All Words Glossary

Glossary of Anatomy Terms
beginning with letter C
Browse the Anatomy Glossary

caecum Tweet Definition of caecum Like Definition of caecum on Facebook
noun (pluralcaeca)
  1. (anatomy) A blind pouch connected to the large intestine between the ileum and the colon.
  • 1970: After a preliminary course in anatomy it was found that and transverse colon also provided excellent sites for excitation. " JG Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition
calcaneus Tweet Definition of calcaneus Like Definition of calcaneus on Facebook
noun (pl=calcanei, pl2=calcanea)
  1. The large bone making up the heel of the human foot.
canthus Tweet Definition of canthus Like Definition of canthus on Facebook
  1. either corner of the eye, where the eyelids meet
  • 1955: the lowly East with its deer head (dark trace of long tear at inner ) " Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita
capillary Tweet Definition of capillary Like Definition of capillary on Facebook
noun (capillaries)
  1. (anatomy) Any of the small blood vessels that connect arterioles to venules. Their walls are composed of a single layer of cells which allows molecules such as oxygen, water and lipids to pass through them by diffusion and enter the tissues. Waste products such as carbon dioxide and urea can diffuse back into the blood to be carried away for removal from the body.
capitate bone Tweet Definition of capitate bone Like Definition of capitate bone on Facebook
  1. The largest of the bones in the human wrist.
Cardia Tweet Definition of Cardia Like Definition of Cardia on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Cardia (Thrace))
  1. a former town in Thrace
cardiac Tweet Definition of cardiac Like Definition of cardiac on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to the heart.
cardiovascular Tweet Definition of cardiovascular Like Definition of cardiovascular on Facebook
  1. Relating to the circulatory system, that is the heart and blood vessels.
carotid Tweet Definition of carotid Like Definition of carotid on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) a number of major artery, arteries in the head and neck.
  1. Relating to these arteries
carpal Tweet Definition of carpal Like Definition of carpal on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) Any of the eight bones of the wrist.
carpi Tweet Definition of carpi Like Definition of carpi on Facebook
  1. (plural of, carpus)
carpus Tweet Definition of carpus Like Definition of carpus on Facebook
noun (pluralcarpi)
  1. (anatomy) The group of bones that make up the wrist.
caul Tweet Definition of caul Like Definition of caul on Facebook
  1. The thin membrane which covers the lower intestines.
  2. Part of the amniotic sac which sometimes shrouds a baby"s head at birth.
cavity Tweet Definition of cavity Like Definition of cavity on Facebook
noun (cavit, ies)
  1. A hole or hollow depression.
  2. A hollow area within the body (such as the sinuses).
  3. A soft area in a decayed tooth.
central nervous system Tweet Definition of central nervous system Like Definition of central nervous system on Facebook
  1. (neuroanatomy) In vertebrates, that part of the nervous system comprising the brain, brainstem and spinal cord.
centrum Tweet Definition of centrum Like Definition of centrum on Facebook
noun (centra)
  1. the central body of each vertebra
cephalic Tweet Definition of cephalic Like Definition of cephalic on Facebook
  1. head-like
  2. of or referring to the head
  3. Of, or pertaining to, the cephalon
cerebral cortex Tweet Definition of cerebral cortex Like Definition of cerebral cortex on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) The grey, folded, outermost layer of the cerebrum that is responsible for higher brain processes such as sensation, voluntary muscle movement, thought, reasoning, and memory.
cervical Tweet Definition of cervical Like Definition of cervical on Facebook
  1. Of the neck or cervix.
cervix Tweet Definition of cervix Like Definition of cervix on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
plural:cervicesor, by some considered incorrect,cervixes)
  1. (anatomy) The neck; also, the necklike portion of any part, as of the womb.
  2. the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina.
Cheek Tweet Definition of Cheek Like Definition of Cheek on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The word Cheek is also an old family surname from Anglo-Saxon England that predates the Norman invasion. The Cheek family was among the first to immigrate to the US colonies in the early 17th century. The family crest is a white shield with three red crescents.
cheekbone Tweet Definition of cheekbone Like Definition of cheekbone on Facebook
  1. The small prominent bone of the cheek.
chest Tweet Definition of chest Like Definition of chest on Facebook
  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure lid.
