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Glossary of Medical Terms
beginning with letter C
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cardiac Tweet Definition of cardiac Like Definition of cardiac on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to the heart.
cardiology Tweet Definition of cardiology Like Definition of cardiology on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) The study of the structure, function, and disorders of the heart.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation Tweet Definition of cardiopulmonary resuscitation Like Definition of cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Facebook
noun
  1. A first aid procedure for cardiac arrest involving compression of the chest wall alternating with artificial respiration.
cast Tweet Definition of cast Like Definition of cast on Facebook
noun
  1. A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones.
The doctor put a on the boy"s broken arm.
  1. The collective group of people performing a play or production together.
He"s in the of Oliver.
  1. The casting procedure.
  2. A small mass of earth excreted by a worm.
  3. An object made in a mould.
  4. The mould used to make cast objects; as, a plaster cast.
  5. A squint.
  6. visual, Visual appearance.
Her features had a delicate to them. (rfex, the ones without)
verb (casts, casting, cast, )
  1. To throw forcefully.
He a stone at the dog.
  1. To throw something down or toss something aside.
to away fear
She the die.
  1. To throw a fishing line or net into the water.
The fisherman the net into the sea.
  1. To assign a role in a play or performance.
The director the part carefully.
  1. (computing) To change a variable type from, for example, integer to real, or integer to text.
Casting is generally an indication of bad design.
  1. Make by pouring into a mould.
  2. (of animals) To lose the hair or fur of the coat, usually in spring.
  3. (context, of fabric) To twist or warp.
  4. (nautical) To bring the bows of a sailing ship on to the required tack just as the anchor is weighed by use of the headsail.
  5. (nautical) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water.
  6. (context, accountancy) To add up a column of figures; cross-cast refers to adding up a row of figures.
(rfex)
catharsis Tweet Definition of catharsis Like Definition of catharsis on Facebook
noun (pl=catharses)
  1. (context, drama) A release of emotional tension after an overwhelming vicarious experience, resulting in the purging or purification of the emotions, as through watching a dramatic production (especially a tragedy). Coined in this sense by Aristotle.
Seeing the hero's helped her deal with the loss of her parents.
  1. Any release of emotional tension to the same effect, more widely.
  2. (context, psychology) A therapeutic technique to relieve tension.
  3. (context, medicine) purge, Purging of the digestive system.
CAT scan Tweet Definition of CAT scan Like Definition of CAT scan on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. The common acronym for computed axial tomography scan.
cauterize Tweet Definition of cauterize Like Definition of cauterize on Facebook
verb (cauteriz, ing)
  1. To burn, sear, or freeze tissue using a hot iron, electric current or a caustic agent.
cautery Tweet Definition of cautery Like Definition of cautery on Facebook
noun
  1. (medical) The process of using either extreme heat or extreme cold to either cut or seal body tissue
CBC Tweet Definition of CBC Like Definition of CBC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
  2. Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting Company (Japan)
  3. Complete Blood Count
cecity Tweet Definition of cecity Like Definition of cecity on Facebook
noun
  1. blindness
cephalometry Tweet Definition of cephalometry Like Definition of cephalometry on Facebook
noun
  1. The measurement of the skull, especially in order to study its growth and development
checkup Tweet Definition of checkup Like Definition of checkup on Facebook
noun
  1. a routine visit to the doctor, dentist, etc. (physical checkup)
    The appointment was just for a checkup.
  2. a routine inspection
    I took my car in for an annual checkup.
verbto check up
  1. to check; investigate; examine
    I dropped by to check up on my friend.
chemoprophylaxis Tweet Definition of chemoprophylaxis Like Definition of chemoprophylaxis on Facebook
noun
  1. chemoprevention
chemotherapy Tweet Definition of chemotherapy Like Definition of chemotherapy on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) Any chemical treatment intended to be therapeutic with respect to a disease state.
