verb (abat, ing)
- (obsolete) abatement. - Sir T. Browne
- (transitive) To bring down (a person) physically or mentally; to humble; to depress.
- (transitive) To bring down or reduce to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short.
- 1605: She hath abated me of half my train " William Shakespeare, King Lear, II.ii
- 1611: His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. " Deuteronomy 34:7
- (intransitive) To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; to experience a diminution of force or of intensity.
- The pain abates.
- The storm abated.
- The fury of Glengarry ... rapidly abated. - Thomas Macaulay
- (transitive) (obsolete) To beat down; to destroy; to level with the ground.
- The King of Scots ... sore abated the walls. - Edward Hall
- (transitive) To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
- Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. - Fuller
- (transitive) To bar; to except.
- (transitive) (obsolete) To blunt.
- To abate the edge of envy. - Francis Bacon
- (transitive) (obsolete) To reduce in estimation; to deprive.
- She hath abated me of half my train. - Shakespeare, King Lear, II-iv
- (transitive) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with.
- To abate a nuisance.
- To abate a writ.
- (transitive) To diminish; to reduce.
- Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
- (intransitive) To be defeated or come to naught; to fall through; to fail.
- A writ abates.
- German: einstellen
- Dutch: neerslaan
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