All Words Glossary

Glossary of Construction Terms
beginning with letter C
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calcimine Tweet Definition of calcimine Like Definition of calcimine on Facebook
  1. A form of whitewash made from zinc oxide, glue and water, used to coat plaster surfaces
verbto calcimine
  1. To coat with this substance
carpenter Tweet Definition of carpenter Like Definition of carpenter on Facebook
  1. A person skilled at carpentry.
  2. (nautical) a senior rating in ships responsible for all the woodwork onboard; in the days of sail, a warrant officer responsible for the hull, masts, spars and boats of a ship, and whose responsibility was to sound the well to see if the ship was making water
carport Tweet Definition of carport Like Definition of carport on Facebook
  1. A roofed structure for automobile storage; differs from a garage in that it has no walls.
Franklin decided to improve his by walling in the sides and turning it into a garage.
carriage Tweet Definition of carriage Like Definition of carriage on Facebook
  1. A wheeled vehicle, generally drawn by horse power.
The ride was very romantic.
  1. A railroad car drawn by a locomotive.
  2. (archaic) A manner of walking and moving in general; how one carries oneself.
His noble concealed the heart of a knave.
  1. The part of a typewriter supporting the paper.
  2. (local to New England) A shopping cart.
  3. A baby stroller; a baby carraige.
carriage bolt Tweet Definition of carriage bolt Like Definition of carriage bolt on Facebook
  1. A type of bolt with a rounded head and a square shank which will not turn.
casement Tweet Definition of casement Like Definition of casement on Facebook
  1. a window sash that is hinged on the side and opens outward
  2. a window having such sashes; a casement window
  3. (military) a casemate
casing Tweet Definition of casing Like Definition of casing on Facebook
  1. That which encloses or encases.
Some people like to split the of a sausage before cooking so it doesn't split, others don't.
  1. (present participle of, case)
caulk Tweet Definition of caulk Like Definition of caulk on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, caulking)
  1. caulking
verb (caulks, caulking, caulked, caulked)
  1. to drive oakum into the seams of a ship's wooden deck or hull in order to make them watertight
ceil Tweet Definition of ceil Like Definition of ceil on Facebook
  1. (poetic) a ceiling
  1. To line or finish a surface, as of a wall, with plaster, stucco, thin boards, or the like.
ceiling Tweet Definition of ceiling Like Definition of ceiling on Facebook
noun (plural:ceilings)
  1. The upper limit of an object or action.
price ceilings
  1. The plane or planes that bound the upper limit of a room.
the dining room had an ornate ceiling
  1. (aviation) The highest altitude at which an aircraft may fly.
  2. (mathematics) The smallest integer greater than or equal to a given number.
the ceiling of 4.5 is 5
cellar Tweet Definition of cellar Like Definition of cellar on Facebook
  1. An enclosed underground space, often under a building; used for storage or shelter
  2. A wine collection, epsecially when stored in a cellar
  3. (slang) Last place in a competition.
  4. (historical) A small dish for holding salt
cement Tweet Definition of cement Like Definition of cement on Facebook
  1. A powdered substance that develops strong adhesive properties when mixed with water.
  2. The paste-like substance resulting from mixing such a powder with water.
  3. Any material with strong adhesive properties.
  4. (count noun) A particular type or brand of cement.
  1. To affix with cement.
  2. (figuratively) To ensure an outcome.
centering Tweet Definition of centering Like Definition of centering on Facebook
  1. (present participle of, center)
cesspool Tweet Definition of cesspool Like Definition of cesspool on Facebook
  1. A place where sewage is held; a cesspit.
  2. A filthy place
chamfer Tweet Definition of chamfer Like Definition of chamfer on Facebook
  1. (context, engineering, drafting, CAD) an angled relief or cut at an edge added for a finished appearance and to break sharp edges
channel Tweet Definition of channel Like Definition of channel on Facebook
  1. The physical confine of a river or slough, consisting of a bed and banks.
''The water coming out of the waterwheel created a standing wave in the .
  1. The natural or man-made deeper course through a reef, bar, bay, or any shallow body of water.
A was dredged to allow ocean-going vessels to reach the city.
  1. The navigable part of a river.
We were careful to keep our boat in the .