  2. (oncology) Most common usage: chemical treatment to kill or halt the replication and/or spread of cancerous cells in a patient.
childbirth Tweet Definition of childbirth Like Definition of childbirth on Facebook
noun
  1. AThe fact or action of giving birth to a child, as the culmination of pregnancy.
chronotherapy Tweet Definition of chronotherapy Like Definition of chronotherapy on Facebook
noun
  1. An attempt to achieve to reset the circadian rhythm to achieve an earlier waking time by advancing bedtime later and later each day, around the clock, until the desired hour is reached.
Clear Tweet Definition of Clear Like Definition of Clear on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Clear (Scientology))
  1. (Scientology) An idea state of beingness free of unwanted influences.
clinic Tweet Definition of clinic Like Definition of clinic on Facebook
noun
  1. A medical facility, such as a hospital, especially one for the treatment and diagnosis of outpatients.
  2. A group practice of several physicians.
  3. A meeting for the diagnosis of problems, or training, on a particular subject.
  4. A temporary office arranged on a regular basis to allow politicians to meet their constituents.
clinician Tweet Definition of clinician Like Definition of clinician on Facebook
noun
  1. A doctor working in a clinic or hospital.
  2. A medicine student working as an intern in a clinic or hospital during his clinical semesters.
code Tweet Definition of code Like Definition of code on Facebook
noun
  1. A very short abbreviation, often with little correlation to the item it represents
You assigned the same "unique" to two intake-categories, causing a database error!
  1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.
"The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian is sometimes called, by way of eminence, "The Code"." -Wharton
  1. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals.
    1. A set of rules for converting information into another form or representation.
  2. (crypto) A cryptographic system using a codebook that converts word, words or phrase, phrases into codeword, codewords.
  3. source code, Source code.
verb (codes, coding, coded)
  1. (computing) To write software programs.
  2. To categorise by assigning identifiers from a schedule, for example CPT coding for medical insurance purposes.
  3. (crypto) To encode.
We should the messages we sent out on usenet.
coil Tweet Definition of coil Like Definition of coil on Facebook
noun
  1. Something wound in the form of a helix or spiral.
  2. Common name for any intra-uterine contraceptive device (Abbreviation: IUD)—the first IUDs were coil-shaped.
  3. (electrical) A coil of electrically conductive wire through which electricity can flow.
verb
  1. To wind or reel e.g. a wire or rope into regular rings, often around a centerpiece.
A simple transformer can be made by coiling two pieces of insulated copper wire around an iron heart.
  1. To wind into loops (roughly) around a common center.
The sailor coiled the free end of the hawser on the pier.
coition Tweet Definition of coition Like Definition of coition on Facebook
noun
  1. sexual intercourse
coitus Tweet Definition of coitus Like Definition of coitus on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman, requiring insertion of the penis into the vagina and culminating in ejaculation of semen.
colloid Tweet Definition of colloid Like Definition of colloid on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) A stable system of two phases, one of which is dispersed in the other in the form of very small droplets or particles.
  2. (meteorology) An intimate mixture of two substances one of which, called the dispersed phase (or ), is uniformly distributed in a finely divided state throughout the second substance, called the dispersion medium (or dispersing medium). The dispersion medium may be a gas, a liquid, or a solid, and the dispersed phase may also be any of these, with the exception that one does not speak of a colloidal system of one gas in another. A system of liquid or solid particles colloidally dispersed in a gas is called an aerosol. A system of solid substances or water-insoluble liquids colloidally dispersed in liquid water is called a hydrosol.
adjective
  1. glue, Glue-like.
colonoscope Tweet Definition of colonoscope Like Definition of colonoscope on Facebook
noun
  1. a flexible fibreoptic endoscope used to examine the colon and obtain tissue samples
colposcope Tweet Definition of colposcope Like Definition of colposcope on Facebook
noun
  1. a form of endoscope used to examine the tissues of the vagina and cervix
colposcopy Tweet Definition of colposcopy Like Definition of colposcopy on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) the examination of the tissues of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
compress Tweet Definition of compress Like Definition of compress on Facebook
noun
  1. A folded piece of cloth, a pouch of ice, etc., used to cover the dressing of wounds, and placed with the aid of a bandage to apply pressure on an injury.
