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Glossary of Civil Engineering Terms
beginning with letter P
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paddle Tweet Definition of paddle Like Definition of paddle on Facebook
  1. A two-handed, single-bladed oar used to propel a canoe or a small boat.
  2. A double-bladed oar used for kayaking.
  3. Time spent on paddling.
    We had a nice this morning.
  4. A slat of a paddleboat's wheel.
  5. A paddlewheel.
  6. A blade of a waterwheel.
    1. a meandering walk through shallow water, especially at the seaside.
  7. A kitchen utensil shaped like a and used for mixing, beating etc.
  8. A ping-pong bat.
  9. A flat limb of turtle or other sea animal, adapted for swimming.
  10. In a sluice, a panel that controls the flow of water.
verb (paddles, paddling, paddled)
  1. (transitive) To propel something through water with a , oar or hands.
  1. To row a boat with less than one's full capacity.
    1. (transitive) To spank.
    2. (intransitive) To walk or dabble playfully in shallow water, especially at the seaside.
pavement Tweet Definition of pavement Like Definition of pavement on Facebook
  1. (context, chiefly, UK) A paved footpath at the side of a road.
  2. Any paved exterior surface, as with a road or sidewalk.
  3. The interior flooring, especially when of stone, of large buildings such as a cathedral.
  4. The material with which a surface is paved.
Rioting youths swarmed across a downtown Paris plaza... hurling stones and chunks of at police... http://www.dailytexanonline.com/media/storage/paper410/news/2006/04/05/WorldNation/Youths.Riot.In.France.To.Protest.New.Job.Law-1782963.shtml?norewrite200608311258&sourcedomain=www.dailytexanonline.com
paving Tweet Definition of paving Like Definition of paving on Facebook
  1. The hard durable surface placed directly atop the ground, as on a street or sidewalk.
  2. Interior pavement, as in a cathedral.
  1. (present participle of, pave)
  1. Pertaining to the material used for pavement, or to the surface itself.
penstock Tweet Definition of penstock Like Definition of penstock on Facebook
  1. A sluice or pipe which allows the controlled flow of water from behind a dam, typically routing it to a turbine of a power plant.
pier Tweet Definition of pier Like Definition of pier on Facebook
  1. a raised platform built from the shore out over water, supported on piles; used to secure, or provide access to shipping; a jetty
  2. a similar structure, especially at a seaside resort, used to provide entertainment
  3. (American)(nautical) A structure that projects tangentially from the shoreline to accommodate ships; often double-sided.
  4. a structure supporting the junction between two spans of a bridge
  5. (architecture) a rectangular pillar, or similar structure, that supports an arch, wall or roof
pipe Tweet Definition of pipe Like Definition of pipe on Facebook
noun ]]
  1. A hollow tube that transports water, steam, or other liquid; usually made of metal, ceramic, wood, or plastic.
  2. A hollow stem with bowl at one end used for smoking (see also water pipe or bong)
  3. (geology) A vertical conduit through the Earth's crust below a volcano, through which magma has passed; often filled with volcanic breccia
  4. A type of pasta, similar to macaroni
  5. Decorative edging stitched to the hems or seams of an object made of fabric (clothing, hats, pillows, curtains, etc.); often a contrasting color
  6. (music) A hollow tube used to produce sound, such as an organ pipe.
  7. (music) A wind instrument making a whistling sound. (see pan pipes, bagpipe, boatswain's pipe)
  8. (lacrosse) One of the goalposts of the goal.
  9. (computing) The ASCII character at position 124 (decimal), 7C (hex), 01111100 (binary): " , "
  10. (computing) In Unix, the pipe character signifies that the output of one program feeds directly as input to another program.
  11. (context, computing, slang) A data backbone, or broadband Internet access (e.g., a "fat pipe" refers to a high-bandwidth connection).
  12. (obsolete) An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 126 wine gallons; half a ton.
    • 1882: Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
      1. (context, AU, colloquial, obsolete) An anonymous satire or essay, insulting and frequently libelous, written on a piece of paper and left somewhere public where it could be found and thus spread, to embarrass the author's enemies.
      1818: yet, it is much to be hoped, that from his example pipe-making will in future be reposed solely in the hands of Mr. William Cluer of the Brickfield Hill. — w:Sydney Gazette, Sydney Gazette, 26 September 1818, on w:William Bland, William Bland convicted of libelling w:Lachlan Macquarie, Governor Macquarie in a pipe (William Cluer was an earthenware pipe manufacturer). Quoted in More Pig Bites Baby! Stories from Australia's First Newspaper, volume 2, ed. Micahel Connor, Duffy and Snellgrove, 2004, ISBN 1-876631-91-0.
verb (pip, ing)
  1. To convey or transport something by means of pipes.
  2. To install or configure pipes.
  3. To play music on a pipe instrument, such as a bagpipe.
  4. (nautical) To signal or order by a note pattern on a bosun's pipe.
  5. To decorate a cake using a pastry bag a flexible bag from which icing is forced through a small nozzle to make various designs
piping Tweet Definition of piping Like Definition of piping on Facebook
  1. (present participle of, pipe)
  2. To dab away moisture.
    • 1883: w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : Our chimney was a square hole in the roof: it was but a little part of the smoke that found its way out, and the rest eddied about the house, and kept us coughing and the eye.
  1. High-pitched.
    His piping voice could be heard above the hubbub.
pitch Tweet Definition of pitch Like Definition of pitch on Facebook
  1. A sticky, gummy substance secreted by trees; sap.
It is hard to get this off of my hand.
  1. A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.
They put on the mast to protect it.The barrel was sealed with .
  1. (baseball) The act of pitching a baseball.
The was low and inside.
  1. (sports) The field on which cricket, soccer, rugby or hockey, field hockey is played.
