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Glossary of Heraldry Terms
beginning with letter C
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caboshed Tweet Definition of caboshed Like Definition of caboshed on Facebook
  1. (heraldry) of an animal, shown face-on and cut off immediately behind the ears
cannon Tweet Definition of cannon Like Definition of cannon on Facebook
noun (pl=cannon, pl2=cannons)
  1. A complete assembly, consisting of an artillery tube and a breech mechanism, firing mechanism or base cap, which is a component of a gun, howitzer or mortar. It may include muzzle appendages.<ref name="JP102">(JP 1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms).</ref>
  2. historical: A large muzzle-loading artillery piece.
  3. modern: A large-bore machine gun.
  4. A bone of a horse's leg, between the fetlock joint and the knee or hock.
  5. (context, sports, billiards, snooker, pool) A shot in which the ball struck with the cue comes in contact with two or more balls on the table; a hitting of two or more balls with the player's ball.
  6. (baseball) The arm of a player that can throw well.
He's got a out in right.
  1. To bombard with cannons
  2. (context, sports, billiards, snooker, pool) To play the carom billiard shot. To strike two balls with the cue ball
The white cannoned off the red onto the pink.
Canton Tweet Definition of Canton Like Definition of Canton on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An alternative (former) name for Guangzhou in China.
  2. An alternative (former) name for Guangdong in China.
  3. A topographical surname of French or Galician derivation
casque Tweet Definition of casque Like Definition of casque on Facebook
  1. a visorless helmet
cerulean Tweet Definition of cerulean Like Definition of cerulean on Facebook
  1. (colour) A deep blue colour, like the sky on a fine day.
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  1. (colour) Of a deep blue colour, like the sky on a fine day.
chain mail Tweet Definition of chain mail Like Definition of chain mail on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (Armor) A flexible fabric made of interlinked metal rings interlinked, used as defensive armor. The use of "mail" alone is generally considered the more correct term in current scholarly usage.
  • 1786: Chain mail is formed by a number of iron rings, each ring having four others inserted into it, the whole exhibiting a kind of net work, with circular meshes, every ring separately rivetted; this kind of mail answers to that worn on the ancient breast plates, whence they were denominated loricí¦ hammatí¦, from the rings being hooked together. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 11.
chamfron Tweet Definition of chamfron Like Definition of chamfron on Facebook
  1. (Armor) Protective armor for a horse's head, especially the face and ears.
  • 1786, The defensive armor with which the horses of the ancient knights or men at arms were covered, or, to use the language of the time, barded, consisted of the following pieces made either of metal or jacked leather, the Chamfron, Chamfrein or Shaffron, the Criniere or Main Facre, the Poitrenal, Poitral or Breast Plate, and the Croupiere or Buttock Piece. " Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 29.
  • 1819, the Sable Knight dealt a stroke on his head, which, glancing from the polished helmet, lighted with violence scarcely abated on the "" of the steed, and Front-de-Boeuf rolled on the ground, both horse and man equally stunned by the fury of the blow. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
    chanfron Tweet Definition of chanfron Like Definition of chanfron on Facebook
    noun (plural: chanfrons)
    1. (Armor) Protective armor for a horse's head, especially the face and ears.
    • 1786: The Chanfron, Chamfrein, or Shaffron took it's denomination from that part of the horse's head it covered, and was a kind of mask of iron, copper, or brass, and sometimes of jacked leather, enclosing the face and ears, some of these chanfrons seem to have been contrived as to hinder a horse from seeing right before him, perhaps to prevent his being intimidated by any object against which he might be directed, so as to cause him to start aside, or lessen the celerity of his charge. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 29.
    charge Tweet Definition of charge Like Definition of charge on Facebook
    1. Someone or something entrusted to one's care, i.e. a child to a babysitter.
    2. A load or burden.
      • 2005, w:Plato, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. w:Stephanus pagination, 261a.
      • : we'll nail the sophist to it, if we can get him on that ;
        1. The amount of money levy, levied for a service.
        2. An instruction.
        3. An impetuous attack.
        4. An electric charge.
        5. (basketball) An offensive foul in which the player with the ball moves into a stationary defender.
