
He arranged the cards in order.
  1. Unpredictable
The outcome of a fair coin flip is .
  1. Lacking statistical correlation.
The results look by several different measures.
  1. Having apparent lack of plan, cause or reason
The narrative takes a course.
  1. (colloquial) Apropos of nothing; lacking context
That was a completely comment.
The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but .
  1. (colloquial) From the population at large
I don't want people to be able to access this account.
I know I must seem completely right now. I'm just nervous about asking you out.
  1. (colloquial) absurd, unexpected, humorous
What you just said was so .
  1. (colloquial) Undistinguished, average, common. Originated in hacker's slang. Source: w:Jargon File, Jargon File
  2. (colloquial, probably US only) Lacking poise
range Tweet Definition of range Like Definition of range on Facebook
noun
  1. Line or series of mountains.
  2. Large fuel-burning stove.
  3. Selection, array. Eg: A range of cars.
  4. Area used for shooting, artillery, etc.
  5. An area of open, often unfenced, grazing land.
  6. (mathematics) The set of values (points) which a function can obtain.
  7. (statistics) The length of the smallest interval which contains all the data. It is calculated by subtracting the smallest observations from the greatest.
  8. The distance to a target, or to the subject of discussion.
We could see the ship at a range of five miles.
  1. (sports) (baseball) The defensive area that a player can cover.
Jones has good for a big man.
  1. (music) Compass - The scale of all the tones a voice or an instrument can produce.
  2. (ecology) The geographical area or zone where a species is normally naturally found.
verb (ranges, ranging, ranged)
  1. (intransitive) (followed by over) To travel over (an area, etc) with a particular purpose.
  2. (intransitive) (mathematics, computing; followed by over) Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.
The variable x ranges over all real values from 0 to 10.
  1. (transitive) classify
ranged Tweet Definition of ranged Like Definition of ranged on Facebook
adjectiverange
  1. (of a projectile, or projectile system) whose range can be adjusted
ranger Tweet Definition of ranger Like Definition of ranger on Facebook
noun
  1. a keeper, guardian, or soldier who ranges over a region to protect the area or enforce the law.
rasp Tweet Definition of rasp Like Definition of rasp on Facebook
noun
  1. a coarse file (tool)
    1. the sound made by this tool when used
verbto rasp
  1. (intransitive) to use a rasp
  2. (intransitive) to make a noise similar to the one a rasp in use makes; to utter rasps
  3. (transitive) to work something with a rasp
receptor Tweet Definition of receptor Like Definition of receptor on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, biochemistry, medicine) A structure on a cell wall that binds with specific molecules so that they can be absorbed into the cell in order to control certain functions.
    • 2001: In the target organ, the drug is recognised by "receptors". These are large molecules, usually proteins, to which the drug binds tightly and with a high degree of specificity. " Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 24)
      1. (biology) Any specialized cell or structure that responds to sensory stimuli.
reface Tweet Definition of reface Like Definition of reface on Facebook
verb (refac, ing)
  1. (transitive) To replace the face or surface of something; to create a new outer layer.
They decided to their cabinets, putting new doors and fresh paint just on the fronts.
refusal Tweet Definition of refusal Like Definition of refusal on Facebook
noun
  1. the acting of refuse, refusing
  2. (civil engineering) depth or point at which well or borehole drilling cannot continue
register Tweet Definition of register Like Definition of register on Facebook
noun
  1. A formal recording of names, events, transactions etc.
  2. A book of such entries.
  3. An entry in such a book.
  4. The act of registering.
  5. A device that automatically records a quantity etc.
  6. (computing) Part of the central processing unit used to store and manipulate numbers.
  7. (printing) The exact alignment of lines, margins and colors.
  8. (music) The range of a voice or instrument.
  9. (music) An organ stop.
  10. (Always voluntary) To sign over for safe keeping. Abandons complete ownership for partial.
  11. (linguistics) a style of a language used in a particular context
verb
  1. (transitive) To enter in a register.
