All Words Glossary

Glossary of Architecture Terms
beginning with letter P
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pagoda Tweet Definition of pagoda Like Definition of pagoda on Facebook
  1. An Asian religious building, especially a multistory Buddhist tower, erected as a shrine or temple.
  2. An ornamental structure, of that design, erected in a park or garden.
Palladian Tweet Definition of Palladian Like Definition of Palladian on Facebook
  1. In the style of the neoclassical architect, Andrea Palladio.
panache Tweet Definition of panache Like Definition of panache on Facebook
  1. an ornamental plume on a helmet
  2. flamboyant but tasteful bravery, energetic and stylish action, refined verve
  3. elegant courage
panopticon Tweet Definition of panopticon Like Definition of panopticon on Facebook
  1. A type of prison designed by philosopher Jeremy Bentham wherein all the cells are visible from the center of the building.
Pantheon Tweet Definition of Pantheon Like Definition of Pantheon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The circular Roman temple dedicated to all the gods in 27 BC in Rome. Since the 7th century AD reconsecrated by christianity and dedicated to their single god.
parapet Tweet Definition of parapet Like Definition of parapet on Facebook
  1. A low retaining wall.
  2. A fortification consisting of a wall.
parvis Tweet Definition of parvis Like Definition of parvis on Facebook
  1. An enclosed courtyard in front of a building, especially a cathedral
  2. A portico surrounding such a space
paternoster Tweet Definition of paternoster Like Definition of paternoster on Facebook
  1. The Lord's prayer, especially in a Roman Catholic context.
Pater noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen.
  1. An slow, continuously moving lift or elevator consisting of a loop of open fronted cabins running the height of a building. The moving compartment is entered at one level and left when the desired level is reached. Found in some university libraries.
patio Tweet Definition of patio Like Definition of patio on Facebook
  1. A paved outside area, adjoining a house, used for dine, dining or recreation.
  2. An inner courtyard typical of traditional Spanish houses.
pavilion Tweet Definition of pavilion Like Definition of pavilion on Facebook
noun (plural:pavilions)
  1. an ornate tent
  2. a light roofed structure used as a shelter in a public place
  3. a structure, sometimes temporary, erected to house exhibits at a fair, etc
  4. (cricket) the building where the players change clothes, wait to bat, and eat their meals
  5. the lower surface of a brilliant-cut gemstone
  6. the cartiliginous part of the outer ear
pedestal Tweet Definition of pedestal Like Definition of pedestal on Facebook
  1. (architecture) The base or foot of a column, statue, vase, lamp, or the like; the part on which an upright work stands. It consists of three parts, the base, the die or dado, and the cornice or surbase molding. See Illust. of {Column}.
    1. (Railroad Cars) A casting secured to the frame of a truck and forming a jaw for holding a journal box.
  2. (Mach.) A pillow block; a low housing.
  3. (Bridge Building) An iron socket, or support, for the foot of a brace at the end of a truss where it rests on a pier.
  4. Pedestal coil (steam Heating), a group of connected straight pipes arranged side by side and one above another, -- used in a radiator.
pediment Tweet Definition of pediment Like Definition of pediment on Facebook
  1. a classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure (entablature) which lies immediately upon the columns
pellet Tweet Definition of pellet Like Definition of pellet on Facebook
  1. Usually a small, compressed, symmetrical and hard chunk of matter. Ex: Wood pellet, ore pellet, etc.
  2. A lead projectile used as ammunition in rifled air guns.
  3. Compressed byproduct of digestion regurgitated by owls. Serves as a waste disposal mechanism for that species, as it can't excrete feces.
pendentive Tweet Definition of pendentive Like Definition of pendentive on Facebook
noun (Plural pendentives)
  1. The concave triangular sections of vaulting that provide the transition between a dome and the square base on which it is set and transfer the weight of the dome.
pent Tweet Definition of pent Like Definition of pent on Facebook
  1. confined in a pen, imprisoned.