  1. A narrow body of water between two land masses.
The English Channel lies between France and England.
  1. (electronics) A connection between initiate, initiating and terminate, terminating nodes of a circuit.
The guard-rail provided the between the downed wire and the tree.
  1. (electronics) The narrow conducting portion of a MOSFET transistor.
    1. (communication) The part that connects a data source to a data sink.
    A stretches between them.
    1. (communication) A path for conveying electrical or electromagnetic signals, usually distinguished from other parallel paths.
    We are using one of the 24 channels.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via physical separation, such as by multipair cable.
    The is created by bonding the signals from these four pairs.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via spectral or protocol separation, such as by frequency or time-division multiplexing.
    Their call is being carried on 6 of the T-1 line.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies, usually in conjunction with a predetermined letter, number, or codeword, and allocated by international agreement.
    KNDD is the at 107.7 MHz in Seattle.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies used for transmitting television.
    NBC is on 11 in San Jose.
    1. (context, storage) The portion of a storage medium, such as a track or a band, that is accessible to a given reading or writing station or head.
    This chip in this disk drive is the device.
    1. (context, technic) The way in a turbine pump where the pressure is built up.
    The liquid is pressurized in the lateral .
  1. To direct the flow of something.
We will the traffic to the left with these cones.
  1. To assume the personality of another person, typically a historic figure, in a theatrical or paranormal presentation.
When it is my turn to sing Karaoke, I am going to Ray Charles.
channelize Tweet Definition of channelize Like Definition of channelize on Facebook
verbto channelize
  1. to form a channel, especially by deepening or altering the course of a river
  2. to transmit something through a channel
  3. to multiplex messages through a single line
Chase Tweet Definition of Chase Like Definition of Chase on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male) of modern usage, from the surname Chase,a Middle English nickname for a hunter.
chaser Tweet Definition of chaser Like Definition of chaser on Facebook
  1. A person or thing (ship, plane, car, etc.) who chases.
  2. A mild drink consumed immediately after another drink of hard liquor.
  3. (context, logging, obsolete) Someone that follows logs out of the forest in order to signal a yarder engineer to stop them if they become fouled - also called a frogger.
    • 1900: Pamphlets on Logging Equipment author unknown - Page 22
    • :"...on one end knwon as a Bardon choker hook, to facilitate making a loop, It stays tight and makes it unnecessary for the "" or "choker setter" to follow the "turn" tothe landing as might have to be done if tongs are used"
    • 1913: Logging: The Principles and General Methods of Operation in the United States by Ralph Clement Bryant - Page 219
    • :"A follows the logs to the landing, often riding in a rigging sled hollowed out of a log, which is attached to the rear log. The can signal to the road engineer at any point..."
    • 1918: United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation: Hearing Before the Committee on ... by United States Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce
    • :"and the is the fellow whose job it is to follow along after these logs to..."
      1. (context, logging) one who unhooks chokers from the logs at the landing.
    • 1956: Holy Old Mackinaw: A Natural History of the American Lumber- Jack by Stewart Hall Holbrook - Page 184
    • :"The rigging slinger hooks the chokers to the main line' the chaser unhooks them at the spar tree."
    • 1975: Nobody Here But Us: Pioneers of the North by Fred Moira Farrow - Page 170
    • :A chaser was the man who unhooked the logs that were yarded in to the spar tree.
    • 1985: Logging and Pulpwood Production by John Kenneth Pearce, George Stenzel - Pages 242-243
    • :"When the turn arrives at the landing, the directs the engineer where to drop the turn by hand signals. The then unhooks the chokers, gets in the clear, and singlas to reel in the haulback line".
      1. A horse trained for steeple-chasing, a steeple-chaser.
    • 2002: Betting for a Living by Nick Mordin - Page 351
    • :"It looked like The Fellow was the best steeplechaser in many years. He'd earned the best speed rating I'd ever given a ."
    • 2003: American Classic Pedigrees 1914-2002 by Avalyn Hunter - Page 458
    • :"Wild Risk...had his greatest successes as a steeplechaser rather than a flat racer... It is rare indeed that a ' - even one as good as wild risk - makes a good flat sire."
