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Glossary of Cellular Biology Terms
beginning with letter C
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cell Tweet Definition of cell Like Definition of cell on Facebook
noun
  1. A component of an electrical battery.
This MP3 player runs on 2 AAA cells.
  1. A room in a prison for containing inmates.
The combatants spent the night in separate cells.
  1. A room in a monastery for sleeping one person.
Gregor Mendel must have spent a good amount of time outside of his .
  1. A small group of people forming part of a larger organization.
Those three fellows are the local of that organization.
  1. (meteorology) A small thunderstorm, caused by convection, that forms ahead of a storm front.
There is a powerful storm headed our way.
  1. (cytology) The basic unit of a living organism, surrounded by a cell membrane.
There is a virtual zoo of single organisms living in your mouth.
  1. (biology) An cavity in a structure such as a honeycomb or ovary.
The bee filled the with honey.
<!--this is a proper noun sense, and is encyclopedic
  1. (biology) the title of a scientific journal published by Wikipedia:Elsevier, Elsevier
It was published in Cell. ''-->
  1. (computing) The minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior.
The upper right always starts with the color green.
  1. (communication) A short, fixed-length packet as in Wikipedia:Asynchronous Transfer Mode, asynchronous transfer mode.
Virtual Channel number 5 received 170 cells.
  1. (communication) A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
I get good reception in my home because it is near a tower.
  1. (context, US, informal) A cellular phone.
  2. (geometry) A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
cell membrane Tweet Definition of cell membrane Like Definition of cell membrane on Facebook
noun
  1. (cytology) The semipermeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell.
cell wall Tweet Definition of cell wall Like Definition of cell wall on Facebook
noun
  1. (cytology) A thick, fairly rigid, layer formed around individual cells of bacteria, Archaea, fungi, plants, and algae (but not animals and other protists which generally have cell membranes without cell walls). The cell wall is external to the cell membrane and serves a structural function helping the cell maintain its shape and protecting the cell from damage.
channel Tweet Definition of channel Like Definition of channel on Facebook
noun
  1. The physical confine of a river or slough, consisting of a bed and banks.
''The water coming out of the waterwheel created a standing wave in the .
  1. The natural or man-made deeper course through a reef, bar, bay, or any shallow body of water.
A was dredged to allow ocean-going vessels to reach the city.
  1. The navigable part of a river.
We were careful to keep our boat in the .
  1. A narrow body of water between two land masses.
The English Channel lies between France and England.
  1. (electronics) A connection between initiate, initiating and terminate, terminating nodes of a circuit.
The guard-rail provided the between the downed wire and the tree.
  1. (electronics) The narrow conducting portion of a MOSFET transistor.
    1. (communication) The part that connects a data source to a data sink.
    A stretches between them.
    1. (communication) A path for conveying electrical or electromagnetic signals, usually distinguished from other parallel paths.
    We are using one of the 24 channels.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via physical separation, such as by multipair cable.
    The is created by bonding the signals from these four pairs.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via spectral or protocol separation, such as by frequency or time-division multiplexing.
    Their call is being carried on 6 of the T-1 line.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies, usually in conjunction with a predetermined letter, number, or codeword, and allocated by international agreement.
    KNDD is the at 107.7 MHz in Seattle.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies used for transmitting television.
    NBC is on 11 in San Jose.
    1. (context, storage) The portion of a storage medium, such as a track or a band, that is accessible to a given reading or writing station or head.
    This chip in this disk drive is the device.
    1. (context, technic) The way in a turbine pump where the pressure is built up.
    The liquid is pressurized in the lateral .
verb
  1. To direct the flow of something.
We will the traffic to the left with these cones.
  1. To assume the personality of another person, typically a historic figure, in a theatrical or paranormal presentation.
When it is my turn to sing Karaoke, I am going to Ray Charles.
chromatin Tweet Definition of chromatin Like Definition of chromatin on Facebook
noun
  1. a complex of DNA, RNA and proteins within the cell nucleus out of which chromosomes condense during cell division
ciliate Tweet Definition of ciliate Like Definition of ciliate on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of many protozoa, of the class Ciliata, that have many cilia
adjective
  1. ciliated
  2. Of or pertaining to the eyelash
cilium Tweet Definition of cilium Like Definition of cilium on Facebook
noun (cilia)
  1. (Biolgy) A hairlike organelle projecting from a eukaryotic cell (such as unicellular organism or one cell of a multicelled organism). These structures serve either for locomotion by moving or as sensors.
cyclosis Tweet Definition of cyclosis Like Definition of cyclosis on Facebook
noun
  1. the circulation of protoplasm within a cell
cytogenesis Tweet Definition of cytogenesis Like Definition of cytogenesis on Facebook
noun
  1. The formation, development and variation of cells
cytoplasm Tweet Definition of cytoplasm Like Definition of cytoplasm on Facebook
noun
  1. (cytology) The contents of a cell except for the nucleus. It includes cytosol, organelles, vesicles, and the cytoskeleton.

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