My object all sublime
I shall achieve in time "
To let the punishment fit the crime "
The punishment fit the crime;
And make each prisoner
Unwillingly represent
A source of innocent merriment!
Of innocent merriment! " W.S. Gilbert, :w:The Mikado, The Mikado''.
pergola Tweet Definition of pergola Like Definition of pergola on Facebook
  1. A framework in the form of a passageway of columns that supports a trelliswork roof; used to support and train climbing plants
peristyle Tweet Definition of peristyle Like Definition of peristyle on Facebook
  1. A colonnade surrounding a courtyard, temple etc., or the space thus enclosed.
    • 1942: One cannot, for example, see the Temple of í†sculapius as one stands in the fine open courtyard as it was intended one should do; the interstices on that side of the have been blocked by Venetian Gothic buildings " Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Canongate 2006, p. 143)
      1. A porch surrounded by columns.
Perpendicular Tweet Definition of Perpendicular Like Definition of Perpendicular on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (architecture) Of a style of English Gothic architecture from the fourteenth and fifteenth century, centuries.
Persian Tweet Definition of Persian Like Definition of Persian on Facebook
  1. A member of the main ethnic group of Iran.
  2. A breed of cat.
  3. A pastry local to the w:Thunder_Bay%2C_Ontario, Thunder Bay region in Canada often compared to either a cinnamon bun or a donut topped with pink icing.
proper noun
  1. A group of very similar languages spoken primarily in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.
  1. Of, from, or pertaining to Persia.
  2. Of or pertaining to the Persian people.
  3. Of or pertaining to the Persian language.
pillar Tweet Definition of pillar Like Definition of pillar on Facebook
  1. A large post, often used as supporting architecture.
pinnacle Tweet Definition of pinnacle Like Definition of pinnacle on Facebook
  1. The highest point.
  2. A tall, sharp and craggy rock or mountain.
  1. to put something on a pinnacle
pitch Tweet Definition of pitch Like Definition of pitch on Facebook
  1. A sticky, gummy substance secreted by trees; sap.
It is hard to get this off of my hand.
  1. A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.
They put on the mast to protect it.The barrel was sealed with .
  1. (baseball) The act of pitching a baseball.
The was low and inside.
  1. (sports) The field on which cricket, soccer, rugby or hockey, field hockey is played.
''The teams met on the .
  1. An effort to sell or promote something.
He gave me a sales .
  1. The distance between evenly spaced objects, e.g. the teeth of a saw or letters in a monospace font.
The of pixels on the point scale is 72 pixels per inch.
The of this saw is perfect for that type of wood.
  1. The angle at which an object sits.
The of the roof or haystack, the propellor blades'
  1. More specifically, the rotation angle about the transverse axis.
The of an aircraft
  1. (music) The perceived frequency of a sound or note.
The of middle "C" is familiar to many musicians.
  1. (music) In an a cappella group, the singer responsible for singing a note for the other members to tune themselves by.
Bob, our , let out a clear middle "C" and our conductor gave the signal to start.
  1. (aviation) A measure of the degree to which an aircraft's nose tilts up or down. Also a measure of the angle of attack of a propeller.
  2. (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel rotates on its athwartships axis, causing its bow and stern to go up and down. Compare with roll and heave.
  3. The place where a busker performs is called their pitch.
  4. A level or degree.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 11.
    • : But, except the mind be disordered by disease or madness, they never can arrive at such a of vivacity
verb (pitch, es)
  1. (transitive) To throw.
He pitched the horseshoe.
  1. (context, baseball, transitive, or, intransitive) To throw (the ball) toward home plate.
(i, transitive) The hurler pitched a curveball.
(i, intransitive) He pitched high and inside.
  1. (context, baseball, intransitive) To play baseball in the position of pitcher.
Bob pitches today.
  1. (transitive) To throw away; discard.
He pitched the candy wrapper.
