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Glossary of Furniture Terms
beginning with letter S
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sconce Tweet Definition of sconce Like Definition of sconce on Facebook
noun
  1. A light fixture (see w:sconce (light fixture), sconce (light fixture)).
  2. A fortification (see w:sconce (fortification), sconce (fortification)).
verb (sconc, ing)
  1. (obsolete) to impose a fine, a forfeit, or a mulct.
  2. (obsolete) to shut up in a sconce; to imprison.
secretary Tweet Definition of secretary Like Definition of secretary on Facebook
noun (secretaries)
  1. A person who keeps records, takes notes and handles general clerical work.
  2. The head of a department of government.
  3. A managerial or leading position in certain non-profit organizations, such as political parties, trade unions, international organizations.
Kofi Annan is the current secretary general of the United Nations.
  1. A type of desk.
  2. A species of bird; Sagittarius serpentarius.
settee Tweet Definition of settee Like Definition of settee on Facebook
noun
  1. A long seat with a back, -- made to accommodate several persons at once.
  2. A vessel with a very long, sharp prow, carrying two or three masts with lateen sails, -- used in the Mediterranean.
settle Tweet Definition of settle Like Definition of settle on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) A seat of any kind.
  2. A bench with a high back and arms.
  3. (obsolete) A place made lower than the rest; a wide step or platform lower than some other part.
Quotation: And from the bottom upon the ground, even to the lower settle, shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit. --Ezek. xliii.
verb (settl, ing)
  1. (transitive): To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like.
Quotation: And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,until he was ashamed. --2 Kings VIII. 11. (Rev. Ver.)
Quotation: The father thought the time drew on Of setting in the world his only son. --Dryden.
  1. (transitive), (obsolete) : To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as, to settle a minister.
  2. (transitive): To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.
Quotation: God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake. --w:Chapman, Champman.
Quotation: Hoping that sleep might settle his brains. --Bunyan.
  1. (transitive): To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink; to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.
  2. (transitive): To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;as, clear weather settles the roads.
  3. (transitive): To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, torender close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a barrel or bag by shaking it.
  4. (transitive): To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from uncertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance.
Quotation: It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. --Swift.
  1. (transitive): To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.
  2. (transitive), (archaic): To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to settle an account.
  3. (transitive), (colloquial): To pay; as, to settle a bill. --Abbott.
  4. (transitive): To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.
  5. (intransitive): To become fixed or permanent; to become stationary; to establish one's self or itself; to assume a lasting form, condition, direction, or the like, in place of a temporary or changing state.
Quotation: The wind came about and settled in the west. --w:Bacon, Bacon.
Quotation: Chyle . . . runs through all the intermediate colors until it settles in an intense red. --Arbuthnot.
  1. (intransitive): To fix one's residence; to establish a dwelling place or home; as, the Saxons who settled in Britain.
  2. (intransitive): To enter into the married state, or the state of a householder.
Quotation: As people marry now and settle. --Prior.
  1. (intransitive): To be established in an employment or profession; as, to settle in the practice of law.
  2. (intransitive): To become firm, dry, and hard, as the ground after the effects of rain or frost have disappeared; as, the roads settled late in the spring.
  3. (intransitive): To become clear after being turbid or obscure; to clarify by depositing matter held in suspension; as, the weather settled; wine settles by standing.
Quotation: A government, on such occasions, is always thick before it settles. --Addison.
  1. (intransitive): To sink to the bottom; to fall to the bottom, as dregs of a liquid, or the sediment of a reservoir.
  2. (intransitive): To sink gradually to a lower level; to subside, as the foundation of a house, etc.
  3. (intransitive): To become calm; to cease from agitation.
Quotation: Till the fury of his highness settle, Come not before him. --Shak.
  1. (intransitive): To adjust differences or accounts; to come to an agreement; as, he has settled with his creditors.
  2. (intransitive), (obsolete): To make a jointure for a wife.
Quotation: He sighs with most success that settles well. --Garth.
shaker Tweet Definition of shaker Like Definition of shaker on Facebook
noun
  1. A person or thing that shakes, or by means of which something is shaken.
  2. A variety of pigeon.
  3. One who held railroad spikes while they were hammered.
shaped Tweet Definition of shaped Like Definition of shaped on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having been given a shape, especially a curved shape.
    The shaped sides of the wardrobe give it a more attractive appearance.
shoulder Tweet Definition of shoulder Like Definition of shoulder on Facebook
noun
  1. (anatomy) The joint between the arm and the torso, sometimes including the surrounding area.
have broad shoulders
  1. A part of a road where drivers may stop in an emergency; a hard shoulder (UK)
He stopped the car on the of the highway to change the flat tire.
verb
  1. (context, transitive) To push (a person or thing) using one's shoulder.