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. The portion of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
chiasma Tweet Definition of chiasma Like Definition of chiasma on Facebook
noun (plural chiasmata or chiasmas or chiasms)
  1. (anatomy) a crossing of two nerves, ligaments etc
  2. (genetics) the contact point between the two chromatids of a chromosome during meiosis
choroid Tweet Definition of choroid Like Definition of choroid on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) The vascular layer of the eye lying between the retina and the sclera.
chyle Tweet Definition of chyle Like Definition of chyle on Facebook
  1. a digestive fluid containing fatty droplets, found in the small intestine
  • 1922: And we stuffing food in one hole and out behind: food, , blood, dung, earth, food: have to feed it like stoking an engine. " James Joyce, Ulysses
cilia Tweet Definition of cilia Like Definition of cilia on Facebook
  1. Irregular (plural of, cilium, nocap=true)
circumvallate Tweet Definition of circumvallate Like Definition of circumvallate on Facebook
verb (circumvallat, ing)
  1. to surround with a rampart
  • 2004: The settlement is circumvallated by a stake-fence, so decayed that one may gain ingress at a dozen places. " David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas
clitoris Tweet Definition of clitoris Like Definition of clitoris on Facebook
noun (es , pl2=clitorides)
  1. (anatomy) A small sensitive elongated erectile organ at the anterior part of the vulva in female mammals, homologous with the penis.
CNS Tweet Definition of CNS Like Definition of CNS on Facebook
  1. (neuroanatomy) central nervous system, Central Nervous System
coccyx Tweet Definition of coccyx Like Definition of coccyx on Facebook
noun (coccyges)
  1. The final fused vertebrae at the base of the spine.
cochlea Tweet Definition of cochlea Like Definition of cochlea on Facebook
noun (s, pl2=cochleae)
  1. (anatomy) The complex, spirally coiled, tapered cavity of the inner ear in which sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses.
coeliac Tweet Definition of coeliac Like Definition of coeliac on Facebook
  1. Someone who has coeliac disease.
  1. (anatomy) Relating to the abdomen, or to the cavity of the abdomen.
  2. pertaining to coeliac disease
collarbone Tweet Definition of collarbone Like Definition of collarbone on Facebook
  1. the bone joining the shoulder and the breastbone
colon Tweet Definition of colon Like Definition of colon on Facebook
noun (plural:colonsor obsolete:cola)
  1. (grammar) The punctuation mark ":" introducing a quotation or a series of items, or separating clauses.
  2. (anatomy) The final segment of the digestive system, after (distal to) the ileum and before (proximal to) the anus
  3. A rhetorical figure consisting of a clause which is grammatically, but not logically, complete.
colonic Tweet Definition of colonic Like Definition of colonic on Facebook
  1. colonic irrigation
  1. Of, relating to, affecting or within the colon.
comes Tweet Definition of comes Like Definition of comes on Facebook
  1. (third-person singular of, come)
commissure Tweet Definition of commissure Like Definition of commissure on Facebook
  1. the place where two things are joined, especially the line where two parts of an anatomical structure join
common Tweet Definition of common Like Definition of common on Facebook
  1. mutual, Mutual good, shared by more than one.
  2. a tract of land in common ownership
adjective (er, more)
  1. mutual, Mutual; shared by more than one.
The two competitors have the aim of winning the championship.
Winning the championship is an aim to the two competitors.
  1. occur, Occurring or happening regularly or frequently; usual.
It is to find sharks off this coast.
  1. found, Found in large numbers or in a large quantity.
Sharks are in these waters.
  1. simple, Simple, ordinary or vulgar.
  2. (grammar) In some languages, particularly Germanic languages, of the gender originating from the coalescence of the masculine and feminine categories of nouns.