    • 2004: Sports Ticket: Live the Action! by Sportsfile - Page 179
    • :"Oh, that final furlong! It can be both agony and ecstasy. Anyone who doubts that should have seen the television close-up of Jim Lewis as his great Best Mate came up the final hill at Cheltenham in 2004 to clich a hat-trick of Gold Cups. ... Best mate is the best steeplechaser we ahve seen for years and all being well will be at the Cheltenham Festival again in 2005 to try and make it four Gold Cups."
      1. A tool used for cutting the threads of screws.
    • 1894: Machinery (author(s) unknown) (Page 141)
    • :"In Fig. i is shown one of the chasers in the position which it occupies in cutting a thread."
    • 1918: Thread-cutting Methods: A Treatise on the Operation and Use of Various Tools and Machines for forming screw threads... by Franklin Day Jones (Page 32)
    • :"Many screw threads are also finished completely with chasers of this type, although they are not adapted for extremely acurate work unless the teeth are ground after hardening, because the pitch of the teeth is affected more or less by..."
    • 1994: Handbook of Dimensional Measurement by Francis T. Farago, Mark A. Curtis (p.467)
    • :"The category of thread cutting tools inlcudes both the single-point and multiple-point type lathe cutters."
      1. Someone who decorates metal by engraving or embossing.
    • 1863: The Employments of Women: A Cyclopaedia of Woman's Work By Virginia Penny
    • :"Mr B., heraldic , says there are several processes in making heraldy plates, sketching, engraving, embossing, chasing and burnishing." (page 100)
    • :"H. & C., manufacturers of cloth and gilt buttons, say it requires some weeks to learn to chase the gilt buttons, which are done with small metal tools and a hammer. Chasers are paid by the peice, working ten hours a day, and some can earn $1 a day."
    • 1971: Living Crafts by George Bernard Hughes - page 36
    • :"Flat chasing in sunken or low relief is a technique by which the ornament is formed by beating down the ground from the front. This is done in essentially the same manner as repoussť work, where the ornament appears in high relief, but the design is punched from the face of the silver plate. ... Sometimes, instead of applying a freehand design, the covers the greased suface with a paper pattern in which the design is pricked with pins."
    • 1972: Silver by Richard Came - Page 7
    • :"Chasing in general can be distinguised from engraving, in that the design can be seen on the reverse or inside of the pieces. Having outlined the pattern on the surface, the cuts and at the same time slightly depresses the surface. A light hammer can be used in this process also."
Cheek Tweet Definition of Cheek Like Definition of Cheek on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The word Cheek is also an old family surname from Anglo-Saxon England that predates the Norman invasion. The Cheek family was among the first to immigrate to the US colonies in the early 17th century. The family crest is a white shield with three red crescents.
chicken wire Tweet Definition of chicken wire Like Definition of chicken wire on Facebook
  1. (uncountable) a mesh of wire, usually galvanized, with a hexagonal pattern, generally used for making fences, especially for enclosures for small farm animals and pets.
    • w:Kenneth Robeson, Kenneth Robeson, The Screaming Man
    • :"You'll recall that normally any old hen had sense enough not to run or fly into a chicken wire fence, but the same old hen at the sight of a hawk would lose all judgment about fences, and plunge headlong into it."
    • (countable) a type of such material, differentiated by material, coating, wire thickness, width, and mesh size.
chisel Tweet Definition of chisel Like Definition of chisel on Facebook
  1. A tool consisting of a slim oblong block of metal which is flattened to a sharp edge at one end and attached to a handle at the other end. It is used mainly to remove parts of stone or wood by placing the sharp edge against the material and pounding the handle with a hammer.
  1. (intransitive) To use a chisel.
  2. (transitive) To work something with a chisel.
She chiselled a sculpture out of the block of wood.
  1. (colloquial) To cheat, to get something by cheating.
chock Tweet Definition of chock Like Definition of chock on Facebook
  1. Any wooden block used as a wedge or filler
  2. (nautical) Any fitting or fixture used to restrict movement, especially movement of a line; traditionally was a fixture near a bulwark with two horns pointing towards each other, with a gap between where the line can be inserted.