He held a cold over the sprain.
verb (compresses, compressing, compressed)
  1. To make smaller; to press or squeeze together, or to make something occupy a smaller space or volume.
The force required to a spring varies linearly with the displacement.
  1. To condense or abridge.
If you try to the entire book into a three-sentence summary, you will lose a lot of information.
conceptus Tweet Definition of conceptus Like Definition of conceptus on Facebook
noun
  1. The fetus or embryo, including all the surrounding tissues protecting and nourishing it during pregnancy.
condition Tweet Definition of condition Like Definition of condition on Facebook
noun
  1. A logical clause or phrase that a conditional statement uses. The phrase can either be true or false.
  2. The health status of a medical patient.
  3. The state of any object, referring to the amount of its wear.
verb
  1. To undergo the process of acclimation.
"I became conditioned to the absence of seasons in San Diego."
  1. To subject to different conditions, especially as an exercise.
"They were conditioning their shins in their karate class."
  1. To shape the behaviour of someone to do something.
condom Tweet Definition of condom Like Definition of condom on Facebook
noun
  1. A flexible sleeve made of latex or other impermeable material such as sheepskin, used as a contraceptive or as a way to prevent the spread of STD's.
congenital Tweet Definition of congenital Like Definition of congenital on Facebook
adjective
  1. (context, of a trait) Present since birth.
contact Tweet Definition of contact Like Definition of contact on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of touching physically.
  2. The establishment of communication (with).
  3. (colloquial) A contact lens.
  4. (electrical) a device designed for repetitive connections.
Touch the to ground and read the number again.
  1. Someone with whom one is in communication.
The salesperson had a whole binder full of contacts for potential clients.
continent Tweet Definition of continent Like Definition of continent on Facebook
noun
  1. A large contiguous landmass that is at least partially surrounded by water, together with any islands on its continental shelf
adjective
  1. exercising continence
contraception Tweet Definition of contraception Like Definition of contraception on Facebook
noun
  1. the use of a device or procedure to prevent conception as a result of sexual activity
contraceptive Tweet Definition of contraceptive Like Definition of contraceptive on Facebook
noun
  1. a means by which impregnating a woman can be prevented, especially an effective one
Putting a pig's bladder over one's penis during intercourse is not a good .
contraindicate Tweet Definition of contraindicate Like Definition of contraindicate on Facebook
verb (contraindicat, ing)
  1. (context, medicine) To make inadvisable; to warn against a specific medicine or treatment.
corpus Tweet Definition of corpus Like Definition of corpus on Facebook
noun (plural: corpora or corpuses)
  1. the body
  2. (linguistics) a collection of writings, often on a specific topic, of a specific genre, from a specific demographic, a single author etc.
CPR Tweet Definition of CPR Like Definition of CPR on Facebook
initialism
  1. cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CardioPulmonary? Resuscitation
  2. Calibrated Peer Review
cradle Tweet Definition of cradle Like Definition of cradle on Facebook
noun
  1. A bed or cot for a baby, oscillate, oscillating on rockers or swinging on pivots.
  2. (context, figurative) The place of origin, or in which anything is nurtured or protected in the earlier period of existence.
    • a of crime
    • the of liberty
      1. (context, figurative) Infancy, or very early life.
    • from the to the grave
      1. An implement consisting of a broad scythe for cutting grain, with a set of long fingers parallel to the scythe, designed to receive the grain, and to lay it evenly in a swath.
      2. A tool used in mezzotint engraving, which, by a rocking motion, raises burrs on the surface of the plate, so preparing the ground.
      3. A framework of timbers, or iron bars, moving upon ways or rollers, used to support, lift, or carry ships or other vessels, heavy guns, etc., as up an inclined plane, or across a strip of land, or in launching a ship.
      4. A case for a broken or dislocated limb.
      5. A frame to keep the bedclothes from contact with the person.
      6. A machine on rockers, used in washing out auriferous earth.
      7. A suspended scaffold used in shafts.
      8. The ribbing for vaulted ceilings and arches intended to be covered with plaster.
      9. The basket or apparatus in which, when a line has been made fast to a wrecked ship from the shore, the people are brought off from the wreck.
