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Glossary of Geography Terms
beginning with letter F
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fall Tweet Definition of fall Like Definition of fall on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of moving in gas or vacuum under the effect of gravity to a lower position.
  2. (chiefly North America, obsolete elsewhere; from the falling of leaves during this season) autumn, Autumn.
  3. A loss of greatness or status; as, the fall of Rome.
  4. (cricket) (of a wicket) The act of a batsman being out.
  5. (In plural only: falls) A waterfall.
  6. (curling) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown in an area to drift in a given direction
verb (falls, falling, fell or (sense 7 only) (archaic) felled, fallen or (sense 7 ony) (archaic) felled)
  1. (intransitive) To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity
Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground.
  1. to come down, to drop or descend
The rain fell at dawn.
  1. to come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself
He fell to the floor and begged for mercy.
  1. to be brought to the ground; to collapse, to be overthrown or defeated; to die
Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD.
  1. to be allotted to; to come to through chance or fate
And so it falls to me to make this important decision.
  1. (transitive) (followed by an adjective) To become; to change into the state described by the adjective that follows.
She has fallen ill.
    • Usage note: Now only used in certain set phrases and expressions (see "Derived terms" below).
      1. (transitive) (archaic) To cause something to fall (4); especially to cause a tree to fall (4) by cutting it down.
fan Tweet Definition of fan Like Definition of fan on Facebook
noun
  1. A hand-held device consisting of concertinaed material, or slats of material, gathered together at one end, that may be opened out into the shape of a sector of a circle and waved back and forth in order to move air towards oneself and cool oneself.
  2. An electrical device for moving air, used for cooling people, machinery, etc.
  3. Anything resembling a hand-held fan in shape, e.g., a peacock"s tail.
verb (fan, n, ing)
  1. (transitive) To blow air on (something) by means of a fan (hand-held, mechanical or electrical) or otherwise.
We enjoyed standing at the edge of the cliff, being fanned by the wind.
  1. (intransitive) (usually to fan out) To move or spread in multiple directions from one point, in the shape of a hand-held fan.
fjord Tweet Definition of fjord Like Definition of fjord on Facebook
noun
  1. A long, narrow, deep inlet between cliffs.
floe Tweet Definition of floe Like Definition of floe on Facebook
noun
  1. A low, flat mass of floating ice.
flood plain Tweet Definition of flood plain Like Definition of flood plain on Facebook
noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, floodplain)
flume Tweet Definition of flume Like Definition of flume on Facebook
noun
  1. An open channel or trough used to direct or divert liquids.
fret Tweet Definition of fret Like Definition of fret on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) One of the pieces of metal/wood/plastic across the neck of a guitar or other musical instrument that marks note positions for fingering.
  2. An ornamental pattern consisting of repeated vertical and horizonal lines (often in relief).
verb (frets, fretting, fretted or , fretted or fretten(usually in compounds))
  1. (context, transitive, obsolete/poetic) To devour, consume.
  2. (transitive, and, intransitive) To gnaw, consume, eat away.
  3. (transitive) To chafe or irritate; to worry.
  4. (intransitive) To worry or be anxious.

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