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Glossary of Automotive Terms
beginning with letter B
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backfire Tweet Definition of backfire Like Definition of backfire on Facebook
noun
  1. (firefighting) (alternative spelling of, back fire)
verb (backfir, ing)
  1. (of a gun or cannon) to fire in the opposite direction, for example due to an obstruction in the barrel
  2. to fail in a manner that brings down further misfortune.
His attempt to make money by importing luxury cars horribly backfired when fuel prices tripled.
bald Tweet Definition of bald Like Definition of bald on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having no hair.
  2. Of tyres: whose surface is worn away.
barrel Tweet Definition of barrel Like Definition of barrel on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A round vessel or cask, of greater length than breadth, and bulging in the middle, made of staves bound with hoops, and having flat ends or heads. Sometimes applied to a similar cylindrical container made of metal, usually called a drum.
a cracker
  1. The quantity which constitutes a full barrel. This varies for different articles and also in different places for the same article, being regulated by custom or by law. A barrel of wine is 31 1/2 gallons; a barrel of flour is 196 pounds; of beer 31 gallons; of ale 32 gallons.
Quotations
  • 1882: Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 205.
1882: 23 Hen. VIII, cap. 4... The barrel of beer is to hold 36 gallons, the kilderkin 18 gallons the firkin 9. But the barrel, kilderkin, and firkin of ale are to contain 32, 16, and 8 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 205.
  1. A solid drum, or a hollow cylinder or case;
''the of a windlass; the barrel of a watch, within which the spring is coiled.
  1. A metallic tube, as of a gun, from which a projectile is discharged.
  2. (obsolete) A jar. Obs. 1 Kings xvii. 12.
  3. (archaic) A tube.
  4. (zoology) The hollow basal part of a feather.
  5. (music) The part of a clarinet which connects the mouthpiece and upper joint, and looks rather like a barrel (1).
  6. (context, idiomatic, surfing) A wave that breaks with a hollow compartment.
  7. (context, US, specifically, _, New England) A waste receptacle.
Throw it away in the trash .
  1. The ribs and belly of a horse or pony.
verb (barrel, l, ed)
  1. to move quickly or in an uncontrolled manner
He came barrelling around the corner and I almost hit him.
bead Tweet Definition of bead Like Definition of bead on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) prayer, Prayer, later especially with a rosary.
    • 1760: That he must believe in the Pope;"go to Mass;"cross himself;"tell his beads;"be a good Catholick, and that this, in all conscience, was enough to carry him to heaven. " Laurence Sterne, The Life & Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (Penguin 2003, p. 115)
      1. Each in a string of small balls making up the rosary or paternoster.
      2. A small round object with a hole to allow it to be threaded on a cord or wire.
      3. A small drop of water or other liquid.
      beads of sweat
verb
  1. (intransitive) To form into a bead.
The raindrops beaded on the car's waxed finish.
  1. (transitive) To apply beads to.
She spent the morning beading the gown.
  1. (transitive) To form into a bead.
He beaded some solder for the ends of the wire.
belt Tweet Definition of belt Like Definition of belt on Facebook
noun
  1. A band worn around the waist to hold clothing to one's body (usually pants), hold weapons (such as a gun or sword), or serve as a decorative piece of clothing.
As part of the act, the fat clown's broke, causing his pants to fall down.
  1. A band used as a restraint for safety purposes, such as a seat belt.
Keep your fastened; this is going to be quite a bumpy ride.
  1. A band that is used in a machine to help transfer motion or power.
The motor had a single that snaked its way back and forth around a variety of wheels.
  1. A powerful blow, often made with a fist.
After the bouncer gave him a solid to the gut, Simon had suddenly had enough of barfighting.
  1. (usually capitalized) A geographical region known for a particular product or feature (Corn Belt, Bible Belt).
verb
  1. (transitive) To encircle.
The small town was belted by cornfields in all directions.
  1. (transitive) To fasten a belt.
Edgar belted himself in and turned the car's ignition.
The rotund man had difficulting belting his pants, and generally wore suspenders to avoid the issue.
