All Words Glossary

Glossary of Antiquities Terms
beginning with letter S
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sacellum Tweet Definition of sacellum Like Definition of sacellum on Facebook
noun (plural: sacella)
  1. a small chapel, as a monument within a church
  2. (ancient Rome) a shrine open to the sky, sometimes used for sacrifical purposes, or in honor of the divine
     
sacrarium Tweet Definition of sacrarium Like Definition of sacrarium on Facebook
noun (sacraria)
  1. (in Ancient Rome) A place where sacred objects were kept, either in a temple (the adytum) or in a house (holding the penates)
    1. The area surrounding the altar of a Christian church; the sanctuary or piscina
     
sarcophagus Tweet Definition of sarcophagus Like Definition of sarcophagus on Facebook
noun (Plural: sarcophagi or sarcophaguses)
  1. A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture.
  2. (informal) The cement and steel structure that encases the destroyed reactor at the power station in Chernobyl, Ukraine.
     
Scutum Tweet Definition of Scutum Like Definition of Scutum on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (constellation) A small autumn constellation of the northern sky, said to resemble a shield. It lies between the constellations of Aquila, Sagittarius, and the tail of Serpens.
     
stadium Tweet Definition of stadium Like Definition of stadium on Facebook
noun (s, pl2=stadia)
  1. A Greek measure of length, being the chief one used for itinerary distances, also adopted by the Romans for nautical and astronomical measurements, equal to 600 Greek or 625 Roman feet, or 125 Roman paces, or to 606 feet, 9 inches.
  2. Hence, a race course, especially, the Olympic course for foot races.
  3. A venue where sporting events are held.
  4. A kind of telemeter for measuring the distance of an object of known dimensions, by observing the angle it subtends.
  5. In surveying, a graduated rod used to measure the distance of the place where it stands from an instrument having a telescope, by observing the number of the graduations of the rod that are seen between certain parallel wires (stadia wires) in the field of view of the telescope.
     
stele Tweet Definition of stele Like Definition of stele on Facebook
noun 
  1. (archaeology) A tall, slender stone monument, often with writing carved into its surface
    • Alternative forms: stela
    • (botany) The central core of the root and shoot system, especially including the vascular tissue.
     
strigil Tweet Definition of strigil Like Definition of strigil on Facebook
noun 
  1. a grooming tool used to scrape away dead skin, oil, dirt, etc.
     

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