All Words Glossary

Glossary of Eastern Religion Terms
beginning with letter S
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sadhu Tweet Definition of sadhu Like Definition of sadhu on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, Hinduism) a holy man
  • 1993: So for the meanwhile I continued with my ritualised observances, obsessively counting the number of steps it took me to walk to any given location, carefully avoiding the cracks in the pavement for fear that the bears of the id might get me, and attending to my bodily functions with the pure metrical devotion of a . " Will Self, My Idea of Fun
     
Safar Tweet Definition of Safar Like Definition of Safar on Facebook
noun Safira
  1. the second month of the Islamic calendar
     
Said Tweet Definition of Said Like Definition of Said on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An alternative form of the male given name Saeed.
     
salat Tweet Definition of salat Like Definition of salat on Facebook
noun 
  1. (Islam) The prayer sessions held five times daily; one of the five pillars of Islam.
     
samadhi Tweet Definition of samadhi Like Definition of samadhi on Facebook
noun 
  1. A state of transcendent union supposed to be assumed by a holy man or yogi at his death.
    • 2005: She had seated herself cross-legged in the position and simply ceased to be. " Salman Rushdie, Shalimar the Clown (Vintage 2006, p. 227)
      1. The burial of a holy man before his death in anticipation of such a state.
      2. The highest state of meditation, at which complete unity is reached.
     
sangha Tweet Definition of sangha Like Definition of sangha on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. The community of all followers of the Buddha; the ecclesia in which the devout take refuge as one of the three jewels.
  2. The Buddhist congregation of renunciate monks and nuns.
  3. Those who have "entered the stream" towards nirvana.
     
Sati Tweet Definition of Sati Like Definition of Sati on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (Hinduism) One of the daughters of Prasuti and Daksha; killed herself by self-immolation on a fire
     
satori Tweet Definition of satori Like Definition of satori on Facebook
noun 
  1. (italbrac, Zen Buddhism) A sudden inexpressible feeling of inner understanding or enlightenment.
    • 2005: What happened to the Merry Band on its trip during the summer of 1964 ranged from the cosmically sublime to the ridiculous, from peak ecstasy to full-tilt . " Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home (Simon & Schuster 2005, p. 115)
     
Sayyid Tweet Definition of Sayyid Like Definition of Sayyid on Facebook
noun From Arabic سÙÙÙد, meaning master, sir, mister.
  1. Arabic given name, meaning "master".
  2. (Islam) an honorific title borne by descendants of the prophet Muhammad.
  3. In Arabic it is also a form of address of a male dignitary, feminin form is سÙدة.
  4. Arabic equvalent to Mr. in English.
     
Set Tweet Definition of Set Like Definition of Set on Facebook
proper noun (also Seth)
  1. An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
     
Seth Tweet Definition of Seth Like Definition of Seth on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (biblical) The third son of Adam and Eve.
  2. (given name, male).
     
shahada Tweet Definition of shahada Like Definition of shahada on Facebook
noun 
  1. (Islam) The Islamic declaration of belief in the unity of God and the prophethood of Mohammed, one of the five pillars, the formal content of which is the kalima (a minimal Islamic creed)
     
shaitan Tweet Definition of shaitan Like Definition of shaitan on Facebook
noun 
  1. An evil djinn of Arab mythology.
     
Shawwal Tweet Definition of Shawwal Like Definition of Shawwal on Facebook
noun 
  1. the tenth month of the Islamic calendar
     
sheik Tweet Definition of sheik Like Definition of sheik on Facebook
noun 
  1. The leader of an Arab village, family or small tribe.
  2. (colloquial) An Islamic religious clergy; the leader of an Islamic religious order.
  3. (context, some Arab Persian Gulf, Gulf countries) An official title for members of the royal family as well as some prominent families.
  4. (context, 1920s) A romantic lover. (rfdate, turn this into real quote) (from The Sheikh, 1921 film)
     
shin Tweet Definition of shin Like Definition of shin on Facebook
noun 
  1. The front part of the leg below the knee; the front edge of the shin bone; the lower part of the leg; the shank.
verb (shinn, ing)
  1. To climb a mast, tree, rope, or the like, by embracing it alternately with the arms and legs, without help of steps, spurs, or the like; -- used with up.
to up a mast
     
Shinto Tweet Definition of Shinto Like Definition of Shinto on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. Formerly the state religion of Japan, a type of animism involving the worship of ancestors and nature spirits.
adjective 
  1. Pertaining to Shintoism.
     
Shiva Tweet Definition of Shiva Like Definition of Shiva on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (Hinduism) together with Brahma and Vishnu, one of the principal Hindu deities - the destroyer
     
Shraddha Tweet Definition of Shraddha Like Definition of Shraddha on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an Indian given name
     
Siddhartha Tweet Definition of Siddhartha Like Definition of Siddhartha on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a male given name of Indian origin
  2. Siddharatha Gautama - the personal name of the Buddha
     
siddhi Tweet Definition of siddhi Like Definition of siddhi on Facebook
noun 
  1. (in Hinduism and tantric Buddhism) spiritual power or psychic ability
     
Sikhism Tweet Definition of Sikhism Like Definition of Sikhism on Facebook
noun 
  1. A revealed, monotheistic religion originating in northern India, in the 16th century through w:Guru Nanak, Guru Nanak and his successors.
     
sin Tweet Definition of sin Like Definition of sin on Facebook
noun 
  1. (theology) A violation of a moral or religious law; an error.
  2. A misdeed.
verb (sin, n, ing)
  1. (theology) To commit a sin.
     
Siva Tweet Definition of Siva Like Definition of Siva on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. The Hindu God of Destruction - part of the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu & Siva. Brahma is the Creator, Vishnu is the Preserver & Siva is the Destroyer.
     
stupa Tweet Definition of stupa Like Definition of stupa on Facebook
noun 
  1. A dome-shaped Buddhist monument, used to house relics of the Lord Buddha.
    • 1993: He mounded so much honey on the top of the buns that they looked like miniature stupas. " Will Self, My Idea of Fun
     
Sufi Tweet Definition of Sufi Like Definition of Sufi on Facebook
noun 
  1. a Muslim mystic or ascetic
     
Sufism Tweet Definition of Sufism Like Definition of Sufism on Facebook
noun 
  1. Islamic mysticism
     
Sunna Tweet Definition of Sunna Like Definition of Sunna on Facebook
noun 
  1. Muhammad's way of life, especially when viewed as a model for Muslim; recorded in the hadiths
     
sura Tweet Definition of sura Like Definition of sura on Facebook
noun 
  1. any of the 114 chapters of the Qur'an.
     
sutra Tweet Definition of sutra Like Definition of sutra on Facebook
noun 
  1. A rule or thesis in Sanskrit grammar or Hindu law or philosophy.
  2. (Buddhism) A scriptural narrative, especially a discourse of the Buddha.
     
suttee Tweet Definition of suttee Like Definition of suttee on Facebook
noun 
  1. The custom and/or act of a Hindu woman giving herself up to be cremated on her husband"s funeral pyre as a sign of her devotion to her late spouse.
     

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