  1. To stop or fasten, as with a wedge, or block; to scotch.
  2. (nautical) To insert a line in a chock.
cinder block Tweet Definition of cinder block Like Definition of cinder block on Facebook
  1. A lightweight building block made from cinders and concrete.
clapboard Tweet Definition of clapboard Like Definition of clapboard on Facebook
  1. A narrow board, usually thicker at one edge than the other, used as siding for houses and similar structures of frame construction.
  2. (uncountable) Such boards, arranged horizontally and overlapping with thick edge down, collectively, as siding.
  3. A clapperboard (used in film production).
claw hammer Tweet Definition of claw hammer Like Definition of claw hammer on Facebook
  1. Any size hammer with 2 prongs protruding back from the head to allow for removing nails from wood.
cleat Tweet Definition of cleat Like Definition of cleat on Facebook
  1. A strip of wood or iron fastened on transversely to something in order to give strength, prevent warping, hold position, etc.
  2. (nautical) A device made of wood or metal, having two arms, around which turns may be taken with a line or rope so as to hold securely and yet be readily released. It is bolted by the middle to a deck or mast, etc., or it may be lashed to a rope.
  3. A spike on the bottom of an athletic shoe meant to give the athlete better traction on a field.
  1. To strengthen with a cleat.
clinch Tweet Definition of clinch Like Definition of clinch on Facebook
verb (clinch, es)
  1. To make certain; to finalize.
    I already planned to buy the car, but the color was what really clinched it for me.
  2. To fasten securely or permanently.
  3. To bend and hammer the point of a nail so it cannot be removed.
clinker Tweet Definition of clinker Like Definition of clinker on Facebook
  1. slag, Slag or ash produced by intense heat in a furnace, kiln or boiler that forms a hard residue upon cooling.
  2. Hardened volcanic lava.
  3. A scum of oxide of iron formed in forging.
  4. A very hard brick used for paving customarily made in the Netherlands.
  5. A mass of bricks fused together by intense heat.
  6. One who clinks or an item that clinks, hence fetters are also called clinkers.
  7. Clink, derived from clinch, hence one who clinches or that clinches.
clinker-built Tweet Definition of clinker-built Like Definition of clinker-built on Facebook
  1. (nautical) (of a wooden vessel) in which the planks of the hull are laid overlapping
closure Tweet Definition of closure Like Definition of closure on Facebook
  1. an event or occurence that signifies an ending
  2. a feeling of completeness; the experience of an emotional conclusion, usually to a difficult period
  3. (computing): an abstraction that represents a function within an environment, a context consisting of the variables that are both bound variable, bound at a particular time during the execution of the program and that are within the function's scope
  4. (mathematics): the smallest object that both includes the object as a subset and possesses some given property
clout Tweet Definition of clout Like Definition of clout on Facebook
  1. A cloth; a piece of cloth or leather; a patch; a rag.
  2. A swaddling cloth.
  3. (obsolete) A piece; a fragment.
  4. The center of the butt at which archers shoot; probably once a piece of white cloth or a nail head.
  5. An iron plate on an axletree or other wood to keep it from wearing; a washer.
  6. (colloquial) A blow with the hand.
  7. Influence, effectiveness.
  1. To hit, especially with the fist.
coak Tweet Definition of coak Like Definition of coak on Facebook
  1. a wooden dowel
  1. (nautical) the brass bearing in the sheave of a block
cock Tweet Definition of cock Like Definition of cock on Facebook
  1. A male bird, especially a domestic fowl.
  2. Male chicken.
  3. A valve or tap for controlling flow in plumbing.
  4. The hammer of a firearm.
  5. (slang, vulgar) The penis.
  6. (curling) The circle at the end of the rink.
  7. The state of being cocked; an upward turn, tilt or angle.
  8. (UK, pejorative, slang) A stupid person.
  9. (UK, informal) An informal term of address.
All right,
  1. (transitive) To lift the cock of a firearm; to prepare (a gun) to be fired.
  2. (transitive) To turn or twist something upwards or to one side.