  2. (transitive) To enroll, especially to vote.
  3. (transitive) To record, especially in writing.
  4. (transitive) To express outward signs.
  5. (context, transitive, mail) To record officially and handle specially.
  6. (context, transitive, printing) To adjust so as to be properly aligned.
  7. (intransitive) To place one's name, or have one's name placed in a register.
  8. (intransitive) To enroll as a student.
  9. (intransitive) To make an impression.
  10. (intransitive) To be in proper alignment.
render Tweet Definition of render Like Definition of render on Facebook
noun
  1. A substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls.
verb
  1. Cause to become; "The shot rendered her immobile".
  2. Interpret: give an interpretation or rendition of; "The pianist rendered the w:Beethoven, Beethoven sonata beautifully".
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. ยง 34.
    • : we may, at last, our philosophy like that of Epictetus
      1. Pass down; "render a verdict"; "deliver a judgment".
      2. Make over as a return; "They had to render the estate".
      3. Give back; "render money".
      4. (computer graphics) To transform digital information in the form received from a repository into a display on a computer screen, or for other presentation to the user; "Rendering images".
      5. Secretly capture and turn over to another country.
rendering Tweet Definition of rendering Like Definition of rendering on Facebook
noun (plural:renderings)
  1. version; translation.
  2. sketch, illustration, or painting.
verb
  1. Present participle of to render.
  2. returning; giving back; assigning; making; translating; surrendering; affording.
return Tweet Definition of return Like Definition of return on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of a person returning.
"Upon my ..."
  1. A return ticket.
  2. An item that is returned, e.g. due to a defect.
  3. (finance): Gain or loss from an investment. "It yielded a of 5%..."
  4. (context, taxation, finance): A report of income submitted to a government for purposes of specifying exact tax payment amounts. A tax return.
  5. (computing) A character that indicates a new line. Hexadecimal %x0d, decimal 13. Old typewriters had a carriage that lined up the paper with the printing strike-arms; with the advent of electronic typewriters, the "carriage return" key would realign the printing at the left margin, and advance to a new line. Early computers added <CR><LF> (13,10) to indicate a new line, with variations such as <LF> (10), <CR> (13) and even <LF><CR> (10,13). Modern computer use has expanded the meaning to denote a new paragraph.
  6. (computing) The act of going back from a called procedure to the procedure that called it.
  7. (computing) The data passed back from a called procedure to the calling procedure (also return value).
  8. A short extention (perpendicular) of a desk, usually slightly lower.
  9. (context, Football (American)): Catching a ball after a punt, and running it back towards the opposing team.
  10. (cricket) A throw from a fielder to the wicket-keeper or to another fielder at the wicket.
verb
  1. To give something back to its original holder/owner.
  2. To take something back to a retailer for a refund.
  3. To come back after some period of time, or at regular intervals.
  4. To go back in thought, narration, or argument. "But to to my story."
  5. (context, Tennis): To bat the ball in response to a serve over the net.
  6. (context, Card games): To play a card as a result of another player's lead; a trump.
  7. (cricket) To throw a ball back to the wicket-keeper (or a fielder at that position) from somewhere in the field.
  8. (computing) (intransitive) To go back from a called procedure to the procedure that called it.
  9. (computing) (transitive) Of a called procedure, to pass back (data) to the calling procedure.
revet Tweet Definition of revet Like Definition of revet on Facebook
verb (revet, t, ed)
  1. To face, as an embankment, with masonry, wood, or other material.
revetment Tweet Definition of revetment Like Definition of revetment on Facebook
noun
  1. A layer of stone, concrete, or other hard material supporting the side of an embankment.
  2. An armoured building that provides protection against bombs.
ribbon Tweet Definition of ribbon Like Definition of ribbon on Facebook
noun
  1. a long, narrow strip of material used for decoration of clothing or the hair or gift wrapping.