  1. (transitive) To hit with a belt.
The child was remanded to state custody when the lacerations on her back where her parents had belted her in punishment were revealed.
  1. (transitive) To sing in a loud manner.
He belted out the national anthem.
  1. (transitive) To drink quickly, often in gulps.
He belted down a shot of whisky.
  1. (context, transitive, slang) To hit someone or something.
The angry player belted the official across the face, and as a result was ejected from the game.
  1. (intransitive) To move very fast
He was really belting along.
Berlin Tweet Definition of Berlin Like Definition of Berlin on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The capital city of Germany.
  2. One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation.
bezel Tweet Definition of bezel Like Definition of bezel on Facebook
noun
  1. The rim which encompasses and fastens a jewel or other object, as the crystal of a watch, in the cavity in which it is set.
  1. The panel that covers the front of a computer case, or the panel covering each drive bay that can be removed to install a removable drive that requires external access, such as a CD/DVD-ROM drive, which will generally but not always have its own preinstalled bezel.
bhp Tweet Definition of bhp Like Definition of bhp on Facebook
initialism
  1. brake horsepower
black box Tweet Definition of black box Like Definition of black box on Facebook
noun
  1. informal, Informal name for the brightly colored cockpit voice recorders and flight data recorders in an aircraft that aid in determining the cause of an accident.
  2. A theoretical construct or device with known input and output characteristics but unknown method of operation.
block Tweet Definition of block Like Definition of block on Facebook
noun
  1. A substantial, often approximately cuboid, piece of any substance.
A of ice.
A of stone.
  1. A cuboid of wood, plastic or other material used as a base on which to cut something.
Anne Boleyn placed her head on the and awaited her execution.
  1. A group of urban lots of property, several acres in extent, not crossed by public streets
I'm going for a walk around the .
  1. A group of buildings in a city or town, demarcated by streets.
A of flats.
  1. The distance from one street to another in a city that is built (approximately) to a grid pattern.
The place you are looking for is two long blocks east and one short north.
  1. (slang) The human head.
I'll knock your off.
  1. A set of sheets (of paper) joined together at one end.
A of 100 tickets.
  1. (computing) A logical data storage unit containing one ore more physical sector, sectors (see cluster).
  2. (context, rigging) A case with one or more sheaves/pulleys, used with ropes to increase or redirect force, for example, as part of the rigging of a sailing ship.
  3. (chemistry) A portion of a macromolecule, comprising many units, that has at least one feature not present in adjacent portions.
  4. Something that prevents something from passing (see blockage).
There's a in the pipe that means the water can't get through.
  1. (sports) An action to interfere with the movement of an opposing player or of the object of play (ball, puck).
  2. (Cricket) A shot played by holding he bat vertically in the path of the ball, so that it loses momentum and drops to the ground.
  3. (volleyball) A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter"s court.
(WikiSaurus?-link, head)
verb
  1. (transitive) To fill (something) so that it is not possible to pass.
The pipe is blocked.
  1. (transitive) To prevent (something or someone) from passing.
You're blocking the road - I can't get through.
  1. (transitive) To prevent (something from happening or someone from doing something).
His plan to take over the business was blocked by the boss.
  1. (transitive) The act of impeding an opponent in sports.
He blocked the basketball player's shot.
The offensive lineman, offensive linemen tried to the blitz.
  1. (transitive, theater) To specify the positions and movements of the actors.
It was very difficult to this scene convincingly.
  1. (transitive, Cricket) To hit with a block.
  2. (intransitive, Cricket) To play a block shot.
blowout Tweet Definition of blowout Like Definition of blowout on Facebook
noun
  1. a sudden puncturing of a pneumatic tyre / tire
  2. a sudden release of oil and gas from a well
  3. a social function, especially one with large quantities of food
  4. (sports slang) A sporting contest that is decidedly one-sided and whose outcome is no longer in doubt. Often occurs when one team is superior to the other.
The game between the two teams was nothing but a .