  2. (context, transitive) To carry (something) on one's shoulders.
  3. (context, figurative, transitive) To accept responsibility for.
shoulder the blame
sideboard Tweet Definition of sideboard Like Definition of sideboard on Facebook
noun
  1. A piece of dining room furniture having drawers and shelves for linen and tableware; originally for serving food
  2. a board that forms part of the side of something
  3. (in plural, chiefly, British) sideburns
single Tweet Definition of single Like Definition of single on Facebook
noun
  1. A 45rpm vinyl record with one song on side A and one on side B.
  2. A popular song released and sold (on any format) nominally on its own though usually has at least one extra track.
  3. One who is not married.
He went to the party, hoping to meet some friendly singles there.
  1. (cricket) A score of one run.
  2. (baseball) A hit in baseball where the batter advances to first base.
  3. A bill valued at $1.
I don't have any singles, so you'll have to make change.
verb (singl, ing)
  1. To identify or select one member of a group from the others; generally used with out, either to single out or to (something) out.
Eddie singled out his favorite marble from the bag.
Evonne always wondered why Ernest had singled her out of the group of giggling girls she hung around with.
  1. (baseball) To get a hit that advances the batter exactly one base.
Pedro singled in the bottom of the eighth inning, which, if converted to a run, would put the team back into contention.
adjective
  1. Not accompanied by anything else.
Can you give me a reason not to leave right now?
  1. Not divided in parts.
The potatoes left the spoon and landed in a big lump on the plate.
  1. Designed for the use of only one.
a room
  1. Designed for a single use; not reusable.
the anti-aircraft rocket is fired from a single use launch platform.
  1. Not married.
Josh put down that he was a male on the dating website.
  1. (botany) Having only one rank or row of petals.
sleeper Tweet Definition of sleeper Like Definition of sleeper on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) Someone who sleeps.
  2. (countable) A saboteur or terrorist who lives unobtrusively in a community until activated by a prearranged signal; may be part of a sleeper cell.
  3. (countable) A railroad sleeping car.
  4. (countable)(context, rail transport, UK) A horizontal wooden or concrete structural member that supports and ties together railway lines.
    1. Something that achieves unexpected success after an interval of time.
    2. (countable) A goby-like bottom-feeding freshwater fish of the family Odontobutidae. Also "sleeper goby."
    3. (clothing) A type of pajamas, pajama for a person, especially a child, that covers its whole body, including their feet.
    Aaron, Devin, Ryan H., Cody, Ryan O., Wade, Lisa and Laura looked so comfy in their sleepers.
    1. A structural beam in a floor running perpendicular to both the joist, joists beneath and floorboard, floorboards above.
slide Tweet Definition of slide Like Definition of slide on Facebook
noun
  1. A toy for children where they climb up and then slide, glide down again.
The long, red was great fun for the kids.
  1. The event of large amounts of rubble, earth and stones moving down the slope of a hill or from a mountain.
The closed the highway.
  1. A lever that can be moved in two directions.
  2. A valve that works by sliding such as in a trombone.
  3. A transparent image, to be projected to a screen.
  4. (baseball) The act of droping down and skidding into a base
verb (slides, sliding, slid)
  1. (transitive) To cause to move in continuous contact with a surface
He slid the boat across the grass.
  1. (intransitive) To move in continuous contact with a surface.
The safe slid slowly.
  1. (intransitive) To move on a low friction surface.
The car slid on the ice.
  1. (intransitive, baseball) To drop down and skid into a base.
Jones slid into second.
  1. (intransitive) To lose one"s balance on a slippery surface.
He slid while going around the corner.
  1. (intransitive) To let pass without action.
''The administrator let the minor infraction with only a disapproving look.
slip Tweet Definition of slip Like Definition of slip on Facebook
noun
  1. An act or instance of slipping.
  2. A women's undergarment worn under a skirt or dress.
  3. A small piece of paper.
  4. A berth for a boat or ship.
  5. A mistake or error (slip of the tongue.)
  6. (uncountable) In ceramics, a thin, slippery mix of clay and water.
  7. (cricket) Any of several fielding positions to the off side of the wicket keeper, designed to catch the ball after being deflected from the bat; a fielder in that position (See first slip, second slip, third slip, fourth slip and fifth slip.)
  8. The difference between the speed of a rotating magnetic field and the speed of its rotor.
verb (slip, p, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To lose one's traction on a slippery surface; to slide due to a lack of friction.
  2. (intransitive) To err.
  3. (transitive) To pass (a note, etc.)
