All Words Glossary

Glossary of Minerals Terms
beginning with letter C
Browse the Minerals Glossary
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calcareous Tweet Definition of calcareous Like Definition of calcareous on Facebook
adjective
  1. resembling or containing calcium carbonate or limestone; chalky
calcite Tweet Definition of calcite Like Definition of calcite on Facebook
noun
  1. (geology) a very widely distributed crystalline form of calcium carbonate, CaCO?3, found as limestone, chalk and marble
carbonado Tweet Definition of carbonado Like Definition of carbonado on Facebook
noun
  1. meat or fish that has been scored and broiled
carnallite Tweet Definition of carnallite Like Definition of carnallite on Facebook
noun
  1. (mineralogy) a saline evaporite composed of a mixture of potassium chloride and magnesium chloride
chalcocite Tweet Definition of chalcocite Like Definition of chalcocite on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (mineralogy) cuprous sulphide, (<math>Cu_2S</math>), an important ore of copper.
chalky Tweet Definition of chalky Like Definition of chalky on Facebook
adjective
  1. Consisting of or containing chalk.
  2. Resembling chalk in any way.
chiastolite Tweet Definition of chiastolite Like Definition of chiastolite on Facebook
noun
  1. (mineralogy) an aluminosilicate mineral having carbon inclusions
chlorite Tweet Definition of chlorite Like Definition of chlorite on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) Any salt of chlorous acid
  2. (mineralogy) A dark green mineral resembling serpentine, being a mixed silicate of magnesium, iron and aluminium
chrysoprase Tweet Definition of chrysoprase Like Definition of chrysoprase on Facebook
noun
  1. a variety of light-green translucent quartz
cinnabar Tweet Definition of cinnabar Like Definition of cinnabar on Facebook
noun
  1. A deep red mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS?; the principal ore of mercury; such ore used as the pigment vermilion
  2. (color) a bright red colour tinted with orange.
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    (seeCites)
adjective
  1. (color) of a bright red colour tinted with orange.
clinozoisite Tweet Definition of clinozoisite Like Definition of clinozoisite on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (mineralogy) A mineral found in crystalline schists, a metamorphic product of calcium feldspar.
  • Composition: Hydrous calcium aluminum silicate <math>Ca_2Al_3O (SiO?_4) (Si_2O_7) (OH)</math>
  • Habit: Prismatic crystals with striations parallel to the b-axis.
  • Physical characteristics: Hardness 6-6.5; Specific gravity 3.25-3.37; Luster vitreous, transparent to translucent; Color gray to green or pink.
color Tweet Definition of color Like Definition of color on Facebook
noun
  1. The spectral composition of visible light.
Humans and birds can perceive .
  1. A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
  1. Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and greys).
He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all ".
  1. Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
  1. (figuratively) interest, especially in a selective area.
a bit of local .
  1. In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analyists.
Could you give me some with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
  1. (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
(color-colour (noun))
verb
  1. To give something color.
We could the walls red.
  1. To draw within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
My kindergartener loves to .
  1. (context, of a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
  2. To affect without completely changing.
That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
  1. To attribute a quality to.
(colloquial) Color me confused. (color-colour (verb))
adjective
  1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.
corundum Tweet Definition of corundum Like Definition of corundum on Facebook
noun
  1. (mineralogy) an extremely hard mineral, a form of aluminium oxide, that occurs in the form of the gemstones ruby and sapphire; it is used as an abrasive
cristobalite Tweet Definition of cristobalite Like Definition of cristobalite on Facebook
noun
  1. (mineralogy) A mineral of volcanic rocks that solidified at a high temperature. Cristobalite is chemically identical to quartz, but has a different crystal structure. Crystals are always microscopic, and usually form small rounded masses.
  • Chemical composition: Silicon dioxide, <math>SiO?_2</math>
cryolite Tweet Definition of cryolite Like Definition of cryolite on Facebook
noun
  1. The mineral sodium aluminium fluoride (Na3AlF?6).
cummingtonite Tweet Definition of cummingtonite Like Definition of cummingtonite on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry): A mineral, magnesium-iron silicate hydroxide, (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)2, originally discovered in Cummington, Massachusetts.
cuprite Tweet Definition of cuprite Like Definition of cuprite on Facebook
noun
  1. (mineralogy) A mineral composed of cuprous oxide and a minor ore of copper.

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