  1. (Australia) an extreme and unexpected increase in costs, such as in government estimates for a project.
boot Tweet Definition of boot Like Definition of boot on Facebook
noun
  1. A heavy shoe that covers part of the leg.
  2. A blow with the foot; a kick.
  3. (automotive) The luggage storage compartment of a sedan or saloon car.
Please put the luggage in the boot, not on the seats.
  1. (computing) The starting or re-starting of a computing device.
It took three boots, but I finally got the application installed.
  1. A flexible cover of rubber, plastic or similar to protect a shaft, lever, switch etc.
  2. (usually with "the"): Sacked, dismissed.
I am sorry for your husband and children, but I have to give the boot, give you the boot.
  1. (computing) (colloquial) The act or process of removing somebody from a chat room.
  2. A bootleg recording
  3. A torture device used on the feet or legs, such as a Spanish boot.
  4. A parking enforcement device used to immobilize a car until it can be towed or a fine is paid.
  5. A rubber bladder on the leading edge of an aircraft's wing, which is inflated periodically to remove ice buildup. A wing boot.
verb
  1. To kick.
I booted the ball toward my teammate.
  1. To apply corporal punishment (compare slippering)
  2. (colloquial) To forcibly eject.
We need to those troublemakers as soon as possible
  1. (slang) To vomit.
Sorry, I didn't mean to all over your couch.
  1. (computing) To start a system, eg. a computer, by invoking its boot process or bootstrap. Refers specifically to a cold start, ie. at the time power is first turned on. To describe a restart (warm start) performed when the system is already running, use to reboot.
  2. (computing) (colloquial) To disconnect, to be involuntarily removed from an online conversation; can refer to an accidental glitch, or a purposeful action by others
I got booted from the chatroom., He booted me from the channel.
2002, Dan Verton, The Hacker Diaries - http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0072223642&id=le6jbnYNgQsC&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67&dq=irc+booted&sig=UXlM74njMYW6gz4uZwV1fZV8Bbc Page 67 - "As an IRC member with operator status, Swallow was able to manage who was allowed to remain in chat sessions and who got booted off the channel."
2003, John C. Dvorak, Chris Pirillo, Online! - http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0131423630&id=jpGCib8MIgsC&pg=PA173&lpg=PA173&dq=irc+booted&sig=1sCReq9FPBp4yk4WTyRi1YjkOPQ Page 173 - "Even flagrant violators of the TOS are not booted.
2002, Jobe Makar, Macromedia Flash Mx Game Design Demystified - http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0201770210&id=sdfWzPrNx2gC&pg=PA544&lpg=PA544&dq=irc+booted&sig=jL_eLr6Zhij93XmBWu6lw2-ULkw Page 544 - "In Electroserver, the kick command disconnects a user totally from the server and gives him a message about why he was booted.
bottom Tweet Definition of bottom Like Definition of bottom on Facebook
noun
  1. The lowest part from the uppermost part, in either of these senses:
  1. The part furthest in the direction toward which an unsupported object would fall.
  2. The part seen, or intended to be seen, nearest the edge of the visual field normally occupied by the lowest visible objects, as "footers appear at the bottoms of pages".
    1. (euphemism) The buttocks or anus.
    2. (baseball) The second half of an inning, the home team's turn to bat.
    3. A submissive in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
    4. (gay sexual slang) A gay man who likes take a passive sexual role rather than an active role (e.g. to be penetrated in anal sex rather than to penetrate).
    5. (nautical)
  3. a cargo vessel, a ship.
  4. certain parts of a vessel, particularly the cargo hold or the portion of the ship that is always underwater.
verb
  1. To fall to the lowest point.
John J. Murphy, Intermarket Analysis: Profiting from Global Market Relationships (2004) p. 119:
:The Dow Jones Industrial Average bottomed on September 24, 2001. The CRB Index bottomed on October 24.
  1. To be the source of support or authority for something.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law, Executive Orders and Presidential Directives, (2001) p.59.
:Moreover, the Supreme Court has held that the President must obey outstanding executive orders, even when bottomed on the Constitution, until they are revoked.