''The teams met on the .
  1. An effort to sell or promote something.
He gave me a sales .
  1. The distance between evenly spaced objects, e.g. the teeth of a saw or letters in a monospace font.
The of pixels on the point scale is 72 pixels per inch.
The of this saw is perfect for that type of wood.
  1. The angle at which an object sits.
The of the roof or haystack, the propellor blades'
  1. More specifically, the rotation angle about the transverse axis.
The of an aircraft
  1. (music) The perceived frequency of a sound or note.
The of middle "C" is familiar to many musicians.
  1. (music) In an a cappella group, the singer responsible for singing a note for the other members to tune themselves by.
Bob, our , let out a clear middle "C" and our conductor gave the signal to start.
  1. (aviation) A measure of the degree to which an aircraft's nose tilts up or down. Also a measure of the angle of attack of a propeller.
  2. (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel rotates on its athwartships axis, causing its bow and stern to go up and down. Compare with roll and heave.
  3. The place where a busker performs is called their pitch.
  4. A level or degree.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 11.
    • : But, except the mind be disordered by disease or madness, they never can arrive at such a of vivacity
verb (pitch, es)
  1. (transitive) To throw.
He pitched the horseshoe.
  1. (context, baseball, transitive, or, intransitive) To throw (the ball) toward home plate.
(i, transitive) The hurler pitched a curveball.
(i, intransitive) He pitched high and inside.
  1. (context, baseball, intransitive) To play baseball in the position of pitcher.
Bob pitches today.
  1. (transitive) To throw away; discard.
He pitched the candy wrapper.
  1. (transitive) To promote, advertise, or attempt to sell.
He pitched the idea for months with no takers.
  1. (transitive) To assemble or erect (a tent).
Pitch the tent over there.
  1. (context, of, _, ships, and, aircraft, transitive, or, intransitive) To move so that the front of the craft goes alternatively up and down.
(i, transitive) The typhoon pitched the deck of the ship.
(i, intransitive) The airplane pitched.
  1. (context, golf, transitive) To play a short, high, lofty shot that lands with backspin.
The only way to get on the green from here is to pitch the ball over the bunker.
  1. (context, cricket, intransitive) To bounce on the playing surface.
The ball pitched well short of the batsman.
  1. (context, Bristolian dialect, of snow, intransitive) To settle and build up, without melting.
  1. Completely dark or black; like tar.
The room was black.
plate girder Tweet Definition of plate girder Like Definition of plate girder on Facebook
  1. a beam built of steel plates and shapes welded or bolted together to form a deep beam larger than could be produced by a rolling mill
pontoon Tweet Definition of pontoon Like Definition of pontoon on Facebook
  1. (military) A flat-bottomed boat used as a support for a temporary bridge.
  2. A floating structure supporting a bridge or dock.
  3. A box used to raise a sunken vessel.
  4. A float of a seaplane.
pothole Tweet Definition of pothole Like Definition of pothole on Facebook
  1. A hole in a road"s surface, especially one caused by erosion or traffic use.
  2. A pit formed in the bed of a turbulent stream.
    • Pothole - A circular hole formed in the rocky beds of rivers by the grinding action of stones or gravel whirled round by the water in what was first a natural depression of the rock. Webster 1913
    • The earliest ideas on the creation of potholes are that they were associated with "moulins de glacier" (glacier mills) formed where surface streams on glaciers and ice sheets fall into holes in the ice. Water entering these surficial holes was believed to impact on the bedrock beneath creating a large . The "Moulin Hypothesis", first suggested in 1874, continued to be accepted by many authors until the 1950s. However, commencing in the 1930s, other authors have suggested dissatisfaction with the moulin hypothesis, largely on the grounds that it failed to explain how ice could remain stable long enough for the "giant" potholes to form and why many potholes (like those at Rockwood) were present in large numbers. Grand River Conservation Authority (Canada) Newsletter of May-June 2002.
      1. (geology) A vertical cave system, often found in limestone
pound Tweet Definition of pound Like Definition of pound on Facebook
  1. A unit of weight: of 16 ounces in the avoirdupois system (= 453.592 g) or of 12 troy ounces in the troy weight, troy system (= 373.242 g). Its symbol is lb.
  2. pound-force, Pound-force.
  3. The symbol
    1. A unit of currency used in Cyprus; Egypt; Lebanon; the United Kingdom and its dependency, dependencies; and formerly in the Republic of Ireland (which now uses the euro) and Israel (which now uses the sheqel). Its symbol is <big>£</big>.
  1. (transitive) To strike (something or someone) hard repeatedly.
  2. (transitive) to crush to pieces; to pulverize
  3. (transitive) (slang) To eat or drink very quickly.
You really pounded that beer!
prop Tweet Definition of prop Like Definition of prop on Facebook
noun (plural:props)
  1. An item placed on a stage to create a scene or scenario in which actors perform a play in a theatre or motion picture. Usually the term "props" is reserved for objects with which an actor interacts (e.g. a glass, a book or a weapon). Larger items adding to the scene, (e.g. chairs) are considered part of the set.
They used the trophy as a in the movie.
  1. An object placed against or under another, to support it; anything that supports.
They stuck a block of wood under it as a .
  1. (rugby): The player who is next to the hooker in a scrum.
  2. The propeller of an aircraft.
verb (prop, p, ed)
  1. (transitive) To support or shore up something.
Try using a phone book to up the table where the foot is missing.
pylon Tweet Definition of pylon Like Definition of pylon on Facebook
  1. A gateway to the inner part of an Ancient Egyptian temple
  2. A tower like structure, usually one of a series, used to support high voltage electricity cables.
  3. A structure used to mount missiles etc., to the underside of an aircraft wing or fuselage.
  4. An obelisk.

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