verb (falls, falling, fell or (sense 7 only) (archaic) felled, fallen or (sense 7 ony) (archaic) felled)
- The act of moving in gas or vacuum under the effect of gravity to a lower position.
(chiefly North America, obsolete elsewhere; from the falling of leaves during this season) autumn, Autumn.
- A loss of greatness or status; as, the fall of Rome.
(cricket) (of a wicket) The act of a batsman being out.
(In plural only: falls) A waterfall.
(curling) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown in an area to drift in a given direction
(intransitive) To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity
Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground.
- to come down, to drop or descend
The rain fell at dawn.
- to come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself
He fell to the floor and begged for mercy.
- to be brought to the ground; to collapse, to be overthrown or defeated; to die
Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD.
- to be allotted to; to come to through chance or fate
And so it falls to me to make this important decision.
She has fallen ill.
(transitive) (followed by an adjective) To become; to change into the state described by the adjective that follows.
Usage note: Now only used in certain set phrases and expressions (see "Derived terms" below).
(transitive) (archaic) To cause something to fall (4); especially to cause a tree to fall (4) by cutting it down.