  3. (UK, transitive, slang) To copulate with.
cog Tweet Definition of cog Like Definition of cog on Facebook
  1. (historical) A ship of burden, or war with a round, bulky hull.
verb (cog, g, ed)
  1. to cheat at dice
  2. to cheat; to play or gamble fraudulently
coign Tweet Definition of coign Like Definition of coign on Facebook
  1. A projecting corner or angle.
  • 1922, Kind air defined the coigns of houses in Kildare street. " James Joyce, Ulysses
  • 1964, They lay quietly as the morning advanced its little way, hid snug in their greenwood . " Anthony Burgess, Nothing Like the Sun
  • 1977, Stephen R. Donaldson, Lord Foul's Bane, ISBN 0-345-34865-6, page 212
  • : The wall was intricately labored"lined and coigned and serried with regular and irregular groups of windows, balconies, buttresses ...
  • 2007, Stephen R. Donaldson, Fatal Revenant, ISBN 978-0-399-15446-1, page 3
  • : In sunshine as vivid as revelation, Linden Avery knelt on the stone of a low-walled like a balcony high in the outward face of Revelstone's watchtower.
  • coil Tweet Definition of coil Like Definition of coil on Facebook
    1. Something wound in the form of a helix or spiral.
    2. Common name for any intra-uterine contraceptive device (Abbreviation: IUD)—the first IUDs were coil-shaped.
    3. (electrical) A coil of electrically conductive wire through which electricity can flow.
    1. To wind or reel e.g. a wire or rope into regular rings, often around a centerpiece.
    A simple transformer can be made by coiling two pieces of insulated copper wire around an iron heart.
    1. To wind into loops (roughly) around a common center.
    The sailor coiled the free end of the hawser on the pier.
    cold chisel Tweet Definition of cold chisel Like Definition of cold chisel on Facebook
    1. a narrow chisel, made of hardened, tempered steel, used for cutting stone etc
    comb Tweet Definition of comb Like Definition of comb on Facebook
    1. A toothed implement for grooming the hair.
    2. A machine used in separating choice cotton fibers from worsted cloth fibers.
    3. A fleshy growth on the top of the head of some birds and reptiles: crest.
    4. An old English measure of corn equal to the half quarter.
    • 1882, But the comb or half quarter is very general in the Eastern counties, particularly in Norfolk. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207.
      1. The top part of a gun"s stock.
    1. To groom the hair with a toothed implement.
    2. To separate choice cotton fibers from worsted cloth fibers.
    3. To search thoroughly as if raking over an area with a comb.
    1. combination
    concrete Tweet Definition of concrete Like Definition of concrete on Facebook
    1. A building material created by mixing Portland cement, water, and aggregate including gravel and sand.
    The road was made of that had been poured in large slabs.
    verb (concret, ing)
    1. To cover with or encase in concrete; often constructed as concrete over.
    I hate grass, so I concreted over my lawn.
    1. To solidify.
    Josie's plans began concreting once she fixed a date for the wedding.
    1. particular, Particular, perceivable, real.
    Fuzzy videotapes and distorted sound recordings are not evidence that bigfoot exists.
    1. Not abstract.
    Once arrested, I realized that handcuffs are , even if my concept of what is legal wasn't.
    1. Made of concrete building material.
    The office building had flower boxes out front.
    coping Tweet Definition of coping Like Definition of coping on Facebook
    1. (present participle of, cope)
    copper Tweet Definition of copper Like Definition of copper on Facebook
    1. (uncountable) a reddish-brown, malleable, ductile metallic element with high electrical and thermal conductivity, symbol Cu, and atomic number 29.
    2. (countable) Something made of copper.
    3. The reddish-brown colour/color of copper.
    <table><tr><td>copper colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
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      1. (countable) A copper coin.
      2. (context, Australian English, UK) (archaic) A large pot used for heating water or washing clothes over a fire.
      Mum would heat the water in a copper in the kitchen and transfer it to the tin bath.
      I explain that socks can"t be boiled up in the copper with the sheets and towels or they shrink.
    1. Made of copper.
    2. Having the reddish-brown colour/color of copper.
    cornerstone Tweet Definition of cornerstone Like Definition of cornerstone on Facebook
    noun (plural:cornerstones)
    1. A ceremonial stone set at the corner of a building, joining two exterior walls, and often inscribed with the starting and completion dates of construction, the name of the architect and owner, and other details.
    The on the Flatiron Building is set on the Fifth Avenue facade.