  3. Of or pertaining to uncapitalized nouns in English, i.e., common nouns vs. proper nouns
compressor Tweet Definition of compressor Like Definition of compressor on Facebook
  1. A device that produces pressure, such as a gas compressor that produces pressurized gas.
  2. A devices that squeezes (compresses).
  3. (audio) A device that reduces the dynamic range of an audio signal
condyle Tweet Definition of condyle Like Definition of condyle on Facebook
  1. A prominence on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone.
  • 1927: "It's the upper of a human femur," said I. " Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place" (Norton 2005 p. 1717)
condyloid Tweet Definition of condyloid Like Definition of condyloid on Facebook
  1. Relating to or resembling a condyle.
cone Tweet Definition of cone Like Definition of cone on Facebook
  1. (geometry) A surface of revolution formed by rotate, rotating a line around another line that intersects the first line.
  2. (geometry) A solid of revolution formed by rotating a triangle around a line through and in the plane of the triangle.
  3. Anything shaped like a cone.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998">The Illustrated Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1998</ref>
  4. The fruit of a conifer.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
  5. An ice cream cone.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
  6. A unit of volume, applied solely to marijuana and only while it is in a smokable state; roughly 1.5 cubic centimetres, depending on use.
  7. Any of the small cone-shaped structures in the retina.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
verb (cones, coning, coned)
  1. (context, pottery) To fashion into the shape of a
    1. Noun, cone.
conjunctiva Tweet Definition of conjunctiva Like Definition of conjunctiva on Facebook
noun (pl2=conjunctivae)
  1. (anatomy) A clear mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and the exposed surface of the eyeball or sclera.
connective tissue Tweet Definition of connective tissue Like Definition of connective tissue on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) A type of tissue found in animals whose main function is binding other tissue systems (such as muscle to skin) or organs and consists of the following three elements: cells, fibers and a ground substance (or extracellular matrix).
contralateral Tweet Definition of contralateral Like Definition of contralateral on Facebook
  1. on the opposite side of the body
    • Each hand is controlled by the contralateral motor cortex. That is, the right hand is controlled by the left side of the brain, and vice versa.
convolution Tweet Definition of convolution Like Definition of convolution on Facebook
  1. Something that is folded or twisted.
  2. Any of the folds on the surface of the brain.
  3. The shape of something rotating; a vortex.
  4. (mathematics) A form of moving average.
  5. (computing) A function that puts elements of multiple strings into arrays.
cord Tweet Definition of cord Like Definition of cord on Facebook
noun (countable except where indicated; pluralcords)
  1. A long, thin, flexible length of twisted strands of fibre/fiber, for example rope; (uncountable) such a length of twisted strands considered as a commodity.
The burglar tied up the householder with a cord.
He looped some cord around his fingers.
  1. A small flexible conductor assembly of insulated wires, "lamp" or "sweeper" cords.
  2. A unit of measurement used for firewood, equal to 128 cubic feet (4 x 4 x 8 feet).
  3. (in plural cords) See cords.
  4. A cross-section measurement of an aircraft's wing.
cornea Tweet Definition of cornea Like Definition of cornea on Facebook
noun (pluralcorneas)
  1. (anatomy) The transparent layer forming the front of the eye.
corona Tweet Definition of corona Like Definition of corona on Facebook
noun (plural: coronae or coronas)
  1. A crown or garland bestowed among the Romans as a reward for distinguished services.
  2. (star): The luminous plasma atmosphere of the Sun or other star, extending millions of kilometres into space, most easily seen during a total solar eclipse,
  3. (biology): Any crown-like appendage of a plant or animal.
  4. (electrical): a low energy discharge caused by ionization of a gas by an electric field quite common at conductor bends of 12kV or higher.
coronary Tweet Definition of coronary Like Definition of coronary on Facebook
noun (pluralcoronaries)
  1. A coronary thrombosis or heart attack.
Manny had a coronary last week, followed by a triple bypass.
  1. Crown-shaped, resembling or encircling as a crown, especially with regard to the artery, arteries or veins of the heart.
corpus Tweet Definition of corpus Like Definition of corpus on Facebook
noun (plural: corpora or corpuses)
  1. the body
  2. (linguistics) a collection of writings, often on a specific topic, of a specific genre, from a specific demographic, a single author etc.
costal Tweet Definition of costal Like Definition of costal on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to a rib.
cotyledon Tweet Definition of cotyledon Like Definition of cotyledon on Facebook
  1. (botany) the leaf of the embryo of a seed-bearing plant; after germination it becomes the first leaves of the seedling
cranial nerve Tweet Definition of cranial nerve Like Definition of cranial nerve on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) Any of the twelve paired nerves that originate from the brainstem instead of the spinal cord.
craniofacial Tweet Definition of craniofacial Like Definition of craniofacial on Facebook
  1. (medicine) Pertaining to the cranium and face, as with craniofacial surgery.
cremaster Tweet Definition of cremaster Like Definition of cremaster on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) A thin muscle attached to the testicles.
