All Words Glossary

Glossary of Optics Terms
beginning with letter S
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saturated Tweet Definition of saturated Like Definition of saturated on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, saturate, lang=English)
adjective
  1. full, Full; unable to hold or contain any more.
  2. soaked, Soaked or drenched with moisture.
    1. (context, chemistry, of a solution) containing, Containing all the solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature
  3. (chemistry) Having all available valence bonds filled; especially of any organic compound containing only single bonds between carbon atoms.
saturation Tweet Definition of saturation Like Definition of saturation on Facebook
noun
  1. the act of saturating or the process of being saturated
  2. (physics) the condition in which, after a sufficient increase in a causal force, no further increase in the resultant effect is possible; e.g. the state of a ferromagnetic material that cannot be further magnetized
  3. (chemistry) the state of a saturated solution
  4. (chemistry) the state of an organic compound that has no double bond, double or triple bonds
  5. (meteorology) the state of the atmosphere when it is saturated with water vapour; 100% humidity
    1. the intensity or vividness of a colour
    2. intense bombing of a military target with the aim of destroying it
    3. the flooding of a market with all of a product that can be sold
  6. (music) an effect on the sound of an electric guitar, used primarily in heavy metal music
scanning electron microscope Tweet Definition of scanning electron microscope Like Definition of scanning electron microscope on Facebook
noun
  1. An electron microscope whose image is made up of a matrix of points.
scanning tunneling microscope Tweet Definition of scanning tunneling microscope Like Definition of scanning tunneling microscope on Facebook
noun
  1. A device used to form an image of the surface of a conductor or semiconductor with atomic resolution
Schmidt telescope Tweet Definition of Schmidt telescope Like Definition of Schmidt telescope on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Schmidt camera)
  1. (astronomy) A telescopy, having a wide field of view, comprising a thin aspheric lens and a large concave mirror
scope Tweet Definition of scope Like Definition of scope on Facebook
noun
  1. A short version of periscope, or telescope or oscilloscope
  2. The breadth, depth or reach of a subject; a domain.
  3. a device used in aiming a projectile, through which the person aiming looks at the intended target
  4. (computing)The scope of an identifier is the region of a program source within which it represents a certain thing.
verb (scop, ing)
  1. To perform a cursory investigation, as to scope out.
  2. To perform arthroscopic surgery.
The surgeon will the football player's knee to repair damage to a ligament.
SEM Tweet Definition of SEM Like Definition of SEM on Facebook
initialism
  1. scanning electron microscope / scanning electron microscopy
simple Tweet Definition of simple Like Definition of simple on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, jargon, medicine) A preparation made from one plant, as opposed to something made from more than one plant.
adjective (simpler, simplest)
  1. having few parts or features; having no special features
  2. (colloquial) feeble-minded.
simple microscope Tweet Definition of simple microscope Like Definition of simple microscope on Facebook
noun
  1. A microscope with only one lens.
slide Tweet Definition of slide Like Definition of slide on Facebook
noun
  1. A toy for children where they climb up and then slide, glide down again.
The long, red was great fun for the kids.
  1. The event of large amounts of rubble, earth and stones moving down the slope of a hill or from a mountain.
The closed the highway.
  1. A lever that can be moved in two directions.
  2. A valve that works by sliding such as in a trombone.
  3. A transparent image, to be projected to a screen.
  4. (baseball) The act of droping down and skidding into a base
verb (slides, sliding, slid)
  1. (transitive) To cause to move in continuous contact with a surface
He slid the boat across the grass.
  1. (intransitive) To move in continuous contact with a surface.
The safe slid slowly.
  1. (intransitive) To move on a low friction surface.
The car slid on the ice.
  1. (intransitive, baseball) To drop down and skid into a base.
Jones slid into second.
  1. (intransitive) To lose one"s balance on a slippery surface.
He slid while going around the corner.
  1. (intransitive) To let pass without action.
''The administrator let the minor infraction with only a disapproving look.
Snell's law Tweet Definition of Snell Like Definition of Snell
nounSnell"s law
  1. (Optics) the law that, for a ray incident on the interface of two media, the sine of the angle of incidence times the index of the refraction of the first medium is equal to the sine of the angle of refraction times the index of refraction of the second medium
spectral Tweet Definition of spectral Like Definition of spectral on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to or having the appearance of a spectre.
  2. ghostly, Ghostly.