        6. A measured amount of powder and/or shot in a firearm cartridge.
        7. (heraldry) An image displayed on an escutcheon
    verb (charg, ing)
    1. To place a burden upon.
    2. To assign a duty to.
    I'm charging you with cleaning up the kitchen.
    1. To formally accuse of a crime.
    I'm charging you with grand theft auto.
    1. To assign a debit to an account.
    Let's charge this to marketing.
    1. To pay using a credit card.
    Can I charge this with my corporate card?
    1. To cause to take on an electric charge.
    Rubbing amber with wool will charge it quickly.
    1. To move forward quickly and forcefully, particularly in combat, on horseback or both.
    2. (military) To attack by moving forward quickly in a group.
    3. (basketball) To commit a charging foul.
    4. (cricket) (of a batsman) To take a few steps doen the pitch towards the bowler as he delivers the ball, either to disrupt the length of the delivery, or to get into a better position to hit the ball.
    5. To ready a firearm for use
    Charge your weapons, we're moving up
    close Tweet Definition of close Like Definition of close on Facebook
    1. An end of something.
    We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful .
    verb (clos, ing)
    1. To obstruct (an opening).
    2. To move (a door) so that it closes its opening.
    Close the door behind you when you leave.
    1. To put an end to.
    the session
    1. To make (a gap) smaller.
    The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader.
    1. (surveying) To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon.
    adjective (clos, er)
    1. At a little distance; near.
    Is your house ?
    1. Intimate; well-loved.
    He is a friend.
    Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held.
    1. (context, Ireland, weather) hot, humid.
    close helmet Tweet Definition of close helmet Like Definition of close helmet on Facebook
    1. A helmet that entirely covers the head, including the face.
      • 1786: A close helmet entirely covers the head, face, and neck, having on the front perforations for the admission of air, and slits through which the wearer may see objects around him, this part which is stiled the visor lifts up by means of a pivot over each ear. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 7.
    coat Tweet Definition of coat Like Definition of coat on Facebook
    1. (countable) An outer garment covering the upper torso and arms.
    2. (countable) A covering of material, such as paint.
    3. (countable) The fur or feathers of animal.
    4. (context, uncountable, nautical) canvas painted with thick tar and secured round a mast or bowsprit to prevent water running down the sides into the hold (now made of rubber or leather)
    1. To cover with a coat of some material
    One can buy coated frying pans, which are much easier to wash up than normal ones.
    1. To cover as a coat.
    coat of arms Tweet Definition of coat of arms Like Definition of coat of arms on Facebook
    noun (plural: coats of arms)
    1. (heraldry) hereditary designs and symbols depicted on an escutcheon, sometimes accompanied by other elements of a heraldic achievement, such as a helm, crest, crest coronet, torse, mantling and supporters; described by a blazon
    cognizance Tweet Definition of cognizance Like Definition of cognizance on Facebook
    1. an emblem, badge or device, used as a distinguishing mark by the body of retainers of a royal or noble house.
    2. notice or awareness
    coif Tweet Definition of coif Like Definition of coif on Facebook
    1. A hairdo
    2. A hood
    3. A chain mail head gear
    verb (transitive)
    1. To style or arrange hair.
    color Tweet Definition of color Like Definition of color on Facebook
    1. The spectral composition of visible light.
    Humans and birds can perceive .
    1. A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
    Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
    1. Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and greys).
    He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all ".
    1. Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
    Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
    1. (figuratively) interest, especially in a selective area.
    a bit of local .
    1. In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analyists.
    Could you give me some with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
    1. (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
    (color-colour (noun))
    1. To give something color.
    We could the walls red.
    1. To draw within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
    My kindergartener loves to .
    1. (context, of a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
    2. To affect without completely changing.
    That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
    1. To attribute a quality to.
    (colloquial) Color me confused. (color-colour (verb))
    1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
    Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.
    comb Tweet Definition of comb Like Definition of comb on Facebook
    1. A toothed implement for grooming the hair.
    2. A machine used in separating choice cotton fibers from worsted cloth fibers.
    3. A fleshy growth on the top of the head of some birds and reptiles: crest.
    4. An old English measure of corn equal to the half quarter.
    • 1882, But the comb or half quarter is very general in the Eastern counties, particularly in Norfolk. &mdash; James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207.
