Anatomy Glossary Terms beginning with B

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Glossary of Anatomy Terms
beginning with letter B
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back Tweet Definition of back Like Definition of back on Facebook
  1. The side of something opposite the front or useful side; the reverse side; the side that is not normally seen.
Turn the book over and look at the cover.
  1. That which is farthest away from the front.
He sat in the of the room.
  1. The part of something that goes last.
The car was near the of the train.
  1. The rear of body, especially the part between the neck and the end of the spine and opposite the chest and belly.
Could you please scratch my ?
  1. In some team sports, a position behind most players on the team.
  1. To go in the reverse direction.
The train backed into the station.
  1. To support.
I you all the way.
  1. (nautical, of the wind) the change direction contrary to its normal pattern (anticlockwise in the northern hemisphere, clockwise in the southern)
  2. (nautical, of a square sail) to brace the yards so that the wind presses on the front of the sail, to slow the ship
  3. (nautical, of an anchor) to lay out a second, smaller anchor to provide additional holding power
  1. Near the rear.
Go in the door of the house.
  1. (context, after a change) In the previous state or position.
He was on vacation, but now he"s .
The office fell into chaos when you left, but now order is .
  1. Not current.
I"d like to find a issue of that magazine.
  1. far, Far from the main area.
They took a road.
adverb (further back, furthest back)
  1. (Not comparable) To a previous condition or place.
He gave the money.
  1. Away from the front or from an edge.
Sit all the way in your chair.
Step from the curb.
  1. In a manner that impedes.
Fear held him .
backbone Tweet Definition of backbone Like Definition of backbone on Facebook
noun (plural: backbones)
  1. set of bones which connected make up the spine and spinal column and run down the middle of the back in vertebrate animals.
  2. any fundamental support, structure, or infrastructure
Before automobiles, railroads were a of commerce.
  1. courage, fortitude, or strength
He would make a good manager, if he had a little more .
belly Tweet Definition of belly Like Definition of belly on Facebook
noun (bell, ies)
  1. (colloquial) The abdomen.
verb (bellies, bellying, bellied)
  1. To position one's belly.
biceps Tweet Definition of biceps Like Definition of biceps on Facebook
noun (plural or bicepses)
  1. (anatomy) Any muscle having two heads.
  2. (anatomy) Specifically, the biceps brachii.
biceps brachii Tweet Definition of biceps brachii Like Definition of biceps brachii on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) The flexor in the upper arm.
blind spot Tweet Definition of blind spot Like Definition of blind spot on Facebook
  1. The place where the optic nerve attaches to the retina, and so where the retina cannot detect light.
  2. In driving, the part of the road that cannot be seen in the rear-view mirror.
When he changed lanes, he sideswiped a car that was in his .
  1. (context, figurative) An inability to recognize a fact or think clearly about a certain topic, especially because of a prejudice.
He loves her so much that he has a when it comes to her faults.
blood cell Tweet Definition of blood cell Like Definition of blood cell on Facebook
  1. (cytology) Any of the cells found in blood that is erythrocytes and leukocytes, and sometimes including platelets.
blood serum Tweet Definition of blood serum Like Definition of blood serum on Facebook
  1. (medicine) The clear fluid obtained from whole blood by removing blood cells, platelets and fibrogen; it is blood plasma without the fibrogen
blood vessel Tweet Definition of blood vessel Like Definition of blood vessel on Facebook
  1. (anatomy) referring to any vessel in which blood is carried, such as artery, arteries, capillary, capillaries or vein, veins
brain cell Tweet Definition of brain cell Like Definition of brain cell on Facebook
  1. (cytology) A cell in the brain, such as a neuron or a glial cell.
brainstem Tweet Definition of brainstem Like Definition of brainstem on Facebook
noun (pluralbrainstems)
  1. (anatomy) The lowest part of the brain which is continuous with the spinal cord. It comprises the medulla oblongata, midbrain and pons.
breast Tweet Definition of breast Like Definition of breast on Facebook
  1. Either of the two fleshy organs on the front of a woman's chest, which contain the mammary glands; also the analogous organs in men.
Tanya's breasts grew alarmingly during pregnancy.
  1. The chest, or front of the human thorax.
The Wedding-Guest here beat his ,
For he heard the loud bassoon.
" Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  1. A section of clothing covering the breast area.
  2. The figurative seat of the emotions, feelings etc.; one's heart or innermost thoughts.
She kindled hope in the of all who heard her.
  1. The ventral portion of an animal's thorax.
The robin has a red .
  1. A choice cut of poultry, especially chicken or turkey, taken from the bird"s breast.
Would you like or wing?
  1. (transitive) To push against with the breast; to meet full on, to oppose, to face.
He breasted the hill and saw the town before him.
breastbone Tweet Definition of breastbone Like Definition of breastbone on Facebook
  1. The central narrow bone in the front of the chest, connecting the collar-bone and the top ribs.
breech Tweet Definition of breech Like Definition of breech on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. The lower part of the body behind; the buttocks.
  2. A reference to a view of or visual aspect of the buttocks or rear lower body below the waist, from which meaning is derived the term breech birth, the word in this case apparently referring to the obvious cleavage between the buttocks .
  3. A garment whose purpose is to cover or clothe the buttocks, such as early 18th century undergarments.
  4. breeches
  5. The hinder part of anything; esp., the part of a cannon, or other firearm, behind the chamber.
  6. Nautical: The external angle of knee timber, the inside of which is called the throat
  7. A breech birth.
  1. Born, or having been born, breech.
  1. With the hips coming out before the head.
bronchi Tweet Definition of bronchi Like Definition of bronchi on Facebook
  1. (plural of, bronchus)
bronchial Tweet Definition of bronchial Like Definition of bronchial on Facebook
  1. Of or relating to the bronchus, bronchi or bronchioles.
bronchiole Tweet Definition of bronchiole Like Definition of bronchiole on Facebook
noun (pluralbronchioles)
  1. Any of the small branches of a bronchus.
bronchus Tweet Definition of bronchus Like Definition of bronchus on Facebook
noun (bronchi)
  1. Either of two airways, which are primary branches of the trachea, leading directly into the lungs.
brow Tweet Definition of brow Like Definition of brow on Facebook
  1. the ridge over the eyes; the eyebrow
  2. forehead
  3. the projecting upper edge of a steep place such as a hill
  4. (nautical) the gangway from ship to shore when a ship is lying alongside a quay
  5. (nautical) the hinged part of a landing craft or ferry which is lowered to form a landing platform; a ramp
buccal Tweet Definition of buccal Like Definition of buccal on Facebook
  1. of or relating to the cheek or, more rarely, the mouth.
  2. (dentistry) of a premolar or molar, on the side facing the cheek. See mesial.
  3. (medicine) a drug delivery method where the drug is administered in the mouth, not by swallowing but by absorption through the skin of the cheek; often by placing between the top gum and the inside of the lip.
Bud Tweet Definition of Bud Like Definition of Bud on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A male nickname.
I remember many visits from my uncle Bud.
  1. (colloquial) A nickname for the beer Budweiser®.
I'd like a Bud, please.
bulb Tweet Definition of bulb Like Definition of bulb on Facebook
  1. Any solid object rounded at one end and tapering on the other, possibly attached to a larger object at the tapered end
  2. A light bulb
  3. The bulb-shaped root portion of a plant such as a tulip, from which the rest of the plant may be regrown.
    • 2005, w:Plato, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. w:Stephanus pagination, 265c.
    • : the plants which grow in the earth from seed or bulbs.

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