    1. By extension, that which is prominent, fundamental, noteworthy, or central.
    Exceptional service is the of the hospitality industry.
    coulisse Tweet Definition of coulisse Like Definition of coulisse on Facebook
    1. a piece of timber having a groove in which something glides
    2. a side scene of the stage in a theater or the space between the side scenes.
    counterbore Tweet Definition of counterbore Like Definition of counterbore on Facebook
    1. A cylindrical recess, typically machined around a hole to admit a screw so that it sits flush with a surface.
    2. The tool with which a counterbore is machined.
    countersink Tweet Definition of countersink Like Definition of countersink on Facebook
    1. a conical recess, typically machined around a hole to admit a screw so that it sits flush with a surface
    couple Tweet Definition of couple Like Definition of couple on Facebook
    1. Two partners in a romantic or sexual relationship.
    Joe and Amy make a nice .
    1. Two of the same kind connected or considered together (see Usage notes).
    They look like a of idiots!
    1. A small number of (see Usage notes) Informal.
    Let me have a of slices of pepperoni.
    1. One of the pairs of plates of two metals which compose a voltaic battery, called a voltaic couple or galvanic couple.
    2. (physics) Two rotations, movements, etc., that are equal in amount but opposite in direction, and acting along parallel lines or around parallel axis, axes.
    verb (coupl, ing)
    1. (transitive) To join two things together.
    Now the conductor will the train cars.
    coupling Tweet Definition of coupling Like Definition of coupling on Facebook
    1. the act of joining together to form a couple
    2. a device that couples two things together
    3. sexual intercourse
    4. (electronics) a connection between two electronic circuits such that a signal can pass between them
    course Tweet Definition of course Like Definition of course on Facebook
    1. An onward movement, progress.
    The of events
    1. The itinerary of a race.
    The cross-country passes the canal.
    1. A period of learning.
    I need to take a French to pep up.
    1. A part of a meal.
    We offer seafood as the first .
    1. (sports) The trajectory of a ball, frisbee etc.
    2. (context, navigation) The direction of movement of a vessel at any given moment.
    The ship changed its 15 degrees towards south.
    1. (context, navigation) The intended passage of voyage, such as a boat, ship, airplane, spaceship, etc.
    A was plotted to traverse the ocean.
    1. (nautical) The lowest square sail in a fully rigged mast, often named according to the mast.
    Main course and mainsail are the same thing in a sailing ship.
    1. (context, masonry) A row of bricks or blocks.
    On a building that size, two crews could only lay two courses in a day.
    1. The path taken by a waterway.
    verb (courses, coursing, coursed)
    1. To run or flow (especially of liquids and more particularly blood).
    The oil coursed through the engine.
    1. To pursue by tracking or estimating the course taken by one's prey.
    cowl Tweet Definition of cowl Like Definition of cowl on Facebook
    1. A monk's hood or hooded robe
    2. A mask that covers the majority of the head.
    3. A metal protective covering that covers the engine; also cowling
    4. (nautical) A ship's ventilator with a bell-shaped top which can be swivelled to catch the wind and force it below
    5. (nautical) A vertical projection of a ship's funnel that directs the smoke away from the bridge
    crack Tweet Definition of crack Like Definition of crack on Facebook
    1. A thin and usually jagged space opened in a previously solid material.
    A large had formed in the roadway.
    1. A narrow opening.
    We managed to squeeze through a in the rock wall.
    1. When forming an opening, a small amount.
    Open the door a .
    1. (context, onomatopoetic) The sharp sound made when solid material breaks.
    The of the falling branch could be heard for miles.
    1. (context, onomatopoetic) Any sharp sound.
    The of the bat hitting the ball.
    1. A sharply humorous comment; a wisecrack.
    I didn't appreciate that about my hairstyle.
    1. (vulgar) The space between the buttocks.
    Pull up your pants! Your is showing.
    1. (context, Scots language, common in lowland Scotland and Ulster) conviviality; good conversation, chat, gossip, or humourous storytelling; good company.
    The was guid.
    Thon was guid .
    He/she is quare good .
    The party was great .
    1. (context, Geordie) Business/events
    What's the ?
    1. (computing) A program, password or procedure designed to circumvent restrictions or usage limits on software.