      10. A rest for the receiver of a telephone.
      (rfex)
verb (cradl, ing)
  1. (transitive) To contain in or as if in a cradle.
  2. (transitive) To rock (a baby to sleep).
  3. (transitive) To wrap protectively.
    • cradling the injured man"s head in her arms
      1. (lacrosse) To rock the lacrosse stick back and forth in order to keep the ball in the head by means of centrifugal force.
critical Tweet Definition of critical Like Definition of critical on Facebook
adjective
  1. Inclined to find fault or criticize; fastidious; captious; censorious; exacting.
  2. Pertaining to, or indicating, a crisis, turning point, or specially important juncture.
  3. Of the point (in temperature, reagent concentration etc.) where a nuclear or chemical reaction becomes self-sustaining.
  4. Extremely important
    • It's critical that you deliver this on time.
      1. Relating to literary criticism and related kinds of criticism
    • The movie was a critical success, but bombed at the box-office.
      1. Likely to "runaway" if disturbed, i.e. opposite of stable.
crown Tweet Definition of crown Like Definition of crown on Facebook
noun
  1. A reward of victory or a mark of honor.
  2. A royal, imperial or princely headdress; a diadem.
  3. A representation of such a headdress, as in heraldry; it may even be that only the image exists, no physical crown, as in the case of the kingdom of Belgium; by analogy such crowns can be awarded to moral persons that don't even have a head, as the mural crown for cities in heraldry
  4. A wreath or band for the head.
  5. Imperial or regal power.
  6. The topmost part of the head.
  7. The highest part a hill.
  8. The top part of a hat.
  9. The raised centre of a road.
  10. The highest part of an arch.
  11. Splendor, finish, culmination.
achievement
  1. Any currency (originally) issued by the crown (regal power) and often bearing a crown (headdress)
  2. Specifically, a former British coin worth five shillings.
    1. (botany) The part of a plant where the root and stem meet.
  3. (anatomy) The part of a tooth above the gums.
  4. (dentistry) A prothestic covering for a tooth.
  5. (nautical) A knot formed in the end of a rope by tucking in the strands to prevent them from unravelling
  6. (nautical) The part of an anchor where the arms and the shank meet
verb
  1. To place a crown on the head of.
  2. To formally declare (someone) a king or emperor.
  3. To declare (someone) a winner.
  4. (medicine) Of a baby, during the birthing process; for the surface of the baby's head to appear in the vaginal opening.
The mother was in the second stage of labor and the fetus had just crowned, prompting a round of encouragement from the midwives.
  1. (context, gaming) To shoot an opponent in the back of the head with a shotgun in a first-person shooter video game.
  2. (context, board games) In checkers, to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king.
"Crown me!" I said, as I moved my checker to the back row.
adjective
  1. Of, related to, or pertaining to a crown.
prince
  1. Of, related to, pertaining to the top of a tree or trees.
a fire
cryonics Tweet Definition of cryonics Like Definition of cryonics on Facebook
noun
  1. the cryopreservation of a person with medical needs that cannot be met by available medicine until resuscitate , resuscitation and healing by future medicine is possible.
cryopreservation Tweet Definition of cryopreservation Like Definition of cryopreservation on Facebook
noun
  1. the preservation of biological tissue at cryogenic temperatures, typically at -80°C (dry ice temperature) or -196°C (the boiling point of liquid nitrogen).
cryoscopy Tweet Definition of cryoscopy Like Definition of cryoscopy on Facebook
noun
  1. the measurement of the freezing point of a liquid using a cryoscope
  1. (chemistry) the estimation of the molecular weight of a compound by measuring its effect on the freezing point of a solvent
cuff Tweet Definition of cuff Like Definition of cuff on Facebook
noun
  1. The end of a shirt sleeve that covers the wrist.
  2. The end of a pants leg, folded up.
verb
  1. (transitive) To hit, as a reproach.