    • 1883, w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : We slipped along the hedges, noiseless and swift...
slipcover Tweet Definition of slipcover Like Definition of slipcover on Facebook
noun
  1. A fitted protective or decorative cover that may be slipped off and on a piece of upholstered furniture, usually made of cloth.
smoker Tweet Definition of smoker Like Definition of smoker on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who smokes tobacco habitually.
  2. A smoking car on a train
  3. An informal social gathering for men only
  4. A vent in the deep ocean floor from which a plume of superheated seawater, rich in minerals, erupts
  5. An illicit boxing match; see w:Battle Royal (boxing)
  6. A device that releases smoke intended to distract bees (also more specifically called a bee smoker)
    1. An apparatus for smoke, smoking food
sock Tweet Definition of sock Like Definition of sock on Facebook
noun (pl=socks, pl2=sox)
  1. A knitted or woven covering for the foot.
  2. A shoe worn by Greco-Roman comedy actors.
  3. A violent blow, punch.
verb
  1. (pos vt) To hit or strike violently.
  2. (pos vi) To deliver a blow.
They may let you off the first time, but the second time they'll it to you—James Jones
sofa Tweet Definition of sofa Like Definition of sofa on Facebook
noun (plural: sofas)
  1. An upholstered seat, typically having sides and back, long enough to accommodate two or more people.
splat Tweet Definition of splat Like Definition of splat on Facebook
noun
  1. The sharp, atonal sound of a liquid or soft solid hitting a solid surface.
I didn't see the egg fall, but I heard the splat when it hit the floor.
  1. The irregular shape of a viscous liquid or soft solid which has hit a solid surface.
The canvas was covered by seemingly careless splats of paint.
  1. The cmd key on an Apple Macintosh ®.
  2. Various characters appearing in computer character sets, particularly <nowiki>
  1. </nowiki> and <nowiki>
    • </nowiki>.
verb (splat, t, ed)
  1. To hit a flat surface and deform into an irregular shape.
The egg splatted onto the floor.
splint Tweet Definition of splint Like Definition of splint on Facebook
noun
  1. A narrow strip of wood split or peeled off of a larger piece.
  2. (medicine) A device to immobilize a body part.
1900But it so happened that I had a man in the hospital at the time, and going there to see about him the day before the opening of the Inquiry, I saw in the white men's ward that little chap tossing on his back, with his arm in splints, and quite light-headed. Joseph Conrad, Lord Jim, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=172793065&tag=Conrad,+Joseph,+1857-1924:+Lord+Jim,+1899-1900&query=splints&id=ConLord Chapter 5.
  1. A dental device applied consequent to undergoing orthodontia.
  2. A segment of armor.
1819The fore-part of his thighs, where the folds of his mantle permitted them to be seen, were also covered with linked mail; the knees and feet were defended by splints , or thin plates of steel, ingeniously jointed upon each other; and mail hose, reaching from the ankle to the knee, effectually protected the legs, and completed the rider's defensive armour. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=555538796&tag=Scott,+Walter:+Ivanhoe.+A+Romance,+1819&query=defended+by+splints&id=ScoIvan Chapter 1.
  1. A bone found on either side of the horse's cannon bone
verb
  1. To apply a splint.
  2. To support one's abdomen with hands or a pillow before attempting to cough.
squab Tweet Definition of squab Like Definition of squab on Facebook
noun
  1. A baby pigeon.
  2. A baby rook.
  3. A thick cushion, especially a flat one covering the seat of a chair or sofa.
stand Tweet Definition of stand Like Definition of stand on Facebook
noun
  1. A device to hold something upright or aloft.
He set the music upon the and began to play.
  1. The platform on which a witness testifies in court; the witness stand or witness box.
She took the and quietly answered questions.
  1. A resolute, unwavering position; firm opinion; action for a purpose in the face of opposition.
They took a firm against copyright infringement.
  1. A particular grove or other group of trees.
This of pines is older than the one next to it.
  1. (forestry) A contiguous group of trees sufficiently uniform in age-class distribution, composition, and structure, and growing on a site of sufficiently uniform quality, to be a distinguishable unit.
  2. A small building, booth, or stage, as in a bandstand or hamburger stand.
  3. A designated spot where someone or something may stand or wait: taxi stand.
  4. (cricket) A partnership.
verb (stands, standing, stood, stood or archaic standen)
  1. (intransitive) To be upright, support oneself on the feet in an erect position.
Here I stand, wondering what to do next.
  1. (intransitive) To rise to one's feet; to stand up.
Stand up, walk to the refrigerator, and get your own snack.
  1. (intransitive) To remain motionless.
Do not leave your car standing in the road.
  1. (context, cricket, intransitive) To act as an umpire.
  2. (intransitive) To undergo; withstand; hold up.
