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Glossary of Hydraulics Terms
beginning with letter C
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cavitation Tweet Definition of cavitation Like Definition of cavitation on Facebook
noun 
  1. (nautical) the formation, in a fluid, of small cavities of low pressure that rapidly collapse; especially in a rotating marine propeller
  2. the formation of pits on a surface
  3. (medicine) the formation of cavities in an organ, especially in lung tissue as a result of tuberculosis
     
chain pump Tweet Definition of chain pump Like Definition of chain pump on Facebook
noun 
  1. A water pump consisting of a series of buckets on a chain, wheel or drum
     
channel Tweet Definition of channel Like Definition of channel on Facebook
noun 
  1. The physical confine of a river or slough, consisting of a bed and banks.
''The water coming out of the waterwheel created a standing wave in the .
  1. The natural or man-made deeper course through a reef, bar, bay, or any shallow body of water.
A was dredged to allow ocean-going vessels to reach the city.
  1. The navigable part of a river.
We were careful to keep our boat in the .
  1. A narrow body of water between two land masses.
The English Channel lies between France and England.
  1. (electronics) A connection between initiate, initiating and terminate, terminating nodes of a circuit.
The guard-rail provided the between the downed wire and the tree.
  1. (electronics) The narrow conducting portion of a MOSFET transistor.
    1. (communication) The part that connects a data source to a data sink.
    A stretches between them.
    1. (communication) A path for conveying electrical or electromagnetic signals, usually distinguished from other parallel paths.
    We are using one of the 24 channels.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via physical separation, such as by multipair cable.
    The is created by bonding the signals from these four pairs.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via spectral or protocol separation, such as by frequency or time-division multiplexing.
    Their call is being carried on 6 of the T-1 line.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies, usually in conjunction with a predetermined letter, number, or codeword, and allocated by international agreement.
    KNDD is the at 107.7 MHz in Seattle.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies used for transmitting television.
    NBC is on 11 in San Jose.
    1. (context, storage) The portion of a storage medium, such as a track or a band, that is accessible to a given reading or writing station or head.
    This chip in this disk drive is the device.
    1. (context, technic) The way in a turbine pump where the pressure is built up.
    The liquid is pressurized in the lateral .
verb 
  1. To direct the flow of something.
We will the traffic to the left with these cones.
  1. To assume the personality of another person, typically a historic figure, in a theatrical or paranormal presentation.
When it is my turn to sing Karaoke, I am going to Ray Charles.
     
circulation Tweet Definition of circulation Like Definition of circulation on Facebook
noun 
  1. The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings the moving body to the place where its motion began.
  2. The act of passing from place to place or person to person; free diffusion; transmission.
  3. Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc., current for coin.
  4. The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated; the measure of diffusion; as, the circulation of a newspaper.
  5. The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.
     
conduit Tweet Definition of conduit Like Definition of conduit on Facebook
noun 
  1. A pipe or channel for conveying water etc.
  2. A duct or tube into which electrical cables may be pulled; a type of raceway.
  3. A means by which something is transmitted.
     
CP Tweet Definition of CP Like Definition of CP on Facebook
initialism 
  1. corporal punishment, Corporal Punishment (as a sexual practice)
  2. Custodial Parent
  3. Copy Protected
    1. County Primary or Community Primary, school
  4. Communist Party
     
CS Tweet Definition of CS Like Definition of CS on Facebook
initialism 
  1. Computer science
  2. controlled substance
  3. Child Support
  4. Counter-Strike, an FPS computer game
  5. (baseball) The statistic "Caught Stealing"
     
cushion Tweet Definition of cushion Like Definition of cushion on Facebook
noun 
  1. A soft mass of material stuffed into a cloth bag, used for comfort or support; for sitting on, kneeling on, resting one's head on etc.
  2. Something acting as a cushion, especially to absorb a shock or impact.
  3. (context, sports, billiards, snooker, pool) The lip around a table in cue sports which absorbs some of the impact of the billiard balls and bounces them back.
verb 
  1. to provide a soft pillow cushion
  2. to absorb or deaden the impact of something
     
cylinder Tweet Definition of cylinder Like Definition of cylinder on Facebook
noun 
  1. (geometry) A surface created by projecting a closed two-dimensional curve along an axis intersecting the plane of the curve.
When the two-dimensional curve is a circle, the cylinder is called a circular cylinder. When the axis is perpendicular to the plane of the curve, the cylinder is called a right cylinder. In non-mathematical usage, both 'right and circular are usually implied.
  1. (geometry) A solid figure bounded by a cylinder and two parallel planes intersecting the cylinder.
  2. Any object in the form of a circular cylinder.
    • 1898 " w:H. G. Wells, H. G. Wells, http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_War_of_the_Worlds The War of the Worlds Ch.4
    • :A big greyish rounded bulk, the size, perhaps, of a bear, was rising slowly and painfully out of the .
      1. A cylindrical cavity or chamber in a mechanism, such as the counterpart to a piston found in a piston-driven engine.
      2. A container in the form of a cylinder with rounded ends for storing pressurized gas.
      3. An early form of phonograph recording, made on a wax cylinder.
     

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