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Glossary of Civil Engineering Terms
beginning with letter D
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dam Tweet Definition of dam Like Definition of dam on Facebook
noun
  1. structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow
verb (dams, damming, dammed)
  1. To block the flow of water.
deck Tweet Definition of deck Like Definition of deck on Facebook
noun
  1. The floorlike covering of the horizontal sections, or compartments, of a ship. Small vessels have only one deck; larger ships have two or three decks.
  2. A balcony.
  3. A porch.
  4. The upper part or top of a mansard roof or curb roof when made nearly flat.
  5. The roof of a passenger car.
  6. A pack or set of playing cards.
  7. A heap or store.
  8. (slang) Cool, fresh.
  9. Presentation Slides (ie. MS Powerpoint or Apple Keynote)
verb
  1. To cover; to overspread.
  2. To dress, as the person; to clothe; especially, to clothe with more than ordinary elegance; to array; to adorn; to embellish.
  3. To furnish with a deck, as a vessel.
  4. (slang) to knock someone to the floor with a single punch
deform Tweet Definition of deform Like Definition of deform on Facebook
verb
  1. (transitive) To spoil the form of.
  2. (transitive) To spoil the looks of; to disfigure; as, a face deformed by bitterness.
  3. (transitive) To mar the character of; as, a marriage deformed by jealousy.
  4. (transitive) To alter the shape of by stress.
  5. (intransitive) To become misshapen or changed in shape.
dig Tweet Definition of dig Like Definition of dig on Facebook
noun
  1. An archeological investigation
verb (digs, digging, dug)
  1. To move hard-packed earth out of the way, especially downward to make a hole with a shovel. Or to drill etc. through rocks, roads, etc.
They dug an eight foot deep ditch along the side of the road.
In the wintertime, heavy truck tires into the road, forming potholes.
If the plane can't pull out of the dive it is in, it'll a hole in the ground.
  1. (italbrac, with "into") To research a particular subject.
She is going to into Egyptian basket-weaving this semester.
  1. (slang) To appreciate, or like.
Baby, I you.
  1. (slang) To understand or show interest in.
You ?
dike Tweet Definition of dike Like Definition of dike on Facebook
noun
  1. The northern English form of ditch.
  2. A ditch and bank running alongside each other (the excavation was the soruce of the material of the embankment.)
  3. A barrier of stone or earth used to hold back water and prevent flooding.
  4. (pejorative) A lesbian, especially a manly or unattractive lesbian.
  5. (geology) A body of once molten igneous rock that was injected into older rocks in a manner that crosses bedding planes.
dome Tweet Definition of dome Like Definition of dome on Facebook
noun
  1. A common structural element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
  2. Anything shaped like an upset bowl, often used as a cover, e.g. a cake .
drainage Tweet Definition of drainage Like Definition of drainage on Facebook
noun
  1. Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area.
drawbridge Tweet Definition of drawbridge Like Definition of drawbridge on Facebook
noun
  1. A bridge which can be raised to prevent it being crossed, often across a moat.
dredge Tweet Definition of dredge Like Definition of dredge on Facebook
noun
  1. Any instrument used to gather or take by dragging; as: (a) A dragnet for taking up oysters, etc., from their beds. (b) A dredging machine. (c) An iron frame, with a fine net attached, used in collecting animals living at the bottom of the sea.
  2. Very fine mineral matter held in suspension in water.
verb (dredg, es)
  1. to make a channel deeper or wider using a dredge
  2. to bring something to the surface with a dredge
  3. to unearth
dredger Tweet Definition of dredger Like Definition of dredger on Facebook
noun
  1. (nautical) A vessel equipped for the removal of sand or sediment from the seabed.
  2. a container with a perforated lid used for scattering sugar or flour
drift Tweet Definition of drift Like Definition of drift on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or motion of drifting; the force which impels or drives; an overpowering influence or impulse.
  2. A place, also known as a ford, along a river where the water is shallow enough to permit oxen or sheep to be driven to the opposite side.
  3. Course or direction along which anything is driven; setting.
  4. The tendency of an act, argument, course of conduct, or the like; object aimed at or intended; intention; hence, also, import or meaning of a sentence or discourse; aim.
  5. That which is driven, forced, or urged along
  6. Anything driven at random.
  7. A mass of matter which has been driven or forced onward together in a body, or thrown together in a heap, etc., esp. by wind or water; as, a drift of snow, of ice, of sand, and the like.
  8. A drove or flock, as of cattle, sheep, birds.
  9. The horizontal thrust or pressure of an arch or vault upon the abutments.
  10. A collection of loose earth and rocks, or boulders, which have been distributed over large portions of the earth's surface, especially in latitudes north of forty degrees, by the agency of ice.
  11. In South Africa, a ford in a river.
  12. A slightly tapered tool of steel for enlarging or shaping a hole in metal, by being forced or driven into or through it; a broach.
  13. A tool used in driving down compactly the composition contained in a rocket, or like firework.
  14. A deviation from the line of fire, peculiar to oblong projectiles.
  15. A passage driven or cut between shaft and shaft; a driftway; a small subterranean gallery; an adit or tunnel.
  16. The distance through which a current flows in a given time.
  17. The angle which the line of a ship's motion makes with the meridian, in drifting.
  18. The distance to which a vessel is carried off from her desired course by the wind, currents, or other causes.
  19. The place in a deep-waisted vessel where the sheer is raised and the rail is cut off, and usually terminated with a scroll, or driftpiece.
  20. The distance between the two blocks of a tackle.
  21. The difference between the size of a bolt and the hole into which it is driven, or between the circumference of a hoop and that of the mast on which it is to be driven.
  22. A sideways movement of the ball through the air, when bowled by a spin bowler.
  23. Driftwood, driftwood included in flotsam washed up onto the beach.
  24. Driftless Area, Drift (see Wikipedia). The material left behind by the retreat of continenal glaciers. It buries former river valleys and creates young river valleys. The Diftless Area, a geographical area of North America, was unglaciated for the past 510 million years. Mass noun.
verb
  1. To move slowly, pushed by currents of water, air, etc
The boat drifted away from the shore.
The balloon was drifting in the breeze.
  1. To move haphazardly without any destination.
''He drifted from town to town, never settling down.
  1. To deviate gently from the intended direction of travel.
''This car tends to drift left at high speeds

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