The works of Shakespeare have stood the test of time.
  1. (transitive) To tolerate.
I can't stand when people don't read the instructions.
I can't her.
  1. (intransitive) To place in an upright or standing position.
He stood the broom in a corner and took a break.
  1. (context, UK, intransitive) To seek election
He is standing for election to the local council
stool Tweet Definition of stool Like Definition of stool on Facebook
noun
  1. A seat for one person without a back or armrest.
  2. A footstool.
  3. feces, Feces; excrement.
    • 'Usage notes: 'The word stool is preferred to fí¦ces and excrement in medical use.
      1. (archaic) A decoy.
stump Tweet Definition of stump Like Definition of stump on Facebook
noun
  1. the remains of something that has been cut off; especially the remains of a tree, the remains of a limb
  2. (politics) the place where a campaign takes place
  3. (politics) an occasion at which the campaign takes place
  4. (cricket) one of three small wooden posts which together with the bails make the wicket and that the fielding team attempt to hit with the ball
  5. (context, drawing) an artists" drawing tool made of rolled paper used to smudge or blend marks made with charcoal, Conté crayon, pencil or other drawing media
  6. wooden or concrete poles used to support a house.
verb
  1. (intransitive) to baffle; to be unable to find an answer to a question or problem.
''This last question has me stumped.
  1. (intransitive) to campaign
He"s been stumping for that reform for months.
  1. (context, transitive, cricket, of a wicket keeper) to get a batsman out stumped
suit Tweet Definition of suit Like Definition of suit on Facebook
noun
  1. The attempt to gain an end by legal process; a process instituted in a court of law for the recovery of a right or claim; a lawsuit.
If you take my advice, you'll file against him immediately.
  1. (italbrac-colon, obsolete) The act of following or pursuing; pursuit, chase.
  2. (obsolete) The act of suing; the pursuit of a particular object or goal.
Thenceforth the of earthly conquest shone. "Spenser.
  1. Pursuit of a love-interest; wooing, courtship.
Rebate your loves, each rival suspend, Till this funereal web my labors end. "Pope.
  1. (archaic) A company of attendants or followers; a retinue.
  2. (archaic) A group of similar or related objects or items considered as a whole; a suite (of rooms etc.)
  3. The full set of sails required for a ship.
  4. A set of clothes to be worn together, now especially a man's matching jacket and trousers, or a similar outfit for a woman.
Nick hired a navy-blue for the wedding.
  1. (context, pejorative, slang) A person who wears matching jacket and trousers, especially a boss or a supervisor.
Be sure to keep your nose to the grindstone today; the suits are making a "surprise" visit to this department.
  1. A full set of armour.
  2. (card games) Each of the sets of a pack of cards distinguished by color and/or specific emblems, such as the spades, hearts, diamonds or clubs of traditional Anglo, Hispanic and French playing cards.
To deal and shuffle, to divide and sort Her mingled suits and sequences. "Cowper.
  1. (obsolete) Regular order; succession.
Every five and thirty years the same kind and of weather comes again. "Bacon.
verb
  1. To fit; to adapt; to make proper or suitable; as, to suit the action to the word. "Shak.
  2. To be fitted to; to accord with; to become; to befit.
Ill suits his cloth the praise of railing well. "Dryden.
Raise her notes to that sublime degree Which suits song of piety and thee. "Prior.
  1. To dress; to clothe.
So went he suited to his watery tomb. "Shak.
  1. To please; to make content; as, he is well suited with his place; to suit one"s taste.
  2. (intransitive): To agree; to accord; to be fitted; to correspond; " usually
followed by with or to.
The place itself was suiting to his care. "Dryden.
Give me not an office That suits with me so ill. "Addison.
suite Tweet Definition of suite Like Definition of suite on Facebook
noun
  1. A retinue or company of attendants, as of a distinguished personage; as, the suite of an ambassador. See Suit, n., 5.
  2. A connected series or succession of objects; a number of things used or classed together; a set; as, a suite of rooms; a suite of minerals. See Suit, n., 6.
  3. One of the old musical forms, before the time of the more compact sonata, consisting of a string or series of pieces all in the same key, mostly in various dance rhythms, with sometimes an elaborate prelude. Some composers of the present day affect the suite form.
sunflower Tweet Definition of sunflower Like Definition of sunflower on Facebook
noun
  1. Any plant of the genus Helianthus, so called probably from the form and color of its floral head, having the form of a large disk surrounded by yellow ray flowers; the commonly cultivated sunflower is Helianthus annuus, a native of America.
  2. (colour) a bright yellow, like that of the flower.
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adjective
  1. (colour) of a bright yellow, like that of the flower.

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