      1. The top part of a gun"s stock.
    1. To groom the hair with a toothed implement.
    2. To separate choice cotton fibers from worsted cloth fibers.
    3. To search thoroughly as if raking over an area with a comb.
    1. combination
    compartment Tweet Definition of compartment Like Definition of compartment on Facebook
    1. A room, or section, or chamber
    • "Two men were seated in a well-lighted compartment of a third-class carriage."
      1. One of the parts in which an area is subdivided.
    coronet Tweet Definition of coronet Like Definition of coronet on Facebook
    1. A small crown worn by a noble. In the British system, they are worn only at coronations. The German equivalent is Adelskrone.
      Kind hearts are more than coronets,
      And simple faith than Norman blood. -- Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Lady Clara Vere de Vere''
      1. The ring of tissue between a a horse's hoof and its leg.
    corslet Tweet Definition of corslet Like Definition of corslet on Facebook
    noun (plural: corslets)
    1. Armor for the body, as, the body breastplate and backpiece taken together.
    • 1786: He is able to pierce a corslet with his eye, talks like a knell, and his hum is a battery. &mdash; William Shakespeare, Coriolanus, Act V, Scene IV, line 20.
      1. Also used for the entire suit of the day, including breastplate and backpiece, tasset and headpiece.
    couchant Tweet Definition of couchant Like Definition of couchant on Facebook
    1. (of an animal) lying down with their head up
    coupe Tweet Definition of coupe Like Definition of coupe on Facebook
    1. an ice cream dessert; the glass it is served in
    2. A car with two doors (variant of coupé)
    crescent Tweet Definition of crescent Like Definition of crescent on Facebook
    1. The figure of the moon as it appears in its first or last quarter, with concave and convex edges terminating in points.
    2. Something shaped like a crescent, especially:
    - A curved pastry.
    - A curved street, often presenting a continuous faí§ade, as of row houses.
    1. crescent-shaped: Anything having the shape of a crescent or new moon
    2. marked by an increase, Waxing, as the moon;
    crest Tweet Definition of crest Like Definition of crest on Facebook
    1. A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc.
    2. The plume of feathers, or other decoration, worn on or displayed above a helmet; the distinctive ornament of a helmet, indicating the rank of the wearer.
    3. (heraldry): A bearing worn, not upon the shield, but usually above it, or separately as an ornament for plate, liveries, and the like. It is a relic of the ancient cognizance. See Cognizance, 4.
    4. The upper curve of a horse's neck.
    5. The ridge or top of a wave.
    6. The summit of a hill or mountain ridge.
    7. The helm or head, as typical of a high spirit; pride; courage.
    8. The ornamental finishing which surmounts the ridge of a roof, canopy, etc.
    9. The top line of a slope or embankment.
    1. Particularly with reference to waves, to reach a peak.
    cresting Tweet Definition of cresting Like Definition of cresting on Facebook
    1. (present participle of, crest)
    crupper Tweet Definition of crupper Like Definition of crupper on Facebook
    1. a strap used to stop a saddle from slipping
    • 1882: I sought among the mules one with a mild expression of generosity and gentleness in its eyes, and found it in a white mule with a adorned with arabesques. " Edmondo de Amicis, Morocco: Its People & Places, tr. C. Rollin-Tilton
      1. the buttocks or rump, especially of a horse
      2. a piece of armour covering the hindquarters of a horse
    cuirass Tweet Definition of cuirass Like Definition of cuirass on Facebook
    1. A piece of defensive armor, covering the body from the neck to the girdle.
    • 1786: The cuirass covered the body before and behind, it consisted of two parts, a breast and back piece of iron, fastened together by means of straps and buckles, or other contrivances. They were originally as the name imports, made of leather, but afterwards of metal, both brass and iron. &mdash; Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 19.
      1. The breastplate taken by itself.
    culet Tweet Definition of culet Like Definition of culet on Facebook
    1. A component of armor, consisting of overlapping plates designed to protect the buttocks
    2. A small, flat face at the base of a brilliant-cut gemstone

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