  2. (transitive) To apply handcuffs.
cure Tweet Definition of cure Like Definition of cure on Facebook
noun
  1. a method, device or medication that restores good health
  2. a solution to a problem
verb (cur, ing)
  1. to restore to good health
  2. to relieve from a disease or its ill effects
  3. to preserve
Cynic Tweet Definition of Cynic Like Definition of Cynic on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a member of a sect of ancient Greek philosophers who believed virtue to be the only good and self-control to be the only means of achieving virtue.
adjective
  1. of or related to the Cynics.
cystoscope Tweet Definition of cystoscope Like Definition of cystoscope on Facebook
noun
  1. a form of endoscope used to examine the ureter and the bladder
cardiac Tweet Definition of cardiac Like Definition of cardiac on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to the heart.
cardiology Tweet Definition of cardiology Like Definition of cardiology on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) The study of the structure, function, and disorders of the heart.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation Tweet Definition of cardiopulmonary resuscitation Like Definition of cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Facebook
noun
  1. A first aid procedure for cardiac arrest involving compression of the chest wall alternating with artificial respiration.
cast Tweet Definition of cast Like Definition of cast on Facebook
noun
  1. A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones.
The doctor put a on the boy"s broken arm.
  1. The collective group of people performing a play or production together.
He"s in the of Oliver.
  1. The casting procedure.
  2. A small mass of earth excreted by a worm.
  3. An object made in a mould.
  4. The mould used to make cast objects; as, a plaster cast.
  5. A squint.
  6. visual, Visual appearance.
Her features had a delicate to them. (rfex, the ones without)
verb (casts, casting, cast, )
  1. To throw forcefully.
He a stone at the dog.
  1. To throw something down or toss something aside.
to away fear
She the die.
  1. To throw a fishing line or net into the water.
The fisherman the net into the sea.
  1. To assign a role in a play or performance.
The director the part carefully.
  1. (computing) To change a variable type from, for example, integer to real, or integer to text.
Casting is generally an indication of bad design.
  1. Make by pouring into a mould.
  2. (of animals) To lose the hair or fur of the coat, usually in spring.
  3. (context, of fabric) To twist or warp.
  4. (nautical) To bring the bows of a sailing ship on to the required tack just as the anchor is weighed by use of the headsail.
  5. (nautical) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water.
  6. (context, accountancy) To add up a column of figures; cross-cast refers to adding up a row of figures.
(rfex)
catharsis Tweet Definition of catharsis Like Definition of catharsis on Facebook
noun (pl=catharses)
  1. (context, drama) A release of emotional tension after an overwhelming vicarious experience, resulting in the purging or purification of the emotions, as through watching a dramatic production (especially a tragedy). Coined in this sense by Aristotle.
Seeing the hero's helped her deal with the loss of her parents.
  1. Any release of emotional tension to the same effect, more widely.
  2. (context, psychology) A therapeutic technique to relieve tension.
  3. (context, medicine) purge, Purging of the digestive system.
CAT scan Tweet Definition of CAT scan Like Definition of CAT scan on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. The common acronym for computed axial tomography scan.
cauterize Tweet Definition of cauterize Like Definition of cauterize on Facebook
verb (cauteriz, ing)
  1. To burn, sear, or freeze tissue using a hot iron, electric current or a caustic agent.
cautery Tweet Definition of cautery Like Definition of cautery on Facebook
noun
  1. (medical) The process of using either extreme heat or extreme cold to either cut or seal body tissue
CBC Tweet Definition of CBC Like Definition of CBC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
  2. Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting Company (Japan)
  3. Complete Blood Count
cecity Tweet Definition of cecity Like Definition of cecity on Facebook
noun
  1. blindness
cephalometry Tweet Definition of cephalometry Like Definition of cephalometry on Facebook
noun
  1. The measurement of the skull, especially in order to study its growth and development
checkup Tweet Definition of checkup Like Definition of checkup on Facebook
noun
  1. a routine visit to the doctor, dentist, etc. (physical checkup)
    The appointment was just for a checkup.
  2. a routine inspection
    I took my car in for an annual checkup.
verbto check up
  1. to check; investigate; examine
    I dropped by to check up on my friend.
chemoprophylaxis Tweet Definition of chemoprophylaxis Like Definition of chemoprophylaxis on Facebook
noun
  1. chemoprevention