  2. (zoology) In the pupae of certain species of butterfly, a hook-shaped protuberance from the rear of the chrysalis casing, by which the caterpillar fixes itself to the pad of silk it has cemented to the underside of a perch.
crest Tweet Definition of crest Like Definition of crest on Facebook
  1. A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc.
  2. The plume of feathers, or other decoration, worn on or displayed above a helmet; the distinctive ornament of a helmet, indicating the rank of the wearer.
  3. (heraldry): A bearing worn, not upon the shield, but usually above it, or separately as an ornament for plate, liveries, and the like. It is a relic of the ancient cognizance. See Cognizance, 4.
  4. The upper curve of a horse's neck.
  5. The ridge or top of a wave.
  6. The summit of a hill or mountain ridge.
  7. The helm or head, as typical of a high spirit; pride; courage.
  8. The ornamental finishing which surmounts the ridge of a roof, canopy, etc.
  9. The top line of a slope or embankment.
  1. Particularly with reference to waves, to reach a peak.
cricoid Tweet Definition of cricoid Like Definition of cricoid on Facebook
  1. Shaped like a ring.
  2. Pertaining to the cricoid cartilage, a ring of cartilage that forms a part of the larynx.
crural Tweet Definition of crural Like Definition of crural on Facebook
  1. pertaining to the leg, especially the lower leg
crypt Tweet Definition of crypt Like Definition of crypt on Facebook
  1. An underground vault, especially one beneath a church that is used as a burial place.
  2. (anatomy) A small pit or cavity in the body
cuboid Tweet Definition of cuboid Like Definition of cuboid on Facebook
noun (pluralcuboids)
  1. (anatomy) The cuboid bone.
  2. (mathematics) A rectangular parallelepiped.
  1. Of the shape of a cube.
cul-de-sac Tweet Definition of cul-de-sac Like Definition of cul-de-sac on Facebook
noun (plural:cul-de-sacsorculs-de-sac)
  1. A blind alley or dead end street.
  2. : A circular area at the end of a dead end street to allow cars to turn around, designed so children can play on street, with little or no through-traffic.
  3. An impasse.
  • "Physics seems, in fact, to have got itself into a , obsessing over theories so mathematically abstruse that nobody even knows how to test them." &mdash; National Review, February 14, 2005
    1. (medicine) A sacklike cavity or tube open at one end only.
cuneiform Tweet Definition of cuneiform Like Definition of cuneiform on Facebook
  1. An ancient writing system originating in Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium BC.
  2. (anatomy) A wedge-shaped bone, especially a cuneiform bone.
  1. Having the form of a wedge; wedge-shaped.
cutaneous Tweet Definition of cutaneous Like Definition of cutaneous on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) Of, relating to, existing on, or affecting the skin.
cuticle Tweet Definition of cuticle Like Definition of cuticle on Facebook
  1. The outermost layer of the skin of vertebrates; the epidermis.
  2. The strip of hardened skin at the base and sides of a fingernail or toenail.
  3. Dead or cornified epidermis.
  4. (context, zoology, botany) The outer protective covering of invertebrates and plants.
cutis Tweet Definition of cutis Like Definition of cutis on Facebook
noun (cutes, pl2=cutises)
  1. (anatomy) The true skin or dermis, underlying the epidermis.
    • 1883: Alfred Swaine Taylor, Thomas Stevenson, The principles and practice of medical jurisprudence
    • :The measures in thickness from a quarter of a line to a line and a half (a line is one-twelfth of an inch).
CV Tweet Definition of CV Like Definition of CV on Facebook
  1. curriculum vitae
  2. cellevision
    1. (philately) catalog value
cystic Tweet Definition of cystic Like Definition of cystic on Facebook
  1. of or pertaining to a cyst
  1. (anatomy) of or pertaining to the gall bladder or the urinary bladder

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