  2. an inked ribbon against which type is pressed to print letters in a typewriter or printer.
verb
  1. to decorate with ribbon
rider Tweet Definition of rider Like Definition of rider on Facebook
noun
  1. one who rides, often a horse or motorcycle
  2. (politics) a provision annexed to a bill under the consideration of a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill
  3. an amendment or addition to an entertainer's performance contract, often covering a performer's equipment or food, drinks, and general comfort requirements
ridge Tweet Definition of ridge Like Definition of ridge on Facebook
noun
  1. the line along which two sloping surfaces meet which diverge towards the ground
  2. a chain of hills or mountains
  3. a long narrow elevation on an ocean bottom
verb (ridg, ing)
  1. (transitive) to form into a ridge
ridgepole Tweet Definition of ridgepole Like Definition of ridgepole on Facebook
noun
  1. a horizontal pole that supports the roof of a tent
  2. a beam along the ridge of a roof to which the rafters are attached
rift Tweet Definition of rift Like Definition of rift on Facebook
noun
  1. A chasm or fissure.
My marriage is in trouble, the fight created a between us and we can't reconnect.
The Grand Canyon is a in the Earth's surface, but is smaller than some of the undersea ones.
verb
  1. To form a rift.
rigger Tweet Definition of rigger Like Definition of rigger on Facebook
noun
  1. One who rigs or dresses; one whose occupation is to fit the rigging of a ship.
ripsaw Tweet Definition of ripsaw Like Definition of ripsaw on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, woodworking) A saw that is designed to cut wood along its grain, i.e. to rip.
rise Tweet Definition of rise Like Definition of rise on Facebook
noun
  1. The action of moving upwards
    1. An increase (in a quantity, price, etc)
  2. (UK, Ireland) A pay rise (rfv-sense)
verb (rises, rising, rose, risen)
  1. (intransitive) To move upwards.
We watched the balloon .
  1. (intransitive, of a celestial body) To appear to move upwards from behind the horizon of a planet as a result of the planet's rotation
The sun was rising in the East.
  1. (intransitive) To be resurrected
He rose from the grave.
He is risen!
  1. (intransitive) of a quantity, price, etc, To increase.
riser Tweet Definition of riser Like Definition of riser on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone or something which rises.
  2. A platform or stand used to lift or elevate something.
    The choir stood on risers for the performance.
  3. The vertical part of a step on a staircase
    1. (archery) The main body of a bow
riven Tweet Definition of riven Like Definition of riven on Facebook
adjective
  1. torn apart
  2. broken into pieces; split asunder
rivet Tweet Definition of rivet Like Definition of rivet on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) a cylindrical mechanical fastener that attaches multiple parts together by fitting through a hole and deforming the head(s) at either end
verb
  1. (transitive) to attach or fasten parts by using rivets
  2. (transitive) to install rivets
  3. (transitive) to command the attention of spectators
Rod Tweet Definition of Rod Like Definition of Rod on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male)
roofing Tweet Definition of roofing Like Definition of roofing on Facebook
noun
  1. Material used on the outside of a roof, such as shingles.
verb
  1. (present participle of, to roof)
Rose Tweet Definition of Rose Like Definition of Rose on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, female), vernacular form of the medieval Rosa, reinforced by the English noun rose
  2. A diminutive of the given name Rosemary
rosette Tweet Definition of rosette Like Definition of rosette on Facebook
noun
  1. An imitation of a rose by means of ribbon or other material, -- used as an ornament or a badge.
  2. An ornament in the form of a rose or roundel, -much used in decoration.
  3. A red color. See roset.
  4. A rose burner. See under rose.
  5. Any structure having a flowerlike form; especially, the group of five broad ambulacra on the upper side of the spatangoid and clypeastroid sea urchins.
