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Glossary of Antiquities Terms
beginning with letter C
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caldarium Tweet Definition of caldarium Like Definition of caldarium on Facebook
noun (pl=caldaria)
  1. In w:Roman Baths, Roman baths, the hottest room, with a plunge-pool. It preceded the tepidarium and frigidarium.
  2. In modern spas, a room with a hot floor.
     
cataphract Tweet Definition of cataphract Like Definition of cataphract on Facebook
noun 
  1. Defensive armor used for the entire body and often for the horse, also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.
  2. A horseman covered with a cataphract.
  3. The armor or plate covering some fishes.
     
census Tweet Definition of census Like Definition of census on Facebook
noun 
  1. An official count of members of a population (not necessarily human,) usually residents or citizens in a particular region, often done at regular intervals.
verb (census, es)
  1. The act of collecting a census.
     
century Tweet Definition of century Like Definition of century on Facebook
noun (centur, ies)
  1. A period of 100 years; often specifically a numbered period with conventional start and end dates, e.g., the twentieth century, which stretches from (strictly) 1901 through 2000, or (informally) 1900 through 1999. The first century AD was from 1 to 100.
  2. A unit in ancient Roman, originally of 100 army soldiers as part of a cohort, later of more varied sizes (but typically containing 60 to 70 or 80) soldiers or other men (guards, police, firemen), commanded by a centurion.
  3. A political division of ancient Rome, meeting in the Centuriate Assembly.
  4. (Cricket) a hundred runs scored either by a single player in one innings, or by two players in a partnership.
  5. (context, US, cycling) A ride 100 miles in length.
     
chariot Tweet Definition of chariot Like Definition of chariot on Facebook
noun 
  1. a two-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle, used in Bronze Age and Early Iron Age warfare
  2. a light four-wheeled carriage used for ceremonial or pleasure purposes
     
chlamys Tweet Definition of chlamys Like Definition of chlamys on Facebook
noun (chlamydes)
  1. A short cloak caught up on the shoulder, worn by hunters, soldiers, and horsemen in ancient Greece.
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  1. Part of the coronation regalia of the Frankish kings.
    • In 918, Henry the fowler was given the regalia of the East Frankish Kingdom (the holy lance, golden bracelets, , sword of the old kings and crown) and was designated king by the army of the Franks in the presence of the whole people of the Franks and the Saxons. -->
     
chryselephantine Tweet Definition of chryselephantine Like Definition of chryselephantine on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Made of gold and ivory.
    • 1885: I drew near and perceived that the light came from a precious stone as big as an ostrich egg, set at the upper end of the alcove upon a little chryselephantine couch of ivory and gold; and this jewel, blazing like the sun, cast its rays wide and side. " Sir Richard Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night, Night 17
     
coliseum Tweet Definition of coliseum Like Definition of coliseum on Facebook
noun 
  1. A large theatre, cinema, or stadium: the London Coliseum.
     
colossus Tweet Definition of colossus Like Definition of colossus on Facebook
noun (es, pl2=colossi)
  1. A statue of gigantic size. The name was especially applied to certain famous statues in antiquity, as the Colossus of Nero in Rome and the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  2. Any man or beast of gigantic size.
     
corybantic Tweet Definition of corybantic Like Definition of corybantic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. frenetic, ecstatic and orgiastic
     

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