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Glossary of Architecture Terms
beginning with letter A
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Aaron's rod Tweet Definition of Aaron Like Definition of Aaron
noun Aaron's, "s rod
  1. (archaic) A rod with one serpent twined around it, as used by Aaron (differing from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two serpents).
  2. (botany) A plant with a tall flowering stem; especially the great mullein, or hag-taper, and the golden-rod.
abaciscus Tweet Definition of abaciscus Like Definition of abaciscus on Facebook
  1. (Archaic) One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated pavement; an abaculus.
abacus Tweet Definition of abacus Like Definition of abacus on Facebook
noun (pl=abacuses, pl2=abaci) (i, considered pedantic)
  1. (obsolete) A table or tray strewn with sand, anciently used for drawing, calculating, etc.
  2. A calculating table or frame; an instrument for performing arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on wires, or counters in grooves, the lowest line representing units, the second line, tens, etc.
I've heard merchants still use an for adding things up in China.
  1. (architecture) The uppermost member or division of the capital of a column, immediately under the architrave.
  2. (archaic) A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.
  3. A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or sideboard.
acanthus Tweet Definition of acanthus Like Definition of acanthus on Facebook
noun (pl=acanthuses, pl2=acanthi)
  1. (botany) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants with toothed leaves, (family Acanthaceae, order Scrophulariales) found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; includes bear's breech.
  2. (architecture) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); — used in the capitals of the Corinthian and composite orders.
aedicula Tweet Definition of aedicula Like Definition of aedicula on Facebook
noun (aediculae)
  1. a painted framed niche giving the appearance of depth
  2. a small shrine
aedicule Tweet Definition of aedicule Like Definition of aedicule on Facebook
  1. A small house or room.
agraffe Tweet Definition of agraffe Like Definition of agraffe on Facebook
  1. A clasp consisting of a hook which fastens on to a ring.
  • 1819: The feather of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an set with brilliants, was another distinction of the beautiful Jewess, scoffed and sneered at by the proud dames who sat above her, but secretly envied by those who affected to deride them. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
aileron Tweet Definition of aileron Like Definition of aileron on Facebook
  1. hinged part on trailing edge of an airplane wing. Used to control lateral turns.
alcove Tweet Definition of alcove Like Definition of alcove on Facebook
  1. A small recessed area set off from a larger room.
allure Tweet Definition of allure Like Definition of allure on Facebook
  1. The power to attract, entice; the quality causing attraction.
verb (allur, ing)
  1. (transitive) To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or bait, that is, by the offer of some good, real or apparent; to invite by something flattering or acceptable; to entice; to attract.
With promised joys allured them on. --Falconer.
The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven Allured his eye. --Milton.
altarpiece Tweet Definition of altarpiece Like Definition of altarpiece on Facebook
  1. a work of art suspended above and behind an altar in a church
ancon Tweet Definition of ancon Like Definition of ancon on Facebook
noun (pl=ancones, pl2=ancons)
  1. (obsolete) The corner of a wall or rafter.
  2. A console which appears to support a cornice.
  3. (anatomy) The elbow
annulet Tweet Definition of annulet Like Definition of annulet on Facebook
  1. A small ring.
  2. (architecture) A ring-shaped molding at the top of a column
  3. (heraldry) A small circle borne as a charge in coats of arms.
antechamber Tweet Definition of antechamber Like Definition of antechamber on Facebook
  1. A small room used as an entryway or reception area to a larger room.
    • 2005, w:J. K. Rowling, J. K. Rowling, w:Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Arthur A. Levine Books (2005), 558,
    • : "This is merely the , the entrance hall," said Dumbledore after a moment or two.
antechapel Tweet Definition of antechapel Like Definition of antechapel on Facebook
  1. the outer part of the west end of a chapel
antechoir Tweet Definition of antechoir Like Definition of antechoir on Facebook
  1. the part of a church in front of the choir, often reserved for the clergy
apophyge Tweet Definition of apophyge Like Definition of apophyge on Facebook
  1. (architecture) A curvature found on the top or bottom of certain columns.
apse Tweet Definition of apse Like Definition of apse on Facebook
  1. A semicircular projection from a building, especially the rounded east-end of a church that contains the altar.
  2. (astronomy, obsolete) The nearest and furthest points to the centre of gravitational attraction for a body in orbit. More usually called an apsis.
  3. (obsolete, or, dialectal) In some local dialects and in archaic usage, an aspen tree.
apsis Tweet Definition of apsis Like Definition of apsis on Facebook
noun (aps, ides)
  1. A recess or projection, with a dome or vault, at the east end of a church; an apse.
  1. (astronomy) Either of the points in the elliptical orbit of a planet or comet where it is closest or furthest from the sun; perihelion or aphelion; an apside
arched Tweet Definition of arched Like Definition of arched on Facebook
  1. (past of, arch) (to curve)
  2. To have made curved.
    He arched his back into a half-moon curve trying to get the stiffness out.
  1. Curved.
    His back ached from the constant strain.
architect Tweet Definition of architect Like Definition of architect on Facebook
  1. A professional who designs buildings or other structures, or who prepares plans and superintends construction.
Plato made the causes of things to be matter, ideas, and an efficient .
  1. A person who plans, devises or contrives the achievement of a desired result.
Peisistratus was the first of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
  1. (transitive) To design, plan, or orchestrate.
He architected the military coup against the government.
architectonic Tweet Definition of architectonic Like Definition of architectonic on Facebook
  1. relating to, or characteristic of architecture, design and construction
  2. relating to the scientific systematisation of the totality of knowledge
architectonics Tweet Definition of architectonics Like Definition of architectonics on Facebook
  1. The science pertaining to architecture.
architectural Tweet Definition of architectural Like Definition of architectural on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to architecture
architecture Tweet Definition of architecture Like Definition of architecture on Facebook
  1. The art and science of designing buildings and other structures.
The throughout NYC is amazing.
  1. A specific model of a microchip or CPU.
The Intel architectures have more software written for them.
  1. The structure and design of a system or product.
The of the company's billing system is designed to support it's business goals.
architrave Tweet Definition of architrave Like Definition of architrave on Facebook
  1. (architecture)The lowest part of an entablature; rests on the capitals of the columns
  2. (architecture) The mouldings (or other elements) framing a door, window or other rectangular opening
archway Tweet Definition of archway Like Definition of archway on Facebook
  1. A passageway covered by an arch, particularly one made of masonry.
  2. A doorway with a semilunar-shaped top.
Atlas Tweet Definition of Atlas Like Definition of Atlas on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (Greek mythology) : son of Iapetus and Clymene, war leader of the Titans ordered by the god Zeus to support the sky on his shoulders; father to Hesperides, the Hyades, and the Pleiades; king of the legendary Atlantis.
  2. (Astronomy) a moon of Saturn discovered in 1980 from Voyager photos.
  3. (Astronomy) a crater in the first quadrant of the moon
  4. (Warfare, U.S.) Intercontinental ballistic missile
Attic Tweet Definition of Attic Like Definition of Attic on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An ancient Greek dialect spoken in Attica, Euboea, and the northern coastal regions of the Aegean Sea.
  1. Relating to Athenian culture or architecture.

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