  6. A flowerlike color marking; as, the rosettes on the leopard.
(webster)      
rout Tweet Definition of rout Like Definition of rout on Facebook
noun
  1. A bellowing; a shouting; noise; clamor; uproar; disturbance; tumult.
  2. A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng.
  3. A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.
  4. The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army; as, the rout of the enemy was complete.
  5. A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof.
  6. A fashionable assembly, or large evening party.
verb
  1. To roar; to bellow; to snort; to snore loudly.
  2. To scoop out with a gouge or other tool; to furrow.
  3. To search or root in the ground, as a swine.
  4. To defeat an enemy completely and force them to retreat
router Tweet Definition of router Like Definition of router on Facebook
noun
  1. Something or someone that routes or directs items from one location to another.
The Router directed the movement of the company's trucks.
  1. A power tool used in carpentry for cutting grooves.
He made an attractive edge on the table with a .
  1. (context, Communications) Any device that directs packets of information using OSI layer 3, network layer, information.
  2. (internet) A device that connects LAN, local area networks to form a larger internet by, at mimimum, selectively passing those datagrams having a destination IP address to the network which is able to deliver them to their destination.
The was configured to forward packets outside of a certain range of IP addresses to its internet uplink port.
rover Tweet Definition of rover Like Definition of rover on Facebook
noun
rowlock Tweet Definition of rowlock Like Definition of rowlock on Facebook
noun
  1. (nautical) (mostly British) a pivot attached to the gunwale of a boat that supports and guides an oar, and provides a fulcrum for rowing; an oarlock
rubber Tweet Definition of rubber Like Definition of rubber on Facebook
noun
  1. pliable, Pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree; a hydrocarbon polymer of isoprene.
  2. synthetic, Synthetic materials with the same properties as natural rubber.
  3. (italbrac, UK, Australia, Canada regional) An eraser.
  4. (North America) (slang) A condom.
  5. Someone or something which rubs.
  6. (baseball) The rectangular pad on the pitcher's mound from which the pitcher must pitch.
Jones toes the and then fires to the plate.
  1. (North America; plural) Water resistant shoe covers, galoshes, wellingtons.
Johnny, don't forget your rubbers today.
  1. (slang) tire, Tires, particularly racing tires.
Jones enters the pits to get new .
rubble Tweet Definition of rubble Like Definition of rubble on Facebook
noun
  1. The broken remains of an object, usually rock or masonry.
rung Tweet Definition of rung Like Definition of rung on Facebook
noun
  1. A crosspiece forming a step of a ladder.
  2. A crosspiece between legs of a chair.
verb
  1. Past participle of the verb to ring.
runner Tweet Definition of runner Like Definition of runner on Facebook
noun
  1. somebody who runs
  2. (slang) A quick escape away from a scene
He did a runner after robbing the drugstore
  1. a type of soft-soled shoe originally intended for runners, cf trainer; a sneaker
  2. a part of an apparatus that moves quickly
After the cycle completes, the travels back quickly to be in place for the next cycle.
  1. a mechanical part intended for wheels to run on or to slide against another surface.
  2. a strip of fabric used to decorate a table
The red makes the table so festive.
  1. a protective carpet cover for a high traffic area
How about we put down a clear in the front hall.
  1. (scuffleball) a forward playing position
  2. (cricket) a player who runs for a batsman who is too injured to run; he is dressed exactly as the injured batsman, and carries a bat
  3. (baseball) A player who runs the bases
  4. (aussie-rules) A person (from one or the other team) who runs out onto the field during the game to take verbal instructions from the coach to the players. A runner mustn't interfere with play, and may have to wear an identifying shirt to make clear his or her purpose on the field.
The was out at second.
  1. (slang) A part of a cigarette that is burning unevenly.
  2. (botany) a long stolon sent out by a plant (such as strawberry), in order to root new plantlets.
rustic Tweet Definition of rustic Like Definition of rustic on Facebook
noun
  1. A person from a rural area.
adjective
  1. country-styled or pastoral; rural
  2. unfinished or roughly finished work
  3. crude, rough
    country where the sheep and cattle roamed freely
r-value Tweet Definition of r-value Like Definition of r-value on Facebook
nounR-value
  1. Resistance-value - A measure of thermal resistance used in domestic insulation.

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