- (context, literature) A metaphor by which an inclusive term stands for something included, or vice versa; a metaphor in which a part is spoken of as the whole (hand for laborer) or vice-versa (the court for the judge).
Etymology: From (term, synecdoche, lang=la), from Ancient Greek (term, sc=polytonic, , , tr=sunekdokhe, receiving together).
- Examples of synecdoches are:
- fifty head of cattle " part (head) for whole (animal).
- a fleet of ships, fifty sail deep " part (sail) for whole (ship)
- the police knocked down my door " whole (the police) for part (some police officers)
- the cat stalks the gazelle " class (cat) for subclass (e.g., cheetah)
- hand me a Kleenex " subclass (brand named product) for class (all similar products)
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Full Definition of synecdoche