  3. Of or referring to a spectrum.
spectral line Tweet Definition of spectral line Like Definition of spectral line on Facebook
noun
  1. (physics) a dark or bright line in an otherwise continuous spectrum caused by the absorption or emission of light, at a single wavelength, by the movement of electrons between energy levels of an atom or molecule
spectroheliogram Tweet Definition of spectroheliogram Like Definition of spectroheliogram on Facebook
noun
  1. (astronomy) a photograph taken using a spectroheliograph
spectrohelioscope Tweet Definition of spectrohelioscope Like Definition of spectrohelioscope on Facebook
noun
  1. an instrument used for observing solar radiation
spectrometer Tweet Definition of spectrometer Like Definition of spectrometer on Facebook
noun
  1. (analytical chemistry) An optical instrument for measuring the absorption of light by chemical substances; typically it will plot a graph of absorption versus wavelength or frequency, and the patterns produced are used to identify the substances present, and their internal structure.
spectroscope Tweet Definition of spectroscope Like Definition of spectroscope on Facebook
noun
  1. an optical instrument used for spectrographic analysis
spectroscopy Tweet Definition of spectroscopy Like Definition of spectroscopy on Facebook
noun
  1. The scientific study of spectra.
  2. (analytical chemistry) The use of spectrometers in chemical analysis.
specular Tweet Definition of specular Like Definition of specular on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having or relating to the qualities of a mirror.
    • You could see specular highlights on the surface of the water.
speculum Tweet Definition of speculum Like Definition of speculum on Facebook
noun (pl=speculums, pl2=specula)
  1. (medicine) A medical instrument used during an examination to dilate an orifice.
  2. A mirror.
spyglass Tweet Definition of spyglass Like Definition of spyglass on Facebook
nounspyglass (spyglasses)
  1. a small telescope
stage Tweet Definition of stage Like Definition of stage on Facebook
noun
  1. a phase
''He is in the recovery of his illness.
  1. The area, in any theatre, generally raised, upon which an audience watches plays or other public ceremonies.
''The band returned to the to play an encore.
  1. Short for stagecoach, an enclosed horsedrawn carriage used to carry passengers
''The pulled into town carrying the payroll for the mill and three ladies.
  1. (electronics) the number of an electronic circuit"s block, such as a filter, an amplifier, etc.
a 3- cascade of a 2nd-order bandpass Butterworth filter
  1. The place on a microscope where the slide is placed
He placed the slide on the stage.
verb (stag, ing)
  1. To produce on a stage.
The local theater group will "Pride and Prejudice".
  1. To demonstrate in a deceptive manner.
The salesman"s demonstration of the new cleanser was staged to make it appear highly effective.
  1. To pause or wait at a designated location.
We staged the cars to be ready for the start, then waited for the starter to drop the flag.
stain Tweet Definition of stain Like Definition of stain on Facebook
noun
  1. A discoloured spot or area
  2. A blemish on one's character or reputation
  3. A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it
  4. A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible
verb
  1. To discolour something
  2. To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
  3. To coat a surface with a stain
  4. To treat a microscope specimen with a dye
stereogram Tweet Definition of stereogram Like Definition of stereogram on Facebook
noun
  1. An early stereophonic music centre containing a gramophone and radio, and often storage space for records
  2. A stereoscopic image; a stereograph
stereograph Tweet Definition of stereograph Like Definition of stereograph on Facebook
noun
  1. A pair of stereoscopic images that give a three-dimensional effect when viewed through a stereoscope or similar device; a stereogram
stereomicroscope Tweet Definition of stereomicroscope Like Definition of stereomicroscope on Facebook
noun
  1. a microscope with two eyepieces, used for observing stereoscopic images
stereopticon Tweet Definition of stereopticon Like Definition of stereopticon on Facebook
noun
  1. A magic lantern, especially one with two projectors arranged so as to produce dissolving views or combinations of images
stereoscope Tweet Definition of stereoscope Like Definition of stereoscope on Facebook
noun
  1. an instrument used for viewing pairs of stereoscopic photographs
stereoscopic Tweet Definition of stereoscopic Like Definition of stereoscopic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or relating to stereoscopy; three-dimensional
  2. of or related to the stereoscope
stereoscopy Tweet Definition of stereoscopy Like Definition of stereoscopy on Facebook
noun
  1. the manufacture and viewing of stereoscopic images; 3D imaging
stigmatic Tweet Definition of stigmatic Like Definition of stigmatic on Facebook
noun
  1. One who displays stigmata, the five wounds of Christ; St. Francis of Assisi being the first.
stilb Tweet Definition of stilb Like Definition of stilb on Facebook
noun
  1. (physics) a unit of luminance equal to one candela per square centimetre
strong Tweet Definition of strong Like Definition of strong on Facebook
adjective
  1. capable of produce, producing great physical force.
a man
  1. capable of withstanding great physical force
a foundation
  1. determined, unyielding
He is in the face of adversity.
  1. highly stimulating to the senses
a light
a taste
  1. having an offensive or intense odor or flavor
a smell
  1. having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient
a cup of coffee
a medicine
  1. having a high alcoholic content
a drink
  1. (grammar) irregular
a verb
  1. (military) not easily subdued or taken
a position
  1. (slang) impressive, good
You"re working with troubled youth in your off time? That"s !
adverb
  1. in a strong manner

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