  1. To be the submissive in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
adjective
  1. The lowest or last place or position.
''Those files should go on the shelf.
box Tweet Definition of box Like Definition of box on Facebook
noun (boxes)
  1. Any of various evergreen shrubs or trees of the genus w:Buxus, Buxus.
    • 1885: the application of woods other than for purposes for which that wood is now used would tend to lessen the demand for — Scientific American Supplement, No. 497, July 11, 1885
verb (box, es)
  1. To place inside a box.
  2. To place a primitive value into an object (such as an int into an Integer) -- see also autoboxing.
  3. To hem in.
bra Tweet Definition of bra Like Definition of bra on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Brassiere)
  1. a brassiere
brake Tweet Definition of brake Like Definition of brake on Facebook
noun
  1. A device used to slow or stop a vehicle, by friction; often installed on the wheels.
  2. something that slows or stops an action
  3. (nautical) the handle, manned by up to six men, by which a ship's pump was worked
  4. a thicket, or an area overgrown with briers etc.
  5. A type of machine for bending sheet metal. (See wikipedia:Brake (box and pan), wikipedia.)
verb (brak, ing)
  1. To operate a brake.
  2. To be stopped or slowed, as if by a brake.
  3. (archaic) past tense of break
    • Exodus 32:3, KJV: And all the people brake off the golden earrings...
breaker Tweet Definition of breaker Like Definition of breaker on Facebook
noun
  1. Something that breaks.
  2. A machine for breaking rocks, or for breaking coal at the mines
  3. The building in which such a machine is placed.
  4. A small cask of water kept permanently in a ship's boat in case of shipwreck
  5. (especially, in plural) A wave breaking into foam against the shore, or against a sand bank, or a rock or reef near the surface, considered a useful warning to ships of an underwater hazard
  6. A breakdancer.
buck Tweet Definition of buck Like Definition of buck on Facebook
noun
  1. A male deer or goat.
  2. A male rabbit or hare.
  3. A male of other species, such as the ferret.
  4. An uncastrated sheep, a ram.
  5. (context, US, Canadian English, colloquial) A dollar (one hundred cents).
  6. (context, Canadian English, colloquial) By extension, one hundred of anything.
The police caught me driving a -forty on the freeway.
  1. (context , North America, derogatory) A black or Native American man.
  2. A young buck; an adventurous or high-spirited young man.
  3. (context, UK, obsolete) Hence, a fop or dandy.
  4. (rfv-sense) (poker) A plastic disc used to represent the player in dealer position.
  5. blame, Blame; responsibility; scapegoating; finger-pointing.
    • w:Harry S. Truman, Harry S. Truman,
    • : The stops here.
verb
  1. Of a horse: to rise sharply up on its hind legs.
  2. Of a horse: to leap upward arching its back.
1848: At the same time we got speared, the horses got speared too, and jumped and bucked all about — Statement by Jackey Jackey (an Aborigine) published in William Carron Narrative of an Expedition Undertaken Under the Direction of the Late Mr. Assistant Surveyor E. B. Kennedy (http://gutenberg.net.au/plusfifty.html
carron at Project Gutenberg Australia)
  1. By extension, to move in any sharp or jerking manner.
  2. By extension, to resist obstinately.
bucket seat Tweet Definition of bucket seat Like Definition of bucket seat on Facebook
noun
  1. A form-fitting seat for one passenger in automobiles, aircraft, and other such modes of transport.
bumper Tweet Definition of bumper Like Definition of bumper on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone or something that bumps.
  2. (cricket) A bouncer.
  3. (automotive) Parts at the front and back of a vehicle which are meant to absorb the impact of a collision.
  4. Any mechanical device used to absorb an impact, soften a collision, or protect against impact.
    • The company sells screw-on rubber bumpers and feet.
      1. (billiards) A side wall of a pool table.
      2. A drinking vessel filled to the brim.
      3. (context, television, radio) A short ditty or jingle used to separate a show from the advertisements.
adjective
  1. large, Large; filled to the bumpers at the top of a silo.
    • We harvested a crop of arugula and parsnips this year.

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