  1. (transitive) To promote, advertise, or attempt to sell.
He pitched the idea for months with no takers.
  1. (transitive) To assemble or erect (a tent).
Pitch the tent over there.
  1. (context, of, _, ships, and, aircraft, transitive, or, intransitive) To move so that the front of the craft goes alternatively up and down.
(i, transitive) The typhoon pitched the deck of the ship.
(i, intransitive) The airplane pitched.
  1. (context, golf, transitive) To play a short, high, lofty shot that lands with backspin.
The only way to get on the green from here is to pitch the ball over the bunker.
  1. (context, cricket, intransitive) To bounce on the playing surface.
The ball pitched well short of the batsman.
  1. (context, Bristolian dialect, of snow, intransitive) To settle and build up, without melting.
  1. Completely dark or black; like tar.
The room was black.
plane Tweet Definition of plane Like Definition of plane on Facebook
  1. (geometry) A flat surface extending infinitely in all directions.
  2. A level of existence. (eg, astral plane)
  3. A roughly flat, thin, often moveable structure used to create lateral force by the flow of air or water over its surface, found on aircraft, submarines, etc.
verb (plan, ing)
  1. (transitive) To smooth (wood) with a plane.
  1. Of a surface: Perfectly flat or level.
plateresque Tweet Definition of plateresque Like Definition of plateresque on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to an ornate style of architecture of 16th century Spain suggestive of silver plate.
plinth Tweet Definition of plinth Like Definition of plinth on Facebook
  1. A block or slab upon which a column, pedestal, or statue is based.
  2. The bottom course of stones or bricks supporting a wall.
  3. A base or pedestal beneath a cabinet.
pommel Tweet Definition of pommel Like Definition of pommel on Facebook
  1. The upper front brow of a saddle.
  2. Either of the rounded handles on a pommel horse.
  3. The knob on the hilt of an edged weapon such as a sword.
verb (pommel, l, ed)
  1. (transitive) To pound or beat.
porch Tweet Definition of porch Like Definition of porch on Facebook
  1. A covered and inclosed entrance to a building, whether taken from the interior, and forming a sort of vestibule within the main wall, or projecting without and with a separate roof. Sometimes the porch is large enough to serve as a covered walk.
  2. A portico; a covered walk.
portcullis Tweet Definition of portcullis Like Definition of portcullis on Facebook
  1. A gate in the form of a grating which is lowered into place at the entrance to a castle, fort, etc.
portico Tweet Definition of portico Like Definition of portico on Facebook
noun (plural: porticoes, porticos)
  1. A porch, or a small space with a roof supported by columns, serving as the entrance to a building.
postmodern Tweet Definition of postmodern Like Definition of postmodern on Facebook
  1. Of, relating to, or having the characteristics of postmodernism, especially as represented in art, architecture, literature, science, or philosophy that reacts against an earlier modernism.
purfle Tweet Definition of purfle Like Definition of purfle on Facebook
  1. An ornamental border on clothing, furniture or a violin; beading, stringing.
verb (purfl, ing)
  1. (transitive) To decorate (wood, cloth etc.) with a border; to border.
    • 1590: Purfled with gold of rich assay. " Spenser, The Faerie Queene
    • 1885: there stood before him an honourable woman in a mantilla of Mosul silk, broidered with gold and bordered with brocade; her walking shoes were also purfled with gold and her hair floated in long plaits. " Sir Richard Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night, vol. 1
pylon Tweet Definition of pylon Like Definition of pylon on Facebook
  1. A gateway to the inner part of an Ancient Egyptian temple
  2. A tower like structure, usually one of a series, used to support high voltage electricity cables.
  3. A structure used to mount missiles etc., to the underside of an aircraft wing or fuselage.
  4. An obelisk.
pyramidion Tweet Definition of pyramidion Like Definition of pyramidion on Facebook
noun Plural: Pyramidia.
  1. The small pyramid which crowns or completes an obelisk.

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